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January 20, 1982 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1982-01-20

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Page 2--Wednesday, January 20, 1982-The Michigan Daily
Court rules on teen de

From UPI and AP
WASHINGTON- The Supreme Court, tackling a
difficult death penalty issue, ruled 5-4 yesterday
courts must give great weight to a defendant's ' men-
tal and emotional background" when imposing the
death sentence on a minor.
The decision threw out the death sentence of Monty
Lee Eddings, who was a 16-year-old runaway when he
killed an Oklahoma state trooper with a sawed-off
shotgun in 1977.
THE CASE marked Justice Sandra Day O'Connor's
most important vote since coming to the high court,
since her concurrence created the majority lineup.
The ruling gives juveniles significant additional
protection from the death penalty, but does not rule it

Justice Lewis Powell, writing for the majority, said
tle justices were not reaching the question of
whether the Eighth Amendment's b an against cruel
and unusual punishment forbids execution of a
defendant 16 or under at the time of the crime.
BUT POWELL stressed that under guidelines
established in previous high court rulings, judges and
juries must consider "the characteristics of the per-
son who committed the crime."
In capital punishment cases involving juveniles,
courts must weigh "any relevant mitigating fact"
that stems from a defendant's age and personal
history, he said.
"Youth is more than a chronological fact," Powell
wrote. "It is a time and condition of life when a per-

th penalty
son may be most susceptible to influence and to
psychological damage."
AS OF LAST May 1,17 of the more than 800 inmates
on death rows across the nation were under 18 at the
time of 'their crimes. About half the states allow the
death penalty for juveniles.
The most recent execution of someone under 18 was
Joe Henry Johnson, 17, executed in 1961 by Alabama.
In a second decision delivered yesterday, the court
affirmed on a 4-4 tie vote a lower court ruling that a
$1,000 spending limit on independent committees in
support of a presidential candidate is a violation of
free speech guarantees.
The decision opens the door to massive private
spending in the 1984 race for president.

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nuke plant

GRENOBLE, France (UPI) - Self-
styled "peace-loving ecologists" fired
five rockets from a Soviet launcher
yesterday at a nuclear plant under con-
struction in an apparent protest against
the socialist government's pledge to
continue France's nuclear power
Police said three rockets fired across
the Rhone River hit the main 250-foot
tower that will house the 1,200-
megawatt super-Phenis fast-breeder
reactor and two others hit a crane at the
site in southwestern France about 40
miles south of Lyon.
Damage was light but officials of the
Nersa industrial consortium building
the $1.5 billion plant said the rockets
narrowly missed a group of 20 night-

shift workers inside the tower. No radio
active material was at-the site.
A VILLAGER from Flavieu, a near-
by farming hamlet, said, "It sounded
like real artillery. The rockets, flying
across the river with red flames
trailing behind and clearly visible in the
darkness, came down with a thun-
derous noise."
Police reinforcements found the
launcher 400 yards from the plan, on the
opposite bank of the Rhone. It was
described as a Soviet army weapon
built in the 1960s and firing 60 mm
Investigators said security around
the Super-Phenix, due to open in two
years, would be "vastly increased."

They feared the attack could lead to a
more violent campaign against Fran-
ce's nuclear power program.
THE SOCIALIST Party, reversing
its election promises, decided after
coming to power last year to continue/
the program despite protests from
ecological groups.
France claims that Super-Phenix
type reactors would allow it to sharply
reduce its dependence on oil imports.
Breeder reactors differ from conven-
tional nuclear power plants in that
breeders produce more nuclear fuel,
than they consume. They generate
plutonium from which nuclear weapons
are made, and which is one of the most
toxic substances known.

Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Church wants Walesa,
WARSAW, Poland- Poland's Roman Catholic bishops met in extraor-
dinary session yesterday to discuss the church's stand on martial law and its
negotiations with the government to take custody of Solidarity union leader
Lech Walesa.
A high-ranking. church official said the Communist regime had begun
transferring some of the 5,000 Poles arrested since the Dec. 13 military
crackdown to permanent'internment camps-a sign that martial law might
last a long time.
Solidarity, in a clandestine leaflet, meanwhile denounced union officials
who cooperated with the government as "traitors and collaborators" and
called on Poles to follow the example of Walesa, who has refused to negotiate
unless his conditions are met.
Economy woes remain
WASHINGTON- Anericans' incomes rose less in December than in any
month since early 1980, the government reportedyesterday, giving little en-
couragement that consumers might sornehow quickly spend the nation out of
the recession. 4
In a separate report, the government said housing starts rebounded sub-
stantially in December but not enough to keep starts for all of 1981 from the
lowest level in 35 years.
Added to earlier reports that industrial production sank and unem-.
ployment soared in December, the new income figures made it clear that
last month was the worst yet in the 1981-82 recession.
Cold wave stuns South
A departing cold wave left its calling card across the South yesterday,
spreading freezing rain and blinding fog that stranded thousands of
travelers and caused countless chain-reaction smashups on the highways.
"It was just like greased soap," said Police Chief Ralph Deal in Kingsport,
Tenn. "You couldn't even walk. I'd say it was the worst ice conditions I've
seen in 31 years of law enforcement."
Traffic deaths brought the total to almost 300 people killed since record-
breaking polar air surged into the nation on Jan. 9.
But while the cold wave called the Siberian Express was moving out of the
country, forecasters said another arctic blast could be expected at mid-week
and temperatures would be generally below normal over the eastern two-
thirds of the nation for the next month.
Democrats unveil plan
to redistrict state
LANSING- A Democratic congressional redistricting plan that would
wipe out Republican Rep. Carl Pursell's district was denounced by a key
GOP lawmaker yesterday as "terrible.
The plan was unveiled in the House Elections Committee, whose chairman
insisted it was just a starting point for negotiations over new congressional
boundaries and that the real negotiations will take place in a House-Senate
conference committee.
"We wanted to put something together to get things moving," said the
chairman, Rep. Michael Griffin (D-Jackson). He, acknowledged that Gov.
William Milliken,a Republican, would probably veto the plan as it now stan-
Bodies still missing
from D.C. crash
WASHINGTON- The bodies of some victims of la*, week's Air Florida
jetliner crash may never be recovered from the waters of the Potomac
River, the headpf thesalvage operation said yesterday.
Evidence was growing that the plane's nose was at an extremely high
angle shortly after it took off in a swirling snowstorm last Wednesday from
National Airport.
As of midafternoon yesterday, divers had raised one more body and a por-
tion of the wreckage but made no progress on pinpointing the position of two
crash-resistant "black boxes" that contain tapes of cockpit noises and of
flight characteristics such as altitude and airspeed.
The bodies of 18 adults and two children still were missing.

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Council ap

(Continued from Page 1)
deputy registrar issue to a head. "It's
the efforts of students that really got it
(the resolution)," he said, calling the
situation "encouraging."
Earlier in the evening, Council
unanimously approved a new set of
Mousing inspection fees designed to en-
courage compliance with the building
Under the new system, fees will be
charged according to the amount of
time an inspection consumes, rather
than a flat, per-unit rate. An inspector
wiuld spend less time in a building with
fewer violations, thus costing the owner
mnuch less, explained councilwoman
Joyce Phesbrough (R-5th).

proves regis
Peterson supported Chesbrough.
"The purpose of this is to increase
compliance to the code and improve the
quality of rental housing by making
those places in poor repair pay more,"
he said.
Jeffrey Gallitan, an Ann Arbor
resident, spoke to the Council in op-
position to the new fee schedule. He
claimed the project had been
railroaded through, and that heavy lob-
bying had been directed at Council
members. He called the plan
Mayor Louis Belcher denied the
railroading charge. "It's been going on
for nine months and this is the fourth.
public hearing," he said. Other Council

trar funds
members also denied the lobbying
In other business, the Council voted
seven to four to ratify a contract giving
city police command officers a 24 per-
cent pay increase over the next three
years. Ratification was opposed by
several Council members.
"We're doing our share in creating a
hole we can't get out of," said Coun-
cilman Edward Hood (R-4th). "If we
pass this, it's going to come back to
haunt us."
Councilman David Fisher (R-4th)
said he could support the contract for
one year, but not three. "It's a com-
mitment for the unknown," he said.'
Councilwoman Leslie Morris (D-2nd)
paid, however, the contract represented
the best overall settlement possible.
"Our negotiators have done well in get-
ting what is best in the long run for the
city," she said.
Police Chief William Corbett said he
was happy with the new contract, ad-
ding that it would bring a significant
savings in overtime payments.

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gay man's
(Continued from Page 1)"
Delta Sigma Phi, Edward James, the
Executive Board of the fraternity and
several Delta Sigma Phialumni.
After four and" a half hours,. of
discussion, the fraternity and its ad-
visors decided to. leave the policy
decision in the hands of the fraternity's
Alumni Control Board. Their decision
is expected in a few days, Gilbert said.
ALTHOUGH Gilbert was not suspen-
ded, he decided to "move out 'of the
house, he said. "They (the fraternity)
decided I screwed the house. I sort of
broke their trust," he said. "The im-
plication from the alumni and the
Executive Board is that I should move
Gilbert said he sent the letter because
he believed his own principles were
more important than the decision of the
fraternity, in this case. "It's a matter of
priorities," he said.

Vol. XCII, No. 90
Wednesday, January 20, 1982
The Michigan Daily is, edited and managed by students at The Univer-
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In Colorado, There's Room TobGrow...
Straight To The Top
On-Campus Interviews January 25'1

Editor-in-chief...................SARA ANSPACH
Managing Editorr..............JULIE ENGEBRECHT
University Editor ................. LORENZO BENET
News Editor ......................DAVID MEYER
Opinion Page Editors..........CHARLES THOMSON
Sports Editor.................MARK MIHANOVIC
Associate Sports Editors .........:.. GREG DeGULIS
Arts Editors.................. RICHARD CAMPBELL
Chief Photographer ..............PAUL ENGSTROM
PHOTOGRAPHERS: Jackie Bell, Kim Hill, Deborah
Lewis, Mike Lucas, Brian Masck.
ARTISTS: Robert Lence, Jonathan Stewart, Richard
Walk, Norm Christiansen.
ARTS STAFF: Jane Carl, James Clinton, Mark Dighton,
Adam Knee, Gail Negbour, Carol Pnemon, Ben Ticho.
NEWS STAFF: John Adam, Beth Allen, Andrew Chap.
man, Perry Clark, David Crawford, Lisa Crumrine,
Ann Marie Fazio. Pam Fickinger, Lou Fintor, Joyce
Frieden, Mark Gindin, Julie Hinds, Steve Hook,
Kathlyn Hoover, Harlan Kohn, Pamela Kramer, Mindy
Layne, Mike McIntyre, Jennifer Miller, Anne Mytych,
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Janet Roe, Kent Redding, Sean Ross, Lauren
Rousseau, Susan Sharon, David Spok, Lisa Spector,
Fannie Weinstein, Barry Witt.

SPORTS STAFF: Barb Barker, Jesse Barkin. Tam Ben-
tley, Randy Berger, Mark Borowski, doe Chapelle,
Laura Clark, Martha Croll, Jim Dwormon, Karen Flach.
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Newman, Andrew Oakes, Ron Pollack, Jeff
Quicksilver, Sarah Sherber, Kenny Shore, James
Thompson, Josie VonVoigtlonder, Kent Walley, Karl
Wheatley, Chris Wilson, Bob Wojnowski.

Business Manager........
Sales Manager..........
Operations manager.
Display Manager........
Classifieds Manager . .
Finance Manager.
Assistant Display Manager'..
Nationals Manager.
Circulation Monoger....
Sales Coordinator.........

Hope Barron. Alan Slum.

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