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March 19, 1983 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-03-19

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The Michigan Daily-Satuday, March 19, 1983-Page 3

Hard start
aids black
women in
'later life,
By TRACEY MILLER
Black women are better prepared to
deal with old age because they have had
to cope with adversity throughout their
lives, says a new study from the Un-
versity's Institute of Gerontology.
"Our survivor hypothesis now
suggests that when blacks reach old
age, they are not just physical sur-
vivors, but also may be psychological
survivors," said Rose Gibson, a resear-
ch scientist at the University in-
$titute.
GIBSON DREW her conclusions from
University research study of black
female heads of households and another
study which compared blacks and
iwhites during mid-to-late life crisis.
Work, retirement, illness, and
stereotypes were the four areas Gibson
studied. "Although there is a myth that
black women who had families were not
workers, we found that all the women
we interviewed had at one time in their
lives been in the work force," she said.
The study also showed that the
majority of elderly black women are
not never-married, separated or divor-
ced, but that they are widows and live
alone rather than in extended family
settings. In addition, most are indepen-
dent, with their retirement income
coming almost exclusively from Social
Security and Supplemental Security In-
come payments.
THE STUDY ALSO determined that
black women have the lowest suicide
rate among the elderly. "Even though
lack women are at the bottom of the
income levels, they are also at the bot-
tom of suicide statistics. White males
are at the top of both lists," she said.
Using results from a national survey
conducted by the University's Institute
of Social Research, Gibson studied
coping strategies used by the elderly.
"Praying is one strategy that black
women in particular excel in," she said.
Elderly black women were also found
*to seek help from friends, family mem-
bers, and neighbors more frequently.
"Black women show more versatility
in that they are able to substitute a
larger pool of helpers to cope with
problems."'
Gibson said it will bet difficult to
predict what future studies might show"
because black women are receiving'
more education and earning higher in-
comes.

Women 's roles cause
conflict in Middle East

By CHERYL BAACKE
The current debate in the Middle
East about the role of women and the
function of the family is crucial because
it involves the state of the entire
society, said Elizabeth Fernea, a Mid-
dle East expert from the University of
Texas on campus yesterday.
"The status of women is not an
isolated issue but the basis of the
debate," Fernea said. "Women are
seen as the hub around which personal
and economic issues revolve."
FERNEA, WHO has produced a
number of films about Middle Eastern
women, spoke to about 75 people during
the last session of a two-day conference
entitled "The Roles of Women in the
Changing Middle East."
The goal of the conference was to give
American women a chance to listen to
what Middle Eastern women have to
say, and to provide a background for
understanding them.

The session also included a panel of
women from various countries in the
Middle East. Each of them outlined the
issues they feel are most important in
their own country.
THE PANEL agreed no
generalizations about women could be
made. "You cannot say what is the
typical Middle East woman or what is
her typical role," said Naziha Bashshur
of Syria. Therefore, she said, no one can
analyze women from the point of view:,
of the Middle East woman.
The most important thing, she said,
is, "A woman should work to educate
her children and raise them equally so
boys will grow up to understand'
demands of women."
Gulseren Ovacick of Turkey said,
"For women to obtain total freedom
would be a tremendous accomplish-
ment for any civilization." She added
that having laws for equal rights and
people abiding by them are two dif-
ferent things..
IN ORDER to convince everyone that

freedom is at their disposal, Ovacick
said, Turkey needs more participation
from learned women.
The problem of women's equality and
balancing work and the home is
especially difficult in the Middle East
because the institution of the family is
so important, Fernea said. The family
exists because it is the basis of the
socio-economic structure and continues
to provide emotional and economic
support for the members, even with the
current rise of industrialization.
"(There is) a need to look at how
society through history has reconciled
the differences between men and
women," Fernea said, adding that the
reconciliation between those opposites
is the family.
The conference was sponsored by the
Committee for Gender Research, the
Center for Continuing4Education for
Women, the International Center, the
American Association of University
Women, and the Ecumenical Campus
Center.

Daily Photo by DAVID FRANKEL
Elizabeth Fernea, spoke to 75 people at the last session of a two-day con-
ference on the roles of women in the Middle East.
Last to see Belushi
Charged With murder

LOS ANGELES (AP)-Cathy Evelyn
Smith, believed to be the last person to
see John Belushi alive, has been indic-
ted on murder and drug charges in the
comedian's drug overdose death, the
U.S. Justice Department confirmed
yesterday.
Canadian authorities said they have
obtained a warrant for her arrest and
expected her to surrender in Toronto
later last night.
"THE U.S. government has asked
Canadian authorities for the extradition
of Cathy Smith, who has been charged
with the murder of John Belushi in a
sealed indictment returned in Califor-
,nia," Justice Department spokesman
John Russell said Washington.
"They will notify us when the arrest
takes place," he said, adding that ex-
tradition in Canada requires court ac-
tion and it may take some time to
return Ms. Smith to Los Angeles,
Belushi was -33 when his body was
found in a $200-a-day bungalow at the
Chateau Marmont hotel on Hollywood's
Sunset Strip.' A coroner's report said;
the cause of death was "acute cocaine
and heroin intoxication." At the time,
the death was ruled accidental.

BUT THE district attorney later
reopened the case and instituted a
grand jury investigation in September,
spurred in part by a National Enquirer
article that quoted Ms. Smith as saying
she had injected Belushi with drugs.
Ms. Smith, a 35-year-old part-time
rock singer was quoted by the
Enquirer last June as saying she had
injected Belushi with a final "speed-
ball," a mixture of cocaine and heroin.
She later retracted the statement,
saying she ahd been under the influen-
ce of drugs and alcohol when she talked
to the Enquirer reporters in Toronto.
THE ENQUIRER gave police six to
eight hours of tape recordings made by the
reporters who interviewed Ms. Smith.
Deputy District Attorney Michael Mon-
tagna, who presented evidence to the
grand jury, said the tape confirmed
"in substance" the contents of
TheEnquirer story.
In Los Angeles, District Attorney
Robert Philibosian refused all com-
ment yesterday when asked about in-
dictrpents.
Among the witnesses who testified
before the grand jury were the two
Enquirer reporters and comedian-actor
Robin Williams. He, Ms. Smith and ac-
tor Robert De Niro reportedly were
with Belushi the night before he died.

H APPENINGS
Highlight
The Lyman Woodard Organization will treat Ann Arbor to its unique brand
of jazz tonight. The concert starts at 9:30 at the U-Club. Tickets are $4 and
available only at the door.
Films
Ann Arbor Film Cooperative - Deep End, 7 p.m., and Wife Mistress, 8:45
p.m., MLB 4.
Cinema Guild - The Tin Drum, 7 and 9:40 p.m., Lorch.
Cinema Two - Mephisto, 7 and 9:30 p.m., Aud. A Angell.
Gargoyle - Seven Beauties, 7 and 9:15 p.m., Hutchins.
Hill Street Cinema - The Maltese Falcon, 8 and 10 p.m., Hill St.
Alternative Action - Monty Python and the Holy Grail, 7, 8:45, and 10:30
p.m.; MLB 3.
Mediatrics - Barbarella, 7 p.m., and Batman, 8:45 p.m., Nat. Sci.
Performances
Ann Arbor Chamber Orchestra - pieces by Haydn and Lars Erik Larsson,
8:30 p.m., Michigan Theatre.
Japanese Music Study Group -joint concert with the Javanese Gamelan
Ensemble, 8p.m., Rackham Auditorium.
Armenian Studies Program - Nora and Gerald Papasian, "Voices from
Armenian Literature,"8 p.m., Trueblood Arena Theatre.
Reader's Theatre Guild - "As I Lay Dying," 8 p.m., RC Aud.
Canterbury Loft - Gandhi: The Tender Fire, 8 p.m., 332 S. State.
The Performance Network - The Mother Lode, 8 p.m., 408 W.
Washington.
The Ark - Clairseach, 9 p.m., 1421 Hill.
School of Music - Lisa Ormston, French Horn Recital, 6 p.m., Recital
Hall.
School of Music - University Dance Company, 8 p.m., Power Center.
School of Music - Lisa Mitchell, Clarinet Recital, 8 p.m., Recital Hall.
Michigan Ensemble Theatre News - Cat On A Hot Tin Roof; 8 p.m., Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Speakers
U-M Public Relations Club - "Perspectives in Public Relations," 9:45
a.m., 25 Angell Hall, for more info call Ellen Golin, 764-6936.
U-M Students - "Crossing the Impasse: A Look at the 'U' in Crisis," 7:30
p.m., Rackham Auditorium.
Meetings
Tae Kwon Do Club - practice, 9 a.m., Martial Arts Room, CCRB.
Ann Arbor Go Club -2 p.m., 1433 Mason.
Miscellaneous

Peddlin' cookies
Girl Scouts Amy Gillen (left) and Shannon Jones practice their sales techniques. Girl scouts nationwide are selling cook-
ies this month.

Abused son convicted of murder SUDSFACTORY
S737 N. Huron, Ypsi.-485-0240

From AP and UPI
CHEYENNE, Wyo. - Sixteen-year-old'
Richard Jahnke, who said he was the
victim of abuse since he was two years
old, was sentenced to 5 to 15 years in
prison yesterday for the ambush
shooting of his father.
"It comes down to the proposition
that no one shuld {be permitted to act as
prosecutor, judge, jury and executioner.
without being held accountable to
society," District Judge Paul Liamos
said in handing down the sentence.
Young Jahnke must serve five years
before being considered for parole.
Support dim-s
for PIRGIM
(Continued from Page 1)
residence halls and a 9.95 percent hike
for family housing units on campus.
Director of Housing Robert Hughes
and Henry Johnson, vice president for
student services, said that the rising
costs of electricity, and natural gas
were the primary reasons for the in-
crease.

Defense attorney James Barrett said
the sentence would be appealed.
Defense lawyers had argued during
the trial that the teenager acted to
prevent further abuse. Jahnke told.
jurors he killed his father because he
feared for his sister's life and his own
I DIDN'T have any place to go,.
There was no one out there," he
testified. He said he decided to stand up
to his father so that "he's never going to
touch us again."
During the trial, Mrs. Jahnke
described her husband as a man who
hated people and was almost never without
a gun in his belt. "It was hell, pure
hell," she testified.h '
Jahnke said his father often beat him.
Jahnke also said he had seen his
mother, Maria Jahnke, and his sister
beaten and his sister fondled by their
father.
Jahnke and his teenage sister,
Deborah, allegedly waited in ambush to
kill their father Nov. 16 as their parents
returned from a ,dinner celebrating
TONIGHT
PRESENTS
$16 E. Liberty- 994-5360

their 20th anniversary.
Richard C. Jahnke, 38, an Internal
Revenue Service agent, was shot to
death Nov. 16 as he approached the
garage of his suburban home north of
Cheyenne, after an anniversary
evening out with his wife.
The boy waited in the garage for his
father's return and fired six blasts from
a 12-gauge shotgun as the door was
being raised. His sister, waiting in the
living room, fled through a window with
her brother ofter the shooting.
Defense lawyers for the youth argued
he acted in self-defense to prevent fur-
ther abuse.
Deborah Jahnke was found guilty of
aiding and abetting manslaughter
March 10 and is expected to be 'sente-
nced within the next two weeks.

THE DAILY
CLASSIFIEDS
ARE A GREAT
WAY TO GET
FAST RESULTS
CALL 764-0557

CORRECTION:
Times listed in yesterday's paper for The
Housing Information Office advertise-
ment were incorrectly listed. The hours
should have read 8 am - 12 noon; 12:30
- 4:30 pm.

nn ~Arbor.)
Antiquarian Book Fair
Saturday, March 19, 10 a.m.-5 p.m.
Michigan Union Ballroovi
30 dealers
with books
from five
centuries.
*First editions
*Americana
'Fine printing

Convenient locations
Transfer among our over 40 locations
An additional 30-40 hrs. of convenient at-home tape preparation
for LSAT and GMAT review sessions.
36-40 hrs. of classroom instruction
Limited class size for maximum effectiveness
Finest teaching staff available

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