ed Breed See Today'S
Ninety-Three Years Chipper
of IIYou're looking at partly sunny
Editoria Freedom skies today with a high in the low
Vol. XCIII, No. 103 Copyright 1983, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, February 4, 1983 Ten Cents Ten Pages
on the decline,
'U' study says
By HALLE CZECHOWSKI
While illicit drug use by high school students
remains widespread, a seven-year study by three
University researchers concluded that usage has
The largest declines occurred in marijuana,
cocaine, stimulant, and sedative usage, according to
the survey, "Seven-Year National Trends in Student
Drug Use, Attitudes, and Beliefs."
THE ONLY EXCEPTIONS to the overall decline
were heroin, opiates, and inhalants, which remained
Prof. Lloyd Johnston, who conducted the study with
fellow Institute for Social Research psychologists
Jerald Backman and Patrick O'Malley, surveyed
17,000 high school seniors from 130 public and private
Johnston suggested several explanations for
decreased drug usage, including changing student at-
titudes and the nation's economic situation.
0 NATIONAL CRISES such as Watergate and Viet-
nam caused the country's youth to protest, and many
times the symbol of rebellion was drugs, according to
Johnston. "The era really gave considerable impetus
to drug use," he said.
Today, young people are less rebellious and thus,
drug usage has dropped, Johnston explained.
The current economic recession has also added to
the decline, Johnston said. "(The economy) has
caused many people to look toward their own
lives ... They find drug use is not compatable with
their aims," he said.
PARENTS AND schools have also adopted more
sophisticated drug prevention programs, according'
to Johnston. This has led to increased awareness
among youth about the effects of drug use, he said.
"We are also finding that young people are in-
creasingly avoiding certain drug-using behaviors
because of their concerns about health consequen-
ces," Johnston said. "In addition, there is less peer
acceptance for certain behaviors - particularly
heavy marijuana use."
The use of alcohol has remained relatively stable,
can't order 'U'
'U' to divest
Daily Photo by SCOTT ZOLOTON
Natural Resources junior Philip Schmidt looks on as Diane Dulken, an SNR senior, ties a green ribbon
around a tree on University President Harold Shapiro's front lawn during yesterday's rally.
SNR students rally on
Shapiro's front lawn
By NEIL CHASE plan. made a point," said SNR
School of Natural Resources
students tied a green ribbon
around the old oak tree in front of
University President Harold
Shapiro's house yesterday to
protest proposed budget cuts to
More than 150 students mar-
ched from the Diag to Shapiro's
house and chanted "save SNR"
while the ribbon - their symbol
of opposition to the University's
redirection - was tied. A few
students said the tree was ac-
tually an elm, but no one seemed
AFTER MUSICIANS played.
songs about SNR, speakers
praised the school's programs
and criticized the University's
five-year financial redirection
"Teaching is being sacrificed
because teaching is not impor-
tant to Dow Chemical," said LSA
senior Tom Marx. He urged
students not to "sit back and wat-
ch" the redirection process. "Get
involved," Marx said. "Rallies
are not enough."
During the rally, organizers in
the crowd tried to get more
people involved by soliciting
donations to fund a full-page
publicizing the school's plight.
THE STUDENTS said they
hoped publicity would cause the
Regents to be sympathetic when
the budget cut comes up at their
Feb. 24 meeting and said they
were pleased with the exposure
yesterday's rally provided. "It
graduate student Martha
Tableman. "We filled the Diag."
After the rally, one SNR
student who asked not to be iden-
tified complained that many
people do not understand the
present budget reviews. "It's
more than just cuts in SNR we're
upset about," he said. "The
money is not being cut because
it's not there. It's still in the
budget, but it's being put into
Rally organizer Susan Denzer
agreed, saying the reviews are
"pitting schools against each
other." She criticized the lack of
student input in the review
process and said administrators
should consider alternative ways
of saving money.
By BILL SPINDLE
Despite a new state law requiring the
University to sell off its investments in
South Africa, Regent Thomas Roach
last night reaffirmed his determination
to maintain the University's interests in
the apartheid nation.
"I don't think that it is best to change
our (investment) policy. It is the best
policy," Roach (D-Saline) told a crowd
of about 45 people at the Campus
ROACH STOOD firmly behind the
University's official position that the
state has no control over University in-
"The Regents (are) . . . not subser-
vient to the Legislature or anyone," he
said, "The University can't allow Lan-
sing to dictate our policy," he said.
Beyond Roach's brief comments on
the new state law, however, his
discussion with a leading faculty
proponent of divestment 'steered clear
of the law which has rekindled the 5-
year old campus issue.
INSTEAD, Prof. Len Suransky and
Roach spoke on how the University can
promote social change in South Africa,
which is notorious for its discrimination
Suransky said that recent changes in
South Africa moving blacks further into
leadership roles do not indicate a tur-
naroupd in the government's policy.
"There have always been new starts,
reforms, new changes," said Suransky,
who coordinates a University commit-
tee investigating divestment issues.
"Today we are seeing reforms. There
is no doubt that it is a change, but in
... state infringing on 'U' autonomy
practice it doesn't in any way challenge
the status quo," he said.
"SOME OF US are persuaded that
this is a wedge, that this is the begin-
ning of change. I'm not so convinced."
Roach, however, said there have
been significant improvements for
blacks in the nation, although the
changes have not been dramatic.
"Our perception is that there has
been pitifully little progress, but
progress;" he said.
ROACH SAID that increased black
enrollment in white schools, black labor
unions, and racially mixed sports are
See DIVESTMENT, Page 6
Food shortages feared
as truck strike intensifies
From AP and UPI
Bushwhackers who have attacked
more than 500 trucks during a violent
truckers strike renewed their assaults
yesterday and food brokers from St.
Louis to Boston began feeling the pinch
Shipments of fresh fruit and
vegetables dwindled, shipping costs
went up, and officials warned con-
sumers to be prepared to pay more at
the checkout counter. A Milwaukee
brewery cut back operations.
"The truckers are trying to get a little
more since they are out there ducking
bullets now," said Bernie Kastor, a
buyer at the Louisville Produce Ter-
minal Association in Kentucky, where
food distributors said they were paying
up to 30 percent more for freight which
was taking up to twice as long to arrive.
A SPOKESMAN for Florida Gov. Bob
Graham said no trucks were being
loaded Thursday at the Florida City
Farmers Market, a major loading area
in the vast vegetable fields of South
Florida where the tomato and pole bean
harvest is at its peak.
I've got a shotgun in there and it's fully load-
ed . . if worse comes to worse, believe me,
I'll use it.'
Michael Bevel, independent trucker
By JACKIE YOUNG
Male residents of West Quad, bag
ladies, and people off the street will
have to find somewhere to relieve
themselves besides West Quad female
bathrooms: The ladies rooms were of-
ficially closed to strangers Wednesday
with the installation of combination
locks on the doors.
Alan Levy, Director of West Quad,
said women taking showers have often
been interrupted by men coming into
the bathrooms, a situation he called
"an ongoing concern," for female
"THERE HAVE been a couple of scary
incidents," he said.
"WE HAD A guy in the bathroom on
See WEST, Page 2
Florida vegetable packers, who said
if the slowdown continues over the
weekend the vegetables will rot in their
storage bins. were trying to persuade
the governor to call out the National
Guard to protect non-striking truckers.
"It's pretty critical," said Jack Cam-
pbell, an executive of the Florida
Tomato Packers in Florida City. "We
need to get the trucks rolling before
Tuesday or Wednesday of next week."
On the other end of the produce
pipeline, officials at the big Hunts Point
Terminal Market in New York City
reported a sharp drop in shipments of
potatoes from Maine, sweet potatoes
from the Carolinas, and beans,
eggplant and peppers from Floida
yesterday and Wednesday.
PAT COLLINS of the city's Consumer
Affairs Department said wholesale
prices were up 10 to 20 cents on some
items and "That will start to show up in
In St. Louis, a produce broker said
fruits and vegetables "are getting hard
At least 232 trucks have been hit by
gunfire and another 274 have been
damaged by brickbats, firebombs and
other missiles or had their tires slashed
See TRUCKER'S, Page 2
Look out above
A new type of loft? No, Bob McGuire has built a steel cage in his home to
protect himself from falling redwood trees in the Santa Cruz Mountains of
The engineers strike back
THE MUCH-MALIGNED students of the engineering
college have decided that they've had enough and
aren't going to sit back and take it anymore. It seems as
though every time someone takes a shot at the University's
smaller but better plan, he or she also hits the College of
Engineering for reaping the benefits of budget cuts in
other areas. This week, leaders in the college initiated a
publicity campaign to show the campus that things aren't
all rosv in the land of calculators The neineers ha-m
GENERAL FUND DOLLARS
ALLOCATED PER STUDENT
ISTENERS TO RADIO station WJOK in Ga thersburg,
L Md.can get their funny bone tickled 24 hours a day,
says general manager Robert Cobbins, whose program-
ming rule is "If it's funny, it gets on the air. The all-
comedy station went on the air Monday, to the sounds of
Abbott and Costello's famous "Who's on First" routine.
Cobbins has been collecting comedy albums for 18 years,
and listeners themselves will supply some of the material
during call-inshows. Some broadcasting industry abser-
vers scoffed at the idea of an all-humor station, but Cob-
bins and two partners are betting a million dollars they will
Also in on this date in history:
* 1970-Students for a Democratic Society announced
plans to lock-in a recruiter from Chase Manhattan Bank
while he held interviews in the Placement Services Office.
During the lock-in the SDS would set up a "carnival" out-
side the office.
* 1967-The FDA announced that undercover agents were
p~sing as students on college campuses to break up the sale
of LSD, amphetamines, and barbituates.
* 1965-The Wisconsin State Senate demanded that the
editor of the Daily Cardinal, the University of Wisconsin's
student-run paper, be dismissed because he was affiliated
with the Communist Partv. The Regents reiected the
IUJ= IWI 1 21- I I"