The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, October 8, 1980-Page 5
Fighting intensifies near
large Iranian oil ports
From AP and UPI
Turning from the captured Iranian
port of Khurramshahr, Iraqi artillery
pounded Abadan yesterday and troops
massed for what may be the next major
battle of the 16-day-old Persian Gulf
Both sides threw reinforcements into
the fighting for Abadan and its giant,
and all but destroyed, oil refinery on the
.yShatt-al-Arab waterway leading to the
AS THE WAR dragged into its 16th
day, there were signs that other Arab
states were becoming increasingly in-
volved in the conflict. On Monday, Jor-
dan placed all civilian transport
vehicles under government command
.to make them available to send supplies
to Iraq. King Hussein has pledged full
AP Photo support for Iraq.
The United States cautioned Jordan
recent to keep out of the war between the Per-
e de la sian Gulf neighbors.
In London, Western diplomats said
Britain had joined the United States in
warning Jordan that- military aid to
Iraq would invite Iran to retaliate and
widen the war. The diplomats, who
declined to be identified, said the two
countries made separate, although
concerted, warnings through their em-
bassies in Amman. ,
IN TEL AVIV, Israeli Prime Minister
1Mnce Begin also warned Jordan
against aiding Iraq, whose effort to
become the dominant military power in
the Persian Gulf the Israelis regard as
Most of Jordan's military equipment
came from the United States and can-
not be transferred legally to another
country without American approval.
Syria criticized Iraq's president but
refrained from supporting Iran. Al
Baath, the newspaper of the ruling
Socialist Baath Party accused Hussein
of being an "imperialist agent out to
play the role of the shah," the Iranian
monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of-
ten described as the "gulf cop" in his
IRAQ'S INVASION of Iran has
stirred strong anti-Iran sentiment
among Iraq's Shiite Moslems, who
claim the Iranian Shiites "are pouring-
a political tinge on our creed."
Iraqi Shiites once held high hopes for
Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini after he ousted the regime of
the late Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi-
in February, 1979.
At the root of the anti-Khomeini sen-
timent lies his attempt to shift the most
sacred Shiite shrine-the Rawdah,
which holds the tombs of Imam, Ali and
his son Imam al-Hussein-from Najaf
and Karbala to the Iranian city of Qom.
Tens of thousands of French citizens march in downtown Paris yesterday to express their outrage over a rash of1
anti-semitic attacks. They marched along the traditional leftist parade route from the Place de la Nation to the Plac
Republique. The banner in the center reads "Jewish Revival.",
100,000 rallyin Prs,
PARIS (AP)--Amid fresh attacks
against Jewish homes and stores in
French cities, more than 100,000 people
marched through the streets of Paris
yesterday to condemn a resurgence of
anti-Semitism. It was a demonstration
unmatched since World War II.
Police reported a fire bomb was
thrown at a Jewish-owned grocery
store in Grenoble in central France
yesterday, a dynamite bomb was
discovered outside a Jewish-owned bar
in Marseille and dozens of Jewish
homes or stores were attacked in the
southern city of Montpellier and
several smaller towns. No injuries were
N PARIS, marchers lined up for
miles along broad boulevards in the
eastern part of the city, near the Place
de la Bastille. Many of them carried
banners that said "We are all French
Jews" or that condemned racism and
Other banners called for the
resignation of Interior Minister
Christian Bonnet, whose police depar-
tment has been severely criticized for
its failure to halt the attacks, including
a synagogue bombing that killed four
persons last week.
It was the first time since 1945 that
representatives from all of France's
major political parties jointly par-
ticipated in a public rally.
THE LAST such gathering was to
celebrate the defeat of the Nazi regime
at the end of World War II.
Prominent among the marchers were
Socialist Party leader Francois Mit-
terand and Communist Party leader
Georges Marchais, one-time allies who
stand to benefit from the march being
viewed as an embarrassment to the
government of Prime Minister
Rpymond Barre over its seeming
inability to deal with the problem.
But the demonstration also included
Gaullists and members of President
Valery Giscard d'Estaing's party.
A TWO-HOUR strike was called to
coincide with the march' and 'allow
workers to attend. The strike briefly af-
fected the city's subway line, post of-
fices and other public services.
A tense National Assembly stood in
silence for the victims of anti-Semitism'
and then voted nearly unanimously to
suspend its session so members could
participate in the march.
Demonstrations also occurred in
Marseille and other French cities. Two
persons were arrested in Nice for
shouting racist slogans, police-said.
In'Tel Aviv, Samuel Flatto-Sharon,
an Israeli parliamentarian and former
French resident, said yesterday he
would organize groups of young Israeli
war veterans to travel to France to
defend the Jewish communities.
A spokesman for the French embassy
in Israel called the plan a "completely
In Luxembourg, the Israeli Foreign
Minister accused the nine member
nations of the European Economic
Community of fostering anti-Semitic
terrorism in Europe by seeking to in-
clude the Palestine Liberation
Organization in Middle East peace
negotiations. He said Israel "knows"
the PLO helps anti-Semitic groups like
the one responsible for the attack on the
Two men broke and robbed a candy
display at the State Theatre last night.
One suspect was apprehended after a
foot chase involving Ann Arbor police,
theater employees, and bystanders. A
policeman caught up with the suspect,
who appeared to be between 16- to 19-
years old, and tackled him. The suspect
was caught with a package of licorice in
his hand. His friend eluded capture. A
theater employee said the men broke a
deserted candy display window and
stole M&Ms, licorice, and other
varieties of candy. Police claimed the
suspects beat up one employee of the
theater but a laughing cashier there
speculated that if they had, she would
* Court reverses murder conviction,
cites denial of jury trial
LANSING (UPI -The Michigan
Court of Appeals yesterday reversed
the murder conviction of a Port Huron
man on the grounds that he was un-
fairly denied a jury trial.
William Hamm, son of a prominent
judge, was accused in 1975 of killing his
psychiatrist, but the case ended in a
mistrial when he was judged incom-
petent to face the charges.
DURING A second trial, begun in
1978; a St. Clair County judge denied
Hamm's request that the case be heard
by a jury becuase the man had waived
that right during the first trial.
The court noted that the right to with-
draw a jury trial waiver following a
mistrial had not been decided
previously in Michigan.
"We begin with the time-honored
premise that the right to jury trial is a
high and sacred right," the appeals
"WHEN MR. HAMM initially waived
his right to a trial by jury, that waiver
only had relation to the first trial," the court said.
court said. It also said the prosecution erred in
"To decide otherwise would require failing to produce a witness who would
We begin with the time-honored premise
that the right to jury trial is a high and
-Michigan Court of Appeals ruling
us to read the original jury waiver as have bolstered Hamm's contention that
applying in all retrials should they- be he was not criminally responsible for
ordered. This we decline to do," the the slaying.
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