Page 2-Friday, October 29, 1982-The Michigan Daily
Spain elects Socialist premier
Spanish Socialists catapulted into
power in yesterday's parliamentary
elections, making Felipe Gonzalez the
first Socialist premier in Spain since
Francisco Franco's fascists won the
1936-39 civil war.
Interior Ministry undersecretary
Juan Jose Izarra del Corral said early
yesterday that with all the votes coun-
ted for the 350-member lower house of
Parliament, the Socialists won 194 seats
and their nearest rival, the rightist
Popular Alliance of Manuel Fraga, won
97. He said the Socialists got 45.7 per-
cent of the popular vote and the Popular
Alliance 24.9 percent.
The results confirmed the
polarization of Spanish politics toward
the left and right since Franco's death
seven years ago. Fraga, a former
Cabinet minister under Franco, said in
acknowledging the Socialist victory
that his party would provide a "loyal
but effective" opposition.
The ruling Centrist Union of the
Democratic Center won 7.2 percent of
the vote, the Communist Party 3.8 per-
cent and the fledgling centrist
Democratic and Social Center party of
former Premier Adolfo Suarez 2.6 per-
cent, Izarra del Corral said.
Nearly 21 million Spaniards voted in
the election, despite threats by Basque
terrorists, sporadic bombings during
the three-week campaign and fears of a
military coup to block the expected
Socialist victory. Two bomb explosions
were the only violence reported.
The bombs went off outside banks in
Bilbao, capital of the Basque region in
northwest Spain, and injured two
policemen, one seriously. No group
claimed responsibility immediately,
but it was assumed they were set off by
ETA, the radical Basque separatist
More than 130,000 police officers
patrolled the country as long lines for-
med at the polling places in warm, sun-
ny weather. An hour after the polls
closed, Interior Minister Juan Jose
Roson said the turnout was 78percent
of the 26.6 million registered voters.
In the 1977 general election, the first
after the death of Franco in 1975, the
turnout was 79.24 percent, but in the
1979 election it fell to 68 percent.
There were 8,150 candidates for 350
seats in the lower house of the Cortes,
the Spanish parliament, and for 208
seats in the Senate. The seats are
allocated on the basis of the parties'
total votes in each election district.
The final pre-election opinion polls,
published last week, indicated that the
Socialists would win between 193 and
217 seats in the lower house. Their
triumph gives them their first
majority in Spanish history and returns
them to power for the first time since
the late dictator Gen. Francisco Franco
destroyed the short-lived republic in the
1936-39 civil war.
The Socialist victory continues a lef-
tward trend in the European countries
along the Mediterranean. In addition to
the French Socialist triumph last year,
Andreas Papandreou and his
Panhellenic Socialist Movement won
control of Greece a year ago.
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(Continued from Page 1)
Naylor said the institute plans a
budget of $225 million over the next 10
years, of which $17.5 million has alredy
been promised by the state and $100
million has been solicited from private
foundatins. The institute hopes to
become self-sufficient within 10 years,
The institute will be working closely
with the University but will not be a
part of it, Naylor said. "We've been
busy involving as many people as
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THE MISSION of the institute, ac-
cording to Naylor, is to "work on the
pieces of the Factory of the Future."
The institute plans to develop new in-
dividual components of manufacturing
automation, such as advanced robot
vision, robot grippers, and advanced
machine tools. It will also work on put-
ting those pieces together in the fac-
tory, and on developing management
strategy for future factories.
"We want to demonstrate to
Michigan what can be done in new
technology," said Naylor. The institute
should improve the "technical climate"
in Michigan, he said, drawing new
businesses into the state. It also expects
to foster job training and retraining.
NAYLOR SAID that he was unable to
"predict the exact impact (of robotics)
on jobs," but said that given the direc-
tion of manufacturing today, Michigan
"has no choice" but to compete in the
robotics market. He mentioned as an
example a highly automated factory in
Japan where new technology has
decreased the number of jobs in
manufacturing but increased those in
He also said that the institute will be
researching thesocial implicationsof
robotics to show the public that they are-
not all that bad. "People are frightened
of the new technology," Naylor said,
and negative public reaction could slow
down modernization of factories.
The institute is busy looking for office
space and for a permanent director to
replace acting director Naylor. Naylor
is formerly director of Product
Technology for Manufacturing Data
Systems, Inc. (MDSI), where he was in
charge of robotics and automated
manufacturing. He is on leave from the
University, where he is a professor of
electrical and computer engineering.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reDorts
Record jobless get checks
WASHINGTON - A record 4,662,000 workers claimed unemployment
checks during the week ending Oct. 9, the government reported yesterday,
with increased new applications indicating a continued double-digit jobless rate
The seasonally adjusted overall figure surpassed by 1,000 the previous
record during the 1975 recession.
It was the last unemployment report before Tuesday's congressional
overall unemployment rate was a post-Depression high of 10.1 percent. Oc-
tober figures will be released Nov. 5.
Initial claims - considered by economists as an economic trend - rose by
3,000 to 687,000 in the week ended Oct. 16, keeping that weekly figure close to
a record level over the past month.
AFL-CIO economist Rudy Oswald said the'new claims figure "indicates
that layoffs are continuing, that the Reagan recession is still worsening, with
more double-digit unemployment on the way."
Weinberger warns voters:
Arms freeze dangerous
WASHINGTON - Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger jumped on a tough
speech by Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev in a bid yesterday to convince
American voters that a nuclear weapons freeze would increase the danger of
Weinberger also appeared to back away from his assertion ast week that
he did not believe the U.S. Marine peacekeeping force in Lebanon would be
enlarged and its mission broadened.
"I can't really say what we'll be doing three to four weeks from now,"
Weinberger told a news conference. However, he stressed that "it is not an
open-ended commitment," and that the first priority is to gain withdrawal of
all foreign Arab and Israeli forces from Lebanon together with a budup of
Lebanese army strength.
Weinberger came to his first general Pentagon news conference in nearly
21 months armed with a statement obviously designed to persuade voters in
nine states, the District of Columbia and several large communities who will
decide next week on resolutions caling for a bilateral nuclear arms freeze.
"Proponents of these nuclear freeze resolutions believe that such a step
would reduce the risk of war and increase prospects for a U.S.-Soviet arms
reductions agreement," Weinberger said.
"We think it wil be just the opposite. The truth of the matter is that a
nuclear freeze would weaken the deterrent forces we rely on to prevent
war," he added.
Judge's ruling disqualified in
13-year-old's abortion case
GRAND RAPIDS- A probate judge who refused to authorize an abortion
for a 13-year-old girl should have disqualified himself because of his
philosophical opposition to abortion, a judge ruled yesterday.
Kent County Circuit Judge Robert Benson's ruling means the girl will get
another hearing in probate court before a different judge
"The court is of the opinion this matter must be remanded to juvenile
court for consideration by another judge," Benson said. ". . . Judges are not
really free, under oath, to follow what we think the law should be outside of
what the law is."
E. Lou Hoos, the girl's court-appointed attorney, said he would im-
mediately seek another hearing in juvenile court because the girl is ap-
proximately 20 weeks pregnant. Arrangements already have been made to
expedite the hearing process, he said.
Hoos expressed confidence the girl will have a better than even chance of
getting approval for an abortion from another judge.
EPA sets gasoline lead limit
NEW YORK- The Environmental Protection Agency announced final
approval yesterday of new rules limiting the amount of lead in gasoline, a
move the agency's director said would raise gasoline prices slightly but
"protect the health and welfare of all Americans."
The regulations were written after a study indicated that thousands of pre-
school children had excessive levels of lead in their blood.
Small refiners, who said they faced going out of business, vowed to fight
the rules in court. And one environmental group said it was disappointed
that the EPA standards will not lead to a ban on leaded gasoline.
EPA Administrator Anne Gorsuch said the regulations, which take effect
Nov. 1, would reduce the level of lead in gasoline 34 percent by 1990 com-
pared to the projected level under present standards.
Tylenol case creating panic
A full fingerprint found on the box of the eighth known bottle of cyanide-laced
Tylenol did not match prints of any suspects in the seven killings, authorities
As task force investigators sifted through a dwindling supply of evidence
in search of the killer or killers, the outbreak of copycat tamperings across
the nation made consumers and manufacturers jittery.
Products poisoned or tainted ranged from fruit juices, soft drinks
and miniature candy bars to capsules of Extra-strength Excedrin and Anacin
Haunted by the specter of the Tylenol killer, Florida launched a campaign
Thursday to defuse "public panic" and New Jersey served notice that anyone
who tampers with Halloween treats will go to jail.
"We're kind of holding our breath about Halloween," said Dr. Charles Wetlii
of Miami, chief assistant medical examiner for Dade County. "This is the
kind of thing that can drive a country crazy."'
Vol. XCIII, No. 44
Friday, October 29, 1982
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