Chance of showers for most of the
day with a high hitting 50 but the
clouds will clear tonight as the
temperature drops to the mid-
Vol. XCIV-No. 50
Copyright 1983, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, November 3, 1983
.A" ,~ - ~
By GEORGEA KOVANIS
The University's total black
enrollment has fallen from 5.2 percent
last year to under 4.5 percent this year,
University officials confirmed yester-
According to a report prepared by the
University's Office of Academic Affairs
and the registrar's office, 1,546 of the
34,593 students on campus this year are
black. The report, which has not yet
been made public, was reviewed by the
University's executive officer.s
Tuesday and released to University
LAST YEAR'S undergraduate black
enrollment was 4.9 percent. Counting
graduate students, the total black
enrollment at the University was 5.2
Vice President for Academic Affairs
and University Provost Billy Frye-said
last night he could not recall the exact
figures cited in the report. "I know the
black enrollment is down about 100
students," he said.:
But two University deans, reading
directly from the report, confirmed the
Virginia Nordby, Affirmative Action
Director said much of the drop was
among black graduate students. "A lot
of the professional schools are down in
black enrollment," she said.
Deans who received the report
yesterday said the decline in black
enrollment may have been caused by
this year's 9.5 percent tuition increase. i
"The University has obviously, over
the last several years, become more
expensive," said engineering college R
Dean James Duderstadt. "The Univer- w
sity has been forced to raise tuition."
" KNOW IN our unit, tuition has a lot w
to do with (black enrollments)," said
Architecture and Urban Planning Dean B
He said only about 2.5 percent of the d
undergraduates in his school are black,
"way below" the school's goal of 10 b
But, according to admissions coun- t
selor, Lance Erickson, financial aid is e
not a key factor in the declining black
enrollment. "We are able to meet the e
financial need of students coming in in- d
state," he said. However, he said the
level of financial aid available to M
See 'U', Page 2 th
Captured Cubans erect tents behind a barbed wire fence near the Point Salines Airport yesterday.
Ouse rejects move to
pull troops outofBeirut
WASHINGTON-The house, heeding warnings that it
could sabotage the last chance for peace in Lebanon, over-
whelmingly rejected a proposal yesterday to pull U.S. troops
out of Beirut by March 1, 1984.
Wrapping up work on a $247 billion military spending bill,
the House defeated 274-153 an amendment that would have
prohibited the use of funds for the Marine peace-keeping for-
ce after March 1.
THE HOUSE then passed the military bill, 328-97, and sent
t to the Senate.
"The withdrawal of Marines in March of next year does not
mean that the United States is abondoning Lebanon," said
Rep. Clarence Long (D-Mo,), who sponsored the amendment
with Reps. Samuel Stratton (D-N. Y.) and David Obey (D-
Wis.). "It only means that one means to that end has not
A total of 126 Democrats-many of them among the
House's strongest critics of President Reagan's defense
policy-joined 148 Republicans in voting against the amen-
"I BELIEVE in Grenada we ought to pull out.. . but I
believe in Lebanon, we ought to stay and give peace a chan-
e," said Rep. Edward Markey (D-Mass.), a liberal who led
he fight for House passage of a nuclear freeze amendment
arlier this year.
"I'd like to send a message to the president, but not at the
xpense of sending a message to Geneva," echoed Rep. San-
der Levin (D-Mich.).
The House had voted 253-156 in September to let the
Marines stay at their posts in Beirut for up to 18 more mon-
hs. The 1,600 troops were deployed to the war-torn city in
September 1982 as part of a four-nation peacekeeping force
BUT MEMBERS shaken by the Oct. 23 truck-bombing
Marine headquarters say they fear the troops are occupyi
indefensible positions that invite further attacks and bloc
"To keep the Marines there 18 more months will only res
in the killing of more Marines," said Long. "It's an act
courage" to realize that the troops' mission has failed, he t
But House speaker Thomas O'Neill declared, "it would
disastrous for us to cut and run."He said such a move woi
send a signal that the United States could be forced to bow~
GENEVA, Switzerland (UPI) - Lebanon's warring f
tions Wednesday reached their first concrete agreement
three days of peace talks, declaring the nation an indep
dent state aligned firmly with the Arab world.
The declaration, contained in a formal resolution, v
written by the nine leaders in the talks, who represent
U.S.-backed government, the right-wing Christian mil
and opposition Shiite, Sunni and Druze Moslems.
A formal text of the resolution was not released, but
See GENEVA, Page 5
From AP and UPI
Defense Secretary Caspar Wein-
berger told President Reagan yester-
oto' day that "all hostilities have ceased" in
Grenada and ordered a reduction in
U.S. ground forces on the island.
"The secretary of defense, Caspar
Weingberger, has informed the
president that the military comman-
ders in Grenada have informed him
that in their determination, all
hostilities have ceased there. The
secretary has directed that U.S. forces
begin a pullout within a few days," ac-
cording to a statement issued by Pen-
tagon spokesman Cmdr. Fred Leeder.
of PENTAGON sources said they ex-
ng pect elements of the Army's 82nd Air-
od- borne Division to start pulling back to
Ft. Bragg, N.C., within the next few
u days. No orders have yet been issued,
of said officials who spoke on condition
old they remain anonymous.
be Five planeloads of equipment left
ld Grenada yesterday for Ft. Bragg in ap-
to parent preparation for the reduction in
the U.S. ground troop strength on the
There was no immediate word on how
many of the roughly 5,000 82nd Airborne
troops will remain on the island, which
U.S. Army Rangers and Marines
stormed nine days ago, overcoming
Cuban and Grenadian resistance.
COUNTING military support per-
sonnel, officials said there were about
ac- 6,000 American servicemen on the
t in island yesterday morning.
The United States yesterday announ-
ced a $3 million economic aid program
for Grenada, partly to repair damage
was caused by the U.S.-led invasion.
the M. Peter McPherson, administrator
itia of the Agency for International
Development, told a news conference
its the United States will provide Grenada
with $3.475 million in aid this year - an
amount that works out to $31.95 for each
of the 110,000 resides of the island.
BUT WHILE the United States an-
nounced plans for further involvement
in Grenada,the United Nations General
Assembly overwhelmingly called for
withdrawal from the island. The
assembly adopted a resolution yester-
day demanding the withdrawal of all
foreign troops from Grenada by a vote
of 108-9, with 27 abstentions.
Those opposed included the United
States and some of the other Caribbean
countries joining in the Oct.25 invasion.
In Washington, meanwhile, government
officials continued to reveal what they said
was evidence of the presence of Com-
munists in Grenada.
DEPUTY SECRETARY of State Ken-
neth Dan said yesterday that U.S. forces
have uncovered secret agreements calling
for the Svoiet Union, North Korea and
Cuba to provide Grenada with $37.8 million
worth of military equipment.
Dam told a House Foreign Affairs sub-
committee that the pacts, found in various
places on the island, also called for 40
Cuban military advisers to be stationed in
Grenada and for Grenadian military of-
ficials to be trained in the Soviet Union.
"Moscow tried to keep the arrangemen-
ts secret by obliging the Gtenadians to
treat it as a secret, routing their supplies
through Cuba and delaying the
establishment of diplomatic relations with
Grenada until 18 months after entering in-
to the military supply relationship," he
said. Dam offered no further details.
AMERICAN TROOPS yesterday
surrounded th.e Cuban Embassy in
Grenada in cooperation with Governor
General Paul Scoon's order that the em-
bassy be closed and its personnel be sent
back to Cuba, While House deputy press
secretary Larry Speakes said.
See U.S., Page 2
Vacancy rates plummet;
rents remain stable
By ERIC MATTSON
The off-campus vacancy rate has dropped dramatically
compared to last year, a report released yesterday shows,
but University housing officials and area landlords say they
can only speculate why there are fewer empty dwelling near
campus this fall.
A University housing office report, based on information
from 19 of the larger Ann Arbor management companies,
shows that the vacancy rate in dwellings within walking
distance from central campus dropped from 13.2 percent in
September 1982 to 3.7 percent this fall.
UNIVERSITY housing officials are quick to point out that
these figures are not precise, because Ann Arbor's 400 in-
dependent landlords are not included in the survey. Figures
from some of the campus area's large management agencies
are also absent from the report because participation in the
survey was voluntary.
Jo Rumsey, assistant director for housing information,
said that a possible factor in the vacancy rate drop has been a
stabilization or decrease in rents, particularly for single-
Because of the high vacancy rate last year, average rents
for sleeping rooms dropped by $20 to $160 per month; ef-
ficiencies dropped by $38 to $255 per month; and one-
bedroom apartments, at $331 per month, cost $20 less than
THIS MEANT that more students could afford to pay for
their own room instead of "doubling up" as they have in past
years, Rumsey said.
Rumsey also said that since students could be more sure
than in previous years of how much financial aid they would
receive from the University, they were willing to commit
themselves to paying for their own room.
Landlords agreed that the vacancy rate had dropped or, in
the case of those who reported no empty spaces last year, had
remained the same. But most said that they were stumped
when they tried to explain the drop.
"I HAVE NO idea what caused it," said Manager Doug
Milkey of Campus Rentals. "Nobody's got the answer."
Ed Gottschalk of Post Realty speculated'that since "the
middle-class student hasn't been able to go here," the studen-
ts who do attend the University are wealthy enough to pay the
higher rents for single rooms.
Both Milkey and Gottschalk said they did not foresee
major rent increases in the future.
A spokesman for University Towers agreed that the
vacancy rate has dropped. "I'm 100 percent occupied," he
said. "I don't know what to attribute it to. It's a
Dave Williams of Old Town Realty suggested that more
people are electing to live near campus rather than com-
muting. He also said that there are fewer vacant spaces in
homes further away from campus, so there is a bigger
demand for dwellings near campus.
President Reagan signs thelaw making Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday, January 15, a national holiday yester-
day. Witnessing the signature in the White House Rose Garden are (l. to r.) Vice President George Bush, Sen. George
Mathias (R. Md.), Mrs. Coretta Scott King, Sen. Robert Dole (R-Kan.), Sen. Jack Kemp (R-N.Y.), Rep. Katie Hall (D-
Ind.) and Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker.
OSHER-JORDAN took in Stockwell's huddled
masses last night, after a bomb threat forced the
evacuation of Stockwell's 450 residents. For an hour, they
were allowed back in at 11 p.m. Living in the Hill dorms isI
shortening quite a few people's fuses these days. Several
weeks ago, Stockwell residents has to search -their rooms
for strange looking objects after another bomb threat was
called in and Monday night Markley was exploding with
rumors that an astrologer had predicted its imminent
Baker, dressed in a shapeless brown suit with his coat un-
buttoned and his waist out front, opened yesterday's Senate
session with, "I want to say I have absolutely no taste in
clothes . . . During the Watergate hearings, I was flooded
with gifts of clothing because people were ashamed to see
me representing the forces of light and reason in my chosen
attire." But he said his new distinction has him "flattered
in the extreme." E
Also on this date in history:
" 1947 - Registration began for a ten-week course to teach
male students how to play bridge.
e 1956 - About 30 demonstrators protested the visit of
Russian officials to the University's campus by marching
and carrying posters proclaiming: "Don't Deal with Hen-
e 1975 - Radical attorney William Kunstler, speaking to a
capacity crowd at Hill Auditorium, denounced the police
structure of sniety as rpnreivsand cadf r th. * n