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January 26, 1983 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1983-01-26

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4

Page 2-Wednesday, January 26, 1983-The Michigan Daily
Reagan calls for

(Continued from Page 1)
1984, due early next week, is expected
to forecast a deficit of $188 billion.
He proposed a 1 percent surcharge on
taxable incomes and an excise tax on
domestic and imported oil.
The 1 percent surcharge would apply
both to individuals and corporations.
The excise tax on oil, about $5 per
barrel, would add 12 cents to the cost of
each gallon of gasoline, according to a
fact sheet distributed to reporters.
'-TO DEAL WITH the highest unem-
ployment rate in more than 40 years, he
0.oposed a six-month extension of
unemployment compensation for those
who have exhausted their benefits, tax
credits for employers who hire the long-
'ternm unemployed, additional job
taining funds, and a below-minimum
"wage for teen-agers hired for summer
jobs.
F "While acknowledging this is a "pain-
ful period" for the 12 million unem-
NASA
VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE,
'Calif. (AP - A pioneering infrared
telescope, designed to search for stars
and other objects, was launched into
space yesterday evening aboard a two-
stage Delta rocket.
The Infrared Astronomical Satellite
- known as IRAS - was fired into the
sky on schedule at 6:17 p.m. as storm
clouds threatened this Air Force base
on the Pacific Coast.

ployed, Reagan insisted his economic
recovery program was working.
"America is on the mend," he said.
In addition, he proposed legislation to
provide tax deductions for lower and
middle income families saving for
college costs.
REAGAN ALSO restated his support
for legislation providing tuition tax
credits for parents who send their
children to private elementary and
secondary schools.
Reagan also said he would call for
enactment of a constitutional amen-
dment permitting voluntary prayer in
public schools.
"God never should have been ex-
pelled from America's classrooms," he
said.
Senate Majority Leader Howard
Baker (R-Tenn.) said the speech reflec-
ted "some surprises" and shifts in a
program that has fallen far short of the
economic boom and spending balance

spending cuts.
the president promised to the voters of SAYING THE Reagan tax cuts meant
1980. "the rich and nobody else got richer,"
DEMOCRATIC PARTY leaders Sen. Bill Bradley of New Jersey
responded to President Reagan's State outlined a plan for tax reform. The plan
of the Union address yesterday with - an alternative to the flat tax being
ideas - some basic, some new - "to considered by Reagan - would close
stop the economy from sliding back- loopholes and cut deductions and tax
wards toward catastrophe." rates.
In a 28-minute television show Reagan policies brought the
following President Reagan's speech economic crisis, the opposition party
last night, the Democrats said tax said.
reform, lower interest rates and cutting Hours before Reagan's appearance,
"reckless defense spending" and the 162 demonstrators were arrested for
federal deficit are the keys to stopping refusing to leave the Capitol's rotunda
that slide. after they read "A People's State of the
The party's leadership detailed a Union Address." That message
five-point plan for economic growth declared:
without rekindling inflation. Em- "Millions of us are homeless. That is
phasizing education, new technology, the State of the Union. Millions are out
"rebuilding America" and a strong of work, out of hope, and out of choices.
defense coupled with a nuclear arms That is the state of the union. Millions of
freeze, the Democrats called for Americans are groaning under the
cooperative effort to "make this nation weight of economic adversity. That is
greater." the state of the union."

launches infrared telescope

THE ROCKET let up the desolate
coastal plain as it arched up and disap-
peared into low clouds. A bright flash
above the clouds marked the burn and
separation of solid rocket boosters at-
tached to the first stage.
Early indications were that the Mc-
Donnell-Douglas rocket as on course,
launch officials said. It was to propel
the nearly one-tome, $80 million
satellite to a 560-mile-high polar orbit.

the Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
operated by theCalifornia Institute of
Technology for the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration,
managed the U.S. phase of the mission,
which was a joint project by NASA, the
Netherlands and Britain.
THE TELESCOPE should provide
astronomers with a fuller picture of the
universe by detecting a broad range of
objects that have never before been

such or have seen only dimly.
Such objects include stars, galaxies,
great clouds of dust and gas, and
perhaps objects currently unknown to
science. the telescope is so sensitive it
can spot a speck of dust a mile away.
"If it works the way we expect, we
ought to be able to survey 95 percent of
the sky in infrared," said Gerry
Neugebauer, a Caltech astronomer who
heads the project's U.S. science team.
Univ. heads
fight cuts
(Continued from Page 1)
would be on higher education," Shapiro
said.
THE PRESIDENTS earlier met with
House Speaker Gary Owen (D-
Ypsilanti), who advised them that a
combination of more taxes and cuts will
probably be used to deal with the
budget problem.
The presidents also said they oppose
any plans to close or consolidate some
of their schools, noting "each serves a
unique region."
Meanwhile, Senate Democratic
Leader William Faust of Westland for-
mally introduced a bill to raise the state
income tax from 4.6 percent to 6.6 per-
cent. Faust characterized the measure,
announced two weeks ago, as a
"vehicle"anda''starting point"for tax
discussions.
Blanchard will deliver his first State
of the State before the legislature at 7
p.m. today.

INBRIEF
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Cyanide found in La. water
NEW ORLEANS - Traces of deadly cyanide were discovered yesterday in
a south Louisiana city's water system, giving a frightening new twist to a
rash of anonymous threats that deprived nearly 250,000 residents of
drinking water.
Health officials said they could not tell whether cyanide found in the
Hammon water was a naturally occurring trace of the substance or had been
introduced deliberately.
Mayor Debbie Pope urged the 15,000 residents of Hammond, 50 miles nor-
thwest of New Orleans, not to panic. She said the amount of cyanide was
more than would appear naturally or accidentally, but was too small to be
dangerous.
"A person would have to drink about a swimmng pool full of this water to
kill himself," she said.
No water-related sicknesses were found in Hammond, but Southeastern
Louisiana University and public schools in the city closed as a precaution.
Watt apologizes to Indians
WASHINGTON - Interior Secretary James Watt made a surprise appear-
ance before American Indian leaders yesterday to say he was sorry if he
"caused hurt" when he pointed up the high rates of alcolohism and other
social ills among Indians.
But he added, "I don't apologize for the message," and advised the tribal
leaders not to "muff" the opportunity he had created for Indians to attack
their problems.
Watt spoke at the opening session of the National Congress of American
Indians days after a television interview which outraged many Indians.
In the interview, Watt said Indian reservations demonstrated the "failures
of socialism" and festered the highest rates of unemployment divorce,
alcoholism, drug addiction and social diseases in the country.
Watt told the Indians yesterday that his comments had focused attention
on problems that have been around for decades.
"I have given you an opportunity, don't muff it," Watt said. "Based on
what I have had to go through, I don't know if you will ever get another
Secretary of Interior to address these problems. Don't let them sweep it un-
der the rug."
Leaks delay shuttle launch
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Another hydrogen leak detected in a second
test firing of space shuttle Challenger's main engines will delay its late
February launch date at least "several weeks," a top space agency oficial
said yesterday.
"I think the launch date at the end of February is not achievable," said Lt.
Gen. James Abrahamson, head of the shuttle program for the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Abrahamson told reporters at Kennedy Space Center that yesterday's 20-
second firing of the new shuttle's three main engines disclosed leakage from
at least one engine.
The start of Challenger's five-day mission could be delayed much longer -
possibly a month or more - if one or more of the engines has to be removed,
test fired and replaced, he said.
That could affect mssions destined to carry new NASA communications
satellits and Spacelab, a European-built scientific laboratory.
A hydrogen leak was detected after Challenger's initial engine test on the
launch pad Dec. 18. The new leak was "on the same order of magnitude as it
was the first time," the NASA official said.
New church law won't reduce
number of U.S. annulments
NEW YORK - Annulments for Roman Catholics in the United States will
not be more difficult to obtain under the revised code of church law,
American canon lawyers predicted yesterday.
The new code of canon law, signed yesterday by. Pope John Paull II and to
take effect Nov. 27, adds one step to the system adopted in the United States
and Australia as an experiment in streamlining the dissolution of a
marriage. The additional step is a mandatory review by a three-judge ap-
peals panel of all annulments.
Annulments in the United States typically take 8-12 months now. American
canon lawyers involved with marriage tribunals said the new step will make
the process a little longer, but all said they did not think a review would
reduce the number of annulments being granted.
Mao's widow gets reprieve
PEKING - China's Supreme Court yesterday commuted the death sen-
tence of Mae Tse-tung's widow Jiang Qing, ruling she had reformed suf-
ficiently during two years' imprisonment to escape the executioner's bullet.
But Jiang Qing, the 69-year-old leader of the extremist Gang of Four, must
spend the rest of her life in prison for framing and persecuting hundreds of
people in a bid to overthrow the government during the 1966-76 Cultural
Revolution.
Jiang Qing was held responsible for the excesses of that extremist period
- a decade of purges and factional fighting that left some still unhealed

wounds in China, along with an urgent need to catch up in the economy,
education, and science.
Jiang Qing was sentenced to death Jan. 25, 1981, but - as provided by
Chinese law - with a two-year reprieve to allow her to reform in prison. The
reprieve expired yesterday, and the court said its examination "showed the
criminal had not resisted reform in a flagrant way."
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Vol. XCIII, No. 95
Wednesday, January 26, 1983

A

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