Page 2-Saturday, September 27, 1980-The Michigan Daily
NO HAZARD POSED
Radioactive gas escapes
From AP and UPI
LAS VEGAS, Nev.-"Small amoun-
ts" of radioactive gas seeped from the
site of an underground nuclear test, but
the gas was not expected to pose a
health hazard, the Department of
Energy said yesterday.
The gas, which began seeping Thur-
day night after a test earlier in the
,lay, had not left the confines of the
1,350-square-mile Nevada Test Site,
said DOE spokesman Dave Jackson.
Scientists identified the radioactive
,gas as xenon-a rare gas produced by
.nuclear fission which Jackson said did
not combine with other elements or
:other gases. A seepage of iodine, which
gets into milk supplies, or tritium,
which combines with water, would have
been considered more serious a threat
to the environment.
JACKSON SAID the gas leak was
detected as soon as it occurred by sen-
sitive instruments, and radiation
monitoring teams were immediately
sent into the area, about 90 miles nor-
thwest of Las Vegas.
"The weather conditions are such
that we do not believe it will leave the
test site," Jackson said. "There is no
indication of a health hazard on the test
site and there have been no accidental
exposures to radiation from the
THE NATIONAL Weather Service
HADDAM. Conn. (UPI)-Radioac-
tive gas leaked from the Connecticut*
Yankee nuclear power plant for more
than three minutes yesterday. Officials
said the leak posed no health hazard.
Northeast Utilities spokesman An-
thony Nericco said a small quantity of
gas was released into the atmosphere
when a chemical technician taking
water samples accidently opened the
wrong valve and gas spewed from the
plant for 3% minutes.
said therf were light and variable nor-
thwest winds at the test site yesterday
morning. The winds were blowing only
about 5 mph, not strong enough to blow
the radioactive gas from the test site,
said weather service spokesman Lester
The last leak of the gas into the at-
mosphere occurred at 2:30 a.m. yester-
day according to David Miller, another
The radioactive gas was detected
near ground zero about 12 hours after
scientists triggered two underground
tests in close succession Thursday
morning. The leak came from a
weapons test codenamed Riola, which
was detonated at 8:26 a.m.
THE "RIOLA" device was detonated
1,390 feet beneath Yucca Flat, situated
in about the center of the sprawling
nuclear testing range. Each of the
weapons-related tests Thursday had a
yield equivalent to between 20,000 and
150,000 tons of high explosive.
As soon as the release was detected,
Jackson said, "radiation monitoring
teams were immediately sent into the
area to do further measurements and to
ensure the safety of workers in the im-
mediate area." As a precautionary
measure, he said, "the re-entry into the
area has been restricted to radiation
monitoring teams and scientists
associated with the experiment."
- The seepage was the first accidental
release of radioactivity at the test site
since November 1971, Jackon .id. Sin-
ce then, he added, there have been a
number of "very small, controlled
Miller said test site employees were
"held out" for an hour "until we were
absolutely sure there was no health
hazard," but had since gone to their
jobs. Miller said the radioactive gas
was detected only about five miles from
the site of the test.
DEFICIENCIES FOUND IN UNDAMAGED REACTOR:
87 flaws f ound at TMI
HARRISBURG, Pa. (AP) - A
Nuclear Regulatory Commission study
found what it called 37 serious deficien-
ces in the control room of the un-
damaged. Unit 1 at the Three Mile
Island nuclear plant.
But, Metropolitan Edison Co., the
operator of the plant, said yesterday it
has already begun to correct the
The study, conducted in July by the
NRC's Human Factors, Engineering
Branch, found 87 problems with control
design and layout, ranging from meters
set too high on the panel to controls that
could be inadvertently activated.
OF THE DEFICIENCIES, 37 were
listed as having "serious potential
safety consequence," 26 could have a
moderate safety consequence and 24
were listed as "other concerns."
The report will be part of the
testimony the NRC staff presents to the
Atomic Safety and Licensing Board,
which begins hearings next month on
Met Ed's petition to restart the reactor
that was not damaged in the accident at
the plant in March 1979.
Met Ed spokesman David Kluscik
said the company conducted a similar
study that came up with the same
"In most cases, those items have
already been or are being addressed,"
ALSO YESTERDAY, a federal court
rejected a petition by Met Ed for an or-
der allowing it to charge customers for
the cleanup of the Three Mile Island
Met Ed asked a U.S. District Court
for a temporary restraining order in a
suit filed against the state Public Utility
On Sept. 18, the PUC barred the
utility from using customer revenues to
cover uninsured costs of the ongoing
TMI cleanup, following the nation's
worst commercial nuclear accident on
March 28, 1979.
Soviets to mass
Complied from Asociated Press and
United Press International reports
Goldschmidt to refuse funds
from railroad executives
WASHINGTON-Key House Republicans agreed yesterday to permit
a railroad deregulation bill to move toward final congressional passage after
Transportation Secretry Neil Goldschmidt promised not to solicit campaign
funds from railroad executives.
"Mr Goldschmidt promised me last night he would not be involved in
fundraising efforts involving the railroad industry" for the current cam-
paign, said Rep. Edward Madigan (R-Ill.). The congressman said Gold-
schmidt checked with "people at the White House" before making the.
Rep. James Broyhill (R-N.C.), another GOP congressman who
protested Goldschmidt's plans, said a conference report sending com-
promise railroad deregualtion legislation to a final vote in the House and
Senate would be signed next week. The measure is supported by the Carter
administration as well as many of the nation's major railroads, including
Union Pacific Corp.
Drugs, alcohol not cause
of Zeppelin drummer's death
WINDSOR, England-John Bonham, drummer of the Led Zeppelin
rock group, died without a trace of alcohol or drugs in his body, a hospitl
spokesman said yesterday following an autopsy which failed to reveal the
cause of death.
"No drugs or alcohol were found, otherwise the tests would have been
conclusive," Ian Orger, administrator of the Edward VII hospital, told
Orger said further tests would be carried out in a bid to establish why the
drummer died. The results were not expected until next week.
Bongham was found dead in bed on Thursday in the luxury home in Win-
dsor, 30 miles west of London, belonging to Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy
Pope speaks on divorce
VATICAN CITY-Pope John Paul II, opening a month-long synod of
Roman Catholic bishops yesterday, reaffirmed his strong opposition to
divorce and called on Catholic families to preserve the church's "fundamen-
"The church looks toward spouses who promise to love one another
through the course of their whole life, even to death," the pontiff said in his.
homily, delivered in Latin.
In a keynote address, Cardihal Joseph Ratzinger acknowledged that
"tradition'al forms of family life are in contrast with the technical
civilization of the Western world," according to a summary released by the
Vatican. Some of the bishops also told reporters they believed the church,
should re-examine its opposition to artificial birth control at the synod
dedicated to "the Christian Family in the Modern Works."
But the West German prelate went on to present a strongly worded
defense of monogamous marriage and premarital virginity. He attacked
"chemical means" of contraception, saying they are "in contrast with the
natural order of things," the summary said.
Prime lending rate now 13%
NEW YORK-The nation's banks raised the prime lending rate
one-half percentage point to 13 percent yesterday, increasing borrowing
costs for big corporations to the highest level since mid-June.
Analysts said the move was a response to steep jumps in the banks' cost
of funds and signaled the likelihood of higher interest rates for small
businesses and consumers.
Analysts on Wall Street said the increase in the prime rate reflected
steep jumps in the rates banks pay to acquire funds in the open market.
Those money-market rates have been rising over the last several weeks and
jumped sharply Thursday after the Federal Reserve Board boosted the
discount rate-the fee it charges on loans to member banks-to 11 percent
from 10 percent.
Soviet crew completes
seven days in space lab
MOSCOW-The first Cuban in space and his Soviet crew leader returned
safely to earth yesterday after spending seven days with two other Soviet
cosmonauts aboard the Salyut 6 lab, Soviet television reported.
The announcement said both Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez and Yuri
Romanenko were feeling "good" after their seven days aboard the orbiting
space lab, and had brought back materials from some 20 experiments they
had conducted with semiconductors, monocrystals, and on the biological ef-
fects of weightlessness.
Aboard the Salyut 6, the cosmonauts lived with Valery Ryumin and
Leonid Popov, two Soviets who if still aloft on Oct. 1 will set a new world
record for space flight.
VOLGODONSK, U.S.S.R. (AP)-The
Soviet Union is completing construction
of what it calls the world's first mass-
produced nuclear reactors at the
"Atommash" factory in this southern
"Reactors are normally assembled-
from parts produced by various fac-
tories," said Atommash Director
Valery Pershin. "Ours is the only fac-
tory in the world building all the
equipment for nuclear reactors."
(Iurrl Uhndp ruirroe
OF THE NAZARENE
409 South Division
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Rev. Steve Bringardner, 761-5941
Christian Education-9:45 a.m.
Service of Worship-li :00 a.m.
Wednesday-Class "A preface to C.S.
"Time of Meeting" 6:00 p.m.
* * *
LORD OF LIGHT LUTHERAN
(The Campus Ministry of the ALC-LCA)
Gordon Ward, Pastor
801 S. Forest at Hill St.
Worship Service-Sunday at 10:30.
Tuesday-Bible Study, 7:30p.m.
Wednesday-Choir Practice, 7 p.m.
* * *
ANN ARBOR FRIENDS MEETING
1420 Hill St.
10:00 a.m.-Worship Service
* * *
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave.-462-4466
(between S. University and Hill)
Campus Ministry Program
Campus Minister-Carl Badger
Worship Services-Sunday 4:00 p.m.
(French room). Dinner $1.50. Bible
Tuesday-Bible Study, 8:00 p.m.
Theology Seminar and Discussion
Group Thursday at 6:00 p.m.
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH.
502 East Huron
10 a.m.-Worship Service-"God and
7:30 p.m.-Dr. William Sloane Cof-
fin: "A Relevant-Faith for the 80's."
"American Baptist Campus
All students and faculty are invited
to attend worship service at 10 a.m. in
the sanctuary and Sunday School
Classes at 11 a.m. in the Guild House.
Theology Discussion Group every
Thursday at 6 p.m.
(Complimentary brunch on second
Sunday of each month.)
* * *
at the University of Michigan
602 E. Huron at State
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104
FIRST UNITED METHODIST
120 S. State St.
(Corner of State and Huron)
8:30 a.m.-Holy Communion in the
9:30 and 11:00 a.m.-Morning Wor-
ship in the Sanctuary.
Church School for All Ages-9:30
a.m. and 11 a.m.
Choir Rehearsal Thursday-7:15
Dr. Donald B. Strobe
Rev. Fred B. Maitland
Dr. Gerald R. Parker
Education Directors: Rose McLean
and Carol Bennington
* * *
Sun.-7:30 a.m., 9:00 a.m., 10:30
a.m. (after 10:30 upstairs and down-
stairs) 12:00 noon, 5:00 p.m. (upstairs
North Campus Mass at 9.30 a.m. in
Bursley Hall (Fall and Winter terms).
Rite of Reconciliation-4 p.m.-5 p.m
on Friday only; any other time by
* * *
1236 Washtenaw Ct.
A Campus Ministry of the Christian
Rev. Don Postema, Pastor
10:00 a.m.-Service of Baptism.
6:00 p.m.-Evening Worship-Guest
Speaker: Mike VanHofwegen.
FOUR NUCLEAtt reactor vessels,
each with an electrical power capacity
of one million kilowatts, are being built.
The $4 billion plant, still three years
from final completion, is in massive
hangar-like buildings on dusty fields
near the Volga-Don shipping canal.
The project is a key part of plans to
boost nuclear power plant construction
in the 1980s to preserve this country's
oil and coal reserves.
About 25 nuclear power plants are in
operation in the Soviet Union and 10
others are under construction. So called
"fast-breeder" reactors fueled by
plutonium are playing an increasingly
large role in the ambitious development
plans, Soviet officials have said.
"THE SOVIET government has long-
term plan to concentrate on atomic
energy," Pershin told 60 foreign repor-
ters given a tour of the plant Thursday.
"We, don't lack conventional energy
sources such as brown coal, but
sometime in the future this may be dif-
The plant's first water-cooled reactor
is scheduled to be completed in
February, more than a year ahead of
schedule, Pershin said.
Pershin said the Atommash reactor
components are shaped from individual
pieces of forged steel for increased
strength. Sheet steel welded together in
layers is the normal reactor construc-
tion material in the United States and
elsewhere, he said, and indicated he
though the Soviet technique was
SOME 7,000 WORKERS are em-
ployed at the factory within walking
distance of blocks of new high-rise
apartments in the city 'that has
quadruplied in population to 135,000 in
four years under state sponsorship.
"Atommash works for peace"
proclaims a Communist Party slogan in
block letters atop the 'town's new
hospital. Anotherdowntown sign gives
the daily countdown to the national par-
ty congress starting Feb. 23 in
Moscow-the deadline for completion
of the local factory's first reactor.
"There is no public resistance to
nuclear power in the Soviet Union,"
Pershin told the reporters. "It isn't like
the West where some of the resistance
comes from energy monopolies, such as
In reply to a question, he said the
issue of disposing of radioactive
nuclear reactor waste was not an
urgent problem in the Soviet Union.
"Our scientists are working on this," he
said. "Some of it can be recycled. And
we have a big country with plenty of
room to store used fuel."
Pershin insisted that safety has top
priority in Soviet nuclear plant con-
struction, and the risk of an accident
was almost nil. "We calculate only one
nuclear power accident if 100 Soviet
reactors work 1,000 years," he said.
is preserved on
A fellowship, study, and social issues
ministry for the university community.
TOM SCHMAKER, Chaplain/Director
ANN WILKINSON, Office Manager
This week's program:
Sunday, Sept. 28:
6:00 p.m.-Shared Meal, followed by
Wednesday, Oct. 1:
9:30 a.m.-Human Rights class.
7:30 p.m.-Bible Study.
* * *
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL
Serving the Campus for LC-MS
Robert Kavasch, Pastor
1511 Washtenaw Ave.
01 bt Mt-cbt-gan Bat-IV
"WHY DO THE HEATHEN RAGE?"
Psalms 2:1 and Acts 4:25
Volume XCI, No. 21
Saturday, September 27, 1980
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at the University
of Michigan. Published daily Tuesday through Sunday mornings during the
University year at 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109.
Subscription rates: $12 September through April (2 semesters); $13 by mail
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God's message to us in the Second Psalm says the
heathen are the kings, the rulers, and people who imagine
a vain thing and support them in their effort and rage to
get rid of the restraints of His Moral Law and Ten
Commandments placed upon man in order to keep him
from destruction in time, and in eternity. The Psalm also
reveals that such folks are held In "Contempt of Court" by
"The Judge of all the earth."
Punishment in this life results in "Divine Contempt" for
man: "He poureth contempt upon princes - maketh the
judges fools." - Job 12:21,17. The results of The Divine
Contempt upon princes and judges for the people and the
nations are vexation, confusion, fear, crime, violence, rob-
knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will
come In to him, and will sup with him, and he with me."
Rev. 3:20. What goes on round about us in the Church
need not affect our individual relations with God. Neither
do we have to wait for the home folks, and the state, to
repent, for it is an individual matter and responsibility.
"No man lives to himself," however, and what we do or
fail to do, affects others. What favorable response there
has been to the articles in this column have had mostly
one common note running through them. They seem to
say in one way or another: "Keep It up." May we urge and
suggest that all who approve of them generally, or can
say "amen,' that they please pray earnestly, regularly,
Editor-in-Chief ..MARK PARREN4T-
Monaging Editor ...... . . ..... MITCH CANTOR
City Editor..................... PATRICIA HAGEN
University Editor................. TOMAS MIRGA
Opinion Page Editors................JOSHUA PECK
Magazine Editors ................ ELISA ISAACSON
Business Manager........ROSEMARY WICKOWSKt
Sales Manager.........-.... KRISTINA PETERSON+
Operations Monoaer........ KATHLEEN CULVE
Co-Display Manager.............. DONNA BREBIN-
Co-Display Manager------...-ROBERT THOMPSONF
Clossified Manager.......... . ... SUSAN KLING
Finance Manager...............GREGG HADDAQ
Nationals Manager ... ........ LISA JORDAN