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W Vol. XCIII, No. 120
Copyright 1983, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Saturday, March 5, 1983
tie ribbons to
By NEIL CHASE
The ribbons weren't yellow but they were still
meant to be a symbol of solidarity. In this case, it was
a show of support by School of Natural Resources
students who are fighting to keep their school from
having its budget slashed by more than 30 percent.
At 7:30 a.m. yesterday, eight natural resources
students tied green ribbons around Diag trees. The
students wanted to show that their concern has not
diminished, even though a final budgetary decision
will not be made until this summer.
They did, however, question the University's
motive in postponing the decision.
"It's a lot more convenient to do that sort of thing
(cut budgets) when students are not around," said
Natural resources student Susan Denzer.
Echoed Amie Kemezis, an LSA freshperson who
hopes to enter the natural resources school next
year: "They'll just cut (the budget) when we're not
around to fight."
A key University budget committee recommended
late last year that the school's budget be cut by one-
third, but several weeks ago University officials
named a group of natural resources professors to do
more research on the school and possibly recommend
Daily Photo by DAVID FRAN KEL
Freshperson Amie Kemezis ties a green ribbon around a Diag tree as an expression of support for the
beleaguered School of Natural Resources.
Students face grim job market
From AP and UPI
DETROIT-Partly as a result of
callbacks in the auto industry,
Michigan's unemployment rate drop-
ped from 17 percent in January to 16.5
percent in February, the Michigan
Employment Security Commission said
MESC Director Martin Taylor said
the number of jobless workers in
Michigan last month dropped by 26,000
to 699,000. It was the second month in a~
row the state's unemployment rate has
MICHIGAN'S unemployment rate in
February 1982 was 16.1 percent, with
692,000 workers out of work.
The nation's unemployment rate
stubbornly held at 10.4 percent in
February, with 11.5 million people still
out of work, the Labor Department
An annual report by Republican
members of the Joint Economic Com-
mittee, meanwhile, predicted "It will
be mid-to-late 1983 before we see a
significant decline in the unem-
ployment rate," adding it might even
edge up slightly in the months ahead.
IN A CIVILIAN labor force of 110.5
million, the total number of unem-
ployed rose only by 44,000-from
11,446,000 to 11,490,000, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics said.
The government report also showed
an accompanying 40,000 decline in the
total number of people with jobs. That
labor force inertia followed a healthy
0.4 percent decline in January, and
seemed to confound both government
and private economic analysts.$-.--
Martin Feldstein, chairman of the
Council of Economic Advisers, said
"On balance, it does show some need
for caution" in assessing possibilities
... expresses reservations
By RITA GIRARDI
Despite yesterday's announcement
that unemployment figures for the state
are dropping, local business managers
say students looking for a part-time job
will be lucky to find any work at all.
Part-time openings with both the
University and local shopkeepers have
declined in the past year, leaving
students with bleak prospects for ear-
ning those badly-needed extra dollars.
LIKE MANY private businesses, the
University has had to reduce the num-
ber of employees it hires for part-time
(fewer than 30 hours a week) em-
ployment. As of January, fewer than
1,900 had been made available through
the college work/study program, com-
pared to over 2,500 for last eyar.
According to Vivian Hoey, coor-
dinator of the Student Employment Of-
fice, there have been "consistently
fewer jobs" available to students..
Hoey's office supervises work/study
programs and helps students find em-
ployment by posting private and
University openings on a board outside
their second floor Student Activities
Building Office. Ann Arbor businesses
posted only 27 openings last term.
Most local managers agree that the
job crunch can be linked directly to
Michigan's sagging economy.
"THE ECONOMY is in a lot rougher
shape and so business is down," said
Tom Musser, manager of Ulrich's
Bookstore. "On the whole . . . we've
taken a tremendous amount of ap-
plications," he said. "student,.ap-.
plications are on the rise with the rest."
Musser estimates that well over half
of the bookstore's present employees
are students. he said the store has not
been forced to lay off any employees -
"But if we haven't cut back, we cer-
tainly haven't picked any up," he said.
"It's really tough. You (may) get a
situation when a person lucks out (and
lands a job), but I wouldn't want to be a
student out looking for a job right now."
OTHER LOCAL managers agree the
competition for the few available
openings is fierce.
"We ran an ad in December and we
had probably 100 applicants for three
positions," said Nancy Cummins, a
manager at the Second Chance. She
estimates the odds of geting a job at
that bar as "zero to none" at the
moment. "We have not been doing any
hiring," she said.
Lisa Grossman, manager of Cottage
Inn Restaurant, said a "tremendous
number" of students seem to be on the
lookout for part-time work. She said
over 90 percent of the applications
being filed lately have been from
THE MANAGERS said this year's
crop of job-hunting students are
working for different reasons than their
forebears did and have a more serious
attitude toward their work.
"Many (at Second Chance) are only
working one to two shifts and are crying
for more hours," Cummins said. She
said students have become more
willing to work double shifts.
"A lot of them are working because
mom and dad can't pay the bills," she
said, unlike students of previous years
who have worked to earn extra spending
MUSSER, WHO has been at Ulrich's
since 1962, said he has noted a change in
See STUDENTS, Page 2
for substantial relief in the next few
JANET NORWOOD, commissioner
of labor statistics, told the
congressional joint committee the
stand-still rate last month might only
have been a reflection of the fact that
end-of-year seasonal adjustment made
January's decline seem better than it
"What we've seen is some correction,
but not a wiping out of those impro-
vements," she said.
Norwood, echoing reservations
several private analysts expressed
about chances for relief from high
unemployment in the next few. months;
said that "as the economy moves into
recovery, it is entirely possible that
more people will be drawn into the
"IF MORE people come into the
labor force than there are new jobs,
unemployment will rise," she added.
See JOBLESS, Page 3
Review courses don't
boost SAT's, study says
intended to teach high school students
to score well on their college entrance
tests barely raise scores and are
probably not worth the trouble, a Har-
vard review concludes.
The study found that coaching boosts
students' scores on Scholastic Aptitude
Tests by about 10 points on a scale
ranging from 200 to 800-not enough, in
most cases, to help a student get into
"TEN POINTS would not be enough
to make me go through a coaching
program," Nan Laird, co-author of the
analysis, said in an interview.
The findings were welcomed by the
Educational Testing Service, which
writes the SATs and has maintained for
years that cram courses are no sub-
stitute for years of study.
The new report is a statistical
analysis of 16 studies with widely
varying results that sought to measure
the benefits of the coaching courses.
"THERE IS simply insufficient
evidence that large score increases are
a result of a coaching program," the
Although the programs probably help
a little, "the size of the effect which we
can safely attribute to coaching is too
'There is simply insufficient evidence that
large (SAT) score increases are a result of
a coaching program'
small to have much attraction fir
either individual examinees or for
educators," they concluded.
The analysis was done by Laird and
Rebecca DerSimonian of the Harvard
School of Public Health. It was
published in the February issue of the
Harvard Educational Review.
EACH YEAR, about 1.5 million high
school students take the multiple-'
choice SAT exams, which test math and
reading skills. The results are used by
colleges to help decide which students
Between 50,000 and 100,000 pupils are
estimated to take the coaching courses,
which range in price from $100 to $500
and often last several weeks.
The value of the courses has long
been controversial. The Federal Trade
Commission found coaching can raise
math and verbal scores by an average
of 25 points each.
THE LARGEST coaching service is
the New York-based Stanley Kaplan
organization, which offers classes in
about 300 places nationwide.
Youngsters preparing for SATs pay
$325 for 55 hours of classroom instruc-
"My average improvement is about
100 points" in combined math and ver-
bal scores, Kaplan says. "Some have
gone up 200 and 300 points. One student
went up 600 points."
Kaplan says the courses significantly
improve students' math and reading
abilities as well as sharpen their test-
See REVIEW, Page 2
Daily Photo by TOD WOOLF
As part of a promotion for the upcoming movie 'Trenchcoat', this West Quad group gets together for a "Trenchcoat
Count." Triangle Fraternity won a color T.V. for coming up with the most trenchcoat-clad students (56).
Tip and Teddy who?
COLLEGE STUDENTS taking a photo identification test
mistook House Speaker Thomas "Tip" O'Neill for Ed
McMahon and Colonel Sanders and evangelist Bill Graham
was thought to be Evil Kneival or George McGovern. Many
of the 457 Virginia Tech and University of Georgia students
..nI ..,% th CLah tr ,a Vannedvwa s his father or two
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, former German
Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, French President Francois
Mi:tterand and columnist William Buckley. The resear-
chers said some of the results were especially telling.
"Howard Baker, (a good) example of how a politician can
spend a fortune promoting himself and still have a woefully
low recognition factor, was identified as Sen. Sam Nunn (D-
Ga.), George Bush (spelled Busch by some, possibly
showing where the respondents' deeper interests lay), and
Jim Brady," the wounded White House press secretary,
thev said The researchers said thev could not nrove that
fire they took for distress signals. But the Shouf village of
Mreste, east of Beirut, was not under a military attack and
was not in need of help. In fact, police said, there was no
cause for alarm. The village had been stormed by wild pigs,
and the villagers, police said, were forced to fight the pigs
off with guns, killing nine of them. Qi
Thp Un ily nlm nn n r
require all campus organizations to remove discriminatory
clauses from the constitution by 1956 or be denied official
" 1968 - Medical students presented a petition to
Congressman Marvin Esch demanding withdrawal of U.S.
troops from Vietnam. The petition was signed by nearly the
entire medical school. O
On the inside...