See Editorial, Page 4
Ninety-three Years of Editorial Freedom
Partly sunny and cold today
with a chance of snow showers
and a high in the 30s.
Vol. XCHII, No. 57 Copyright 1982, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, November 13, 1982 Ten Cents Ten Pages
take over after
From AP and UPI
DEARBORN- United Auto Workers union Vice
President Owen Bieber was selected yesterday by the
union's 26-member executive board to succeed
retiring President Douglas Fraser as leader of the
nation's third-largest union.
The UAW steering committee is expected to ap-
prove the board's choice and pass it on for rank-and- t
file members to finally decide at a convention in
Dallas in May.
THE SELECTION came after the executive board \
huddled behind closed doors for about four hours
casting secret ballots.
Bieber was chosen by the board on a 15-11 vote after
a few initial ballots in which none of the three can-
didates received the necessary 14 votes for the
Bieber, 55, has been a UAW vice president since
June 4, 1980. He also is director of the UAW's General
Motors Department, the largest in the union with ap-
proximately 450,000 members.
ON THE WAY into the executive board meeting
yesterday, Bieber told reporters he was confident. "I
think I will win," he said as he entered the room at
the suburban Detroit hotel. He would not say by how
President Douglas Fraser has reached the union's
mandatory retirement age of 65 and is to step down at
the convention in Dallas.
Challenging Bieber for the top spot were Raymond
Majerus, 58, secretary-treasurer, and Donald Ephlin,
57, vice president in charge of the UAW's Ford Motor
Co. department. Daily Photo by JEFF
FRASER, the fifth president in the union's 46- Incredible egg feats
year history, has been president since 1977.
Officials say the new president will be the first of a John Pazdera jubilantly shows the crowd his egg wasn't broken after
new era. Previous presidents were involved in the ping it from the roof of the Dennison Building. Pazdera, a sophomore
union's earliest, and often violent, days. but all of School of Architecture, was a mong the participants who dropped eggs
those men will be gone after Fraser leaves. extreme heights in the Engineering Society's Egg Drop Contest. See
Hazardous heda hones
a\\ \\\might hurt
S... \~~Z hearing,
By JACKIE YOUNG
People have always been warned
S about what is good for them. Experts
say you can't eat anything because it
Scauses cancer. There is the advice
' v" about looking both ways before
\ C crossing the road. And, of course, there
v,,," v .. .are the parents who warned their
children of rock and roll's devastating
effects on the human ear.
SNow, come warnings from East Lan-
sing that the portable stereo head-
phones gaining popularity across the
tv. _ country combine the effects of rock and
roll with the hazards of crossing the
vroad with your eyes closed.
"MANY OF the earphones used with
\\ z\ \' stereo or sound equipment cause tem- b
wz z.' t.N porary threshhold shifts if listened to d,
v vvA for extended periods of time," warns
Michael Chial, an associate professor of t
audiology and speech sciences at A
s Michigan State University. n
And what's worse, he said, is that the c
headsets "may interfere with the
Daily Photo by JEFF SCHRIER auditory system as a warning system," A
A pair of portable stereo headphones shield Julie Eriksson from University making the wearer susceptible to ac- p
life yesterday. An MSU expert warned the headsets because they make people cidents.
susceptible to hearing loss and accidents. See HEADSETS, Page 2 n
Former KGB chief
From AP and UPI
MOSCOW- Former KGB chief Yuri Andropov suc-
ceeded Leonid Brezhnev as Communist Party chief
yesterday with a warning to the West he would defend
Soviet interests with the "uncrushable might of the
Soviet armed forces."
Andropov, 68, was elected unanimously by the Cen-
tral Committee to succeed Brezhnev as general
secretary of the Communist Party, the most powerful
position in Russia.
NO ONE WAS named immediately to succeed
Brezhnev in the lesser post of president.
U.S..officials have little doubt that Andropov, the
longtime head of the KGB, will pursue an arms buildup
as he attempts to solidify his standing with Soviet
generals. Even Brezhnev, who died Wednesday, was
perceived as going out of his way to curry favor with
the military in his waning days.
Despite cultivating a reputation in the West as a
"closet liberal," Andropov is known to take a harsh
approach to organized critics of Kremlin policies.
ANDROPOV, who ruled over the feared Soviet in-
telligence agency for 15 years before leaving in May to
enter the political mainstream, promised the Central
Committee he would "devote all his energies,
knowledge and experience of life to the successful im-
plementation of the program of building communism,"
the Soviet news agency Tass said.
"We know well that you cannot beg for peace from
imperialists," he said. "It can only be safeguarded by
relying on the uncrushable might of the Soviet armed
Andropov led the Kremlin hierarchy in paying
respects yesterday to Leonid Brezhnev, whose body
lay in state in a flag-draped building in downtown
After the leaders left, tens of thousands of Soviets
began walking past the casket for a final look at
Brezhnev, who died of heart failure at the age of 75.
ANDROPOV was named head of the committee
arranging Brezhnev's funeral in Red Square Thur-
sday. The unusual speed with which the party acted-
seemed designed to assure the Soviet public-and the.
world-of continuity, stability and unity in the
The funeral is set for noon (4 a.m. EST) Monday.
Konstantin Chernenko, Brezhnev's most trusted aide
See SOVIETS, Page 2
By DAN GRANTHAM
The recent change in Soviet leadership may give the
U.S. an opportunity to improve relations with the
Soviet Union, according to several University
Political Science professor Arthur Meyer, who said
the Soviets are "scared to death" of the present ad-
ministration, stressed that "this is a marvelous time
for us to make some sort of gesture allaying their
The new Soviet general secretary's connection to the
KGB, the Soviet's secret police, shouldn't hurt his
See PROFS, Page 3
Prof. speaks on
By FANNIE WEINSTEIN
Although the loss of autonomy, merit
raises, and a good image are all
legitimate concerns of a university
faculty, they are not necessarily con-
sequences of collective bargaining, ac-
cording to Prof. Victor Stone, national
president of the American Association
of University Professors.
"Collective bargaining can settle,
regulate, and diffuse explosive and
destructive situations (between faculty
and administration) on campus," Stone
said yesterday at a meeting of the
University's AAUP chapter at the
BUT, STONE, who is a law professor
at the University of Illinois, said collec-
tive bargaining can also create some
unwanted situations for faculty.
"There are people who don't want to
be related to organized labor in any
way, shape, or form," he said. "Collec-
tive bargaining is associated with in-
dustry; associated with labor instead of
management. That polarization will be
accentuated by the adversary roles
taken in collective bargaining."
There are faculty members at many
universities, Stone said, who fear
See PROF., Page 6
.. unionizing has its problems
Contracts of WSU non-tenured
pro fessors may not be renewed
By JERRY ALIOTTA
Some nontenured Wayne State
University professors will be issued
pink slips within the next two weeks to
help balance the $5 million budget
deficit facing the Detroit institution.
"We are not firing people or laying
hem off," said WSU President David
Adamany. "We are simply giving
notice that we are not able to renew
contracts that expire next summer."
AS PART of an agreement with the
American Association of University
Professors-the WSU faculty union-
administration must give a six-month
notice to any non-renewable one year
The pink slips aren't anything new
claims Norm Kopmeyer, president of
WSU's AAUP chapter. "It's happened
every year. But this year is not nearly
as bad as the past two years," Kop-
"There are no layoffs. There is a
profound difference between contracts
that will be non-renewed and layoffs,"
Kopmeyer said, agreeing with
ADAMANY released a 12-page agen-
da Thursday proposing to reduce some
long-term plans he attributed the cut to
reduced state aid for higher education,
and the expired contracts were con-
sidered a small item in the package. -
"It was one small part of a very large
document," said Elizabeth Martin,
director for public relations at Wayne
State. "There are a variety of other
things that are going to be cut," she
Martin said that professors are often
given notices for reasons other than
tenure. When people resign, retire, or
when deaths occur these reductions are
also applied to the budget cutback, she
ACCORDING to the WSU faculty con-
tract, only if a state of "financial
exigency" exists can layoffs occur.
See WSU, Page 2
International Iowan aid fund?
F THE leaders of 23 nations were perplexed at getting a
request for foreign aid from the mayor of a tiny town in
Iowa, the mayor was at least as perplexed by one of the
responses he got. After Emerson Mayor Jack Evans asked
speople raised $50,000. But Evans said the town's requests
for federal aid were turned down. SO the mayor compiled a
list of 23 nations that have received $1 billion or more in
foreign aid from the United States since 1945 and wrote
them all a letter asking for a little of it back. Evans only
wants enough to rebuild the town's community center. He
figures $225,000 would do it. "I've been a salesman all my
life. All they can do is say no," Evans said. Norway said the
request had been referred to the nation's Parliament, but
m anv n e ein h vpnot rpnnandpr#Thp a ve nr Pvpnent ae
harassment I've suffered at the hands of the U.S. gover-
nment." In June 1981, Hilliard was arrested in New York
City and accused of being absent without leave from the
Army. He was held for a week at Fort Dix, N.J., before the
matter was straightened out. Last week, Hilliard got a let-
ter from the Internal Revenue Service ordering him to pay
$267 in overdue 1980 taxes within 30 days. The IRS claimed
he failed to report earning $4,906 from the Army in 1980 and
another $390 from the General Mills Restaurant. Hilliard
S e ve1r h naj in i eArmv o ar markrd far thei
sequent decisions outlawing segregation in public parks,
playgrounds, and on public golf courses.
* 1970-Stephan and his 200 followers, a caravan, spoke at
Canterbury House in a discussion of "yang" and "ying"
and "four marriages", usually between two males and two
females, to gain recruits to their communal life-style.
* 1972-A group of Alice Lloyd residents participated in
legitimized racism for a Pilot Program class on Race
Relations. Two groups of students, the Scugs and the
Hvklnn h ad ton lternate iking snperin rnd inferinr