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September 09, 1982 - Image 49

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-09-09

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The Michigan Daily-Thursday, September 9, 1982-Page 9-C

Get ting


Ypsilanti just 60 cents away

Thousands face the problem every
year-and many just give up. But while
Itmay seem impossible to get around
Ann Arbor without a car, studen-
ts-with a little patience, a little
knowledge, and a little cash-can
travel to most parts of Ann Arbor and
Ypsilanti with a minimum of discom-
During most times of the day, the Ann
Arbor city bus service can provide
quick transportation all over town. The
buses, run by the Ann Arbor Transpor-
tation Authority (AATA), cost 60 cents
per ride and run many routes through
the campus and downtown areas.
MOST OF the AATA buses are fairly
ew, and nearly all are kept very clean.
they're air-conditioned in the summer,
and heated in the winter. The bus routes
are marked-not, as one might expect,
with signs that say "Bus Stop"-but
with white signs that read "The Ride."
The city has more than 750 bus stops in
the systemk.
Monday through Friday, the buses
run between 6:45 a.m. and 10:50 p.m.
On weekends they run between 8 a.m.
and 6 p.m. and on a generally reduced
schedule. Here are the bus numbers
and frequencies of service on some of
the more popular routes:
Michigan Union to Briarwood

Mall-Route 6, "State-Ellsworth."
Buses run once every half hour both
ways during the week;
* Fourth Street at William to
Westgate-Route 9, "Jackson." Buses
run once every half hour before 7 p.m.
during the week. Fourth at William is
near the Federal Building; the Village 4
Movie theatres are near Westgate;
9 Washington Street to Eastern
Michigan University-Route 4,
"Washtenaw." Buses run every half
hour during the week. Catch the east-
bound bus in front of Thano's Company
parking lot. The bus stops en route at
Arborland Shoppitng Center, and con-
tinues to downtown Ypsilanti.
Another alternative for the carless
is taxicabs. They're not outrageously
expensive here (the minimum fare is
$1.00 plus $1.10 a mile and 20 cents a
minute, and they are generally reliable.
Between the two cab companies in Ann
Arbor, the city has a fleet of about 65
WAITING time for cabs can be long,
however, especially during bad
weather. For those who know they will
be going to a certain place at a certain
time, it's a good idea to call ahead and
let the cab company know. The number
for Yellow Cab Co., the city's largest, is
663-3355; Veteran's Cab is 662-4477.
There are cab stands near' Hill
Auditorium, near the Bagel Factory on

South University, across from the Par-
thenon Restaurant on Liberty near
Main, and in front of the Union.
THE UNIVERSITY maintains free
bus service during the day between the
Central, Medical, Athletic, and North
Campuses. The bus labeled "Com-
muter" runs from the Stadium parking
lot to the medical campus via Central
North Campus is served by two bus
routes: the Bursley/Baits route, which
runs between the Bursley and Baits
dormitories, the North Campus
Recreation Building, and Central Cam-
pus; and the Northwood route, which
runs between the Northwood apartmen-
ts and Central Campus. Both of the Nor-
th Campus buses, which ruq until 1:30
a.m. during the week, leave from the
Geddes Avenue bus stop near the C.C.
Little Building.
When winter begins, the University
starts its "Night Owl" bus service,
which runs from the UGLI to points
throughout central campus. The ser-
vice runs seven days a week, leaving on
the hour and half hour between 7 p.m.
and 1 a.m. from the South University
side of the Undergraduate Library.
Like all the University bus services, the
Night Owl is free.
Dial-A-Ride is an AATA service
designed for senior citizens and han-
dicapped people during the day, but

between 6:45 p.m. and 10:45 p.m. it is
open to the general public. The Dial-A-
Ride vans make several sweeps
through the city each night. People
wanting to use the service call the
AATA Dial-A-Ride number (973-1611),
and the van picks them up when it gets
in the general neighborhood. The waits
can be long, although the AATA
operators try to give patrons an
estimate of the arrival time of the van.
Nightride is the same type of service
as Dial-A-Ride, only using taxicabs for
late night trips. Veteran's cab company
runs the service along with the AATA,
but the cab company takes all the
reservations. Essentially a shared-ride
taxi service, the fare is $1.50 between
any two points in the city limits. The
hours are 11 p.m. to 6 a.m.
TO BOOK a trip, call Vet's cab (663-
3888) and tell the dispatcher where you
want to go. The dispatcher will then
give an approximate time the cab will
show up. Because of the imprecise
nature of the service, the time the
dispatcher gives is very approximate,
and the ride itself can take a long time.
Getting to Metro Airport is a concern
of many students. There are three
ways, none of which is inexpensive.
First is the Airports Service Limousine,
which leaves from the Union and, by
reservation, the Campus Inn and the
League. Tickets ($8.30) are sold at the

Union, and the limousine leaves from
there every hour on the half hour bet-
ween 5:30 a.m. and 7:30 p.m. The
limousing will leave at other times by
reservation only. Reservations can be
made through Airport Service, Inc. at
Although the airport is relatively
close to Ann Arbor, the limousine often
stops at several of the motels around
the city. As a result, what might other-
wise be a 25-minute ride can turn into a
70-minute ordeal. Always leave at least

an hour and a half before your flight;
leave more time during holidays.
The second way to get to the airport is
by taxi. Straight cab fare there is about
$29, but the drivers at the Union cab
stand are often willing to negotiate.,"
Depending on the amount of luggage
they're carrying, up to five people can:,
share a cab for the same price. The trip
by cab takes about 25 minutes.
There is also a Greyhound bus that
leaves from the Union for the airport'.
three times daily. The fare is $4.30.

University researchers expected to ignite high technology's flame

(Continued from Page 8)
efluence the private sector will have
ver where the Center devotes its
Although the state promotes the
College of Engineering as an incentive
for companies to locate in Michigan,
Dean James Duderstadt believes his
college could use more. financial sup-
port from Lansing.
Duderstadt said the college presently
is recruiting about seven "star class"
scholars in robotics, computer
engineering, and related fields for the
THE DEAN said these top scientists
will have a positive effect on the
college's classrooms. "We find that our -
best teachers are our best resear-
chers," he said, explaining that
scholars, working on "state of the art"
designs can quickly filter their in-
novations down to the classroom level.

But many students wonder whether
the University's kincreasing use of
research-oriented professors will leave
classroom instruction as a professor's
second or third priority behind resear-
ch or direct work with private in-
The study of robotics will allow
graduate students and faculty mem-
bers in most of the engineering fields to
participate. Robotics involves three
general systems: a controller, which
supplies instructions to carry out
physical actions; a manipulator, which
performs the actions; and a power sup-
ply, which "provides the strength," ac-
cording to an engineering college
ELECTRICAL engineers study the
power supply; mechanical engineers
research the manipulator; computer
engineers work on the controller; and
industrial and operational engineers

watch the system as a unified whole
ready to be used for production.
CRIM, and the millions of dollars it is
expected to utilize, was set up not only
for the good of the state, but also for the
support of engineering students. The
federal and private grant money will
provide for many fellowships and
-research assistant positions.
In addition, there should be spin-off
effects for non-engineering segments of
the University. Specifically, the In-
stitute for Social Research (ISR) and
the Institute for Labor and Industrial
Relations (ILIR) are interested in the
social impacts of automation in the
WHILE THE University has created
a strong organizational framework for
robotics research and development,
similar coordination for social impact
studies is lacking. In addition, the
threat to ILIRposed by-a University
budget review worries some observers

that the University administration has
little desire to assess the effects of the
"monster" it is trying to create.
The other major area of high
technology at the University-in accor-
dance with state directives-will be in
genetic engineering.
Most of the University's work in this
field occurs in the molecular biology
laboratories of the medical school.
Professor of Biological Chemistry Dale
Oxender is the liaison between private
firms with research money, the
molecular biology subcommittee of the
state's High Technology Task Force,
and the University's researchers.
MOLECULAR biologists alter the

structure of genes and implant them in
fast-growing bacteria cultures. The
altered genes generate chemicals or
chemical reactions which have useful
applications. For genetic engineers to
make their practice commercially
useful, they must expand their work
from the level of a few bacteria in a
petri dish to whole vats which would
create sufficiently large amounts of the
desired product for use in industry.
Genetic engineering has been used,
for example, to create insulin, which is
used in the treatment of diabetes. But
its implications go beyond medical
science into many areas of science and

University administrators are
banking on high technology develop-
ment for important research and
graduate student support in the years
ahead. As state support dwindles, the
University is turning toward private
industry to help maintain the College of
Engineering near the top of the nation's
technical schools.
Only the future will tell if high
technology can provide the economic
boost here in the midwest that it has on
the coasts.
To some members of the University
.community, high technology is the
University's insurance policy for long-
term financial stability.


Robotics drive raises student fears

(Continued From Page 8),
"We must build future flexibility" into
the state's economic plans, he added.
But some even question whether high
tehnology, and particularly robotics,
will create as many jobs as it destroys.
for every robot introduced into in-
dustry, 1.7 jobs in the general economy
and 2.7 jobs on the assembly line are
displaced according to Harley Shaiken,
.a, research associate at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
who spoke at the robotics conference.
,SHAIKEN admits that the increasing
epmputerization of industry and robots
is inevitable, but he said "the real issue
is the way they (technological in-
povations) are introduced and who
Shaiken said he wonders whether

American technological progress is
coming at the expense of the American
working man while giving profits only
to businesses. He questions whether
corporate needs are superceding
human needs in America's high
technology spurt.
But others expect robotics to displace
the menial, petty, and unskilled jobs
that American workers would rather
not do. Felix Kaufmann, a local
busineis consultant, believes robotics
will force a change in the makeup of the
nation's labor force in favor of skilled
IF ONE takes a look at the long-term
demographics of America's labor for-
ce, according to Jeanne Gordus, a
research scientist at the University's
Institute for Labor and Industrial

Relations, there will be a labor shor-
tage in America once the baby boom
children are fully filtered into the
economy. She believes America's move
toward technological innovations as a
replacement for labor is good insurance
for the future.
Whether high technology becomes a
true economic savior or a computer-
paper lion will be in the hands of the
University professors and researchers
who enjoy one of the best scholarly
reputations in the country.
But whether robotics and high
technology are used for humane pur-
poses, military power, or corporate
enrichment depends at least in-part
upon intelligent student input into a
future that will be their own and not
their professors'.



ites you



*State sees high technology as savior

(Continued from Page 8)
robotics research, and the private in-
dustries, which will benefit from
robotics. Naylor envisions ITI as an ac-
tive participant in all aspects of the
automated factory of the future.
Presently, Naylor is recruiting top
scientists and engineers and looking for
private investors for the institute. The
W.W. Kellogg Foundation of Battle
Creek has pledged a grant of $150,000 to
help meet ITI's projected $500,000 1983
budget. The institute is expected to
;locate in Ann Arbor.
The second concrete move by
Michigan to boost robotics bas been the
establishment of a series of
technological research parks across the
state. Last year, the University signed
jan agreement with a local investor to
W help develop approximately 330 acres
near North Campus as a high
technology park where businesses
could locate near the ITI and the
University. The site is still in the plan-
ning stages.
THE UNIVERSITY'S agreement to
develop an Ann Arbor research park
-r4 v,,

included a best efforts clause which
some, including State Rep. Gary Owen
(D-Ypsilanti), feared would bind the
University to only involving itself in the
Ann Arbor research park at the expen-
se of one planned in Superior Township
near Ypsilanti. The University is now
aiding the Superior Township parkin
its development.
But despite the politics of Michigan's
high technology push, it is
acknowledged that the ITI, the Univer-
sity, and private businesses must work
together to make Michigan a "world
class" leader in robotics now and
molecular, genetics later. The state is'

resting much of its economic future on
the University's brain power and its
ability to filter high technology in-
novations and research to Michigan's
industrial sector.
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