Moore wins MSA
By GEORGE ADAMS
By a narrow margin, Amy Moore and Stephon
Johnson won this week's elections for president
and vice president of the Michigan Student
Assembly, assembly officials announced yester-
Barely beating out competing bids from can-
didates representing two other campus political
parties, Moore and Johnson will be sworn in as
the assembly's top officers next Tuesday.
OF THE 3,578 votes cast in the presidential
race, 1,553 were for Moore and Johnson, who
were representing the Voice party.
Dave Guttchen and Ruste Fischer of the
People's Action Coalition received 1,333 votes,
and British Humour Party candidates Duane
Kuizema and George DeMuth had 692.
The election of Moore and Johnson ends the
cohtrol of the presidency by PAC members, who
have held that office for two consecutive years.i
Amy Moore said in a telephone interview that
she felt "wonderful" with the results of the elec-
tion. She had traveled to New Haven, Connec-
ticut, whereshe said she was resting.
"I'm hoping everyone forgets the politics now
and concentrates on MSA," she said. "Everyone
ran to accomplish something for the students, I
think, and now it's time to do that. I really hope
everyone can forget the political aspect now."
Outing MSA president Jon Feiger, who is a
member of the People's Action Coalition, was not
quite as enthusiastic. "My biggest disappoin-
tment was the campaign, the way people han-
died themselves, and the outcome, naturally,"
Feiger was cautious in his predictions for the
MSA next year. "There will be a lot of
challenges. There will be some very important,
difficult issues, and MSA will have to understand
the connections between the issues, the in-
terrelatedness among all the issues. It will be
potentially very challenging. It's easy for MSA to
be bureaucratic at times like this, but MSA has
to be active now, not bureaucratic."
NEITHER DAVE Guttchen nor Ruste Fischer
were available for comment.
Due to complications in counting the ballots,
complete results for the MSA elections were not
available at press time last night. MSA officials
said final results would be available later today.
THE REPRESENTATIVES elected from some
of the University's smaller schools are known.
Tom Goddeeris won the seat in Architecture and
Urban Planning, Andrew Keenan (Voice) in Art,
David Austin (Voice) in Dentistry, Barry Rudof-
sky in Law, Andrew Metinko (PAC) in Medicine,
Dan Munzel (Voice) in. Natural Resources,
Sharon Bergmann (PAC) in Nursing, Shawn
Fields (PAC) in Pharmacy and Sarah Cate
(PAC) in Public Health.
There is a three-way tie in the school of Music
between James Frey, John Abbacciomento, and
Celia Eidex. When the new MSA officials take of-
fice next Tuesday, they will have to vote for a
representative from among these three.
The Business School representatives are
Kathy Hartrick (PAC); and Robbin Cohen
... feels 'wonderful'
Ninety-Two Years Snow diminishing to
flurries this afternoon;
_ _ _ eir i grnI a iI skies will be partly cloudy
Editorial Freedom tonight igh ite mi
-----= -----=the upper 20s
Vol. XCII, No. 150 Copyright 1982, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, April 9, 1982 Ten Cents Ten Pages
LANSING (UPI) - The House rejec-
ted on the first try yesterday a tem-
porary, one percentage point increase
in the state income tax - the most con-
traversial element in Gov. William
Milliken's budget balancing package.
The vote, 36 for and 55 against, came
only a feyv hours after final approval by
the House of a 10 cent-per-pack cigaret-
te tax increase. A re-vote on the income
tax is considered certain.
THE INCOME tax hike, if approved,
will be retroactive to April 1 and
remain in effect through the end of the-
current fiscal year Sept. 30, generating
$295 million to balance the 1982 budget
by raising the levy from 4.6 percent to
5.6 percent during that period.
The cigarette tax will raise $35
million 'in this budget year and $95
million next, ear-marked to solving the
state's chronic cash shortages.
Still pending are new levies on cable
television, video games and other for-
ms of entertainment.
THE' CIGARETTE and income tax
raise, combined with the proposed
levies on video games, cable television
and other forms of entertainment,
would correct cash shortages and raise
about half of the roughly $600 million
needed to balance the state's budget.
See HOUSE, Page 2
review for potential
By LOU FINTOR
The University's Rackham School for
Graduate Studies will be reviewed for
possible cutbacks, becoming the fourth
of the University's 17 schools and
colleges named to face budget and per-
formance reviews, the school's dean
Rackham will join three other schools-
Art, Education, and Natural Resources-
in reviews as part of the ad-'
ministration's Five Year Plan to
reorganize the University budget, shif-
ting about $20.million to "high priority"
ALTHOUGH University administra-
tors will not announce their decision to
review Rackham until later in the mon-
th, Rackham Dean Alfred Sussman-
confirmed yesterday that his school
will be reviewed for possible cutbacks,
probably in the ,fall.
Robert Sauve, a University ad-
ministrator and a member of the
University's Budget Priorities Commit-
tee, which will conduct the review, said
the committee will pay particular at-
tention to "inefficiencies" in the
Sauve, who is a budget adviser to
Vice President for Academic Affairs
Billy Frye, said any cutbacks the com-
mittee might recommend for Rackham
would probably not be as drastic as
those recommended for some other
University programs. He said the
committee will not be reviewing the
school with an eye toward its
"THERE MAY be some reductions,"
Sauve said yesterday, "but not major
ones. There . are a lot of inter-
disciplinary ;programs supported
through Rackham. I don't think there is
any chance of us cutting (those
See RACKHAM, Page 7
Doily Photo by JEFF SCHRIER
ADMINISTRATORS CONFIRMED yesterday that the Rackham Graduate School is the latest of four academic units to
be reviewed under the University's Five-Year Plan.
States enact new student loan
By the Associated Press
A growing number of states are setting up
"student loan authorities," permitting colleges
to float tax-exempt bonds to raise money to lend
to students who no longer qualify for federally
Three states have enacted such plans, and
several more are considering them. But officials
admit that such loans will not be as cheap or as
easy to repay as the federally backed loans.
ILLINOIS SET up the first student loan
authority in June 1981, shortly after President
Reagan announced his intention to stop granting
guaranteed student loans to youngsters from
* families with incomes over $30,000 unless they
could demonstrate need.
Massachusetts established a loan authority in
January, Iowa followed in March, and a similar
plan in Maryland is on the verge of passage.
Plans also have been introduced in legislatures
in Florida and Connecticut and will shortly be
taken up in New York as well.
DEPENDING ON bond market conditions and
other factors, the first such "college bonds" are
expected to be issued by June, allowing colleges
to lend the proceeds to students entering school
The plan was devised by James Unland, direc-
tor of public finance for the Chicago-based in-
vestment banking firm of William Blair & Co.
He says it will provide a way for colleges and
universities to use their credit to raise money to
lend primarily to middle-income students who
will be caught short of tuition funds as a result of
Reagan's aid cutbacks.
BECAUSE THE bonds will be tax-exempt,
they will bear a lower interest rate-as little as
10 percent or 12 percent-which will be passed on
to the borrowers.
The interest rate on federally guaranteed
loans is 9 percent.
"What we're doing is issuing tax-exempt bonds
backed by unsecured consumer loans,'that is,
loans to students and parents. Public debt has
never before been issued for loans of this kind
that was not backed by government guaran-
tees," said Unland.
HOW MUCH each college can borrow will
depend on its credit worthiness. The private
credit market is no more likely to welcome a
bond issued by a financially troubled college
than it would a troubled city or corporation.
Pressure on Argentina builds
* as British fleet nears Falklands
School officials call
Twain 'racist trash'
LONDON (AP) - Britain declared
yesterday it will "shoot first" if any
Argentine ship enters its war zone
around the Falkland Islands, hinted
British submarines already were
prowling the area, and said other
elements of its armada probably will be
thereby the weekend.
The warning sharply compressed the
timetable for reaching a diplomatic
resolution of the crisis, escalated the
pressure on Argentina to withdraw from
the British colony it seized, and com-
plicated the peace-seeking task of
Secretary of State Alexander Haig.
HAIG, WHO called Britain "The
United States' closest ally and friend,"
met for an hour with Foreign Secretary
Francis Pym and conferred with Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher at a
After meeting with Thatcher for
more than five hours, Haig said he was
"impressed by the firm determination
of the British government" in the crisis.
He also said he and the prime minister
"have been exploring various issues
associated with this problem...."
British sources said the leaders met
in. a "serious atmosphere," and That-
cher stuck to her position that Britain
will not negotiate with Argentina unless
it withdraws from the islands as
demanded the U.N. Security Council.
HAIG WILL fly to Buenos Aires today
to meet leaders of Argentina's military
Argentine Foreign Minister Nicanor
Costa Mendez told reporters in Buenos
Aires after returning from New York:
"The negotiations are going to be long,
complex and difficult, but I think the
threat of war is fading." Argentina has
said it will talk, but will not, as a
precondition, withdraw from the ar-
chipelago, which it calls the Malvinas.
Pym., in a special broadcast to the
islands on the British Broadcasting
Corp.'s World Service, said: We will
come to your aid as soon as we can -
we hope by peaceful means."
FAIRFAX, Va. (AP) - An official
at a school named for author Mark.
Twain said Wednesday that Twain's
"The Adventures of Huckleberry
Finn"is "racist trash" and should not
be part of the county school system's
"Anybody who teaches this book is
racist," said John Wallace, an ad-
ministrative aide at Mark Twain In-
termediate School and chairman of
the school's human rights committee.
"THE BOOK doesn't measure up.
It's damaging to black students, and
that's been proven beyond a shadow
of a doubt," he said.
He said some of his committee's ob-
jections pertained to the use of the
word "nigger," adding, "It implies
that blacks are less intelligent, can't
be trusted and are not human.
"How much can we bombard kids
with this trash and still expect them to
believe and trust the schools," he
The book, which describes a boy's
adventures along the Mississippi
River in Missouri in the 19th cen-
tury has been a classic in American
literature for more than 100 years.
The book is acceptable for a college
curriculum and for intermediate,
junior high and senior high school
libraries, Wallace said.
The issue was brought to the human
rights committee's attention late last
year, following complaints by several
parents, Wallace said.
... promises British aid
Hat off the presses
T'S HERE-on time and ready for signing. The
1982 Michigan Ensian, the University yearbook, has
arrived and is now officially on sale. This year's
volume offers a look at campus life including the
dorms, varsity sports, sororities and fraternities, and also.
records special events such as
the football team's trip to the
Black Sabbath Blues
The Black Sabbath rock group won't be performing in
Phoenix on Easter Sunday because a local lawmaker objec-
ted that their act is "absolutely degrading." Arizona Rep.
Tony West complained about the performance at the state-
owned Veterans' Memorial Coliseum, saying "apparently
they have a propensity to be demonic, to ridicule the
Christian religions, and they actually burn crosses ... "
Les Schwartz of Warner Bros Records in Los Aneeles said
cents apiece, explained George Bagby, former head of the
state Game and Fish Commission, but free "to those who
made it" through the first trip. Bagby, and aide to
Democratic House Speaker Tom Murphey said the rides
would be for "Republicans only." When the moss cleared, it
turned out that the bill was misprinted, and should have
read "alligator hides." Q
The a )iv Almanac
by cutting the German payroll. Meanwhile, Russian tanks
surrounded the German forces in Vienna.
" 1967 - The United States defense department defended
the annual expenditure of $230 million on chemical warfare
dedices. It called the devices a "vital" deterrent against
war and a standby weapon.
* 1970 - University officials announced that Oxford
Housing was going to go coed.
" 1977 - Only 3 members of campus political parties won
election to the Michigan Student Assembly. Observers said
the election, which drew 1700 students to the polls, marked