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February 04, 1983 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-02-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

The Michigan Daily-Friday, February 4, 1983-Page 5

halts UPI
VIENNA, Austria (UPI) - The
Polish Foreign Ministry yesterday or-
dered the suspension of United Press
International's operations in Poland
and stripped its one remaining
correspondent in Warsaw of his ac-
The Ministry said UPI operations
would be suspended until a new
correspondent is accredited to replace
expelled UPI reporter Ruth Gruber in
Warsaw and the Polish news agency
PAP in Washington resumes operation.
GRUBER WAS expelled from Poland
for alleged "espionage activity." She
had been detained by police for
questioning for 23 hours Jan. 11 andor-
dered expelled the next day.
The U.S. State Department respon-
ded to Gruber's forced.departure by or-
dering the expulsion Jan. 18 of PAP's
Washington-based correspondent, ef-
fectively closing down the one-man
Polish-born UPI Warsaw correspon-
dent Bogdan Turek, 46, was summoned
to the Foreign Ministry yesterday mor-
ning to hear a prepared statement on
the "temporary" decision to withdraw
his accreditation card and suspend UPI
operations. He said officials were "very
polite" and he was not detained.
"THE LEADERSHIP of the Polish
Foreign Ministry decided to suspend
instantaneously the operation of (the)
UPI office until the day when a suc-
cessor to Miss Ruth Gruber is ac-
credited and until the office of the
Polish news agency in Washington
resumes its operation," Turek quoted
the Ministry statement.
In a statement released in New York,
UPI President William Small said:
"The action of the U.S. State Depar-
tment in expelling the Polish journalist
was not at UPI's request. We at UPI
believe in full access to news coverage
in every country by professional jour-
nalists. We hope that both governments
will reconsider and allow resumption of
news coverage, including- the ap-
proval of a replacement for UPI's
correspondent who was earlier ex-

Social Security
benefits going
to illegal aliens

Security's ailing trust funds could wind
up paying $1 billion to $2.4 billion a year
in benefits to aliens working illegally in
the United States, a congressional wat-
chdog agency reported yesterday.
Rep. G. William Whitehurst, who
released the preliminary General Ac-
counting Office report, introduced a bill
to bar benefits to illegal aliens and
place other restrictions on retirees and
their kin who collect Social Security
The law now permits illegal aliens to
get Social Security, provided they paid
payroll taxes long enough to qualify.
THE GAO, using what it said were
conservative figures, estimated two-
thirds of some 3.5 million illegal aliens
hold jobs covered by Social Security. If
10 percent wind up drawing benefits, it
would cost $1 billion a year; if 25 per-
cent get benefits, the cost would be $2.4

retirees and younger people that Social
Security is tottering on the brink of
collapse has been allowed to continue
too long," said Schweiker, who is
leaving the Cabinet to become chief
lobbyist for the life insurance industry.
retirees and taxpayers alike "cannot be
allowed to fall victim to narrow
viewpoints now when we are so close to
restoring Social Security's ability to
meet its commitments today and for
the future."
Schweiker said the old age trust fund
should repay as soon as possible the
$12.4 billion it has borrowed from the
Medicare trust futiid, which itself could
go broke in 1990 or sooner.
"It's all linked together and if we
can't solve one, it's like a row of
dominoes - the others are going to fall,
too," said Schweiker.

Mired in Minnesota AP Photo
Snow and 45-mile an hour winds - not striking truckdrivers - forced this tractor-trailer off a Worthington, Minn. road
yesterday. A tow truck prepares to help.
Shultz pleased with China talks

PEKING (AP) - Secretary of State
George Shultz said yesterday that fric-
tion in U.S.-Chinese relations should not
obscure "how far we have come in so
brief a time."
But Chinese Foreign Minister Wu
Xuegian said "obstacles" still exist,
harmful to cooperation between Peking
and Washington.
THE TWO diplomats concluded talks
that left the outstanding problems un-
changed: differences over arms sales
to Taiwan, transfer of U.S. high
technology to China and setting new
quotas for imported Chinese textiles.
While Shultz said he does not dismiss
the importance of these frictions and
differences in approach, he said he is
trying to stress the positive elements in
the situation facing the two countries,
which established diplomatic relations
four years ago after three decades of

"My presence here in Peking today is
a good indication that both sides
recognize the potential benefit of good
relations," Shultz told a group of
American corporation executives.
"WE HAVE steered through some
rocky stretches this past year in U.S.-
Chinese relations," Shultz said. "I
think both sides have navigated suc-
cessfully and we are out in the clear
Shultz was referring to protracted
negotiations that led to a U.S:
agreement last summer not to increase
arms sales to Taiwan and eventually
decrease them.
Wu and Shultz met for eight hours
over two days. Their talks were the
longest and most extensive Shultz will
have with Chinese leaders in Peking,
but he also meets Friday and Saturday
with Premier Zhao Ziyang, Defense
Minister Zhang Aiping, Finance
Minister Wang Bingqian and Deng
Xiaoping, China's most authoritative


High school seniors drug
use declining, survey says,
(Continued from Page 1)

... pleased with talks

Last Chance to Ski
the West!
Ste 11Oat Ski the Champagne Powder'
steamboat springs, colorado

the study concluded, noting that 93 per-
cent of those students surveyed had ex-
perimented with liquor by the end of
their senior year.
dramatically between 1977 and 1981, but
that may change, according to John-
ston. "A very sharp decline in smoking
has bottomed out and may be rever-
sing," he said.
Johnston also expressed concern
about the use of over-the-counter drugs
such as diet pills. "I think the numbers
are pretty impressive concerning
women and diet pills," he said.
Over 40 percent of the women
questioned had tried diet pills, accor-
ding to survey results.
ALTHOUGH THE link is not entirely
clear, there is a correlation between the
use of over-the-counter and illegal
drugs, Johnston said. "I think that it
might reflect a certain personality fac-
tor in the use of psychoactives," he
The researchers also noted some dif-
ferences in the popularity of different
drugs. "One of the regional differences
is with cocaine, which is very popular in
the West and Northeast, and not in the
Northwest and Central (regions),"
Johnston said. He added that drug use
also varied from city to city and bet-
ween high schools.
The survey, which is funded through
research grants from the National In-
stitute on Drug Abuse, has been con-

ducted annually since 1975. The resear-
chers also survey the students for ten
years after they have graduated from
high school. No data on continuing drug
use, however, has been studied yet.
ALTHOUGH THE study is only fun-
ded until 1987, the researchers hope the
study can be extended, Johnston said.
"We feel this is a study which provides
a social indicator of trends," he said.
Johnston said one main aim of the
study is to correct misconceptions
which exist about drug usage. "We
hope to help people make better
decisions," he said.

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