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September 15, 1983 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-09-15

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The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 15, 1983 - Page 5
Druse attack fails to oust
Lebanese army from ton

BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - Druise
artillery set a Christian military
stronghold in the Chouf Mountains
ablaze yesterday, but the Islamic
militiamen failed in another attempt to
drive the Lebanese army out of a moun-
taintop town overlooking the U.S.
Marine base in Beirut. .
Saudi and U.S. diplomats tried in
Damascus to arrange a cease-fire in the
11-day-old resumption of Lebanon's
civil war. Syria and radical Palestinian
factions vowed retaliation if U.S. planes
intervene in support of the Lebanese
IN ANOTHER CIVIL war develop-
ment, the Christian radio station
charged that Druise militiamen
massacred 84 Christians last Friday in
the mountain town of Maasser el-Chouf.
Druise leaders denied the claim, and it
was impossible to prove or disprove it.
The Druise artillery pounded
Mechref, a hilltop stronghold of the
Christian Phalange Party's militia 101/2
miles south of Beirut, with an intense

barrage at midday. A large fire and
thick columns of smoke could be seen
an hour later.
Mechref overlooks the coastal high-
way from the capital to south Lebanon,
and the Phalangists have a major
barracks in a high school there. But it
could not be learned if it was hit.
Lebanese army's U.S.-trained 8th
Brigade held fast to the mountaintop
town of Souk el-Gharb, which comman-
ds the U.S. Marine zone at Beirut's in-
ternational airport.
Soldiers there said they defeated a
three-prong Druise onslaught during
the night, inflicting heavy losses in lives
and equipment on the militiamen. It
was the fourth day of attacks on the
town, which also is within range of
President Amin Gemayel's suburban
palace and the nearby residence of U.S.
Ambassador Robert Dillon.
Since capture of Souk el-Gharb would
give the Druise another position from
which to attack the U.S. Marines, there

Daily Photo by TOD WOOLF
Need a lift?
Tim Auisis drives and operates a new University-owned bus for handicapped students and faculty.
Soviets condemned for shooting plane

was speculation that it could become
the first test of President Reagan's new
policy, announced Tuesday, allowing
American naval and air support fe
Lebanese army if an attack on it d
a threat to the Marines.
Reagan's order was issued in
preparation for "direct seizure'-of
Lebanon, and Syria's government-con-
trolled media charged the United States
was heading for another Vietnam.,
The Syrian state minister for forign
affairs, Farouk Chareh, said Syiia
would "help the Lebanese nationalist
forces, the Druise and other ; nti-
Phalangist Christian and Moslem; fao-
tions since this is vital to our security.,'4
Also in Damascus, Nayef Hawatme ,
head of the Democratic Front for ,t44e
Liberation of Palestine, one of the eight
PLO factions, met with Druise le$4r
Walid Jumblatt and assured hir.pf
Palestinian backing "in the event fp)
direct American involvement in, the
Lebanon fighting."
ing award
of M made a mistake," Samoff said,
"and I still think so."
Just after he was denied ten,,
Samoff received a distinguished ,er-
vice award for his contribution%3tp
scholarly life at the University.
During the tenure controversy,ifs
backers charged that he was denikit
tenure because of his "Marxist politfl.
Students formed the Samoff Student
Support Committee which heldrallie,
addressed the University's Regents(
and boycotted political science classes
to protest the professor's denied tenure.

Former 'U' prof gets teach

(Continued from Page 1)
ternational recovery efforts and
"unequivocally apologize" and "fully
compensate" the families of victims.
It passed unanimously although two
members, George Crockett, (D-Mich.)
and John Conyers (D-Mich.) voted
"present." A spokesman said Crockett
felt the resolution was too "strident"
and he was "very troubled" that it was
being used as an excuse for greater
military spending. Conyers was not
immediately available for comment.
"It is the least we can do to express
our outrage," said Rep. Clement
Zablocki (D-Wis.), chairman of the
House Foreign Affairs Committee.
"What is even more horrible is the
Soviet refusal to apologize or provide
reparations for the families of the vic-
tims," he said.
There were 61 Americans among the
269 passengers aboard the plane which
was shot out of the sky by a Soviet
fighter on Sept. 1 after it strayed over
Soviet territory. One of them was Rep.
Larry McDonald (D-Ga.).
As the vote approached, the floor
rhetoric by more than 50 House mem-
bers grew even more severe than the
language of the resolution itself.
The attack, said Rep. Claude Pepper,
(D-Fla.), was a "deed of infamy to be
recorded in the annals of time."
Speaker after speaker demanded that

President Reagan impose tougher san-
ctions and penalties against the Soviets
than he has so far.
"If we don't do more than talk and
blow out hot air, then they are going to
do it again," said Rep. Elliot Levitas,
"This is all windup and no pitch,"
said Rep. Henry Hyde (R-Ill.). "It
really doesn't do anything."
Hyde urged quick action on
legislation authorizing Reagan's rapid
military buildup as a signal to the
Soviet Union that the United States will
not tolerate any future similar attacks.
He urged quick action -on legislation
authorizing President Reagan's rapid
military buildup as a signal to the
Soviet Union that the United States will
not tolerate any future similar attacks.
Rep. Frank Annunzio, ( D-Ill.), called
on Reagan to deny entry visas to Soviet
athletes scheduled to compete in the
1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. "The
Soviet Union has had a long history of
barbarous acts," said Annunzio.
He called for suspension of all travel
by Americans to the Soviet Union and a
full-scale trade embargo, including
sales of grain to the Soviet Union. At
almost the same hour, the Agriculture
Department announced yet another
purchase by the Soviets under terms of
a new grain deal that takes effect Oct.
1. The Reagan administration, Annun-

zio said, has adopted "a policy of wrist
Similarly, House Republican leader
Bob Michel of Illinois said, "It is only a
beginning. The Soviet leaders fear only
power, raw power."
And there was a call from Rep. Mary
Rose Okar, (D-Ohio) for tough
economic sanctions limiting Soviet im-
ports as diverse as $75,000 sable coats
and metal alloys.

(Continued from Page 1)
DURING HIS career at the Univer-
sity Samoff was a professor of political
science, Director of The Center for
Afro-American Studies, and also lec-
tured in the Residential College.
English Prof. Alan Wald, who suppor-
ted a drive to protest the decision to
refuse Samoff's tenure, said Samoff
was a strong supporter of student par-
"In the opinion of many people, in-
cluding myself, Joel (Samoff) had sur-
passed the standards for tenure," Wald
said. "I personally think what offended
a lot of people was that he was so pro-
THE ISSUE, Wald said, is the method

of tenuring faculty. He said students
should be more involved in the process
if they want to retain faculty who are
In a telephone interview yesterday,
Samoff said the University's political
science department never gave specific
:reasons for denying him tenure. "They
just didn't judge the quality of the work
to be high enough," he said.
Samoff said he is much happier
teaching political science at Stan-
ford's school of education, but added
that his perspective on the University of
Michigan's tenure decision has not
"I THOUGHT from the beginning U

5 I 'g~ v i


I --A "g-

New booklet details
nuclear catastrophe

sponsored booklet that describes in
vivid detail how the city would be
destroyed if a one-megaton bomb falls
on City Hall started going out to every
household in San Francisco yesterday.
Some officials, however, think the 13-
page booklet, which also advocates a
bilateral nuclear freeze, is a waste of
$27,000 in public money.
' Wendy Nelder, president of the board
of supervisors, says the money could be
better spent. She also fears the
frightening booklet could push some
stress-frazzled San Franciscans over
the edge into mental illness.
"The city has not put out a booklet for
all people like this on the potential for
earthquake damage and that is
something that happens fairly
regularly," said Ms. Nelder, who said
she may suggest such a booklet.
"The Nuclear Threat to San Fran-
cisco" graphically describes the effects
of a relatively small nuclear attack, a
one-megaton bomb dropped on City
"Almost every child, every woman
and every man would be killed within
1.5 miles of the blast, the booklet says.
"The Civic Center, the Opera House
and most of the elderly housing nearby
would disappear as a crater 20 stories
deep was formed ...
"Nothing recognizable would remain
from the Old Mint on Mission to St.
Mary's Cathedral and Japantown," it
Farther away, sports fans at Can-
dlestick Park would suffer third-degree
flash burns in heat which would set
their clothes afire. Throughout the San

Francisco Bay area, many people
would be permanently blinded and
deafened and would suffer genetic
mutations, the booklet warns.
It goes on to say a real attack on the
militarily important region would
probably be much larger - and the ef-
fects much worse.
Voters are urged to support a
bilateral nuclear freeze and to "make
sure those persons for whom you vote
will do all in their power to promote
peace and avoid nuclear war."
The booklet is adapted from one sent
to residents of Cambridge, Mass., in
September, 1981 - a pamphlet that
served as a model for similar efforts in
Toronto, London, the state of Vermont,
Marin County, Calif., and cities across
the United States.
"The purpose of this book was to let
the public know a nuclear war will not
leave the surface of this planet the way
it was before," said Marilyn Smulyan,
an aide to Supervisor Nancy Walker,
who introduced the measure calling for
the booklet. Ms. Walker was away
Wednesday on a trip to China.
"I don't think people really under-
stand the implications it (nuclear war)
would have on their lives," Ms.
Smulyan added. "I don't think it ad-
vocates a particular political line," she
said. "It doesn't advocate any par=.
ticular person, platform or political
party." -.
Ms. Nelder, one of three supervisors
opposed to the booklet, said her main
objection was not the pamphlet's ad-
vocacy of a nuclear freeze, but that it is

English teachers? AP Photo
Lansing teachers may need a lesson in spelling before they decide to
"sponser" their next sign.

- .-
,g *

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