Page 2 - The Michigan Doily - Friday, September 23, 198.
House vote keeps
Marines in Beirnit
WASHINGTON (AP) - The House
Foreign Affairs Committee voted 30-6
yesterday to give President Reagan
broad authority to keep 1,200 Marines in
Beirut for the next 18 months, as House
Speaker Thomas O'Neill Jr. moved to
quell a mutiny within his own ranks.
The committee vote was the first
legislative test of the war powers
riesolution reluctantly accepted by
President Reagan, who has said he has
constitutional objections to any
congressional voice in the deployment
of U.S. forces overseas.
But growing criticism of the com-
promise agreed to by O'Neill and other
congressional leaders guaranteed there
would be attempts to shorten its length
from 18 months in a heated debate on
the House floor, probably next Thur-
The resolution declares
congressional approval of Reagan's
policy of assigning the Marines as part
of a multinational peacekeeping force
in and around Beirut, but also sets some
restrictions on how they can be used.
At the White House, deputy press
secetary Larry Speakes greeted the
vote as a "significant step toward full
approval" of the resolution. He said the
committee action speaks well "for
ultimate passage and indicates
widespread support for this
Opponents of the resolution said it
gives Reagan too much of a "blank-
check" to deepen the involvement of
the Marines and other U.S. military
forces in the intensifying civil war in
Rep. Clement Zablocki, (D-Wis.), the
committee chairman, said the com-
promise resolution averts a con-
stitutional confrontation with Reagan
over invoking the Vietnam-era War
Powers Act and should be approved to
demonstrate a united front by Congress
and the White House in the Middle East.
Without the resolution, Zablocki said,
"The president will lose, Congress will
lose, and the foreign policy of the
United States will suffer.
House speaker O'Neill said the
growing sentiment against the war
powers compromise and the continued
presence of Marines in Lebanon was
the result of pressure from back home,
especially for younger House members.
"It's easy to run when you get a dozen
telephone calls saying, 'Get the
Marines out of there,' " O'Neill said.
On Wednesday, the House Ap-
propriations Committee voted 2-16 to
cut off funds for U.S. forces in Lebanon
unless Reagan goes beyond the com-
promise reached with congressional
leaders and publicly recognizes that the
1973 War Powers Act was invoked when
two Marines were killed in Beirut on
Zablocki said he was angered
because the proposed cutoff threatens
the compromise and was a "frontal at-
tack" on the jurisdiction of the foreign
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Jet hijacked to Cuba
NEW YORK (AP) - A man who said At 5 p.m., more than three hours after
he had a bomb hijacked an American it landed in Havana, the plane left Cuba
Airlines 727 jet yesterday and forced for San Juan, where it was scheduled to
the plane, with112 people on board, to arrive at 7:25 p.m. There the
fly to Cuba instead of the Virgin Islan- passengers and crew members would
ds, officials said. be interviewed by FBI agents, officials
It was the 11th successful hijacking to said.
the Caribbean islands since May 1. The three-engine jet, carrying 105
The FBI said the only information they passengers and seven crew members,
had about the hijacker was that he was left Kennedy at 10:34 a.m. bound for St.
black. American Airlines identified Thomas in the Virgin Islands, where it
him from the passenger list as "Knight was to arrive at 1:55 p.m.
Stallion."At 10:57 a.m., a passenger came for-
FLIGHT 625 landed safely and At 10:d a stardasseger a for-
"without incident" in Havana at 1:43 ward, told a stewardess he had a bomb
p.m., more than two-and-a-half hours and demanded that the plane fly to
after it was hijacked following takeoff Cuba, said Leon Katz, a spokesman for
from Kennedy Airport, said Robert the Port Authority of New York and
Fulton, a spokesman for the Federal New Jersey which operates the airport.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Senate vote cuts U.N. funding
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate, ignoring pleas by its own leaders that
it would send the wrong signal to the world at a time of high international
tension, voted 66-23 last night to drastically chop this nation's contribution to
the United Nations.
The cut would amount to nearly $500 million over the next four years.
The proposal would cut the U.S. contribution to the United Nations by 21.
percent in the fiscal year that begins Oct:1, then by another 1 percent in each
of the next three years.
Senators went along with an amendment by Sen. Nancy Kassebaum, (R-
Kan.) that would return U.S. funding of the world organization to 1980
"I know this is a difficult time to raise this. But it means that the U.N. will
have to look to its budget just as we are struggling with our budget," she told
The move was opposed by Sen. Charles Percy (R-Ill.), chairman of the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee, who said: "This is a mistake. We are
undercutting the very agency on which we depend to maintain peace and
stability in the world."
French planes assault Druse
BEIRUT, Lebanon - French warplanes bombed Druse and Palestinian
batteries yesterday after artillery fire wounded four Foreign Legionnaires,
and the Lebanese army fought off another Druse attack on Souk el-Gharb.
The bombing run, which a Lebanese military source said involved eight
Super Standard jet fighters, was the first air attack by a member of the four-
nation peacekeeping force in Beirut. U.S. warships have been firing all week
at Druse and Palestinian positions, but American carrier jets have been con-
fined to reconnaissance flights so far.
Two other French soldiers were wounded by a grenade yesterday, and the
shelling which triggered the air attack also blew up an Italian ammunition
dump. But no Italian casualties were reported.
U.S. Navy F-14 Tomcats from the carrier Eisenhower made recon-
naissance passes over Beirut and the nearby mountain battle area. But the
guns of the U.S. Navy task force off the Beirut beaches were silent following
barrages at midnight and 3 a.m. in retaliation.for the second night of shelling
around the residences of U.S. Ambassador Robert Dillon and President
Amin Gemayel in the eastern suburb of Baabda.
Marcos threatens protesters
MANILA, Philippines - President Ferdinand Marcos yesterday ordered
soldiers to shoot protesters if necessary and threatened widespread arrests
in a new military crackdown. But the opposition responded that it might
launch a nationwide sit-down to drive him from office.
Marcos spoke on nationwide television a day after four security men and
seven civilians were killed and 200 other people injured in the worst anti-
government rioting in his 18-year rule. He blamed the bloodshed on foes
loyal to assassinated opposition leader Benigno Aquino.
Marcos told CBS News he saw no reason to reimpose martial law "just
now," but implied in his nationwide address that he might use some of his
arrest powers retained from eight years of martial law between 1972 and
1981. The powers enable him to jail anyone he considers a danger to the
GM Toyota settle with UAW
DETROIT - Workers laid off from a closed General Motors Corp. plant in
California will get nearly all 2,500 jobs when the facility reopens in a joint
venture with Toyota Motor Corp., but they won't be rehired strictly by
seniority, union officials said yesterday.
Officials of the United Auto Workers union said at a news conference that
worker experience will count in rehiring, but they said the-venture i a i
company that can hire whomever it wants.
In addition, the UAW will be the plant's recognized bargaining agent at the
facility in Fremont, union President Owen Bieber said.
There may be some disagreement from some of the 6,000 autoworkers who
lost their jobs early last year when GM closed the Fremont plant because of
overcapacity and falling auto sales.
Since the GM-Toyota venture was announced in February, they have
demanded they get all the jobs at the plant when it begins producing Toyota-
designed cars by early 1985. The laid-off workers also demanded hiring be
done strictly by seniority.
The provisions are in a letter of intent between the two sides, Bieber said.
Negotiations on a formal contract, which will cover such issues as wages,
benefits and work rules, will begin by April 1985 and should be completed
byJune 1985, he said.
Cockpit intruder charged
with attempted murder
SYRACUSE, N.Y. - A man who lunged into the cockpit of a commuter
plane and allegedly cut off the fuel to one engine, pitching the aircraft into a
700-foot drop, was jailed yesterday on charges of attempted murder and or-
dered to undergo a mental examination.
"This was not a takeover thing, this was a crash-the-plane," said Boston
University law professor James Henderson, who yanked Christopher Brad-
shaw, an unemployed 27-year-old, away from the pilot during the flight
yesterday and punched him in the face to subdue him.
None of the 15 passengers or two crew members aboard the two-engine
plane was injured.
Clhbe Micbfigan Bt 1l9
Vol. XCIV - No.14
Friday, September 23, 1983
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