ce, yet he was radical in the least
serious, most commercial sense of the
The Weathermen stood out as
radicals, maybe even revolutionaries.
Sinclair's group made a name for itself,
too. But what about people like DuBoff,
the professors and students of the 1965
teach-in, and today's politically active
students? Are they radicals?
"Early in the '60s, you were a radical
if you disgreed with the war sufficiently
strongly. By the late '60s, you had three
quarters of the population being
radical," says Bergmann. This led to a
preposterous identity crisis among
members of the student movement.
"People threw bricks through windows
because they were desperate to give a
definition to what they did. People
didn't know what the hell a radical
was," he says.
"The question of identity is ab-
solutely basic. Everyone then asked
'what's our relationship to Marxism,'
but nobody had the answer. All .of a
sudden people started calling them-
selves Trotskyites, and Leninists, or the
People's Party," Bergmann says.
Some would point to this identity cri-
sis as the reason for the deterioration of
the student movement. Organization is
key, and students lacked organization.
Now, many say, people are organizing
all over the country, waiting for the
next opening, the next place where they
can make their voices heard. Those
moments come rarely in history, and
should never be squandered.
One such voice is Richard Feldman, a
former University student who has
clung to his ideals of change. Feldman,
who works in a Ford Truck plant in
Wayne, was brought to trial by the
University in 1969 for locking a General
Electric recruiter in a North
Engineering Building office. He was a
member of the last SDS chapter in Ann
Arbor, and finished his days at the
University becoming more and more
oriented toward the left. He left Ann
Arbor in 1970 and headed to Detroit to
work in a factory and spread the word
of the next uprising. Now he belongs to
the National Organization for an
"During the '60s, we were struggling
against injustices. We began to under-
stand the need for a new identity.
Radicalism is always searching for a
new identity," Feldman says. "We
were radicals in that we recognized
that the flaw was in the system.
"In the '60s I could only look at
America as pig America-I could only
rip it down and pull it apart. What was
important was to break away from
respecting authority because it was
authority." And now, Feldman
organizes. He retains 'his ideas, but
works within the system. His group
staged a protest last Friday in down-
town Detroit against the electric com-
pany's power shutoffs to poverty-
stricken residents. The wind blew hard
off the Detroit River, but a good crowd
showed up, and Feldman pushed just a
bit harder for change. "In the '60s our
enemy was the foreign policy of the
government, or racism, but it wasn't
the system of capitalism. Now we un-
derstand that . . . the challenge of the
new movement is to put forward a
In very serious sense, Feldman is
the radical of today. He works within
the system, but always looks for an
opening. Most of all, he is always con-
scious of the need to organize. Perhaps
radicals have taken a turn toward the
"There was a sense of immediacy,"
says Richard England, an economics
professor at the University of New
Hampshire, and a graduate student in
Ann Arbor from 1966 to 1972. "But now
we're more concerned about
organization. Part of the reason for our
militancy was that we had few con-
sequences to worry about. You might
get jailed or maced," says one of the
founders of the Union of Radical
Economists, "but I didn't worry about
getting a job later. Now, students have
Reform is easiest in times of
economic expansion, England says,
and the current decade is far from a
golden age. But things could change, as
AN APPEAL TO OUR STUDENTS
We the faculty are deeply worried about the war in Viet Nam.
We think its moral, political, and military consequences are very grave,
and that we must examine them and find new alternatives be-
fore irreparable actions occur.
We are devoting this night, March 24-25, to seminars, lectures, in-
formal discussions and a protest rally to focus attention on this
war, its consequences, and ways to stop it.
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We need the students to help us
and we invite your help.
in this search for a better policy,
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Radicalism Page 1
They were the best of times, they were the worst of
times. That much abused paraphrase aptly describes
the turbulent years of protest and change that
marked the '60s. Cover photograph by Andrew Sacks.
Showtime Page 4
There's more music happening in this town than
you would have thought possible. From psychedelia
to feminist song, the windy city to foreign bands.
Old and new Page 6
Jimmy Cliff and Dire Straits have both released
albums recently, one good, one not so good.
Happenings Page 7-10
Your guide to fun times for the coming week in Ann
Arbor. Film capsules, music previews, theater notes,
and bar dates, all listed in a handy-dandy day-by-day
schedule. Plus a roster of local restaurants.
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A favorite campus pizza parlor gets the once over.
If you like your pizza xheesy and the crust thick, you
can be sure to have some fun at Cottage Inn.
Illustrations Page 15
Rockwell Kent is best known for his exquisite
illustrations from such classic books as Moby Dick.
Now a comprehensive book has come out detailing
most of his work.
ON THE DIAG 12 m.-1:30oa.m.
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1960s: Taking it to the s
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Faculty: Protesting Viet Nam
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hard times often promote the most
vicious and long-lasting of rebellions.
When things get really ugly, the core of
a society is revealed, and people begin
to see what's really wrong, he says.
T HE CHILLED Ann Arbor fall
sweeps over Regents Plaza, as
about 70 people stand around a solitary
speaker. There are a few signs slung
around the neck of an odd protester or
two, claiming University defense
research is murder in red and blue let-
ters. A young woman speaks through a
megaphone-her voice rises over the
roar of a passing car. The year is 1982..
She is telling the crowd about the
dangers of military research. Events
are related she says, the Pentagon is on
campus, and student tuition is finan-
cing the government's war machine.
No one cheers, but a few people clap.
When the young woman is finished, the
next speaker takes the stage and meets
with the same reaction. His angry
rhetoric falls flat, and the protest
The Regents never heard the
speakers, neither did President
Shapiro. The protesters feel better,
however, having had their say. Military
research continues on campus, but
they've done their small part to get rid
of it. It's not an LSA Building takeover,
but it's not passive acceptance either.
Although the militant spirit of the '60s
may be gone, the accomplishments of
that period were ephemeral. People
learned. Society changed some. At-
titudes were shaped. A power was born,
a .power that is too often un-
derestimated and trivialized,.A power
that can form the basis for chiange. A
power that actually unified much of the
populace. "It was a very exciting
time," says England. "I learned a lot. I
have never since had that sense of
comradeship ... We were willing to die
for each other. To make change you
have to take chances ... I don't regret
my work at all."
Andrew Chapman is a Daily staff
writer. Photographer Andrew Sacks
worked at the Daily during the late
Re: "Are blacks on Campus Losing
Out?" (Weekend, Oct. 22), I was ap-
palled at the number of inconsistencies
and fallacies that were developed
throughout the article. The quotations
presented in the paper were shallow
and irrational. I feel there were acute
misconceptions that unfairly portray,
racism at the University of Michigan.
Early in the article, Patrick Mason
states "The first thing I noticed when I
got here was there were no black
folks." Well, my Jewish housemate did
not notice any Jewish folks; my Cuban
housemate did not find any Cuban
folks; my Mexican housemate did not
observe any Hispanic folks; nor did I
meet anyone whom I knew.
Every freshperson faces the same
uncertainties and anxieties of a new life
away from home regardless of race,
creed, sex or age. Consequently, one
may cling to the past and stay with the
same friends or ethnic groups or one
may live in the immediate surroun-
dings. I feel if a person tries to intermix
with his/her direct environment of new
roommates and neighbors, lasting
friendships will materialize.
The second misunderstanding hap-
pens when Diane Hutcherson assumes
black students are "forced" to
assimilate to the "white world" and'
"white values." What constitutes a
"white world and values?" Also, since
when are values distinguishable by
color? Are not values such as caring,
protection of life, and morality shared
by all races of the world?
I realize racism exists on campus as
it does anywhere else in this country.
However, the points brought up in the
article never hit the true cause of
racism. I feel prejudices and
discriminations perpetuate from past
history and experiences. In other wor-
ds, certain atrocities committed in the
past, constitute atrocities of the
present. An example might be a black
person carrying a grudge against a
white person because of slavery that
occurred a hundred years ago.
There are other instances, namely
World War I and II and the 1960s, where
blacks were considered only % human
and were the scapegoat for many white
actions. However, it took white and
black soldiers to fight together in the
Civil War; it took white and black
voters to amend the Equal Rights; and
it took white and black students to sup-
port the BAM strikes at this University
in the early 70s.
Racism is an evil vice and it takes
everyone to conquer it, not one person
or class. Moreover, if everyone strives
together and not carry a chip on their
shoulders, we will eliminate this
debasement and immorality.
In the O
October 15 J
would like t
in that re
Brian Frumhoff's letter responding
to the Weekend article on date rape.
("Casual Sex," Oct. 29) is alarming,
frightening, and indicative of many
men's attitude toward women and their
Date rape and casual sex are not the
same thing. While men and women may
have different feelings regarding
casual sex, there should be no
disagreement about rape. Rape is a
forceful act involving violence. Being
forced into a closet and having one's
clothes torn off after inviting someone
for a walk is rape, not casual sex.
Personal "samples" of the type of-
fered by Mr. Frumhoff are always of
questionable representativeness and
cannot in any concrete sense be con-
strued as data. We, however, do not
wish to deny the reality of these per-
sonal experiences. They are real, but
most importantly, they are particular
to the person in question. Just as we are
careful not to deny the reality of Mr.
Frumhoff's experiences, we wish he
had been more sensitive to the ex-
periences of women who know the
reality of date rape.
We are shocked and outraged by the
equating of consensual sex with rape.
-Andrea Leibson Rupert Nacoste
Weekend Weekend is edited and managed by studentson the Weekend, (313) 763-0379
Vol. , issue 7 staff of The Michigan Daily at-420 Maynard, Ann Ar- Daily, 764-0552; Circulation,'
Friday. November 5,. 982 bor, Michigan, 48109. It appears in the Friday edition tising, 764-0554.
Magazine Editor....Richard Campbell. of..the Daily every week during the University year
Assistant Editor .............. ........ Ben Ticho and is available for free at many locations around the Copyright 1982, The Michig
campus and city.