Paae 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 21, 1983
suburb ot t
(Continued from Page 1) -
least 20 shells were fired. The ships con-
tinued shooting for about 10 minutes,
THE SHELLS striking the am-
bassador's compound apparently came
from Druse militia positions in the
Sever hours before the late-night
shelling began, Druse militiamen and
Palestinian guerrillas returned to the
attack on Souk el-Gharb after being
repulsed twice earlier in the day.
One attack during the afternoon.
caught U.S. military observers in the
strategic Christian townoverlooking
Beirut, but an American spokesman
said he didn't think they were still there
when the night attack began.
THE AMERICANS apparently were
conferring with the local Lebanese.
command at their headquarters in the
hotel when the fighting broke out about
a mile away. An hour-long battle
followed in which hundreds of shells
and rockets were exchanged, but there
was no report that any Americans were
Despite the continuing fighting, an in-
formed government source who refused
to be identified by name said the
Lebanese government was hopeful that
Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan's
mediation efforts would produce a
cease-fire within the next 24 hours.
But former Prime Minister Saeb
Salam, who is involved in the mediation
effort, said he doubted the negotiations
would succeed soon because the
Syrians "are playing for time."
MONDAY'S Navy action marked the
first time that U.S. forces had directly.
supported the Lebanese army in its bat-
tle for Beirut against Syrian-backed
Druse and Palestinian militiamen.
The Reagan administration has em-
phasized that it is determined to protect
Souk el-Gharb and one key ad-
ministration official said army control
of the town was "vital."
Meanwhile in Washington, after a
week of negotiations, President Reagan
and congressional leaders reached a
compromise yesterday that authorizes
the 1,200 U.S. Marines in Lebanon to
remain on their peacekeeping mission
for the next 18 months.
THE PROPOSAL must be passed by-
the House and the Senate, and Reagan
said he has "substantial reservations"
about its legality even as he is willing to
Essentially, the compromise enables
Congress and the White House to
sidestep a confrontation over the War
Powers Act, which sets a 60-to-90 day
limit on the time U.S. forces may be
stationed in conflict situations without a
declaration of war.
The terms of the compromise
agreement would prohibit any substan-
tial increase in the current 1,200-man
Marine force now stationed in Beirut,
but would guarantee the Marine
mission will not be scuttled by the
lawmakers for 18 months. The 18-month
provision, a stumbling block in the
talks, was inserted to remove the issue
from the 1984 presidential campaign.
"We are in agreement with the
philosophy and the policy of the White
House," said House Speaker Thomas
O'Neill, following the talks which in-
cluded leaders of the Democratic House
the Republican-controlled Senate and
senior White House advisers.
Pro-government demonstrators retreat as debris is thrown from buildings. The rally - designed to boost the
beleaguered government of President Ferdinand Marcos - was cut short when its main organizer, Mayor Nemesio
Yabut, was hit by a water balloon.
MANILA, Philippines (AP) -'- A
suburban rally for President Ferdinand
Marcos disintegrated yesterday when
thousands of counter-demonstrators
burned the stage and pelted Marcos
supporters with mops, garbage and
At the same time, about 7,000 studen-
ts screaming "Marcos resign!" and
"Marcos Hitler!" staged the biggest
protest march by students in the capital
in years, demanding that the right-wing
THE MELEE IN suburban Makati,
metropolitan Manila's financial center,
and the march in the capital were the
latest anti-government demonstrations
to protest the assassination of Benigno
Aquino, Marcos' main rival.
Aquino was shot dead as he stepped
off a plane Aug. 21, returning home
from three years of voluntary exile in
the United States. Security agents im-
mediately shot a man they claim was
the assassin, but dissidents say the
government ordered Aquino killed.
A big anti-Marcos demonstration has
been scheduled by the opposition for
today at a downtown Manila plaza to be
attended by Aquino's family and the
Philippines' most prominent dissident
THE DEMONSTRATION coincides
with the 11th anniversary of Marcos'
declaration of martial law, which he
ended in 1981 after eight years.
Marcos considers the day sacred
because he claims military rule saved
"It will take more than speeches," he
told Filipino reporters "We have the
capability to maintain our gover-
HE DESCRIBED the presidency as
an "august covenant" between him and
the people. But critics say it is clear
from the series of demonstrations,
which have spread to include middle-
class families, businessmen and
clerics, that Marcos is facing one of his
biggest political crises.
At least three people were slightly in-
jured in the Makati melee. Mayor
Nemesio Yabut, who organized the pro-
Marcos rally, said police arrested five
"vandals" for disrupting the peace.
Police estimated at least 10,000
people spilled into Makati's main Ayala
Avenue, scene of another anti-Marcos
demonstration last Friday. About 2,000
were government supporters assem-
bled by Yabut for the pro-Marcos rally.
But attempts by Yabut, atop a stage,
to rouse his generally silent crowd into
chanting "Marcos, Marcos!" were
drowned by Aquino supporters who
shouted "Ninoy, Ninoy!," the
nickname of Marcos' assassinated
Yabut fled when a water balloon lob-
bed by soieone in a high-rise office
building exploded inches away.
Security guards-whisked him off the
stage and hastily decreed the rally can-
Complied front Associated Press anid
United Press International reports
Senate committee defeats
nuclear freeze resolution
WASHINGTON - The Senate Foreign Relations Committee sent to the.
Senate yesterday a nuclear freeze resolution and a substitute proposal for a
"build-down" in nuclear weapons, but suggested that both proposals be
The committee first rejected the freeze resolution and then baely defeated,
a substitute resolution by Chariman Charles Percy (R-Ill.) which supported
the build-down, an arms reduction approach preferred by the White House.
Then, after a series of confused and partisan votes, the panel voted to send
both measures to the Senate floor with negative recommendations.
The freeze resolution, originally sponsored by Sens. Edward Kennedy (D-
Mass.) and Mark Hatfield (R-Ore.), calls for the United States and the
Soviet Union to negotiate a mutual and verifiable freeze of nuclear weaponry
at present levels. It was defeated by a 10-7 vote, with Democrat Edward
Zorinsky of Nebraska joining the solid Republican majority.
Percy's alternative endorses the so-called build-down, which would allow
continued development of new weapons in conjunction of removal of older
weapons at a faster rate.
Reagan pushes school prayer
COLUMBIA, S.C. - President Reagan, stumping on the home territory of
Sen. Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) resurrected several conservative proposals
yesterday - including tuition tax credits and a. constitutional school prayer
amendment - that he shelved earlier this year to focus on classroom stan-
In prepared remarks at the University of South Carolina, where he was
awarded an honorary doctorate, Reagan declared: "I'm convinced that if
we can send astronauts to the moon, we can put these common-sense prin-
ciples into practice."
Reagan originally made the school aid and prayer proposals as part of his
State of the Union address last January, but changed course when his
National Commission on Excellence in Education warned in April that a
"rising tide of mediocrity in the schools threatens our very future as a
The president promptly endorsed the commission's report and embarked
on a cross-country campaign to support its call for more homework, more
required courses in English, math and science, longer school hours and
teacher salaries based on merit rather than seniority alone.
Michigan's primary jeopardized
LANSING - Michigan's presidential primary took another step toward
eventual elimination yesterday as the House Election Committee voted to
kill the practice permanently. "It's a media event! It doesn't mean an-
ything," said Committee Chairman Michael Griffin (D-Jackson) after the
panel voted 11-1 to send the repeal legislation to the full House.
A major argument against the primary, which does not meet national
Democratic Party rules, has been its estimated $5 million cost.
Both parties have indicated they will not use Michigan's "open" primary
- which allos voters of either party and independents to participate - to
select national convention delegates.
To replace the primary, Wiener said there will be about 400 caucuses. Par-
ticipants will have to attest they are Democrats and then will be able to cast
Reagan administration ilegally
coerces welfare recipients
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Court of Appeals ruled yesterday that the
Reagan administration used illegal coercifonlast Year when it tried to per-
suade 4 *iillfn aged, blind and disabddwelfare recipients to disclose how,
much they are worth.
The administration hinted that Supplemental Security Income benefits
might be denied if recipients refused to authorize government access to their
confidential tax returns.
The appeals court said federal law might permit the Internal Revenue
Service to disclose the contents of an individual's tax return to another gov-
ernment agency if the individual freely gives him consent.
Bu the court, in an opinion by Judge Abner Mikva, said a form mailed to the
4 million recipients of SSI seeking access to the information "makes a
mockery of the consent requirement."
"The form itself contained poorly veiled threats the recipients' benefits
would be terminated if they failed to sign the forms," Mikva wrote. "The
language of the form was thus likely to coerce individuals, who depend on
Social Security for their subsistence, into giving up their right to confiden-
Airline, unions reach impasse
HOUSTON - Continental Airlines officials said yesterday they have been
unable to reach a reement with two unionr on details of a cost-cutting
plan aimed at restoring the airline to profitbiliy ndtal.f ot-utn
A pilots' union and a flight attendants' union agreed in principle to helping
the company cut costs, but negotiations on details of the plan have reached
an impasse, said company spokesman Bruce Hicks.
Continental, which has lost $84 million in the last six months, has asked its
employees to develop plans to help the carrier save $150 million.
The company proposed last week that the flight attendants agree to a 50
percent pay cut, 16 hours of work on domestic flights and 18 hours on inter-
national flights, and a guaranteed seven-hour rest period between shifts,
There are 1,620 Continental pilots working and another 400 have been laid
off. The company is seeking a 46 percent reduction in the pilot costs and has
suggested the layoff of another 34 pilots. Salaries for pilots range from
$40,000 to $80,000 annually.
0 be Litbigan wat g
Vol. XCIV -no.12
Wednesday, September 21, 1983
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
of Michigan. Published daily Tuesday through Sunday mornings during the
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USSR to return items from jet
WAKKANAI, Japan (AP) - The
Kremlin said yesterday it will give the
Japanese "items and documents" from
the downed South Korean jetliner next
Monday. U.S. officials said the Soviets
have been harassing the U.S. Navy
which located and then lost signals
from the plane's flight recorder.
The Soviets informed the U.S. and
Japanese Embassies in Moscow of the
turnover date. State Department
spokesman John Hughes told reporters
in Washingon there was no elaboration
on the nature of the items except that
they would not include remains of any
of the victims.
HUGHES ALSO DENIED a Soviet
charge that the plane delayed its depar-
ture from Anchorage, Alaska, to syn-
chronize its approach to the Kam-
chatka Peninsula with the flight of a
U.S. spy satellite.
A Japanese Foreign Ministry official,
who declined to be identified, told
reporters in Wakkanai that the "items
and documents" will be turned over at
Nevelisk, on the west coast of Sakhalin
Island near the area where the Korean
Air Lines jet was shot down by Soviet
interceptor Sept. 1.
The airliner carried 269 people, in-
cluding 61 Americans, to their deaths. A
feverish hunt is under way by the
Soviet, U.S., Japanese and South
Korean ships for the "black box," the
in-flight recording system that includes
at least two devices that could shed
light on the flight's final moments.
THERE WERE unconfirmed reports
that the Soviets had found the "black
box," but Pentagon sources in
Washington were skeptical.
"We've heard they may have found
something, but it could be a plant," said
one source, voicing fears that the
Soviets. may publicly announce finding
a "black box" that may actually have
been doctored to provide support for
Soviet charges the KAL flight was part
of an American intelligence-gathering
Pentagon spokesman Benjamin
Welles said the U.S. Navy twice found
and then lost signals from the "black
box" in international waters 2,500 feet
deep off Sakhalin. "We're quite certain
what we got was what we're looking for,
then we lost it," Welles said.
HE SAID THE U.S. ships searching
for the flight recorder are being
harassed by the Soviet flotilla that is
also looking for the recorder and
Welles said there "are continuing in-
stances where U.S. ships have
maneuvered to avoid potentially
hazardous navigational situations." He
also said the Soviets have created
"electronic disturbances," apparently
to jam the U.S. hunt for the flight
The"pings from the flight recorder
were picked up Monday by the
Narragansett, a Navy tug that is
trailing an underwater microphone
tuned to receive the signals.
The signals were lost after 1 hour,
picked up again for 30 minutes, and
then lost a second time, Welles said.
The search for wreckage is being
complicated by the large number of
vessels in the area, Welles said. In ad-
dition to Soviet and U.S. vessels,
Japanese and South Korean ships are
also combing the area.
Gibe £ibigmtn ittilg
Campus Meet the Press
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