..... ....H d
LANSING (UPI)- Recent reports by
two state agencies of reduced PCB con-
tamination in Great Lakes fish were
based on insufficient data, the Toxic
Substance Control Commission said
The commission, embroiling itself in
yet another dispute with the state agen-
cies it monitors, criticized last week's
Natural Resources and Agriculture
department reports that fish con-
tamination problems are lessening.
TO PROPERLY draw their con-
clusions, the state departments really
needed samples from six times as
many fish as were tested, the com-
mission's chairman and executive
director said during a news conference.
They also called for the adoption of
stricter tolerance levels for PCB con-
tent in fish caught from the Great
The DNR and agriculture depar-
tments revealed last week that only 25
of 209 Great Lakes fish tested showed
contamination of PCB, DDT and
dieldren above recommended levels.
Larry Holcomb, director of the toxic
substance commission, said a far
greater sample of fish from all over the
Great Lakes system should have been
taken before those conclusions were
The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, October 12, 1982-Page 7
Study says military costs
WASHINGTON (AP) - More than $1
million a minute is being spent world-
wide on the. military, with nuclear
stockpiles exceeding 50,000 weapons,
according to a study by a coalition of
arms control groups.
The study, "World Military and
Social Expenditures, 1982," charges
that nuclear and conventional arms
races have wasted resources without
enhancing international security.
International nuclear stockpiles have
mushroomed to represent the
equivalent of 3.5 tons of TNT for every
person on earth - a total representing
more than 1 million times the explosive
power of the Hiroshima bomb, the
"UNDER ITS heavy military burden,
(continued from Page i1)
faculty members. The awards
ceremony was broken up by frequent
laughter and applause. John Knott, the
well-exercised english department
chairman cracked, "I'm delighted to be
able to rise yet once more" as he
ascended to the podium to read his third
citation midway through the ceremony.
the global economy has suffered,,, is equivalent to 16 billion tons of TNT.
writes the author of the study, Ruth In World War II, 3 million turns of
wries he utor f te tud, Rth munitions were expended, and' 40
Leger Sivard. "The diversion ofto5milnpeledd.
resources from civilian needs is a silent million to 50 mi on people died..a0
killr, urbig podutiviy ad -Spending per soldier averages $19,300
killer, curbing productivity and worldwide but only $380 is spent per
development, and adding more millions school age child for education.
to the hundreds of millions of people . For every 100,000 people, there are
who lack the most basic necessities of 556 soldiers and 85 physicians. An
life." estimated 100 million people worldwide
The report, using information sup- are engaged directly or indirectly in
plied by the Pentagon, the CIA, military activities.
United Nations organizations, and . In 32 countries, governments spend
several international publications, more for military purposes- than for
c World military costs have risen to $600 education and health care combined.
biWrlmilityary costshve risenitoi$n00 At least 10 million people have died in
billion ayear -well over $1 million a "local wars" since World War II, and
minute. more civilians than soldiers have been
" The world's. nuclear weapon stockpile the victims.
Star for a day '' Y} };;,1
Daryl Love addresses the camera as he answers politically pertinent
questions posed by representatives of Channel 7's Detroit Today television
program who visited campus yesterday.
Up She Comes
Prince Charles was on hand yesterday to witness the raising of the Mary
Rose, the flagship of his ancestor King Henry VIII. The vessel sank 437 years
Record bids anticipated from Alaskan oil lease sale
WASHINGTON (AP)- An icy stretch of water
above Alaska named Diapir Field may hold the
biggest reserves of oil and gas found in the
United States in 14 years.
The oil industry is gearing up for the 1.8
million-acre lease sale this week, which could
bring in a record $3 billion in bids.
MANY OIL company officials believe the lease
sale tomorrow in Anchorage, Alaska, may be the
most lucrative of the 41 sales to be offered in In-
terior Secretary James Watt's leasing program.
Watt, who has been attacked for the ambitious
program offering virtually the entire U.S.
,coastline for drilling over the next five years, is
hoping the success of the sale will silence critics.
"What we need is a big one-something that
will show that the oil industry wants this land,"
Watt has said.
THE DIAPIR Field, named for the type of
geological formation, lies at the top of Alaska
just offshore from the Prudhoe Bay field, the
1968 discovery that accounts for 18 percent of
domestic oil production.
Diapir's proximity to the Prudhoe field and its
transportation system-the Alaska oil
pipeline-is the reason the oil industry is excited.
The Interior Department puts the chance of
finding commercial quantities of oil and gas at
99.3 percent. It estimates that Diapir holds 2.4
billion barrels of oil and 1.8 trillion cubic feet of
"This is the crown jewel of the leasing
program. Right now it is the most promising
area we want to get into," said Charles Mat-
thews, president of the National Ocean In-
dustries Association, which represents almost
500 companies involved in offshore exploration
MATTHEWS said the bids could reach "bet-
ween $2 billion and $3 billion." That could make
Diapir the most successful lease sale in the 28-
year history of the federal program, surpassing
a 1980 Gulf of Mexico sale which brought the
government $2.7 billion.
Interior Department officials are not that op-
timistic. Watt has said that if the sale exceeds $1
billion it will be a tremendous success. Officials
point to the harsh Arctic drilling conditions as
one reason the bids could be held down.
The sale has been challenged in court by native
Alaskans living on the North Slope. Previously,
the ban t
had been banned for seven months out of
to protect bowhead whales.Watt has cut
o just the months of September and Oc,-
NATIVE Alaskans contend that Watt's
will endanger the whales, seals and
arine life that the Alaskans depend on for
inmentalists are unhappy over other
of the program, including the methods
determine whether the government is
g the proper prices for the leases.
apir brings in $2 billion, those tracts may
$6 billion, but we will never know unless
luate them to find out," said Frances
e, attorney for the Natural Resources
Long or Short Haircuts
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(Continued from Page 1)
flock of geese. More than 140 of these
"accidents" nearly sent American
missiles on an unretrievable path
toward the Soviet Union, he said. "A
faulty computer chip held creation
hostage," he said.
In spite of President Reagan's asser-
tion that the United States has fallen
behind the Soviets in nuclear weaponry,
Hatfield insisted there is a "rough
equivalency among arsenals."
"Somehow we get into these number
games," he said. "I think we have
found a certain eroticism and
fascination with nuclear weapons. We
have reached the point of mutual
overkill. How much is enough?"
HATFIELD compared the nuclear
arms race with two men standing waist
high in gasoline, holding matches.
"One guy has eight matches and the
other has nine and someone is trying to
tell them that they need 15 or 16," he
Hatfield also said he had sponsored a
bill in the Senate that would allow tax-
payers to stipulate that their tax money
could not go to the Pentagon.
4:50, 7:10, 9:30
Richard Gere - Debra Winger
"AN OFFICER AND
A GENTLEMAN" (R)
Tues-5:20, 7:40, 9:55 °
5:20, 7:40, 9:55
- ; _________________________ I __________________________
Easy as pie
Perhaps after hearing about the University's record-breaking sandwich, the Hilton1
make dessert. The 10-ton, 18-foot pie, used 440 bushels and took 24 hours to bake..
made it to the festival, 10,000 others only managed to consume one quarter of the pie.
NY Harvest Festival decided to
Although no Michigan students
Solidarty defies strike ban
(Continued from Page 1) '
Subscribe to The
the interior of the country where
Solidarity support was strong.
THREE LARGE convoys of police
trucks were seen heading north in the
direction of Gdansk.
The Gdansk strike was the first open
defiance of the labor law adopted Friday
by Parliament to annul the
liberalization measures won in a
nationwide strike wave in the summer
The law cancelled the registration of
all unions and the right to strike. It
authorized the organization of local
unions only under Communist Party
'The workers' strike committee ap-
pealed for support from other factories
in Gdansk, Gdynia, and Sopot, but there
were no reports of sympathy protests.
Leaflets and posters that appeared in
Gdansk Sunday night announcing the
strike also called for walkouts, in
Silesia, center of the coal industry in
southern Poland. Official sources in
Wroclaw and Katowice, the most im-
portant Silesian cities, said they were
Meanwhile, the government announ-
ced that 308 people had been freed from
internment as Premier Gen. Wojciech
Jaruzelski promised in a speech to
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