The Michigan Daily-Thursday, September 25, 1980--Page 9
SENA TE APPROVES SHIPMENT
India to receive uranium
WASHINGTON (AP)-In a foreign
policy victory for President Carter, the
Senate voted 48-46 yesterday to permit
shipment of 38 tons of enriched uranium
to India, which diverted U.S. nuclear
material in 1974 and used it to detonate
an atomic bomb.
The vote came after one of the most
thorough and contested Senate debates
in years. It was marked by personal
and extensive telephone lobbying by
President Carter, who suffered a sharp
7 setback last week when the House
refused to go along with the sale.
A VOTE AGAINST the sale by both
houses was required to stop the tran-
Leaders of the drive to block the sales
said that permitting them would
"eviscerate" U.S. efforts worldwide to
stop the spread of nuclear weapons
4 because India has refused to agree to
safeguards aimed at blocking diversion
of the fuel to weapons use.
But backers of the sale argued that
blocking the transaction would under-
cut Carter's attempts to persuade India
to accept international safeguards for
its nuclear program and would alienate
4 ' the Indian people at a time of warfare
and political and religious unrest in
INDIA WANTS the low-enriched
uranium to resupply the reactor at its
atomic power station at Tarapur near
Bombay. Carter overruled the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission in authorizing
In arguing for approval of the sale,
the White House said no further sales
t,,.,f will be permitted to India unless that
}| country agrees to full scope safeguards
off to a good sAP Photo on all nuclear facilities to prevent a
start repeat of the1974 nuclear explosion.
Both mother and newborn female were doing fine yesterday at Chicago's In debate before the final vote, Sen.
Brookfield Zoo. Sandra gave birth to Shannon late Monday. The American John Glenn (D-Ohio) said the decision
Giraffe baby stands five and one-half feet tall and weighs 158 lbs. would show the world whether the
United States means to stand behind its
goal of halting the spread of nuclear
"THE BOTTOM line is what is going
to happen to the 111 non-weapons
nations which signed the Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Treaty," Glenn said. In-
dia has refused to sign the treaty.
Sen. Abraham Ribicoff (D-Conn.)
said a decision permitting the sales
would "call into question the strength
and tenacity of our non-proliferation ef-
forts" and said the NRC was right in
saying that the issuing of licenses per-
mitting the sales was illegal.
Sen. Frank Church (D-Idaho) chair-
man of the Foreign Relations Commit-
tee, said a decision to block the sale
could undercut Carter at a time of crisis
in Southwest Asia and actually harm
America's non-proliferation policy.
From the Associated Press
BOSTON-A new test shows that
between 5 percent and 10 percent of in-
fertile adults are barren because
chemicals in their bodies kill sperm,
but they may be able to produce babies
if they take commonly available
One of the researchers who developed
the test said the discovery may mean
hope for hundreds of thousands of
American men and women who are in-
THE NEW TEST, developed by doc-
tors at the University of Pennsylvania
Medical School, shows that some men
and women are infertile because they
produce chemicals called antibodies
that destroy sperm.
But with drugs called corticosteroids,
these antibodies can be suppressed long
enou h for pregnancy to occur.
"This objective test may be used to
identify and then to help manage infer-
tility in patients with suspected an-
tibody-mediated infertility," doctors
The doctors administered the test to
614 infertile people, including 257
couples. They found that 10 percent of
them-13 percent of the women and 7
percent of the men-produced an-
tibodies that killed sperm.
______ I ~1
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