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October 12, 1983 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-10-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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BALTIMORE (AP) - Doctors said
esterday they lowered the body tem-
rature of a cancer patient by 32
egrees, stopping. ,his heartbeat and
lunging him into a state near "suspen-
ed animation" during surgery that
aved his life.
Robert Crowe, 37, of Alexandria, Va.,
as back at work full time within six
onths and shows no signs of any
umors, said Dr. Fray Marshall,
sociate professor of urology at Johns
opkins Hospital.
DURING THE operation, Crowe's
dy temperature was reduced to 66
egrees for 41 minutes, down from the
ual 98.6 degrees.
"He really was not kept alive on the
eart-lung machine, as there was no
~rfusion of blood through the body,"
Marshall said at a news conference ex-
plaining the technique. "Mr. Crowe
was just cooled down and in a sense was
oser to a state of suspended
Crowe had a cantaloupe-sized cancer
growth on his kidney, which spread
through the vena cava blood vessel into
his hear, resembling "a garden hose
stuffed sausage," Marshall said.
CHEMOTHERAPY and radiation
treatment are ineffective in treating
such cancer, and conventional
operations to remove such extensive
rowths have a high mortality rate
cause of extensive bleeding during
urgery, Marshall said.
"We thought extreme measures
could be taken to save this man," Mar-
shal said. "To do this required more
extraordinary measures than are usual
to remove this type of cancer.'
His blood was drained into the reser-
voir of a heart-lung pump, where it
cooled before being pumped back into
the body.
A WHEN CROWE'S body temperature
reached 66 degrees, his heart stopped
beating and circulation ceased.
Crowe's temperature was kept at that
levle for 41 minutes while Marshall,
assisted by director of cardiac surgery
Dr. Bruce Reitz, removed the can-
cerous kidney,. a section of the vena
cava and the growth inside the heart.
Crowe's blood was then warmed by
the machine to start his heart beating
kThe use of hypothermia during
Turgery is not new, but complete stop-
page of the heart and circulation is rare
and its use in this type of surgery even
rarer, Reitz said. Both doctors agreed
the technique was a success.
"WE THOUROUGHLY investigated
Mr. Crowe one month ago and there is
no sign of tumors," Marshall said.
Crowe attended the news conference
with his wife and daughter, and said he
never hesitated when asked to approve
the surgery.

The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 12, 1983 - Page 5
MSA hires f irst

budget res
The Michigan Student Assembly
established another paid staff position
last night, naming Tom Marx budget
Marx, who graduated from the
University last spring, will earn $80 a
He will be responsible for making the
University's complex budget system
easier for students to understand.
HE CITED his close ties with MSA
members and past involvement in
University affairs as his qualificatins
for the job.
"I've done research throughout my
college career. I can find out what I
want when I need to," he said.
Although he was not a member, Marx
was active in MSA last year. He also
co-founded the activist Progressive
Student Network and served as a mem-
ber of the student-faculty Research
Policies Committee which looked at
defense research on campus.
LAST month, LSA senior and former
assembly member Julia Gittleman was
hired as MSA's volunteer coordinator.
Gittleman also will be paid $80 a week.
"Students don't know how the budget
201_E. Washington at Fourth
MON.-FRI. 9-8
SAT. 9-7
- - -- d


,j -'4

works. On matters such as tuition, we
have no information. It's very difficult
to get students to do the research,"
MSA president Mary Rowland said.
MARX SAID he will work on
developing a "lay-persons budget" and
work to keep students informed on
budget issues. "This job is an,__
eliminateable job," he said.
Marx explained that once he completes
the groundwork for the research, it
would just be a matter of "getting a
copy of the budget, and plugging in the
In other MSA action, assembly mem-,
ber Steve Kaplan criticized University
officials for their proposal to restruc-
ture the tuition payment plan. Ad-
ministrators are looking into the.
possibility of two larger tuition
payments instead of the customary
"(The two payment plan) is ex-
tremely poor policy because it hurts the
students," said Kaplan, "It takes
money away from the students and
gives it to the University."
Kaplan said administrators had told
him that there was to be no student in-
put on the changes.
20% OFF 1
Sale Coats Not Included
Expires October 15,1983 }
M -'- -

Smurf off the air
Peggy Charren, president of Action for Children's Television (ACT)
children's television programming.

AP Photo
launches an appeal to regulate advertising during

Teachers need pay hike - report

From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - A congressional
task force concluded yesterday that
across-the-board pay hikes, sup-
plemented by merit pay, are needed to
draw and keep "the best and the
brightest" instructors in the nation's
The Task Force on Merit Pay, headed
by Rep. Paul Simon (D-Ill.), also
suggestedsthree federal initiatives:
teacher scholarships for top students,
one-year fellowships for top teachers
and a program to provide advance in-
struction to up to 200,000 teachers each
THE GROUP cited a need for better
training and improved working con-
ditions for teachers as other key factors
in improving public education.
In releasing a report summing up a
four-month study, Simon said polls
show that the public is willing to pay
more to upgrade America's troubled
He said the recommended federal
program would cost less than $200
million. The cost of the overalliplan to
states and local school districts would
depend on how much they increase
teacher salaries and how they meet the

recommendation to experiment with
merit pay for "superior" teachers.
"SCHOOL districts and states must
raise the basic pay of teachers," the
task force said in its primary recom-
"Without this, other steps will have
limited impact."
Second, it said, "the pay of starting
teachers must receive immediate at-
tention. Higher pay for beginning
teachers, shouldrbeaccompanied by
higher, state-imposed standards for
those entering the profession."
THE 21-MEMBER group of
legislators and educators offered no
specific salary figure. The panel noted
that teaching is among the nation's
lowest paid professions, with an
average salary of $19,000 - a fact that
has driven many of the nation's top
students to seek other work.
On the main issue, the report said,
"Those who view merit pay as some
easy, inexpensive, painless method of
solving the nation's education
problems are not realistic. Merit pay is
but one of many pieces in puzzle. It can
be an important piece, but it is neither
inexpensive nor easy to achieve, and
other pieces of the puzzle also must be

put into place."
The report added that "despite mixed
and inconclusive results with perfor-
mance-based pay in the private sector
and in education, we support and en-
courage experiments with performan-
ce-based pay."
THE TASK FORCE also recommen-
ded setting up a $50 million federal
program of scholarships as an incen-
tive for gifted high school students to
enter the teaching profession.
The panel suggested offering 10,000
scholarships of $5,000 a year to students
ranked in the top 5 percent
academically, on the condition that
they teach two years for every year of
financial assistance they receive, or
repay the scholarships at prevailing in-
terest rates.
In addition to the scholarship
program, the panel urged several steps
by the federal government to improve
the quality of teaching, including sum-
mer institutes and in-service training,
and a fellowship program for talented
THE REPORT also recommended
school districts to devote at least 3 per-
cent of their budgets to faculty growth
and development, and said college
presidents should increase the percen-
tage of their budgets directed to
teacher education.

is accepting applications for the student member
of the LSA.
Blue Ribbon Commission on Demographics
and Educational Policy
Applicants must demonstrate a good understanding of the purpose
of a Liberal Arts Education and student issues and concerns.
Applications are also being accepted for:
Applications are available at the LSA-SG office, and are due by
5:00 p.m., SUNDAY, OCTOBER 16. Interviews will be held at
the LSA-SG Office on MONDAY, OCTOBER 17.

Senators batle recall drive



LANSING (UPI) - Sen. Phil Mastin,
the first state lawmaker in Michigan
history to face a recall election, will
have his political career on the line
Nov. 22.
State election officials, after deter-

mining sufficient signatures were
collected to force an ouster election,
have set the fourth Tuesday in Novem-
ber as the date for a-vote on whether
Mastin will retain the office he has held
since January.
Leader John Engler said he is "very in-
terested" in a request from Democratic
leaders that top GOP lawmakers speak
out publicly against the recall
movement. He indicated he would like
to reach an agreement with Democrats
that efforts to redraw legislative
districts will be abandoned.
Mastin said he would not challenge
the sufficiency of the nearly 28,000
signatures filed against him. He also
said he hopes to raise at least $67,000 -
the amount spent in last year's election.
The state Democratic Party and unions
are expected to help him out.
The Pontiac Democrat is one of 15
lawmakers facing recall threats
because of their votes on the recent 38
percent income tax increase.
A GROUP SEEKING the ouster of
Sen. David Serotkin, (D-Mount
Clemens) is the only other organization
that has actually filed petitions purpor-
ting to have sufficient signatures to for-
ce an election.
If Mastin and Serotkin are removed,
and replaced with Republicans, the
Democrats would lose control of the
Many observers believe the outcome
in Mastin's district will determine
whether the recall movement will
collapse or gain renewed momentum.

Mau d

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