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April 02, 1983 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-04-02

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The Michigan Daily-Saturday, April 2, 1943-Page 3
Shapiro pledges support
for gay rights policy

By SHARON SILBAR
After a meeting yesterday with
University President Harold Shapiro,
members of a campus gay rights
group said they received assurance
from the president that he takes the
problem of gay discrimination on cam-
pus seriously and that he intends to do
something about it.
Members of Lesbian and Gay Rights
on Campus (LaGROC) presented their
proposal for a University policy
early last December. Virginia Nordby,
director of the Office of Affirmative Ac-
tion, studied the legal implications such
a by-law would have for the University.
Based on the results of her research,
Nordby has made some recommen-
dations to Shapiro as to what course of
action the University should take.
"THERE ARE pros and cons to
almost any option one proposes," Nor-
dby said. "The administration has not
made a decision," about which option it
will choose, she said.
While Nordby would not be specific
about the various plans under con-
sideration, she said that the main thrust
of any policy would be that
"discrimination will not be accep-
table."
LaGROC spokesman Jonothan Ellis
said he was impressed that Shapiro and
Nordby were taking the matter
seriously, but said "they could -have

been more specific" about what their
plans were.
"WE WANT something substantive.
With a regental by-law, there is no
question about what the impact of that
would be," Ellis said.
LaGROC members who met with
Nordby in February say that Nordby
probably will recommend a presiden-
tial policy statement instead of a
Regental by-law.
Considerably weaker than a regental
by-law, a presidential policy statement
would not require the University to ex-
tend its non-discrimination policies to
outside the organizations it deals with
on a regular basis, such as the military
or subcontractors working for the
University.
THE MILITARY issue already has
created controversy at several law
schools, which prohibit discrimination
against homosexuals and have banned
the military from recruiting its studen-
ts on campus. The military does not
allow homosexuals to enter the service.
If the University chose to amend its
by-laws to include a non-discrimination
for sexual orientation clause, it would
have to reconcile the contradictory
practice of allowing military recruiters
and ROTC programs on campus while
at the same time condemning
discrimination.
The University also would have to
risk losing the $5 million in research
grants it receives from the defense

h.

Nordby

Cyclones wake AP Photo
A workman inspects the remains of a condominium project in Dallas destroyed by a storm which brought hurricane-
force winds, dust storms, and flash flooding to the central United States yesterday.
Prof says porn not free speech

... will not accept discrimination
department because Pentagon officials
have threatened to withdraw all funds
from schools which ban recruiters.
IT IS UNLIKELY the University will
take any action before the April Regen-
ts meeting, Nordby said.
Ellis said he hopes that the ad-
ministration will have something more
concrete by the end of the school term.
"We weren't looking (yesterday) for
any resolutions, but perhaps (we'll get)
a clarification of the alternatives by the
end of April."
"We would like - as a group of
students - to have a chance to act (on
the University proposal) by the end of
April before we all go home," he said.

By JAN RUBENSTEIN
A man walks into an adult bookstore
for the purpose of becoming sexually
stimulated by viewing a two-to-five
minute "peep show" film. The film
shows the performance of a violent
sexual act, designed to arouse the
viewer's sexual desires and aid the
viewer's performance of a sexual act.
Although studies indicate that some
sexual materials encourage a certain
type of person to imitate deviant
behavior, does that give society the
right to censor such materials or are
they a form of free speech protected by
the First Amendment of the Con-
stitution?
THESE TYPES of issues were
debated by law professors yesterday on
the last day of the three-day conference
on "Pornography, Censorship, and the
First Amendment," coordinated by the
Women Law Students Association and
the Law School Speaker's Committee.
The peep show film described should:
not be protected by the First Amen-
dment, said Frederick Schauer, a
professor at William & Mary Law
School. "It is not an argument about
sex; it is not a discussion about sex; it is
sex," Schauer said.
Lawyer ai
OAK RIDGE, Tenn. (UPI) - A young
attorney who helped her convict client
escape did so because, like Patty Hear-
st, she became controlled by his ability
to dominate her, a colleague said
yesterday.
"It's very simple," said Knoxville at-
torney Jim Bell, referring to fellow
counsel Mary Evans, 25. "Mary is an
impressionable lawyer. She's still a
woman. She may think she's in love
with him.,
"SHE'S CONTROLLED by his
charm, his attitude, his ability to

Although "the principles of free
speech protect speech despite the harm
it mayfcause," Schauer aitgued that the
mere fact of speech or a picture does
not automatically signify speech as
defined by the First Amendment.
"What one is talking about is a sex
aid," Schauer said.
SCHAUER REFUSED to label as
speech all material which could be
categorized solely as a sex aid, with no
literary, artistic, or scientific value. "I
have no trouble saying that a book con-
taining only Playboy centerfolds is out-
side the (protection of the) First Amen-
dment," said Schauer.
Schauer did not think legislatures
should be allowed to make legal distin-
ctions concerning materials in the sex-
aid category. "The core principle of the
First Amendment is a major distrust of
the ability of government to draw
lines," he said.
Schauer denied that a non-legislative
approach to this type of pornography
overlooks the will of the majority, since
"the primary consumers (of the
category described) are some subset of
all of humanity." After some in-
dividuals in the 115-member audien-
ce-most of whom were law studen-
ts-hissed and groaned at this remark,

Schauer hastily added that members of
this subset are not necessarily bad
people, but they are a small minority,
nevertheless.
SUPPORTING society's right to view
pornography, Paul Bender, a law
professor at the University of Pen-
nsylvania, refuted Schauer. He said
that no exception the First Amendment
should be made for pornography. "Lots
of people have problems with sexual
relations," said Bender, and sexual
aids therefore serve a legitimate fun-
ction.
Bender criticized the current legal
standard of deciding what is and is not
pornography. The Supreme Court, he
said, has equated material that
provokes lust with "material that
arouses shameful or morbid thoughts
about sex."
He also questioned the legal
categories of protected speech, which
protect violent material, but not
sexually explicit material. "There is
much more evidence about violence
having a negative effect on people,"
Bender said.
Bender viewed the discussions and
debates sparked by the presence of
sexually explicit material in our society
as a step towards education.

Editor suggests alternative jobs

By NEIL CHASE
When Zak Mettger was in college in
the late 1960s, "change and challenge
were in the air and I breathed them
everyday." So when it came time for
her to enter the job market, she opted
for an "alternative career.
Last night, Mettger returned to the
college scene to give the opening speech
at the fourth annual Alternative Career
Fair being sponsored by a number of
campus organizations.
SHE IS presently editor of Com-
munity Jobs, a Washington-based
publication which links people who
want to work for public interest groups
with prospective employers.
Speaking to an audience of 100 people
in the School of Education, Mettger en-
couraged students to consider careers
in public interest activities after they
finish school.
"I've been concerned that with the
anxiety over the economy fewer of you
will be interested in working for social
change," she said.

MANY THINGS can motivate people
to begin working for public interest
groups, Mettger said.
"Some people are reacting to social
and economic injustices in their lives or
the lives of others," she said. "Some
people fall into social change through a
combination of accident and curiosity."
Working for public interest
organizatiotis provide the opportunity
to try a variety of tasks, because most
groups have very small staffs. Because
of the more casual atmosphere, em-
ployees have greater input into the
operation than they would, in a
traditional situation.
SHE ADVISED students to learn as
much as they can about a potential
career before plunging into it.
"Internships and volunteering are a
great way to test out the things you,
want to do," Mettger said. "You'll find
your experience in social change is a
great training ground," and those who
eventually decide to leave the field are
"taken seriously by more traditional
employers."

Entering public interest work is "a
question of finding a niche for yourself
and plugging in," she said. For the
1980s; Mettger said major issues for
public interest groups are civil rights,
rapidly advancing technology, unem-
ployment, cuts in social service agen-
cies, and international relations.
Despite the nation's present
economic difficulties, Mettger said,
"I'd deny these are hard times for
public interest groups."
Her keynote address opened the two-
day career fair which will continue
tomorrow at East Quad. The program
will feature workshops on opportunities
in fields such as law, health,
technology, media, and religion.
Shoemaker-Kusko
Testing Preparation Services

ds in client's escape

dominate her. It's a Patty Hearst
situation. It can happen to anyone of
us," Bell said.
Authorities searched Tennessee and
Kentucky for William Timothy Kirk, 36,
of Shelby County, and Evans, a 1981
University of Tennessee law school
graduate. Both fled in her red Toyota
Thursday and were listed as armed and
dangerous.
Correction Department spokesman
Dick Baumbach said Evans supplied
Kirk with a pistol, rolls of tape and a
change of clothes and helped him

-HAPPENINGS
Highlight
Ann Arbor's Argo Park Canoe Livery opens for the summer today. They
will again be offering trips on the Huron River to Gallup Park and from Dex-
ter and Delhi back to Ann Arbor. For hours, information, and reservations
call 668-7411. Happy paddling.
Films
Alt. Act. - Marat/Sade, 7 p.m., Threepenny Opera, 9 p.m., Nat. Sci.
AAFC - Das Boot, 7 & 9 p.m., MLB 3.
Cinema Guild - All That Jazz, 7 & 9:15 p.m., Lorch.
Cinema II - Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, 7 & 9:10 p.m., Aud.'A,
Angell.
CFT - Rebel Without a Cause, 5 & 9 p.m.; East of Eden, 7 & 11 p.m.,
Michigan Theatre.
Gargoyle - Charlie is My Darling, and Stones in the Park, 7 p.m.; Gimmie
Shelter, 9 p.m., Hutchins.
Performances
Eclipse - J.C. Meard Orchestra, "An Evening of the Music of Duke
Ellington," 8p.m., Union Ballroom.
Canterbury Loft - "Gerry the Fool," 8 p.m., 332 S. State.
Ark - Joe & Antoinette McKenna, Irish Music, 9 p.m., 1421 Hill.
Musket - "Hair," 8 p.m., Power Center.
School of Music - Recitals: Blake Allen, cello, 2 p.m.; Kerry Stevenson,
piano, 4 p.m.; Toni-Marie Montgomery, piano, 6 p.m.; Rachelle McCabe,
piano, 8 p.m., Recital Hall. "The marriage of Figaro," 8 p.m., Men-
delssohn.
Miscellaneous
Ann Arbor Go Club - mtg., 2p.m., 1433 Mason.

escape Thursday from three guards af-
ter he was taken at her request to the
office of Oak Ridge psychologist Dr.
Gary Salk for a mental examination.
KIRK WAS to go on trial in Morgan
County Wednesday on charges he was
the triggerman among a gang of seven
white convicts that sawed out of their
cells at Brushy Mountain State Prison
on Feb. 8, 1981, shot two black inmates
to death and wounded four others
before surrendering.
Bell said he and Evans were appoin-
ted last August to represent Kirk and
that she conducted most of the in-
vestigative work for their client's
defense. He said Evans spent hundreds
of hours privately with Kirk and ap-
parently developed an interest in him.
Kirk was serving a 65-year prison
term for armed robbery and
prosecutors have asked he and the six
convicts be sentenced to death if con-
victed of murdering the blacks.
"SHE'S A hostage but yet a willing-
unwilling hostage, where her mind is
hypnotized by the dominant force.
When one cares for another human
being, one will go to great lengths to see
that they're not harmed, that they're
not punished, that bad things don't
come to them," Bell said.
He said he belives Evans is suffering
from the Stockholm Syndrome, which
scientists used to explain the behavior
of Hearst, who was kidnapped by
terrorists and later became one of
them.
The Stockholm Syndrome grew out of
studies in which researchers found that
prisoners kept captive for long periods
identified with their captives.

tenem. "Pot isn't such a defiant symbol
anymore. I guess the Hash Bash has to
wait for the next generation."
Previous festivals have drawn an
estimated 5,000 participants and in-
cluded such memorable events as state
Rep. Perry Bullard lighting up a joint
for the benefit of the press.
MOST OF this year's participants
weren't from the University. High
school students and other non-
University people attended the event,
and another group of students travelled
in from Kalamazoo College to enjoy the
event.
While some brought their own weed,
others were attracted by the prospect of
acquiring something when they arrived.
"The Hash Bash is where you stand
around and buy drugs," said one local
high school student, who huddled with
his buddies over the sacred "M" in the
middle of the Diag.
Ann Arbor Police Captain Kenneth
Klinge, also in the Diag, stood with his
crew of patrolmen, viewing the turn of
events. "We weren't expecting
trouble," he said. "We're not disap-
pointed." There were no arrests.

The barricades and police were
present just in case of unruly demon-
stration, according to Campus Security
Director Walt Stevens. "Education is
what the University is for, not this kind
of commotion."

Hash Bash just a habit
for those who attended
(Continued from Page 1)

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Tuesday April 5th
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