The Michigan Daily-Thursday, MArch 18, 1982-Page 7
ASHINGTON (AP) - Nearly 80
percent of -smokers have potentially
dangerous levels of carbon monoxide in
their blood which can increase the
chance of complications from heart
disease, a federally funded survey
Only about 5 percent of the 'non-
smokers were found to have: comparable
carbon monoxide levels, the survey for
the National Center for. Health
OF THE FOUR primary sources of
carbon,, monoxide - smoking, oc-
cupational exposures- and outdoor and
indoor exposures - smoking was found
to be "the most significant and
The conclusions were drawn from
data collected by the center in its
National Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey, conducted from
February 1976 to February 1980.
A carbon monoxide level in the blood
above'2 percent in healthy non-smokers
is considered to be a potential health
hazard. Smokers are regularly exposed
to higher levels of carbon monoxide
fjom their burning tobacco.
'The smoking population showed a
mean carbon monoxide blood level of
more than 4 percent; for never-
smokers, the mean was less than 1 per-
cent," the report said.
"We have reason to suspect that car-
bon monoxide may play a role in
precipitating heart attacks," said Dr.
Edward Radford, an epidemiologist
frm the Unviersity fo Pitsburgh who
prepared the study for the Health and
Human Services Department agency.
He addd the role of carbon monoxide in
eart disease is not fully understood.
(Continued from Page 1)
elementary and secondary schools,
local governments and state depar-
No full legislative vote is needed on
the executive order, but the House and
Senate appropriations committees
have only 10 calendar days to act on it.
MEANWHILE, the House Taxation
Committee agreed yesterday to delay
consideration of Milliken's proposed in-
come tax increase until the related
issue of transportation funding is
Taxation Chairman William Ryan
(D-Detroit) said the action does not
necessarily delay the timetable for
passage of a package:.
He has said Milliken's call for a tax
increase to be passed by April 1 is not
reasonable, adding he believes the full
House would probably not act upon the
tax increase until a transportation
proposal is developed in final form,
El Salvador may get a
WASHINGTON (AP)- President Reagan, asser-
ting that "extremist groups and violent minorities
are exploiting" economic misery in Central America
and the Caribbean, said yesterday that El Salvador
should get one-third of the $350 million in emergency
aid he seeks for the region.
"El Salvador's economy is in desperate straits,"
Reagan said in the message which formally advan-
ced his Caribbean basin program to Congress. "The
insurgents have used every tactic of terrorism to try
to destroy it."
AS INDICATED when Reagan unveiled the
initiative in a speech to the Organization of American
States last month, there was no aid included for
Nicaragua. Administratioh aides said that lover-
nment-to-government aid for the leftist-run
Nicaragua was cut off last April.
At a hearing on the initiative a few hours after
Reagan's message was released, Sen. Robert Kasten
(R-Wis.), chairman of the Senate Appropriations
subcommittee on foreign operations, called it "a first
important step" to deal with ''important dangers" in
the Caribbean area.
Kasten added, ''The American people do not sup-
port and will not support U.S. policy in the area"
without additional evidence that the leftist gover-
nments of Cuba and Nicaragua are instigating
REAGAN SAID, "Thewell-being and security of
our Caribbean neighbors are in our own vital in-
terest." "Economic disaster is consuming our neigh-
bor's 'money reserves and credit. It is- forcing
thousands of people to emigrate, and threatening
even the most established democracies," he said.
"Extremist groups and violent minorities are ex-
ploiting this economic misery to gain new footholds in
this hemisphere," Reagan said. "If we don't act now,
the dangers will grow. New Cubas will arise. The cost
of ensuring our security to the South will escalate."
In addition, Reagan's proposed 1983 economic
assistance program calls for spending $664 million in
the region. It is not part of the legislation he recom-
mended on Wednesday.
REAGAN ALSO.said he was taking several stes.
that 'do not require congressional action. They ir'
elude extending more favorable treatment to Carit
bean region textile exports, seeking investme
treaties with, Caribbean nations, and expandiq
protection by the U.S. Export-Import Bank for sho
term credit offered by U.S. banks to Caribbean
dustry for critical imports.
The president said this did not amount to "foreig
aid as usual," but that it was a program "based on
unique American practices that we know work." ;
"It will support out neighbors' efforts to achieve
economic progress, political democracy, soci
justice, and freedom from outside intervention, he
said. "By encouraging a more productive and
dynamic private sector, it will develop the jobs,,'
goods and services which the people of the basin neeg
for a better life."
Reagan acknowledged that the United States was ..
facing "a period of economic difficulty." But, he said,
lie would not propose this program "if I were not con
vinced that it is in our vital national interest."
ter ; '
, ' r
. . Reaaan
... pushes for Caribbean aid
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