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September 13, 1983 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1983-09-13

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Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 13, 1983
Three marines injured in Beirut

From AP and UPI
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Mortar shells
slammed into U.S. Marine positions at
the Beirut airport last night, wounding
three of the American peacekeepers, a
Marine spokesman said.
Maj. Robert Jordan said two of the
wounded were evacuated to the helicop-
ter carrier Iwo Jima offshore. One suf-
fered a shrapnel wound in the left hand
and the other had a dislocated shoulder,
e said.
THE THIRD Marine was treated on
the compound for a minor shrapnel
;wound in the left leg, he said.
Jordan refused to speculate about
;who fired the mortars, but both Shiite
:Moslem militias and leftist Druse
,militias hold positions that would be in
"Someguy would just pop up and let
:off a few rounds," Jordan said. "But
'the heaviest concentration was out of
H~ay el-Sellum." Hay el-Sellum, a
;crowded, poor neighborhood south of
Beirut, is a stronghold of the Shiite

JORDAN SAID a U.S. Navy task for-
ce with an additional 2,000 Marines had
arrived off the Lebanese coast.
President Reagan sent the force to the
area after two Marines were killed last
month. Two more Marines have been
killed since then.
Police have counted 570 Lebanese
killed and 1,325 wounded in nine days of
fighting. But many villages remain cut
off by the fighting and the casualties
there may not have been accurately
In addition to military casualties,
Canadian journalist Clark Todd, Lon-
don bureau chief for Toronto's CTV
network, died of wounds suffered
during fighting in Lebanon.
DONALD Cameron, CTV's vice
president for news, said that the 38-
year-old Todd's body was found early
yesterday and brought to the Israeli-
held port city of Sidon by a Red Cross
team and Phalange militia.
Cameron said Todd apparently died
shortly after being hit in the chest by
artillery shrapnel during the Sept. 4

A U.S. Marine adjusts the aim of a 155mm artillery piece at Beirut's airport.

shelling of the Chouf mountain village
of Kfar Matta.
In Lebanon's central mountains, lef-
tist Druse militias battled the Lebanese
army at the army's stronghold of Souk
el-Gharb, a Christian town which con-
trols the major route from the moun-
tains to Beirut. The army said its gun-
ners blasted a Druse convoy carrying
weapons, causing enormous explosions.
Souk-el-Gharb is the Lebanese ar-
my's only stronghold on the mountain
ridge overlooking Beirut, and if the
Druse took it they would command the


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area and the Beirut-Damascus high-
THE DRUSE claim their forces have
overrun about 80 percent of the Chouf
and Aley mountain regions since the.
latest round of fighting between leftist
Druse and rightist Christian militias
began Sept. 4, when Israeli forces with-
drew from the area.
The Druse say the Lebanese army
supports the right-wing militias of the
Christian Phalange Party and have
resisted attempts by the army to take
over positions vacated by the Israelis.
petition hits
two local
(Continued from Page 1)
suspicious" of the effort for his recall
because "It's not a right-wing conser-
vative group behind the movement and
they filed the petitions from an address
that does not exist."
Mitchell explained that an apparent
discrepancy between the name and the
address on the petitions arose because
a friend of his filed the petition.
Mitchell said he asked Tina Eck t file
the petitions because he had to work.
Though the simply-worded petitions
cleared the county officials, they may
be contested later: State democrats
have filed suit charging that similar
language used in a repeal effort against
State Sen. Philip Mastin of Pontiac was
Bullard said that petition too only
cited the Senator's approval of a 38 per-
cent income tax hike. The petition does
not say that the tax increase is tem-
porary and will be followed by tax
reductions as the economy improves,
he noted.
Mitchell said he got the idea to begin
recall proceedings from reading
newspaper articles about the Guber-
natorial recall. He said he wants to
"rally against the state's tax raise."
Recall notions have begun against
several state representatives and sen-
ators, most notably those in suburban
Detroit, Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb
"Theyswaste all kinds of money. Why
waste money on senseless things?" he
said. Mitchell said Blanchard's $60,000
expenditure this summer for Youth
Corps Job Program t-shirts is one
example of unnecessary waste.
Another he named was the 11 percent
pay raise for Michigan legislators.
"The added taxes are driving
businesses out of the state," he said.

Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
St. Louis teachers end strike
St. Louis teachers, bowing yesterday to a federal judge's back-to-work or-
der and threats of mass firings by the school board, ended their 4-day-old
strike, but strikes elsewhere kept 100,000 students on extended vacations.
In addition to the return to work in St. Louis, tentative contract agreemen-
ts were reached this week at small districts in Washington State, Pen-
nsylvania and Rhode Island, and negotiation resumed yesterday in hopes of
averting a strike in the giant Boston public school system.
Over 100,000 students, however, remained on extended vacations due to
teachers strikes in Illinois, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Washington State,
Pennsylvania and Michigan.
Michigan was the hardest hit state with 81,250 children idled by nearly
4,000 striking teachers in 17 districts. Officials in three districts said they
may begin firing strikers.
McGovern to announce third
try for Democratic nomination
WASHINGTON (AP) - Former Sen. George McGovern, starting months
behind his rivals and spurning the advice of many loyal former aides, plans
to announce today that he will run again for the Democratic presidential
nomination he won more than a decade ago.
"He's going to announce that he's going to run," said Mary McGovern,
daughter of the former South Dakota senator and deputy manager for the
new campaign.
It will be McGovern's third try at the nomination. He lost in 1968 but won
four years later, a liberal candidate who then was buried beneath Richard
Nixon's landslide re-election. McGovern carried only Massachusetts and the
District of Columbia in the 1972 general election, the worst Democratic
defeat in American history.
"When I lost in 1972, they said I was 10 years ahead of my time," he said
late last year when he disclosed he was considering another try. "Well, it's
10 years later."
A spokesman, Mark Kaminsky, said McGovern will campaign hard again-
st President Reagan's "military interventionism" overseas and the "un-
fairness" of his economic policies at home.
In recent interviews, McGovern has indicated he will position his cam-
paign to the left of other candidates while stressing measures to create full
employment, reduce the federal deficit and control the arms race.
S. African mine blast kills 63
HLOBANE, South Africa - A fiery methane gas explosion tore through a
coal mine in Natal province yesterday, killing 63 miners and seriously in-
juring four others in one of South Africa's worst mining disasters.
The explosion hit the Hlobane coal mine as 80 miners were working two
sections of a horizontal seam cut four miles into a mountainside, said Jurie
Blom, a manager at the mine, 200 miles southeast of Johannesburg.
Blom said all but three of the victims were blacks, mainly Zulu contract
"The people who died were literally burnt away," Blom said. "Our people
are investigating but it will be hard to pinpoint the cause because the ex-
plosion has burnt everything."
He said work resumed in the afternoon despite reluctance by workers to
enter the mine after the disaster. "We had to persuade some of the afternoon
shift to go down. You don't like to but we have got to produce," he said.
Philippine students leave
classes in support of Aquino
MANILA, Philippines - A White House team checked security
arrangements yesterday for President Reagan's visit to the Philippines
amid warnings he could be in danger because of the assassination of op-
position leader Benigno Aquino.
Authorities said students in at least 10 universiti~es walked off their classes
at midday yesterday as part of a planned passive resistance campaign
against the government of President Ferdinand Marcos.
In some schools, teachers were absent, forcing the cancellation of classes.
"Stay at home Sept. 12 and participate in the standstill movement for Ninoy
Aquino," said leaflets distributed on campuses. Ninoy was Aquino's
The 30-member White House advance planning team led by Michael Mc-
Manus, assistant to the president, held talks with Filipino officials and sur-.
veyed the presidential palace where Reagan will stay during his November
Drought hurts corn harvest
WASHINGTON - Blistering heat has cut further into this fall's corn har-
vest, likely to be the smallest since 1970 and barely over half of last year's
record crop of 10 billion bushels, the Agriculture Department said yester-
day. That almost surely means another nudge in 1984 food prices.
The new estimate of 4.39 billion bushels was down 16 percent - 846 million
bushels - from what was forecast just a month ago, as the August heat and

drought continued to shrivel yields throughout major production areas of the
United States. The new figure is 48 percent below the yield of 1982.
Agriculture Secretary John Block estimated consumerfood costs will rise:
an additional i to 1.5 percent next year because of the severely reduced crop.
That comes on top of a previously estimated food price boost of between 4'
and 5 percent - meaning an overall jump of as much as 6.5 percent next
Vol. XCIV - No. 5
Tuesday, September 13, 1983
(ISSN 0745-967X)
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
of Michigan. Published daily Tuesday through Sunday mornings during the
University year at 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109. Sub-
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Editor-in-chief ........................BARRY WITT
Managing Editor ....................... JANET RAE
News Editor...................GEORGE ADAMS
Student Affairs Editor ................. BETH ALLEN
Features Editor...............FANNIE WEINSTEIN
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