Snow flurries leaving an
accumulation of from one
to two inches, with a high
Vol. XCII, No. 84
Copyright 1981, The Michigan.Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, January 13, 1982
Profs: Poland may
By DAVID SPAK
Poland's military regime will collapse un-
der the pressures of its current martial law
crisis unless it can salvage that nation's crip-
pled economy and eliminate the threat posed
by the rise to power of Solidarity and the
union's leader Lech Walesa, say a number of
University experts on Eastern Europe.
Most of the professors said the future of the
regime will hinge largely on its ability to work
out a compromise in which Solidarity would
not be as powerful as it once was but neither
would it be shackled so drastically that its
members would fight to topple the regime.
The government will never permit Solidarity
to exercise the influence it once enjoyed, most
of the scholars agreed.
POLITICAL Science Prof. William Zim-
merman said the crisis will probably be
resolved through careful negotiations bet-
ween Poland's martial law leader Gen.
Wolciech Jaruzelski, the Catholic Church led
by Archbishop Jozef Glemp, and the more
moderate elements of Solidarity led by
Walesa. "As progress is made, martial law
will gradually be eliminated," he said.
History Prof. Roman Szporluk, however,
said he believes Jaruzelski's regime will not
be willing to negotiate with Solidarity and will
insist instead that the union either be disban-
ded or rendered politically impotent once
martial law comes to an end.
"I don't believe Jaruzelski wants another
Solidarity-type organization after martial law
is lifted," Szporluk said.
THE POLISH crackdown is an attempt by
Jarulzelski to reassert his authority over
Poland, both to his people and to the Soviet
Union, Szporluk said. "The communist party
was no longer capable of taking care of
Poland. More than 1 million Part
had become members of Solidarit
"The ruling system had disintegra
Szporluk said Solidarity's grow
ce had pushed the Polish regim
martial law to avoid Soviet inter
that Jaruzelski would seek to
Solidarity's threat to his power
martial law period.
History Prof. Ronald Suny agr
porluk: "Solidarity had won enor
within the Party, and the Party
government) went along with
demands. It could no longer act
"A genuine workers' revo
organized on a mass national s
said, "and that democratic
revolution was nearly a success."
ACCORDING TO Zvi Gitelman
;y members tor of the University's Center for Russian and
y," he said. East European Studies, the increasing
ited." militancy of Solidarity and its call for a
'ing influen- referendum on the government "couldn't be
e to impose tolerated by Jaruzelski and would push the
vention, and Soviets too far. It was a direct challenge to the
eliminate political system as a whole," he said.
during the Jaruzelski made his own decision to impose
martial law in response to this challenge and
eed with Sz- in the general's view it was a rational decision
rmous gains made at the right time, Gitelman said.
(unlike the Zimmerman called the move for a referen-
Solidarity dum "stupid" and said it was not incon-
against the ceivable that the move was the final straw
that provoked the governmenttto impose mar-
lution had tial law. The Soviets, however, had been exer-
cale," Suny ting more and more pressure on Poland for
c socialist months and actual plans for the crackdown
probably were drawn up as far back as Sep-
nthe~ direc- tember, he said.
U, 6U ~ %
.. examines Polish crisis
See U', Page 2
Student panel proposes
10.25% dorm rate hike
By JENNIFER MILLER
The Student Rate Committee
recommended yesterday that residence
hall room and board rates be hiked by
10.25 percent, an average of $236 per
student, for next year.
Housing Director Robert Hughes will
make a final recommendation on the
increase for the Regents' approval next
LAST YEAR the committee proposed
a 13.2 percent hike, but instead the
Regents approved the 11.2 percent in-
crease recommended by Hughes.
Hughes said he had just received the
rate committee's report yesterday and
"it's a little premature for me to say
right now" what his recommendation
Expected inflation costs and con-
tinuation of the extended meal hours
and breakfast plan at Bursley, Markley
and West Quad account for most of the
proposed increase, according to the
THE HOUSING Office expects in-
flation to hike the cost of current ser-
vices by 8 percent next year, and the
new meal plan, offered only at the three
dorms, will raise the cost of all meal
tickets by $11 each.
Mosher-Jordan resident Nancy
Glass, who is a rate committee mem-
ber, said most of the students she has
RECOMMENDED ROOM AND
BOARD RATES (TWO TERMS)
1981-82 Rate 1982-83 Rate Amt. of Increase
Triple Suite ..............
Economy Double ....... .
Economy Triple ...........
L _.._._.-_. __ _--_-,_..
talked to liked the meal plan. "I think
it's understood that (the rate hike) is a
logical result" of continuing the plan,
Many students have said they liked
the extended meal hours because of the
convenience and shorter lines at the
cafeteria. Cafeteria officials say break-
fast appears to be gaining in popularity
at the three dorms.
OTHER RATE committee members
said students weren't surprised by the
proposed increase. "It wasn't like it
was completely unexpected," Bursley
resident Sara Moss said.
Committee member David ,Gut:
schenritter said the East Quad students
he talked to had "the normal reaction
anyone feels when they're told the rates
are going up," he said, "they're not real
happy about the increase."
Moss said the hike is justified by the
cost increases projected for next year.
"(The committee members) all
agreed-there's no way of getting
around it," Moss said.
ASSOCIATE Director of Housing
Norm Sunstad, who advised the com-
mittee, said, "Nobody likes a rate in-
crease, but I think it's a realistic one."
Gutschenritter said, "I have heard a
lot of students say they're having finan-
cial concerns. Some are seriously
saying they don't know how they are
going to be able to come back this fall."
The committee was originally looking
at a 11.2 percent hike, Sunstad said, but
his office cut some food costs' and ad-
justed cost expectations for utilities and
OTHER FACTORS in the proposed
rate increase are extra business office
charges for this year and at.7 percent
reduction in general funds from the
See STUDENT, Page 2
Daily Photo by JACKIE BELL
WATER PIPES BURST yesterday causing this leak in the Kresge Medical
Research I building. Hot water to the 5th through 7th levels was shut off and
is not expected to be restored until later today.
Cold weather blamed
for water pipe leaks
Social Security cuts to affect 'U
By NANCY NEWMAN
By LOU FINTOR
and DAN OBERROTMAN
Water pipes in several campus build-
ings ruptured this week, apparently
due to the cold weather.
A water pipe connected to the
sprinkler system in the Art and Ar-
chitecture Building on North Campus
began leaking at approximately 5'
p.m. Monday, causing a reduction in
pressure and automatic activation of
the fire alarm, according to Joe
Hakken, photography lab manager at
MANY DARKROOM materials, in-
cluding seven enlargers, were
damaged, Hakken said.
Broken pipes at the Kresge Medical
Research I Building on the Medical
Campus began leaking at ap-
proximately 5 p.m. yesterday, prom-
pting security officers to seal off the
main entrance,reroute rush-hour em-
ployees, and shut off the water main
feeding several laboratory areas.
The hot water main feeding the 5th,
6th, and 7th level laboratories will
remain off until the break can be
sealed sometime later today, accor-
ding to University plumbers Ben Put-
nam and George Hulstrom.
Hulstrom said that water pipes of-
ten rupture during the cold winter
months, and that additional breaks
"I think people up here are used to
this," Hulstrom said, "it happens
Water leaking from the Kresge
Building spilled onto Catherine, Fuller,
and other streets around the hospital.
Salt was needed to melt the ice that
formed as the water froze on the
streets and sidewalks.
Students who receive Social Security
benefits because of the death, disability
or retirement of a parent will see those
funds sharply reduced after April.
About 1,500 University students will
be affected by the new law, Andrew
Stevens, operations supervisor of the
Ann Arbor Social Security office,'
STUDENTS currently attending
school and eligible for benefits will con-
tinue to receive funds, but stipends will
be cut 25 percent each September until
the program is phased out in April 1985.
In addition, students no longer will
receive benefit checks in May, June,
July, and August-even if they attend
school during the summer.
Under Social Security laws, survivor
benefits are paid to young people under
18, regardless of their student status.
Benefits currently are paid to survivors
from ages 18 to 22 if they are enrolled in
Under recent amendments to the
Social Security Act, passed by Congress
last summer, those not enrolled in post-
'If it happened last year I wouldn't be
in school now.'
Because of the May 1 cut-off date for
eligibility, many incoming' freshper-
sons could be affected by new Social
Security laws. Counselors at local high
schools said some students will finish
their high school requirements at near-
by colleges to evade the May,1 cutoff
DON McEWEN, counselor at Pioneer
High School, said many of his students
affected will finish their final high
school semester at Washtenaw Com-
University Admissions Director Cliff
Sjogren said the University will be
more flexible in accepting students who
have completed one or two semesters at
other colleges because of the deadline,
although he estimated that few new
students would be affected.
The'biggest drawback to the benefit
cut will be to restrict students' college
choices, Sjogren said. "If you take
away support, you can't always go to
the university of your choice," he said.
secondary institutions as of May 1, 1982
will become ineligible for further
benefits. Funds to college students will
be cut completely by May 1, 1985.
THE REDUCTION in Social Security
aid to students was proposed by
President Reagan in an attempt to
relieve pressure on other Social
Last year, the U.S. government paid
out $2.3 billion in Social Security
benefits to college students.
Most students who will be affected have'
not been told about the cuts or were told
too late to make plans.
LSA JUNIOR Mark Modras had not
been told that his benefits would be
reduced by the new law. "I wasn't
aware of the cut. I didn't know that a
cut would be that quick or that large.
It's really surprising," Modras said last
LSA senior Elaine Devlin, who had
heard that funds would be cut, will not
be affected because she is graduating
soon. She added,however, "If it hap-
pened last year, I wouldn't be in school
Quite a trip
CHARLES AND MIRIAN Lane of London, Ohio
are trying to convince the federal Social Security
Administration that reports of their deaths are
greatly exaggerated.The Lanes, retirees, returned
last Thursday from visiting family in New York State to
find letters addressed to each of them from the Social
Security Administration. Both letters started with regrets,
Fathers and daughters1
Presidential Daddy Ronald Reagan may be a little tiffed
with his daughter, actress Patti Davis. She has joined a
California campaign seeking to halt nuclear weapons
testing, but is trying not to turn the issue into a father-
daughter dispute. "I don't want to get into a battle with my
father on this," Davis said at a celebrity rally sponsored by
Californians for a Bilateral Nuclear Weapons Freeze, a
group seeking to put the issue on the state ballot next
November. Davis was one of dozens of entertainers who
.. ...- -.. . -t.«. --P..- - V _- 4-47,.- I- .
tion, and further deployment of all nuclear weapons" by
both the United States and the Soviet Union. Q
Dream house headaches
Arlyn and Kristina Alderink thought that they had it
made when they won a furnished "dream house." Then
they realized what they actually had won was a lifetime
supply of headaches. On a whim, the Alderinks entered a
contest sponsored by a local radio station and contracting
..~~..r. P - ...-.-* - - . - - k o -^"
ceded he probably will profit from the deal but said he en-
tertained the possibility of declining the winnings. Kristina
Alderink answered with a flat "no" when asked if she would
enter another contest. "The experience is flabbergasting,
she said. "I have mixed feelings-it throws the average
person. We never had to face anything like that. L
On the inside