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October 22, 1982 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-10-22

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See Weekend
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See Editorial, Page 4

: '

Ninety-three Years of Editorial Freedom

4IaiIQ

BARN
Today will be mostly sunny with a
high near 50. The low last night was
in the upper 20s.

.Vol. XCIII, No. 38 Copyright 1982, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, October 22, 1982 Ten Cents Twelve Pages
School of Ed.challenges review charges

By GEORGE ADAMS
The review of the School of Education is
.uickly coming to a close, and with it a number
of questions have arisen, according to officials,
that cast doubt on the validity of the charges
against the school.
Education was picked for review by the ad-
ministration because it appeared to be showing.
,certain trouble signs, basic indicators Univer-
.sity officials use for finding places to cut the
budget.
THOSE TROUBLE signs are: declining
enrollment; an apparent surplus of both
teachers and education schools in the state and
the nation; possibly sub-standard student
equality; and an apparent decline in scholarly
productivity.

A review committee-made up of faculty
members, - students, and administrators-has
been asked by the University to investigate
these potential problems.
In addition, the currently ambiguous
relationship between the School of Education
and the Department of Kinesiology (formerly
physical education), and the relationship bet-
ween education programs in Ann Arbor and
those at the University's Flint and Dearborn
campuses are being consjdered by the commit-
tee.
EDUCATION faculty members and ad-
ministrators say the problems attributed to the
school aren't really there, and if they are, the
University administration deliberately made
them worse over the years. ,

Vice President for Academic Affairs Billy
Frye and the review committee under his
jurisdiction, for example, say the education
school's enrollment has dropped drastically,
the result of declining quality. The school says
no.
That enrollment decline is, according to
School of Education Dean Joan Stark, "an af-
ter-the-fact problem."'
BASED ON information from the school and
the University's Bureau of Statistical Services,
the School of Education \dramatically in-
creased its graduate student enrollment bet-
ween 1971'and 1975. At the peak year in 1975,
education was by far the largest graduate
program in the Rackham School for Graduate
Studies, with close to 1,600 students. The next

largest graduate program at that time was
LSA, with about 1,000 students.
The decision to admit more graduate studen-
ts was silly, Stark said. "We allowed
enrollment to go way up, generated lots of
money for the University, and then people star-
ted to think that was the norm," she said.,
Since 1975, the school has intentionally
decreased enrollment to a more manageable
level: in 1981-82 Education had 820 graduate
students, a decline of almost 50 percent, Stark
said, "That's what makes it look like we're
dropping enrollment without decreasing
faculty," Assistant Dean Carl Berger said,
"when in fact we were just overloaded in those
years of high enrollment."
IF MEASURED from 1971, graduate

enrollment in education has declined less than
2 percent. "What we want to know is what point
(the administration) is using as a reference,"
Stark said. "If they're using 1975, that's not
right. That's a problem we've taken care of."
Nevertheless, the school's 32 percent total
enrollment drop from 1969 to 1980 is the largest
on campus.
Neither Frye nor the Office of Academic
Planning and Analysis, which prepared the
questions for the review committee, would say
what period of time was used to measure the
declining enrollment, and Frye said it "wasn't
really important.
"These reviews are not an effort to be
punitive," he said. "The review subcommittee
See EDUCATION, Page 9

Report
says U.S.
ignored
*Salvador
killings
WASHINGTON (AP)- Despite twice
certifying human rights progress in El
Salvador, the Reagan administration
has done little to investigate allegations
that Salvadoran security 'forces have
Iilled thousands of unarmed civilians,
according to U.S. officials and a House
report.
These sources say U.S. intelligence
"agencies have developed scant infor-
mation on the government's alleged in-
volvement in rightist death squads and
charges that Salvadoran troops fire on
non-combatants during sweeps through,
the countryside.
BUT WHILE there is a general con-
sensus on the lack of information, the
reasons suggested for it vary.
Spine say scarce intelligence resour-
ces had to be devoted to studying the
leftist insurgency. Others cite the ban
on U.S. military advisers going with
troops into combat areas and the dif-
ficulty of assessing criminal cases in
another country.
Still others suggest the ad-
ministration does not want information
* that could embarrass the U.S.-backed
government.
RETIRED ADM. Bobby Inman, who
stepped down as deputy CIA director in
June, said the absence of intelligence
on the right resulted from a decision to
concentrate the few U.S. intelligence
"assets" in El Salvador on the actions
of leftist guerrillas.
A House intelligence committee staff
report issued last month, however,
elaims the "dearth of firm infor-
mation" on El Salvador's right-wing
death squads stems from an apparent
lack of interest among U.S. policy
makers and intelligence analysts.
The report says official attention did
focus on two alleged incidents -
following U.S. newspaper stories of an
alleged army massacre of civilians
near the village of El Mozote and after
a, first-person account by an American
graduate student who found himself
caught in an army offensive after ven-
turing into El Salvador.
But the House committee report said
administration officials seemed more
intent on discrediting the reports than
See REPORT, Page 10

-r

Profs wary
of humanities
transfer

AP Photo
Stuck
Unable to reach an agreement with Chrysler Corp., UAW President Douglas Fraser (left) and chief bargainer Marc
Sterr, announce plans yesterday for a strike vote. See story, Page 2.
White sugar
Food co-ops face money crisis

By BILL SPINDLE
Some University engineering profes-
sors and students yesterday voiced
skepticism about the college's claim
that it is not undercutting literature and
arts studies in planning the elimination
of most of its humanities program.
Engineering professors and students,
contacted after Monday's announ-
cement of the humanities review, split
almost evenly on the question of.
whether the administrators' plan would
seriously undermine teaching of the
subject in the college.
WHILE MANY professors in the
college said they understood the finan-
cial reasons behind the proposed cut-
back, they also said engineering
students could lose some educational
advantages if they are forced to take
humanities courses outside the college.
Both students and professors said
engineering students would be hurt if
the college decides to make them take
LSA humanities courses rather than
courses taught within their college.
LSA classes are almost always much
larger, they point out, and are usually
taught by teaching assistants rather
than professors.
But others in the engineering college
defended the plan to cut deeply into the
college's humanities program, insisting

that students would learn as much in
LSA courses as in engineering collegf
courses. And, in shifting the teaching
burden to LSA, the college would save
considerable amounts of money, they
say.
One student, engineering senior Jim
Anderson, while reluctantly supporting
the plan, pointed out the value of
keeping the courses within the
engineering college. "A lot of
engineering professors realize that
students are engineers and that they
are interested in different things (than
LSA students)," he said. (Professors)
try to relate the humanities to
engineering and the sciences."
But, he continued, "I also think it's
good for engineering students to take
courses within LSA because often they'
are singled out from the rest of the
University."
Another senior, Paul Boyea,
however, disagreed. "It's crazy. This is
the first move, and then they cut down
humanities' requirements-the only
thing that keeps you sane in
engineering is humanities. d
Boyea said he doubted LSA
humanities teachers would be able to
cater to the special interests and needs
of engineering students. "You lose the
perspective of what engineers think,"
See ENGIN., Page 2

By LAURIE DELATER
Changing attitudes and economic
realities are shaking up Ann Arbor's
food co-ops, forcing them to reconsider
their original philosophies and their
future directions, say local co-op,
leaders.
Paid membership in the co-ops,
which sell produce and natural food
items, has dropped in recent years. To
remain financialy stable, the co-ops
have had to rely increasingly on non-
member customers, a trend which
defies the original intent behind the co-
ops, according to managers of the five
local food co-ops.
MOST CUSTOMERS today, however,
shop at the co-ops for good produce at
reasonable prices, not to further the co-
ops' political causes, said Karen Zim-
bleman, a member of the People's Food
Co-op board of directors.
The founders of the co-ops saw them
as an economic and political tool in
world food distribution, she said. But,
today, "political motivations are no
longer a driving force," she said.
"those people who are involved in

political issues are more likely to be in-
volved in a specific issue, not just
food."
The growing reliance upon customers
who are simply seeking good bargains,
not democratic food distribution, has
forced those who manage the co-ops to
rethink the reasons behind operating
the member-owned stores.
WHILE INTEREST in the co-ops,
political purpose has been waning, co-
op membership has also been reduced
by the introduction of a new member-
ship structure, leaders said.
Under the new plan, the membership
fee has gone up $2, to $12 a year, and
member discounts at the store have
been cut from 6 percent to 2 percent.
While the new membership plan will
help make the co-ops more financially
stable, managers said, it also apparen-
tly has discouraged some people from
becoming members.
The clearest indicator of declining
membership, according to Bruce Cur-
tis, president of the board of directors,
is that sales to members have fallen by
10 percent. And sales to non-members
now make up more than half of all

co-op sales.
THE DRIFT away from the co-ops'
original philosophy, some members
say, has pushed the co-ops to cater
more to commercial demands, some in
conflict with the traditional co-op
values.
The People's Food Co-op on Packard
Road, for example, has introduced a
new product line in the-past year which
features more convenience items - in-
cluding brown and white sugar, white
flour, coffee, and chocolate chips - in
hopes of attracting more customers.
This change has angered some mem-
bers, like Cheryl Newll, coordinator of
the Fourth Ave. Co-op, who called the
new products "ridiculous."
Zimbleman said the co-op originators
want to maintain the commitment to
selling all-natural foods, but because
co-ops are collectively owned, they
should cater to the desires of their
members. "If members want coffee
and sugar," she said, "then co-ops
should sell it."
OTHER ITEMS have been added to at-
tract customers. The Fourth Ave. Co-

Colombian novelist
wins Nobel Prize

From AP and UPI
STOCKHOLM, Sweden - Exiled
Colombian author Gabriel Garcia
Marquez, banned from the United
States for years because of his radical
politics and friendship with Fidel
Castro, yesterday won the Nobel Prize
for literature.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Let-
ters said it honored the 54-year-old
writer of novels, short stories and
political journalism 'for his novels and
short stories in which the fantastic and
the realistic are combined in a richly
composed world of imagination, reflec-
ting a continent's life and conflicts."

"GABRIEL Garcia Marquez , has
created a world of his own which is his
microcosmos," the academy said. "In
its tumultuous, bewildering, yet.
graphically convincing authenticity, it
reflects a continent and its human
riches and poverty."
He is the first Colombian to win the
prestigious literary award and the four-
th Latin American. The prize this year
is worth $157,000.
His 1967 novel, "One Hundred Years
of Solitude" - the saga of a Latin
American family in a jungle city that is
eventually reclaimed by red ants - has
sold over 10 million copies in 32
See COLOMBIAN, Page 10

TODAY

Full bodied brew
T'S NOT THE HEAD on William Boam's beer
that bothers the state of California. It's the full

Psychodentistry
F OR PATIENTS WHO turn pale at the thought of
dental chairs, needles, drills, relief can be found at the
University of Washington in Seattle. Psychologists and den-
tists are working together at the University's Dental Fears
Research Clinic to help anxious and seriously phobic
patients. The clinic, open since April; provides dental care

hazing of freshman hockey players,
Also on this date:
" 1941-A subscription to the Michigan Daily was $3.60 a
year;
" 1954-For the first time in University history a campus
political party, "Common Sense" was organized by studen-
ts;
' 1957 - Frank Lloyd Wright spoke to students in the
College of Architecture;
* 1971-Nixon nominated Lewis Powell and William
Rehnquist to the Supreme Court. 0

~- a'

I

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