The Michigan Daily-Saturday, January 30, 1982-Page 3
Officials push for improved CPR trainin
By KAREN SANDLIN.
It was day like any other early in
the Christmas season: a chill in the air,,
a few snowflakes glittering in the faded
sun, shoppers bustling from store to
tore inside the decorated mall. Sud-
enly, a middle-aged woman laden with
packages collapsed in the middle of a
Uncounted minutes slipped away as a
crowd of gawkers pushed close to the
unmoving figure, motionless them-
selves, seemingly unable to respond.
PERHAPS FIVE minutes passed,
perhaps more. No one really knew how
long it had been before Gary shoved to
the center of the crowd, knelt down
side the collapsed woman, and began
cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
in a desperate attempt to save her life.
Gary never knew what happened to
the woman after the ambulance finally
took her away. Because of the length of
time between her collapse and the start
of CPR, she probably died.
When the woman suffered her heart
attack at the shopping mall, no one
thought to call for a security guard, an
ambulance, or any other professional
help.- Only one person in the crowd,
Gary, knew how to perform CPR.
TO COMBAT THIS inability of most
people to cope with such medical crises,
officials in both the American Red
Cross and in state government ,have
launched efforts to promote CPR.
State Rep. Perry Bullard (D-Ann Ar-
bor) has proposed a bill that would
require public schools to offer training
in CPR techniques. According to
Bullard's legislative aide, Dan Sharp,
the legislation has been blocked in the
state House Education Committee by
Gov. William Milliken's budget cut-
At the same time, the American Red
Cross has christened February "Heart
Month," and has initiated its annual
drive to encourage people to learn CPR.
As part of its program, both in-depth
and shorter classes will be offered in
the life-saving technique. In addition,
'To my knowledge, there has not been
a successful prosecution for perfor-
the University Activities Center each
semester offers a mini-course in CPR.
TIME IS A critical factor in saving
the life of a heart attack victim, accor-
ding to doctors, who point out that a vic-
tim may suffer brain damage from lack
of oxygen unless CPR is administered
within four to six minutes after the time
of heart failure.
Citizen aid, called Bystander CPR, is
often required to save the life, allied
health officials say,,because ambulances
often cannot arrive at the scene in time.
Dale Berry, the general manager of
Huron Valley Ambulance Service, said
it usually takes an ambulance "six
minutes, maybe a little more" to arrive
at an emergency scene in Ann Arbor.
CPR, however, is not often suc-
cessful. According to Dr. Richard Bur-
ney, who directs a CPR training
program at University Hospitals, the
current survival rate of Ann Arbor
heart attack victims who received CPR
is between 5 percent and 6 percent.
Burney said these figures are average
for a city with good CPR training.
BOTH BURNEY and Berry said they
hope that greater citizen participation
will boost the survival rate of heart at-
tack victims. Berry is more optimistic,
predicting a possible 50 percent sur-
vival rate in the future, while Burney
contends that 20 percent is a more
Improvement, they agree, depends
on several factors: the number of
citizens who will learn CPR and ad-
minister it immediately, getting
professional medical help to the scene
in four to eight minutes, and getting the
victim to hospital care within 10
minutes of collapse.
However, Burney further explained
that of all the "witnessed cardiac
arrests" in Ann Arbor in 1979-wit-
nessed meaning that another citizen or
a family member saw the victim
collapse-in only 17.4 percent of the
cases did bystanders attempt to per-
form CPR. He went on to say that
various reasons account for the lack of
action, primarily the fact that so many
people are untrained in CPR, but also
because trained bystanders have no
confidence in their ability to administer
Some bystanders fear that if they ap'
ply CPR improperly, they may only fur-
ther injure the victim or may later be
sued for their actions, Burney said. But,
according to David Yountas,
educational coordinator at St. Joseph's,
Hospital, all bystanders are protected
from lawsuits by Good Samaritan laws.
"To my knowledge, there has not been
a successful prosecution for performing
CPR," Yountas said.
There are, however, some very real
hazards in administering ,CPR. Since
CPR requires pressing hard on the vic-
tim's chest, if the technique is not
correctly applied, the victim's ribs and
a triangular bone at the base of the
breastbone can be broken, slicing the
liver and causing serious injury.
Dozier calls ordeal,.
his 'small sacrifice'
From AP and UPI
VICENZA, Italy - Brig. Gen. James
Dozier thanked the world for its
prayers Friday and said his 42-day or-
deal as a prisoner of the Red Brigades
was "my small sacrifice on behalf of
The 50-year-old general, wearing his
green Army uniform and displaying a
fresh crew cut, praised the Italian
commando team that broke into the
apartment where he was held, over-
powered a guard holding a gun to his
head and set him free.
In Verona, the police chief said it was
clear that the Marxist urban guerrilas
would have murdered Dozier if Italian
police commandos had not rescued:him
DOZIER WAS kidnapped from his
Verona apartment Dec. 17 by a Red
Brigades squad posing as plumbers.
"For the first few days . .. he was
either blindfolded, or they put hoods
over their heads. Later, however, they
stopped using any precautions, a sign
that the death sentence had already been
pronounced," an Italian official said.
The rescue mission and the accom-
panying arrests of suspected terrorists
elsewhere around Italy has been called
a major blow to the Red Brigades.
THE GENERAL, who said he prayed
regularly during his captivity, thanked
Italians and people the world over for
"During the last six weeks I have
been on the receiving end of a lot of
prayers. One of the reasons I'm con-
vinced that I'm standing here today is
that the successful conclusion of this
situation is the result of praying on
the parts of a lot of people," he said.
Freezing rain had Nebraskans skidding into the weekend yesterday for the fourth weekend in a row. Martin Elias of
Omaha, a driver for Watts Trucking, first slid into the ditch while on his garbage run. Then he nearly lost it while on
Officials to present '5
(Continued from Page 1) fire-resistant,
and there was no restriction of people In 1955, re
through there," Pilkerson said. definitive link
William Joy, director of the Univer- asbestosis (a
sity's - Department of Environmental are irritated b
and Occupational Health and Safety, According t
said his department hadn't received area slated fo
any samples of building material from have asbest
either Frieze or theUnion. present, a mu
Of the nearly 3000 asbestos products of removal tha
manufactured today, about two- Building and t
thirds-including insulation, cement "We close t
production, floor tiling, roofing, and double entran
plastics-are used for construction; ducts and ma
During the construction boom of the sort of 'coco
1930s and 1940s, asbestos was com- methods of di.
monly used in building because of its are also maint
reputation ,as an inexpensive, sturdy, According
searchers established a
k between asbestos and
disease in which the lungs
y inhaled asbestos dust).
to Joy, when a University
r remodeling is deemed to
tos building materials
ch more elaborate system
an those used in the Frieze
the Union is employed. -
he area with plastic and a'
ace flap, seal off the air
ke the work area into a
ion',A' said Joy. Special
sposal and worker safety
tained, he added.
to attorney Weiss,
aqbestos exposure victims seldom ex-
perience reactions to the mineral until
several years later. "It would be so far
down the road that if they (staff mem-
bers or students) caught something,
they-would never relate it to a building
being torn down on campus years
earlier," he said.
IContinued from Page 1)
"WE DON'T know who would be cut'
yet," he said. "We don't have a hit
Frye presented a rought draft of his
plan last night to the Budget Priorities
Committee, an advisory board made up
of faculty members, administrators,
and students. Two members of the BPC
were appointed last month to work with
Frye's staff in drawing up the so-called
BPC CHAIRWOMAN Mary Ann
Swain, reached last night after the
meeting, declined to comment on the
reaction of BPC members to Frye's
plan. Frye had met earlier in the week
with the Academic Affairs Advisory
Committee and the deans of a number
of the University's schools and colleges
to solicit their comments on his plan.
Frye will present the plan to the
Jniveristy's executive officers in a
In earlier presentations to faculty
members, Frye has cited five areas of
high "priority" - faculty salaries, aid to
graduate students, research, equip-
ment, and "new intellectual thrusts" -
creation of new acadlemic programs,
for example in technology and science.
"THE PROPOSALS will be available
for the various groups to discuss," Frye
said. "In that sense, it won't be a closed
process; it will be an open one."
Frye said he expects to distribute the
plan in written form some time late
... credits prayers for safety '.
"It's in my stage of planning. None of
it is written down anywhere, except in
my handwriting," Frye said.
WHILE THE plans for further budget
cutting reviews have not been finalized,
Sauve said announcement of such
reviews "would have to be fairly soon."
"In order to stay on schedule, (Frye)
would have to have those reviews com-
pleted and recommendations back to
himn by next December," he said.
Sauve said sinilar efforts toward
long-range planning had been attem-
pted in the past with little success.
"During the 60s, the frame of mind
was based on the idea of 'bigger and
better,' " he said. But ~as the so-called
"baby boom" came to an end and the
University's economic situation
declined, such plans for continued ex-
pansion had to be abandoned, he said.
GM auto talks failure
prompts rebate offers.
(Continued from Page 1)
ter the talks broke down. "Obviously,
cutting prices would have generated
more sales and meant more jobs. This
means there will be more layoffs.
"Things are going to be worse in the
auto industry than they otherwise
would have been had we reached an
agreement. We've lost jobs as a con-
sequence. The American consumer has
lost a reduction in prices."
THE BREAKDOWN, announced 30
minutes before a union-imposed
deadline for negotiations, means con-
tract talks between the union and the
nation's No. 1 automaker will not
resume until July, the traditional time
for auto industry contract talks.
Current contracts expire Sept..14.
"Obviously, we're going to have more
layoffs than we'd planned," Smith said
Friday inan appearance on NBC-TV's
Asked after the rebate announcement
whether the company still would be for-
ced into more layoffs, Smith said, "Af-
ter this 60-day program, I hope not,'but
we'll have to wait and see."
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Eclipse Jazz presents solo jazz pianist Oscar Peterson in concert today at 8
p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
AAFC-Body Heat, 7, 9p.m., MLB 3.
Alternative Action-Bipe Collar, 7, 9p.m., MLB 4.
Cinema Guild-The Black Stallion, 7, 9:15 p.m., Lorch Hall.
Classic Film Theater-Psycho, 3, 7, 11 p.m., Frenzy, 5, 9 p.m., Michigan
Cinema II-The Third Generation, 7, 9 p.m., Angell Aud. A.
Mediatrics-The Twelve Chairs, 6:45, 10:15 p.m., Nat. Sci.; The
Producers, 8:30 p.m., Nat. Sci.
Nuclear Freeze Campaign-Rocky and Bullwinkle Cartoons, 5, 7:30 p.m.,
Friends Meeting House, 1420 Hill.
PIRGIM & DSOC-Dario Fo's play, "We Won't Pay! We Won't Pay!" 8
p.m., Performance Network, 408 W. Washington St.
Canterbury Loft-"She Brought Me Violets" by Ellen Linnel Prosser, 8
p.m., 1332S. State St.
The Ark-Musical Comedy by Andy Breckman, 9 p.m., 421 Hill St.
Ann Arbor Go Club- 2-7 p.m., 1433 Mason Hall.
Women's Basketball-vs. Wayne State, 2 p.m., Crisler Arena.
Ann Arbor Science Fiction Association, Inc.-Science Fiction Confusion,
Plymouth Hilton, 14707 Northville Dr.
School of Music/Musical Society-Pianist Anthony di Bonaventura,
"master class," 10:30 a.m., Rackham.
Wayne State University-James Joyce Centenary Symposium, 9 a.m.,
Conference Center on the W.S.U. Campus, 495 Ferry Mall.
Dance Slimnastics, Ltd.-Training session for instructors, 9 a.m., Ann Ar-
bor Community Center, 625 N. Main.
National Women's Political Caucus- reception and dinner, "Win With
Women," Marriott Inn.
Saturday, January 30
Hill Auditorium -8 P.M.
Tickets: $9.50, 8.50, 7.50
reserved, on sale now
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