Partly sunny, windy, and
mild today, with a high in
the mid 40s.
l Vol. XCII, No. 125
Copyright 1982, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, March 11, 1982
Ten Cents Ten Pages
*aid to be
WASHINGTON (AP) - Federal aid to
college students would be slashed
nearly in half by 1984 under cutbacks
already enacted or sought by President
Reagan, Congress' top economic ad-
viser said yesterday.
Alice Rivlin, director of the
Congressional Budget Office, also told a
House subcommittee on postsecondary
education that Reagan's cuts in student
loans were "drastic" and likely to
make it impossible for graduate
students to borrow.
MEANWHILE, Education Secretary
T.H. Bell was put on the defensive by a
House appropriations subcommittee
about the proposed cuts in his overall
budget from $13 billion to less than $10
billion in fiscal 1983.
Bell said some people charge "the
president doesn't care about
"That's unfair and that's not true,"
Bell said. "His record in eight years as
governor of California indicates his
commitment to education. It's just this
horrendous fiscal dilemma that we find
ourselves in right now."
RIVLIN testified that federal loans,
grants and other aid pay one-third of all
college tuition, room and board bills.
She said five million to six million
students - 1 in 2-- got help amounting
to $14.7 billion in fiscal 1981.
Almost half the aid was in the form of
loans, and roughly 20 percent went to
See FINANCIAL, Page 7
Daily Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
HELENE FLON, a member of the local Latin American Solidarity Committee, urges students in the Fishbowl yester-
day to join the opposition to the Reagan administration's aid to the El Salvador junta. Secretary of State Alexander
Haig defended the administration's policies before congressional leaders yesterday.
Haig says U.S. military
aid vital to E Salvador
By JANET RAE
Noting that "further cuts could havre
disastrous effects" on the state's higher
education programs, Gov. William
Milliken yesterday spared the Univer-
sity any further budget cuts beyond an
appropriations deferment plan which
had been announced last January.
However, because the governor made
no mention of the deferment plan, he left
some doubt as to whether the
previously announced appropriations
program still stands.
AND, IN A dramatic reversal of
earlier economic policy, Milliken an-
nounced a state income tax hike of
seven-tenths of one percent. The tax
hike, if approved by the state
legislature,will go into effect April 1, he
During a televised presentation last
night, Milliken called for legislative
approval of his plan of budget reduc-
tions, employee concessions and the
state income tax increase to offset a
$515 million state budget deficit.
Milliken's plan - which includes a
record $450 million executive order
spending cut - calls for withholding the
University's fourth quarter (July,
August, and September) state ap-
UNDER THE plan presented by State
Budget Director Gerald Miller in
January, that $38 million would be
repaid to the University in thirds during:
the following fiscal year, in addition to
WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of
State Alexander Haig said yesterday
that withdrawal of U.S. military
aid would be a -"fatal blow" to the
government of El Salvador in its battle
against leftist guerrillas.
Testifying before a Senate panel that
screens foreign aid requests, Haig also
said it is "too early to say" whether the
United States would continue to supply
aid if extreme rightists win the March
28 Salvadoran election.
When Sen. J. Bennett Johnston (D-
La.) asked what would happen in El
Salvador if the United States withdrew
its aid, Haig replied, "It would be, I
think, a fatal blow to the government's
ability to sustain itself."
THE SECRETARY added, however,
that the outlook for the ruling junta is
"not as grim as is sometimes
suggested" and "in practical terms, the
guerrillas are not about to overrun the
Haig appeared before the foreign
operations subcommittee of the Senate
Appropriations Committee as the
Reagan administration continued its ef-
forts to rally public support for its Cen-
tral American policies.
On Tuesday, intelligence experts
showed off aerial photographs that they
say show a massive Soviet-supplied
military buildup in Nicaragua.
HAIG SAID the insurrection in El
Salvador is "largely" and "essen-
tially" controlled from Managua, the
capital of Nicaragua. Sen. Robert
Kasten (R-Wis.), chairman of the sub-
committee, said the aerial photographs
were "helpful" but "additional hard
See HAIG, Page 2
... proposes tax hike
a 14 percent appropriations increase.
The governor's speech last night
did not make it clear whether he still in-
tends to repay those losses when the
1982-83 fiscal year. begins Oct. 1. Miller
said Milliken's proposed budget for
1982-83, still awaiting initial legislative
action;,.already must be reduced $194
See MILLIKEN, Page 2
More 'U' engineering graduates
leaving state may hurt economy
By SCOTT STUCKAL
With UPI reports1
A growing trend of University engin-
eering students leaving for jobs outside
W Michigan after graduation may
seriously hamper the state's efforts to,
diversify its economy.
James Duderstadt, dean of the
University's College of Engineering,
said yesterday that growing numbers of
engineering graduates are passing up
jobs in Michigan for higher-paying ones
in high-technology industries in the
South and West.
THIS HURTS Michigan's chances of
building a strong high-technology in-
dustry in the state and attracting new
industries to the economically troubled
area, Duderstadt said.
The number of Michigan engineering
By CHRIS SALATA
The State Board of Education
unanimously adopted a resolution
yesterday opposing the teaching of
creationism in public schools.
The resolution, introduced by State
Board Secretary Barbara Roberts
Mason (D-Lansing), requires "any
school district currently teaching
creationism or any course in religion in
an attempt to indoctrinate (students)
toward any particular belief or
disbelief cease and desist such a
IT ALSO reaffirms the board's desire
that constitutional provisions guaran-
teeing the separation of church and
state be strictly enforced by the state
attorney general's office.
Gumecindo Salas (D-East Lansing)
graduates choosing to remain in
Michigan has dropped 25 percent over
the past year, Duderstadt said.
Traditionally, Duderstadt said, about
one in every three University
engineering graduates take a job in
Michigan, while another one in three
selects a city in the Great Lakes area as
his or her place of employment.
DUDERSTADT said the way to
reverse this damaging trend is for in-
dustry and the state to boost their sup-
port for the engineering college. He
said declining state financial support is
allowing engineering programs to
deteriorate. This, he said, will result in
a decline in the quality of graduates
and, ultimately, will harm the state's
efforts to build a top-quality high-
technology industry in Michigan.
But, a number of engineering seniors
contacted last night said they still plan
to leave the state after graduation.
Engineering senior Stephen Akiello,
who is from Trenton, Michigan, said he
plans to accept a job in California "b
ecause I don't think Michigan has a hell
of a lot to offer."
Another senior in industrial
engineering, Steve Langer, said he too
plans to leave the state once he
graduates. "I think I might be out of
state," he said. "Things are a little
depressed around here. There's not a
lot of opportunity for industrial
engineers. Things are juist so tight."
By ABBY TABB
University experts are forecasting
that an economic recovery from the
current national recession will begin in
the second quarter of this year and will
then accelerate sharply after mid-year
when the second stage of President
Reagan's personal tax cuts take effect.
The forecast, put together by some of
the University's leading economists, is
in the periodic update of a report made
last November at the University's 29th
annual Conference on the Economic
Outlook. University Economics Prof.
Saul Hymans, University President
Harold Shapiro, and - University
Economics Research Assistant Joan
Crary comprised the forecasting team.
ONE SIGN OF economic upturn in-
cludes a forecasted rise in the Gross
National Product's annual growth rate
(adjusted to inflation) in the spring
quarter of this year. Other signs in-
clude a predicted rise in auto sales of
500,000 units from the first to the second
quarter of 1982 and a rise in housing
starts of about 140,000 units during the
The forecast also predicts the unem-
ployment rate will peak at mid-year at
a quarterly average of .9.2 percent and
then will decline until the closing quar-
ter of 1983 at 6.8 percent. They expect
the inflation rate to decline from 6 per-
See 'U' REPORT, Page 7
s against C
had proposed a resolution last month
which would have expressed the
board's adament opposition to "the
teaching of any religion or religious
theory in our public schools." That
resolution was dumped by 'a tie vote
split along party lines.
The Mason resolution state the board
will "oppose the teaching of any course
in religion in public education in-
stitutions which is outside of the realm
of a secular program of education."
Howard Simon, director of the
Michigan chapter of the American Civil
Liberties Union, applauded the
resolution. "It is cautiously worded, but
in a crucial respect intelligently wor-
ded," he said.
The resolution, said Simon, is only
"the necessary first step" in efforts to
keep creationism out of the public
schools' science curriculum.
Rep. Alan Cropsey (R-DeWitt), a
leading proponent of creationism in the
state legislature, said he considered the
vote "merely a recommendation... not
binding on the local school districts."
Simon denies allegations by
creationists that the ACLU is attem-
pting to be a censor for public school
education. "We are not engaged in an
effort to ban creationism," he said.
"We are engaged in an effort to make
fundamentalists be a little more honest
than they have been."
"If (the creationists) are honest
enough to call it religion, there are
places it can be taught," Simon said.
School board officials in at least three
Michigan school districts have allowed
creationism to be taught alongside
evolution in science classrooms.
Daily Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
The new Alumni Building sports a sparkling facade as construction wraps
up. The building, located opposite the Rackham Building, will open soon af-
ter finishing touches on the interior are completed.
HOSE MICHIGAN State University researchers
just don't stop. The latest from the East Lansing
gang is a snappy little study of physicians'
fetishes. It reports that physicians most dislike
patients who are dirty, demanding, and hostile, and those
whose conditions are hardest to cure. David Klein, a
professor of social sciences and human development, based
his conclusions on a survey of 1,000 members of the
ditions they seem to dislike most are the ones they can't
cure or aren't trained to deal with," he said. Responses on
social characteristics indicate doctors strongly adhere to
traditional American, Protestant values, Klein said, adding
this indicates a need for a change in medical school prac-
Indiana Jones, the hero played in the adventure film
Raiders of the Lost Ark, has done more than entertain
moviegoers coast-to-coast. He has fostered a fashion trend.
women are buying fedoras for themselves. Many couples in
Manhattan can be seen wearing look-alike hats.
"Everybody wants to be a hero, and they. identify with
people who lead more exciting, adventurous lives," said
Marsha Akins, designer of Makins Hats. "The hat becomes
part of the identification, part of the fantasy. One year it
was Kojak, even though the hat was ugly, another year it
was the urban cowboy and this year the macho image is In-
diana Jones," she said. Gary Rosenthal, president of the
Stetson Hat Co., said he is delighted by the reaction to the
Indiana Jones' look. He said the strongest reaction so far
has come, as may be expected, from those in the 18-30 age
Also on this date:
" 1963- Five University professors took part in a "balan-
ced" non-partisan probing of eight major sections of the
proposed state constitution.
" 1949- The newest innovations at West Quad were table
cloths at all evening meals. Actually the new system was an
experiment to discover whether men in the Quad could keep
the cloths clean so that there will be enough to continue
* 1933- Registration in the College of Engineering
showed a decrease in enrollment from 1,326 to 1,225 6tuden-
ts. The mechanical engineering department was still the