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September 04, 1980 - Image 61

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-09-04

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The Michigan Daily-Thursday, September 4, 1980-Page 7-A

Despite opposition,
registration begins

By MAUREEN FLEMING
Despite heated debate, national and
Ical protests, and a court ruling that
declared registration for the draft
discriminatory, 19 and 20 year-old men
began to register July 21
LOCAL ANTI-DRAFT groups have
been demonstrating as early as last
January to show their disfavor. Tom
Schomaker, a spokesman for the
Wesley Foundation, said at a rally held
January 30, "If the world goes to hell,
'r lends, you go with it. We must convin-
e Washington that there is strong sup-
port to say no to the myth that we need
registration."
About 225 University students joined
thirty thousand other protesters at a'
rally held in Washington D.C. on March
22. "We're here today to prevent
another excursion into mrilitary mad-
ness," Rep. Ted Weiss (D-N.Y.), told
the crowd at the Capitol. "The time to
stop the madness is before it starts."
Despite the protests, draft
egistration passed in Congress in
une. The Senate passed the bill June
13, by a margin of 58-34, after more than
a week of debate and delaying tactics,
including a filibuster and an all-night
session.
THE FINAL plan called for
registration of all males born in the
year 1960 and 1961. Beginning in
January of next year, men born in 1962
will register. After this, men will
egister when they turn 18 years of age.
Penalties for not registering for the
draft could be a fine of up to $10,000,
imprisonment of up to five years, or
both.
Although President Carter sought
registration of both men and women,
Congress decided to exempt women.
Because of Congress' choice, draft

registration was declared uncon-
stitutional July 18 by a Philadelphia
panel of three appeals judges.
Michigan's two senators were op-
posed to the registration plan from the
start. Sen. Carl Levin (D-Detroit) said
he "was displeased that the bill did
pass" and considered it a "first step
toward the draft." Sen. Donald Riegle
(D-Flint) also voted against the plan.
THIRD U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Judge Edward Cahn wrote in the 41-
page opinion, "Congress could not con-
stitutionally require registration under
the Military Selective Service Act of
only black citizens, or only white
citizens, or single out any political or
religious groups simply because those
groups contain sufficient persons to fill
the need of the selective service
system."
Draft registration opponents
celebrated for a day until U.S. Supreme
Court Justice William J. Brennan set
aside the federal appeals court ruling
on July 19. He issued the stay after
deciding the prospects for a full court
reversal later on this year would be
fair. He said the court could go either
way, and expected a ruling in the fall.
The Washtenaw Committee Against
Registration for the Draft (CARD) is
one of the most active anti-draft groups
in this area. Once registration was ap-
proved by Congress, they formed
workshops and trained counselors to
advise men of available options to draft
registration.
EDITH HEFLEY of CARD said, "Of-
ten these young men are confused about
what they should do. They just want to
talk to someone."
Hefley said that there are four op-
tions available to persons eligible to
register:

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JOEL STREICKER URGED young men to think twice about registering for the
draft last July. Although other draft resistance efforts were few and far between
when registration began July 21, Streicker stayed in front of the Nickels Arcade
post office all day long.

" To register;
" To register under protest;
" To not register and make the
decision public; and
" To not register and keep the
decision private (non-compliance).
There is room on the registration
form to make a statement of protest,
Hefley said. She added that CARD is
also providing stickers, stating "I
register under protest," that can be
placed on the form.
THE PURPOSE of registering under
protest, Hefley explained, is to im-
mediately start building a conscien-
tious objector (CO) file. She said a per-
son seeking CO status must prove to the
draft board that he has had a moral
conviction against war for more than a
few days.

Hefley also cautioned that when a
statement of protest is made on the
form, a duplicate copy, signed by the
postal clerk, should be made for per-
sonal records. "Often forms are lost,"
she explained.
Dale Ewart of CARP said he didn't
register for the draft. "I'm convinced
that after the election, within a year,
the next president will ask for the
authority to induct, or Congress will try
to give him the authority without his
asking," Ewart stated. He explained
that was why he did not register for the
draft.
ON MONDAY, July 21, CARD mem-
bers were stationed at post offices
around Ann Arbor and a rally was held
at noon in front of the Federal Building,
which also houses a post office.

Students grade professors

By MITCH STUART
The Michigan Student Assembly
plans to publish the results of a limited
course/instructor evaluation project
this fall, which was undertaken at
CRISP last April.
THE LSA EVALUATION program is
the first stage in a proposed University-
ide program which would evaluate
every course offered by the University.
While there is plenty of local con-
troversy involving how to use course
evaluations once collected, there is also
heated debate on whether the
evaluations produce valid results at all.
Psychology Prof. William
McKeachie, director of the Center for
Research on Learning and Teaching
(CRLT), said evidence indicates
faculty can benefit from student reac-
on on evaluation forms.
McKeachie said the evaluations "are
highly valid for one important goal of
education - finding out how successful
teachers are in getting students in-
terested in the class."
McKeachie said another valid goal of
evaluations is to determine the
relationships between the students'
performances in class and their
satisfaction with the class and instruc-
tor. He said that results his office has
Ixamined in the past indicate that
students who perform better than most
others in the class tend to rate the class
higher than their peers.
MSA President Marc Breakstone said
his two major goals for the project are
providing an index for students to
choose their courses and "making a
very powerful statement to the ad-
ministration that course evaluations
are very important to students."
Such a "powerful statement" is
Wrobably needed if students are to con-
vince faculty and administrators that
they should consider evaluations im-
portant and even necessary for a
quality educational institution,
Breakstone added.
MANY UNIVERSITIES across the
country - including the University of
California system, the University of

Massachusetts, and Cornell - -have
evaluation programs.
The key stumbling block in getting
any type of student-oriented program
underway here has been a conflict in in-
terpretation of the various uses for
evaluations.
Evaluations have three primary
uses:
* Instructors can use them to receive
constructive personal criticism;
* Administrators can use them to
make personnel decisions, e.g. tenure,
salaries; and,
* Students can use them to make, in
effect, "market decisions" on instruc-,
tors and courses.
LSA FRESHMAN Michael Goldman,
after filling out the evaluation form,
said, "I'd like to see the new students
get an idea of what's going on - my
courses are the ones a lot of freshmen
take."

University Vice-President for
Student Services Henry Johnson said,
"I really think, effective course
evaluation is a faculty matter. I think
faculty has the responsibility for
evaluating courses and the results
thereof they can use to monitor them-
selves."
ALTHOUGH Johnson said he things
the evaluation concept is a good one, he
added, "I really don't think that's a
primary function of MSA."
Johnson also said he would not be in
favor of using Office of Student Ser-
vices money for an evaluation
program.
Breakstone said he disagrees with
Johnson's perception'of MSA's role. "I
see MSA primarily as an advocacy
body for student needs. As this is one of
the fundamental needs of students that
is not being addressed by the Univer-

sity, MSA is making this one of its
major projects."
But despite mixed reactions to the
program from faculty and ad-
ministrators, Breakstone is confident
about the long-range success of the
project - if some attitudes can be
changed.

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