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September 30, 1982 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1982-09-30

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The Michigan Daily-Thursday, September 30, 1982-Page 5

Massacre stirs Israe

TEL AVIV, Israel (AP)- The slaughter of
Palestinian refugees in Beirut is scarring the Israeli
soul with guilt.
"The day after the pogrom in the refugee camps in
Beirut, I stood before the mirror for my morning
shave, and I spat in my face," wrote Shalom Rosen-
feld, a former editor-in-chief of Israel's prestigious
daily newspaper Maariv.
A CRISIS of moral values is wracking the Jewish
state and threatening the stability of Prime Minister
Menachem Begin's government.
"Sorething has broken," says his predecessor,
Yitzhak Rabin. But the critics are not just Begin's
political foes, like Rabin. They also include people
like Rosenfeld, Israelis from the prime minister's
own ideological camp.

The breakdown is somewhere in the psychological
machinery that drives Israelis to try to live up to the
image created by the founding fathers of Israel-a
striving to be a new breed, different from their ghetto
forefathers, removed from the Old World of hatred,
wars and Holocaust.
JUST AS today's Israeli is proud to believe he
would never go like a lamb to the slaughter, so he is
proud to think that he would never treat people the
way Jews have been treated.
What has horrified Israelis is not only that
Christian Phalangists entered the refugee camps
with Israel's approval, but the suspicion that the ar-
my or government let the massacre continue without
intervening immediately.
What may ultimately help purge the guilt is that the
Israeli government, under public pressure, is finally

ii guilt
facing up to the questions raised by the Beirut blood-
bath.
DEFENSE MINISTER Ariel Sharon said that
when Israel took control of west Beirut two weeks
ago, the Israeli forces helped plan and provided sup-
port for the Christian Phalangists' move into the
camps, an operation aimed at Palestinian guerrillas
believed holed up there.
Sharon said the Israeli army acted to stop the
massacre as soon as it became clear that innocent
men, women and children were being killed.
But there have been conflicting accounts of when
the Israelis learned the killings were going on, and
questions about why the Phalangists were still in the
camps a day after Israeli officials knew about the
slaughter.

Marines enter Beirut,

e lDaily Photo by TOD WOOLF
Tree launch
No, Charlie Keehl of the Blacy Tree Transplant Co. is not inspecting a new
kind of Viking ship. The workers are saving a tree from the construction site
of the Business School addition at East University and Monroe streets.
Senate vote keeps
finaneja aid a ive

i
t

may increase
(Continued from Page 1) evacuati
"WITHIN THE limited period of Organiza
time, the multinational force will be and earli
there, the United States expects the CATT(
Israelis and Syrians will follow through 400 soldii
on their intentions and withdraw from with the
Lebanon," Romberg said. "The very north an
presence of the multinational force said he d
should encourage early agreement on joint pate
these withdrawals." Lebani
However, neither Israel nor Syria has 'Marines,
indicated publicly that it expects the ding the
withdrawal to be rapid. It was not clear bomb-da
whether the deployment of the be open f
multinational force would be extended Catto <
absent an expedited withdrawal. be goin
It was the second time that Marines patrols c
were sent to the Lebanese capital. The today. B
lea thernecks, members of the 32nd troops,
Marine Amphibious Unit stationed with reinforc4
the U.S. Sixth Fleet in the ashore i
Mediterranean, helped oversee the comman

forces
on of 6,000 Palestine Liberation
ation guerrillas in late August
er this month.
O SAID a Lebanese battalion of
ers has been assigned to work
Marines in patrolling an area
d east of the airport. But he
[oubts the two forces will form
rols.
ese forces, rather than the
will be responsible for guar-
airport itself, he said. The
maged airport is expected to
or commercial flights today.
also said that "some tanks will
g in" after reconnaissance
complete a survey of the area
ut he said the exact number of
tanks and artillery that will
v the 900 infantrymen already
s to be decided by the local
nder, Col. James Mead.

(Continued from Page 1)
the afternoon, or on Friday."
"THEN IT will be sent to the
president," he continued. "If (Reagan)
Signs it, (Congress) can go home. If not,
they have to start all over again."
Though federal financial aid ap-
propriations for Basic Educational Op-
portunity (Pell). Grants, Supplemental
Educational Opportunity Grants,
College Work Study, and National
Direct Student Loans will remain at
their 82-83 levels, Butts warned studen-
ts against too much optimism.
"This extension only runs through
ecember," he said. "After that
nything could happen."
HARVEY GROTRIAN, the Univer-
sity's financial aid director, said the
measure was "very welcome news."
"It's particularly good news con-
sidering we were faced with a 50 per-
cent reduction in funds only a few mon-
ths ago."
Grotrian is referring to President
Reagan's request in March to set the
financial aid budget for 1983-84 at $1.4
illion, down from over $2.4 billion this
ear.
Some ills are
(Continued-from Page 1)
mother of two Tourette Syndrome
children. "Why is human need less im-
portant? Why is the decision as to which
drug a company will develop left to an
accountant who measures the needs of
ociety with a calculator?"
In a speech Tuesday to the conferen-
ce, Meyers recalled trying to tell her
son why there was no cure for "his
disease. "How can you explain to a 10-
year-old boy that his life is too expen-
sive, that his disability is necessary for
economic reasons?"
Conferees were' hopeful that this
week's meeting will encourage the
organization of the various orphan
disease groups into a coalition with
political muscle. "We've had a very in-
*formal coalition for about two years,"
Meyers said. The separate agencies
have little political power on their own,
she said, but together they could have
great political power.
BECAUSE THE pharmaceutical in-
dustry and the government are reluc-
tant to research and develop orphan,
drugs, the burden rests with university-

"I think (the vote) clearly indicates
the administration is not getting its way
in terms of financial aid," he said. "The
vote clearly identifies education and
educated people as a very visible
resource in the mind of Congress."
GROTRIAN SAID that although he is
pleased with the vote, the University
will still be taking a seven percent
reduction in funds compared to 1980-81
levels. He said that reduction is about
the same as the national decrease in
appropriations.
"Costs are up and aid is down,"
Grotrian said. "We can't tolerate that
too long and expect to keep amix of
students from in and out of the state and
from all economic strata."
BUTTS SAID the 1983-84 ap-
propriation will include $217 million in
additional funds Congress approved
with an override Sept. 10.
Congressional aides and Washington
observers expressed confidence that
there will be time for both houses to
draft and vote on a compromise
resolution before the government's new
fiscal year begins at 12:01 a.m.
tomorrow.
orphans'
based scientists, according to Brewer.
But scientists can be discouraged by a
lack of funds and the tedious process of
research, he said.
Jess Thoene, a professor in the
medical school, found drug supply to be
his biggest worry in researching a drug
to cure cystinosis, a kidney disease.
Thoene's supply of the drug,
cysteamine, was stopped abruptly
when the drug company quit producing
it. Thoene located a new supply only
week before his 65 patients would have
exhausted their store.
Thoene said his problem was the or-
phan drug status of cysteamine. "You
don't run out of penicillin," he said.
TO ADDRESS the problem, the
Pharmaceutical Manufacturers
Association (PMA) has set up a com-
mission designed to forward resear-
chers' ideas to drug manufacturers in
hope that some company will sponsor,
or "adopt" the project. John Adams, a
PMA spokesman, said the commission
has been "underwhelmed by the
response" from researchers who were
contacted to submit proposals.

the 3rd issue of the
MICHIGAN IOURNAL
OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
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