Page 2-Tuesday, April 5, 1983-The Michigan Daily
Few turn out for
of King's death
ATLANTA (AP) - The political heirs
of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
yesterday called for a mass "coalition
of conscience" to challenge Reagan
administration policies, but attendance
was thin at rallies in several cities
marking the 15th anniversary of the
civil rights leader's assassination.
Leaders of the Southern Christian
Leadership Conference announced
plans for a mass march on Washington
Aug. 27, the 20th anniversary of King's
famous "I have a dream" speech in the
"We don't look like many, but we
moved this nation once and we can do it
again," the Rev. C.T. Vivian, an SCLC
board member, said in a reference to
the crowd of about 250 people at a "jobs
and peace" rally at the Atlanta federal
The size of the crowd in King's
hometown of Atlanta was similar to
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that at rallies held yesterday in Mem-
phis, Tenn., Anderson, Ind., and Little
Rock, Ark., to mark the anniversary of
King's assassination April 4, 1968, while
leading Memphis garbage workers in a
protest for better pay.
About 250 union members, carrying
placards demanding jobs, health care
and a national holiday on King's birth-
day, turned out in Memphis for a march
from Clayborn Temple to the Lorraine
Motel, where King was shot to death.
Despite clear skies and good weather,
the turnout was one of the smallest
ever in Memphis for the annual tribute.
Fewer than 1,000 people gathered in
Anderson for a rally to mark the an-
niversary and call attention to the
plight of the unemployed. The Rev.
Jesse Jackson, a former King
lieutenant who now heads Chicago-
based Operation PUSH - People
United to Serve Humanity - had
predicted 10,000 people would turn out
for the rally in recession-plagued An-
AT THE ATLANTA rally, which was
to be followed by a five-hour prayer
vigil at the federal building, the focus
was on the Reagan administration's
cutbacks in social welfare programs
and record defense spending.
Bunny power AP Photo
President Reagan signs an Easter egg yesterday while Nancy hugs one of
the thousands of children who gathered on the White House lawn for the an-
nual Easter egg roll.
U.S. doctors probe
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April 5, 1983
TULKAREM, Occupied West Bank
(AP) - Two American specialists in
epidemic control began yesterday to
investigate the recent wave of
mysterious illness among Palestinian
schoolchildren, which the Israelis blame
on mass hysteria and the Arabs on
Drs. Philip Landrigan and Bess
Miller, epidemiologists from the U.S.,
Center for Disease Control in Atlanta,
Ga.,rbegan an "independent in-
vestigation" of the unexplained illness -
characterized by dizziness, nausea.
blurred vision and headaches suffered
by more than 800 people since March 21
in the Jenin and Tulkarem areas of the
Israeli-occupied West Bank.
MOST OF the victims have been teen-
age schoolgirls. The epidemic tapered
off, then peaked again Sunday when at
least 394 girls were hospitalized.
The 'Geneva-based World Healthi
Organization of the United Nations sent
two doctors, an epidemiologist and a
toxicologist, to look into the illnesses
Meanwhile, the Israeli military
command announced the arrest of two
carloads of Palestinians who it said
were driving around Nablus shouting
through megaphones that the water had
" ISRAELI troops carrying rifles and
clubs kept Tulkarem and the center of
Nablus under curfew, trying to prevent
protest demonstrations. The military
command said there was some stone-
throwing in Nablus.
Most shops in Arab East Jerusalem
were closed by a commercial strike.
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Israel Radio reported a Palestinian was
arrested near the Damascus Gate of the
walled Old City for planning to set afire
shops that did not close.
Palestinian doctors repeatedly at-
tribute the illness to "poison gas"
though they acknowledge they have no
idea what the gas is. They say the girls
report they began to feel weak and diz-
zy after smelling a foul odor in their
LONE DOCTOR who said he believes a
poison is at work said he also agrees
that psychological factors contribute to
the symptoms. "But underground there
is a triggering factor, and that's what
we are searching for," he said.
Dr. Baruch Modan, the director-
general of the Health Ministry, says a
physician from the International Com-
mittee of the Red Cross, Dr. Frank
Alter, investigated the epidemic and
decided it was "a mass phenomenon
without any organic basis.''
Israeli authorities arrested CBS
cameramen Moshe Bendor and soun-
dman Avishai Dekel, both Israelis, in
Nablus for allegedly urging
hospitalized girls to act ill for the
"It's outrageous," said Warren
Lewis, the CBS bureau chief in Tel
Aviv. "They did not fake or stage any
HE SAID THE crew was filming with
the hospital's permission when police
came in and arrested them.
The military command said the two
were released after seven hours' deten-
tion but Lewis said the charges had not
Israel radio claimed an NBC-TV crew
also staged a sickbed scene for a report
n the epidemic. NBC bureau chief Paul
Miller in Tel Aviv said the crew was not
arrested, and he denied the radio's
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Thailand death toll rises to l00
ARANYAPRATHET, Thailand - Military sources said Thai warplanes
bombed Vietnam's forces on the Thai-Cambodian frontier yesterday, and
battle reports said Vietnamese gunners shelled Cambodian rebels, con-
solidating their grip on guerrilla-held areas.
Total casualties in the 5-day-old Vietnamese sweep are unknown, but one
refugee agency official who declined to be identified estimated as many as
100 people dead and 400 wounded. Other relief sources said at least 42,000
Cambodians have fled Thailand.
Thai military sources in Bangkok said the military ordered the strikes
against Vietnamese positions just inside Thai territory north of Phnom Chat,
a Cambodian rebel base overrun by the Vietnamese last Thursday.
Official spokesmen for the air force and supreme military command
would not comment, neither denying nor confirming the use of air power
Reporters near the scene said they saw three Thai planes fly three sorties,
dropping bombs that may have struck Cambodian soil. The border is ill-
defined and recent fighting has spilled over into Thailand.
The aircraft appeared to be U.S.-made F-5 jet fighter-bombers and recon-
naissance aircraft converted for air strike missions, the reporters said.
Earthquake victims don't get aid
BOGOTA, Colombia - The Colombian Red Cross has received none of the
25 tons of U.S. medical aid left with the army for distribution to earthquake
victims, a spokesman for the relief agency said yesterday.
Military authorities fear the relief aid will fall into the hands of leftist
guerrillas, said Lt. Carlos Ismael Meza, a retired army officer working with
the Civil Defense Agency in the stricken city of Popayan, 235 miles south
west of Bogota.
U.S. Air Force planes delivered 6,000 tents and 25 tons of medicine and
hospital equipment to Colombia last Friday, 24 hours after an earthquake
devastated the southern city of 200,000 residents, killing at least 240 people,
iniuring hundreds and leaving three-quarters of the residents homeless.
The Red Cross has seen none of the medical aid, and the army has said
nothing about delivering it to the Red Cross, a spokesman for Carlos Mar-
tinez, the director of emergency relief for the agency said. *
The army has delivered to the Red Cross only two dozen of the 6,000 tents,
the spokesman said. He asked not to be identified because he feared
retribution by military authorities.
Jordan won't represent PLO
AMMAN, Jordan - King Hussein will not offer to represent Palestinians
in talks with Israel based on President's Reagan's peace plan, sources close
to discussions between the Jordan monarch and PLO chief Yasser Arafat
The sources, who spoke on condition that they not be identified, said the
Palestine Liberation Organization chairman met with top aides in his 15-
member executive committee, then told Hussein he could not allow him to
negotiate on the PLO's behalf.
Arafat has been in Amman since Thursday for talks with Hussein, who has
been described by U.S. diplomats as willing to talk with Israel but not
without permission from the PLO.
The guerrilla organization claims it is the sole representative of the 1.3
million Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied West Bank of the Jordan River
and Gaza strip.
Thousand of Europeans
for nuclear weapons freeze
Police with riot gear and dogs blocked 14,500 demonstrators outside a U.S.
airbase in West Berlin' yesterday at the close of four days of Easter anti-
nuclear protests that drew hundreds of thousands of people across Europe.
Huge rallies were staged in ten other West German cities and dozens of
smaller actions were held to protest the deployment of new U.S. cruise and
Pershing-2 missiles in Western Europe. No arrests were reported.
Yesterday's demonstrations were the culmination of four days of protests
in Britain, the Netherlands, Italy and West Germany against plans to deploy
the missiles starting in December.
"We want a completely nuclear-free Europe. The freezing and restriction
of armaments both East and West would mean opportunities for a new life
for all people," protest organizers in Frankfurt- said in a statement.
oil barges crash into bridge,
contaminate Mississippi river
ST. LOUIS - As floodwaters threatened to overflow the banks of the Miss-
issippi River, salvage workers struggled yesterday to pump the oil out of
three damaged barges that have created a 15-mile slick on the river.
Environmental officials said the oil should not pose a threat to drinking
water supplies downstream, but that it could end up on low-lying fields.
There was no estimate how much oil went into the river, but Dan Dewell, a
spokesman for the Coast Guard,called it a major oil spill which could involve
much more than 10,000 gallons.
The spill occurred when a towboat pushing four barges containing an
estimated 2.7 million gallons of crude oil downriver to Memphis, Tenn.,
Saturday night crashed into the Poplar Street and MacArthur bridges. The
barges exploded into flames 100 feet high and burned some areas of the
shoreline and two nearby grain barges.
James Card, commander of the Marine Safety Office of the U.S. Coast
Guard said yesterday that workers had already vacuumed between 3,000 and
4,000 gallons of oil from the river. The crude oil does not mix thoroughly with
water and gathers at places along the shores.
Residue from the oil was spotted yesterday as far south as Chester, Ill.,
about 55 miles south of St. Louis, Card said.
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Vol. XCIII, No. 145
Sunday, April 3, 1983
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