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March 13, 1983 - Image 5

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-03-13

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The Michigan Daily-Sunday, March 13, 1983-Page 5
Salvadoran campaign reminiscent of Vietnam

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador (AP) - Government
troops will soon launch a new campaign, in many ways
similar to one used in Vietnam, that will combine a large-
scale military operation with a major effort to woo civilians
away from leftist guerrillas, informed sources say.
The plan involves technical help from the U.S. Agency for
International Development officials, some of them slated
Tfor full-time assignment to villages, according to the sour-
ces, most of whom spoke on condition they not be identified.
SOME COMPARED the plan to the Civil Operations and
Rural Development Support Agency known as CORDS -
that provided medical care and economic relief to war vic-
tims in Vietnam in the late 1960s. It was coordinated with

Operation Phoenix, aimed at liquidating the Viet Cong un-
derground in villages.
"CORDS is probably the best analogy I can think of,
although this plan has their (the Salvadorans) own concep-
tions in it," said a U.S. military adviser.
The plan, said to be contingent on the Salvadoran gover-
nment getting an additional $110 million in U.S. aid, calls
for about 10,000 soldiers to sweep through a key province in
east-central El Salvador, Western and Salvadoran sources
said.
ONE AIM of the month-long sweep will be to destroy
guerrilla strongholds; another would be to cut off routes
through which the rebels receive military supplies, prin-
cipally northern regions near the Honduran border.

This, in itself, would be the biggest operation since the
civil war started 41 months ago, with a toll to date of 42,000
people killed. The largest previous operation, lasting three
weeks in February in northeastern Morazan province, in-
volved 6,000 troops and was widely viewed as only a limited
success.
Once the shooting subsides in the new operation, soldiers
and government officers arerto spread outinto the coun-
tryside in a coordinated program to rebuild war-torn
villages and provide social services.
THE PLAN is intended to reclaim at least some of the key
agricultural areas currently dominated by the guerrillas in
their fight for power here. Western sources said no exact

date has been decided yet, but the operation will probably
begin at the end of summer.
Speculation is that either San Vicente or Usulutan will be
chosen. Both are centers for sugar and cotton production,
and are the sites of large camps from which guerrillas raid
traffic on the Pan-American and the coastal highways, the
two main east-west roads traversing El Salvador.
Therebels also have sabotaged electrical installations
frequently in the two provinces and used them to smuggle
weapons by overland and sea routes.
"The guerrilla actions have militarized these areas. We
are going to convince them to be civilized," Co. Luis Alonso
Amaya, an army commander involved in the plan, said in
an interview.

Reagan urges
schools
to get back
to basics
(Continued from Page 1)
science and math. And many U.S. high
schools do not offer sufficient math to
prepare graduates for engineering
schools."
However, according to a report of the
College Board last year, students in
record numbers are taking math and
science courses in high schools across
the country.
SPEAKING FROM his weekend
retreat at Camp David atop Catoctin
Mountain in Maryland, Reagan said,
"We must move forward again by
returning to the sound principles that
never failed us when we lived 'up to
them. Can we not begin by welcoming
God back in our schools and by setting
an example for children by striving to
abide by his Ten Commandments and
the Golden Rule?"
Reagan also urged Congress to ap-
prove a school prayer constitutional
amendment and enact tax credits for
private and parochial school students.
Reagan said permitting prayer in
public classrooms would be
"welcoming God back in our schools."
"We must do a better job of teaching
the basics, insisting on discipline and
results, encouraging competition and -
above all - remembering that education
does not begin with Washington of-
ficials or even state and local officials.
It begins in the home, where it is the
right and responsibility of every
American."
Rep. Harold Washington (D-Ill.), who
was catapulted to national prominence
two weeks ago when he won his party's
nomination for mayor of Chicago,
delivered the Democrats' official
response to Reagan.
IMPROVING THE quality of
education is "obviously an important
national priority," Washington said.
But he said Reagan's call for action "is
misleading when compared to the ac-
tual record of the Republican ad-
ministration," which he pointed out had
cut federal funds for education in each
of the last two years.
Reagan has outlined plans to reduce
the department to a foundation, but he
never formally proposed legislation.
WHILE HE announced no new
ograms in the address, the president
d outline several measures taken by
is administration which he said would
nprove the education of today's
,udents.
He said the proposed legislation to
rovide tuition tax credits for parents
rho send their children to private
chools would help low income families.

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