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March 27, 1982 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-03-27

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Ninety-Two Years
of
Editorial Freedom

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LIEt

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WELL.. .
Clear and unseasonably
cold today, with a high in
the mid 30s.,

dh

A A - - - --- -- I- - - -

WVol. XCII, No. 139

Copyright 1482; The Michigan Daily

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, March 27, 1982

Ten Cents

Eight Pages

Desert winds,
storm may
force early
shuttle landing
From AP and UPI
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla.- The space shuttle lost three
of four "downlink" radio channels yesterday, but com-
munications with Mission Control continued without
missing a beat and confident flight officials said the plan
was to press ahead for a full seven-day mission.
"We have full capability," said Eugene Kranz, flight
operations chief at the Johnson Space Center in Houston.
HE SAID THE crippled "S-Band" radio system "is as
complex a system as we have onboard the space craft," and
that a second circuit on the failed channels provides
adequate backup.
"As far as I am concerned, the mission is going full
duration," Kranz said, deputy director of flight operations
at the Johnson Space Center in Houston.
Complicating the situation, however, was a late forecast
indicating weather would be bad at the main White Sands,
0N.M., landing site Saturday and possibly Monday-the
scheduled landing day. Four students-John Nachman, Marci
DESERT WINDS whipped through the Tularosa Basin celebration of the third anniversary of t
yesterday, producing a gypsum sandstorm that would guitarist Avi Roth playsion the steps of t
prohibit an emergency landing of the space shuttle anytime Diag rally, sponsored by the Students fa
See SHUTTLE, Page 2 peace in the Middle East in our time."
Three Palestinian, m
JERUSALEM- Israel's civilian governor in the occupied
West Bank of the Jordan said yesterday that three radical
Palestinian nationalist mayors were fired so that moderates
can emerge to negotiate with Israel.
Most Palestinian towns are calm, but one Arab youth was
wounded by gunfire when he threw rocks at an Israeli car
near the town of Halhoul, 20 miles southwest of Jerusalem,
the military said.
A SPOKESMAN said the civilian occupants of the car fired
warning shots in the air and wounded the youth, who he said
was "out ofdanger" in a local hospital.
yw Stones also were placed on the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv rail
line, stopping a train. In the occupied Gaza Strip, the Gaza
City council announced support of a general strike through
Monday.
The Maariv and Yedioth Ahronoth newspapers reported
that the government had moved in more troops to suppress
disorders in the West Bank and Gaza.
MENACHEM MILSON, in his first press conference with
foreign journalists since he took over last November from a
military governor, called the Palestine Liberation
Organization "illegitimate," "immoral" and "evil," and
said the three dismissed mayors had followed PLO directions
to incite violence and undermine public order and services.
Mi"lson Their removal, Milson said, "is a step toward allowing
... criticizes PLO people who are not bent on the destruction of Israel, but who

Redistricting
method ruled
unlawful

rign for peace Doily Photo by MIKE LUCA
Maniker, Michael Reifler, and Donna Rosenblatt-dance in
the signing of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel as
the Graduate Library. State Rep. Perry Bullard spoke at the
or Israel, and called the peace treaty "the greatest hope for

S

y Ors fired
are willing to negotiate with Israel, to come to the fore."
Milson said local Arabs would be appointed to the city halls
in Nablus, Ramallah and El Bireh. "There is no question that
this will happen," he said, though he refused to give a
timetable for a return to Arab administration in the three
cities.
A WAVE OF rioting in which five Palestinians died from
Israeli gunfire followed the firing of El Bireh Mayor Ibrahim
Tawil a week ago. On Thursday, Mayors Bassam Shakaa of
Nablus and Kerim Khalaf of Ramallah were ousted.
Some observers rank the wave of disorders as the most in-
tense since Israel conquered the West Bank and Gaza in 1967,
though Israeli troops killed more Palestinian rioters - 11 -
in the spring and summer of 1976. Six were killed during one
solid month of rioting in that year.
Criticism of the mayors' dismissals came from the United
States, Britain, Canada, France, West Germany and Egypt,
and Milsons'a appearance. before the foreign news media
clearly was designed to give Israel's position a full airing
abroad.
BUT MILSON surprised the reporters by saying that the
mayors had not been democratically elected in the Israeli-
supervised municipal elections of 1972 and 1976. In, the past
Israel declared that, despite the difficulty of running elec-
tions under military occupation, the vote was carred out
democratically-.

By BILL SPINDLE
The Michigan Supreme Court
declared yesterday that the system
used to divide up state legislative
districts for the last twenty years is un-
constitutional.
The decision will set this year's effor-
ts at reapportionment back to square
one, for the ruling nullifies proposals
conceived under the old constitutional
provisions for redistricting the state.
THE HIGH court's ruling overturned
the "one man one vote" amendment
added to the Michigan constitution in
1962. That amendment stated that equal
population and land area should be the
first priority for drawing up legislative
districts. The amendment also
provided for a special apportionment
committee, made up of an equal num-
ber of representatives from each
political party, tosplit up state distric-
ts.
The court ruled yesterday that this
equal population clause violated the
equal protection clause of the U.S. Con-
stitution. The ruling also said the
special committee was uncon-
stitutional, because it was so closely
linked to provisions of the invalidated
amendment.
The court started reviewing the
redistricting problem early last month
when members of apportionment
committee became deadlocked along
party lines. Yesterday's decision came
only four, days before the court was
scheduled to hear legal briefs suppor-
ting redistricting plans presented by
the committee.
THE NINETEEN-page court outline
of the ruling provided a new set of
criteria under which redistricting will
proceed this year.
The main priority for the new
redistricting rules will be adhering to
governmental boundary lines-county,
city, and township.
The new instructions were given to
retired elections director Bernard Apol,

who was asked by the court to draw up
a revised reapportionment plan within
eight weeks.
The court also gave the state
legislature an opportunity to settle the
redistricting issue. Any plan approved
by both houses of the state legislature
and signed by Gov. William Milliken
before May 4 will take precedence over
Apol's plan, the court decided.
REACTION TO yesterday's ruling
was mostly critical.
Democratic member of the appor-
tionment committee Robert Kleiner,
who has worked on redistricting in the
past," said that he "respectfully.
disagrees" with the ruling. Kleiner said
the instructions of the court may
produce a redistricting plan favoring
Republicans. /
"These standards (governmental
boundaries) are not good government
standards; they are pre-
apportionment, gerrymandered boun-
daries and will produce, different
results (as to which party is favored)
depending on which state you apply
them to.. . by giving way to geography
you advantage the party that is spread
most widely across the state," Kleiner
said.
Democrats, who are concentrated in
the southeast part of the state, will be
hurt by the governmental boundaries
priority, according to Kleiner.
Richard Sanderson, a Republican
member of the apportionment commit-
tee, said that he also was "upset with
the decision" and that he thought the
court was "ducking its responsibility."
Sanderson expressed doubts that the
legislature would be able to resolve the
issue within the month the court has
allowed.
The court recently was considering
three proposals on redistricting-two
from Democratic, and one
Republican-that predictably helped
the party that created, them. These
plans will have to be scrapped with the
court's new ruling.

U.S. warns of Cuban danger

WASHINGTON (UPI)- The United
States has maintained contact with
Cuba to impress on the Castro gover-
nment the "dangers that there are for
all of us" from Cuban-backed insurgen.
cy in Central America, a ranking ad-
ministration official said yesterday.
Thomas Enders, assistant secretary
of state for inter-American affairs,
would not comment directly on reports
that Ambassador-at-large Vernon
Walters met with Cuban President
Fidel Castro for four hours in Havana
earlier this month to discuss Cubah ties
to Nicaragua and leftist guerrillas in El

Salvador.
BUT, ENDERS said on the CBS Mor-
ning News, "We've always thought that
there should be a dimension of contact
with declared or potential adversaries
in the region."
"We are very concerned by this big
campaign by Cuba in Central America
to unite the left and arm it and train it,"
he said. "And we are trying to com-
municate to the Cubans some of the
dangers that there are for all of us if
this campaign continues at the level it
is."
The United States has charged that

Cuba, the Soviet Union and Nicaragua
are training and arming the leftist
guerrillas fighting the U.S.-backed
Duarte junta in El Salvador.
ENDERS declined to say whether the
administration would cut off. military
and economic aid to El Salvador if the
winner of Sunday's elections is an in-
creasingly powerful ultra-rightist
movement led by Roberto d'Aubuisson,
who opposes land reform and has been
linked to death squads.
But he said the United States will ex-
pect the new government to continue
the political, economic and social
reforms now under way.

Guatemala to 'judge' old regime

From AP and UPI
GUATEMALA CITY - Guatemala's new military junta
will investigate and, if necessary prosecute officials of the
ousted rightist regime, a spokesman for the junta said
yesterday.
The spokesman also denied any U.S. involvement in this
week's coup, aid said the junta hoped for closer relations with
Washington.
"THESE GOVERNMENT officials will be investigated
and judged according to the degree of guilt found," Gen.
Efrain Rios Montt, head of the three-man junta, told a news
conference.
Other spokesmen said senior officers and other officials of
deposed Gen. Fernando Romeo Lucas Garcia's regime have
TODAY
Bottoms up!
A LOT OF PEOPLE think drinking (alcohol) is
a lot of fun. Some people think drinking a lot is a
lot of fun. And, then, there are those that think
drinking a lot is really a lot of fun. This last group
of people is in Kentucky today, trying to drain the world's
largest cocktail. The concoction. containing 480 pineapples,

been barred from leaving the country, and many were placed
under house arrest, pending an investigation.
MEANWHILE, THE United Opposition, Guatemala's most
moderate political group, announced yesterday that it would
stage a series of demonostrations to support the 4-day-old
military junta.
"Day fby day we can be confident of a basic change for a
democratic process in Guatemala," said Vinicio Cerezo
Arevalo, head of the Christian Democratic Party that makes
up 50 percent of the United Oppostion.
Renan Quinonez, secretary general of the National.
Renovator Party, a Christian Democrat ally, said the United
Opposition was calling a mass demonstratrion in Guatemala
City's main square Monday in support of the junta.

H onors D "ay Daily Photo by MIKE LUCAS
At a reception in the Michigan League ballroom yesterday afternoon following'the University's Honors Convocation,
President Harold Shapiro greets student Dave Brede while his mother Bonnie Brede looks on. The annual Convocation
recognizes students throughout the University for their excellence in academic performance.

ded in the earth's orbit.Like any good University alumnus,
Columbia Space Shuttle Commander Jack Lousma finds it
hard to go anywhere without his Wolverine paraphernalia.
So, during this week's orbit around earth, Lousma brought-
along his "M-Go Blue" bumper sticker for the outer space
ride. Pictured are Lousma and Columbia pilot C. Gordon
Fullerton, as they wave from inside their cabin and show
off their Michigan memorabilia. The Columbia's third
mission is going as smoothly as its Monday morning lift-off,
no doubt benefitting from the life provided by the inspiring
maize and blue motto. 11

President Harlan Hatcher.
" 1920-Students were reeling from the Regents new
tuition increases. The increase called for an in-state tuition
of $75 for woman, $80 for men, and $110 for out of state
students. University officials pointed out that the tuition is
still a bargain when compared to the $200 dollar tuition at
Harvard U.
" 1918-A fourth verse was suggested for "The Yellow and
Blue," the University anthem. The new verse paid tribute
to Michigan men in the service.

.... . .$ k .. t 1 1

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