cl . te
Ninety-One Years of EditorialI Freedom
Vol. XCI, No. 1
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, September 4, 1980
By KEVIN TOTTIS
The University's bleak financial
situation calls for cutbacks in its
"heartland" if it is going to maintain a
high quality level of faculty and studen-
ts, University President Harold Shapiro
told the Senate Assembly last June.
"We cannot maintain our current
programs at a quality level (without
making program cuts)," the president
told the Assembly and more than 150
faculty members in the Rackham
ACCORDING TO SHAPIRO, in fiscal
ear 1980, state revenues from income
tax did not grow, and those from sales
tax grew about three per. cent;
however, the state budget grew about
12 per ceit. As a result, Shapiro said,
the state had to use up a $300 million
"rainy day fund." In 1981 the first thing
the state must do is build, back this
fund, he said.
In January, Shapiro continued, Gov.
I illiam Milliken recommended a 9.5
r cent increase in state allocations to
the University. The most recent in-
crease in a bill by the Senate was only
4.7 per cent. According to Shapiro's
predictions, higher education will not
be funded at a 4.7 per cent level next
year, but rather, no more than a three
per cent level.
"This is at least eight percentage,
points behind the inflation rate,"
Shapiro told the audience.
There are several options the
Jniversity has to handle this decrease,
hapiro explained. One is to make cuts
in administration, which has been done
for several years, he said. But he added
there were limits to these cuts, because
of regulations dealing with matters
such as safety, affirmative action, and
Faculty members and staff
researchers are. also asking for in-
Students victims of
By MITCH STUART
Students at the University this year will be paying 13 per cent
more in tuition than students here paid one year ago. The 13 per
cent tuition hike, one of the largest in the University's history, is
one of several budget proposals ratified by the Regents at their
July 18 meeting. Also ratified was a nine per cent increase in
faculty and staff salaries which will take effect Sept. 1.
All tuition rates have esca-
lated by 13 per cent except Law HE ADDED, "THE cost-cutting
School rates, up 17 per cent, measures they're talking about should
and Extension Service fees, up have been decided before the amount of
and xtesionSerice ees up any tuition increase."
10 per cent. Tuition rates range Regent James Waters (D-
from $682 per term for Michigan Muskegon), like Dunn, voted against
undergraduates to $3,336 per the tuition hike. "I think there are other
term for non-resident medical things that can be done without making
students. any significant reduction in the quality
AFTER LENGTHY discussion, at of education," he said.
the Interlochen National Music Camp, For example, Waters said, he thought
.the nine per cent salary increase should
the Regents voted 5-to-2 in favor of the hebnin oeretalloy fratushod
13 per cent increase. Regent Robert have been lowered to allow for a tuition
Nederlander (D-Birmingham) said, "If
wer onn to et the moneknow where A chart listing tuition rates for the 1980-
Concurring with nederlander were 1981 academic year appears on Page 2.
Regents Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor), -
Paul Brown (D-Petoskey), David Laro increase of 10 per cent t most. "The
Saline), and Thomas Roach (D- University has to suffer a little now
Regent Gerald Dunn (D-Lansing), with the rest of the public," he said.
however, said he was .not convinced LARD, WHO VOTED in favor of
University administrators . had raising the tuition, warned University
exhausted all the possibilities for administrators to crack down on over-
budget plans that would prevent the spending now, since he said he would
necessity of such a large tuition in- seesagewu
crease. See REGENTS, Page 2
Requests for financil
aid hit record levels
Daily rnoto by r E SERLING
INDEPENDENT PRESIDENTIAL candidate John Anderson speaks to University students Tuesday afternoon.
PR ESIDENTA L CANDIDA TE A SSA IL S PRESIDENT.
Anderson, stops in A2
By JOSHUA PECK
Some 2,500 rain-drenched University students
crowded into the walkway behind the Graduate
Library Tuesday to hear independent presidential
candidate John Anderson speak about his campaign,
this nation's economy and foreign policy.
"For the first time in maybe a dozen years, students
are a part of the political process," said Anderson, in
an apparent reference to the heavy student support of
presidential aspirant Eugene McCarthy in 1968. "
ANDERSON TAILORED his speech to the interests
of the student crowd, drawing his greatest ovation with
criticism of both President Carter's draft registration
plan and the possibility that the president might send
American troops abroad:
"I've been critical of Carter's intent to defend the
Persian Gulf," Anderson said. "We ought first to make
an effort here at home" that would avert the need for
foreign intervention, he continued.
The white-haired Illinois congressman has been
falling in opinion polls lately, and his speech here
generally reflected a defensive posture. Rather than
focusing on his own goals as president, he assailed
many of President Carter's policies.
"I AM CRITICAL of a Democratic president who
promised to lead us along a path, not only of reduction,
but of elimination of nuclear weapons," and who has
instead escalated the arms race, he said.
Of Carter's recently issued President Directive 59,
which makes provisions for a "limited" nuclear war
should one occur, Anderson said, "I can't accept that, I
just can't accept it."
The rally, which was scheduler: for noon, was
delayed by a heavy rain shortly before that time. Many
of those who wanted to hear the candidate headed for
the Michigan Theater, which was supposed to house
the rally in the event of rain. The location was moved
again to the south'side of the Graduate Library, which
afforded both protection from the weather and ample
While the majority of Anderson's audience seemed to
support him, there were moments of dissent. In past
years, the candidate has expressed more liberal views
than in his earlier years as a conservative Republican,,
and members of the audience Tuesday wouldn't let him
forget his previous stances.
When Anderson expressed his disapproval of the
proposed mobile M-X missile system, a dissenter
See ANDERSON, Page 19
By LORENZO BENET
The Committee on Academic Freedom, an ad-hoc
group of about 30 self-appointed faculty, students,
and staff members, is conducting an unofficial in-
vestigation to determine whether three University
assistant professors "who have been outspoken ac-
vists for social and educational change on campus"
were denied tenure for political reasons.
The three professors whose cases are under the
non-University-sanctioned investigation are
Assistant Professors of History William Hunt and
Norman Owen and Assistant Professor of English
Alan Wald, according to committee member Robin
Day. All three faculty members denied any in-
volvement with the committee's activities. Com-
mmittee members confirmed the professors did not
initiate any investigation.
THE COMMITTEE, which was formed last
February shortly after the faculty members in
question were denied tenure, is checking whether
these "professors and past faculty members have
been discriminated against on the basis of race, sex,
political beliefs, curriculum issues, and research
methodology," according to committee member Joe
Summers, a Rackham student.
Committee member Howie Brick, another
Rackham student, stressed that the committee, in
which "half a dozen faculty are members," has
reached no conclusions about the presence or absen-
ce of discriminatory intent in the tenure decisions. He
added that "if and when the committee concludes
that there are real issues of discrimination in any of
the cases under consideration, it will challenge them
publicly and seek redress."
The LSA tenure process involves three steps.
Usually, once an assistant professor enters his sixth
year at the University, he comes up for a tenure-
review by his department. If the departmental tenure
review committee feels its faculty member deserves
to be promoted, it passes the recommendation to the
College Executive Committee, which begins the
review process all over again. If approved by the
College, the faculty member is tenured, subject to the
final-and traditionally rubberstamp-approval of
HUNT WAS REJECTED by his department, and is
entering his terminal year. Owen was approved by
the department, but rejected by the College, and is
also entering his final year as a faculty member.
Wald's department felt he was an exceptional case
and thus he was considered for tenure in his fifth
year. However, he was also rejected by the College,
but will come up for tenure again this fall.
According to committee member Beth Lori, an un-
dergraduate, the committee believes the tenure
denials of Hunt, Owen, and Wald are part of a trend in
which instructors can be denied tenure on the groun-
ds that their work is not good enough when the real
reason may be they have taken dissident political
stands or engaged in non-traditional teaching.
"THE UNIVERSITY presents the image that it is a
free market place of ideas," observed committee
member Heidi Gottfried, a graduate student. "This is
not so. The tenure denial of these professors is a clear
indication of a trend where few faculty on the
See ACTIVISTS, Page 19
By LORENZO BENET
More University students than ever
have flooded the Office of Financial Aid
for requests for grants and loans, ac-
cording to Director Harvey Grotrian.
"Last year we processed 29,780 ap-
plications for 17,800 students for a total
aid package of .$48.2 million," he ex-
plained "this year we expect to process
37,000 applications for 22,000 students
for an estimated $67.8 million in aid."
THE OVERALL upsurge in ap-
plications,the said, was primarily due
to dramatic increase in Guaranteed
Student Loan (GSL) applications.
Grotrian said the rise in GSL ap-
plications resulted from the Middle In-
come Student Assistance Act (MISA)
signed by President Carter in 1978. The
act removed any income ceiling for
GSL eligibility, thus opening the door
for middle- and upper-income students
to receive the loan.
"As of August 22," he noted, "the of-
fice had received 8,591 GSL ap-
plications. At the same time last year,
he said, the office had received just
4,376. "That's an increase of 97 per
cent," he exclaimed. "At the rate
we're going, the GSL program could
amount to $45 million. That's up $20
million from last year!"
Grotrian cited several other reasons
for the increase in aid applications:
* Increased costs for students to attend
" No improvement in the national
economy since last year;
* Increased distribution of information
regarding aid opportunity to high
school students and their parents.
" Increased access to the Basic Equal
Opportunity Grants (BEOG) for mid-
GROTRIAN ADDED that the MISA
also allows students whose families
earn $20-30 thousand, and independent
students, to be eligible for the equal op-
Congress recently cut the BEOG
budget, however, which has reduced
most students' grants by $50. The
maximum BEOG a student can receive
is $1750. Grotrian said that cuts in the
BEOG program, and changes in other
programs, have put more pressure on
state resources to aid students.
"The Fair Share concept has seen
campus-based program funds (Univer-
sity grants, work/study grants, and
National Direct Student Loans-NDSL)
shift from state to state and institution
to institution," explained Grotrian. "As
a result the University has lost $800,000
from the NDSL program, while com-
munity colleges throughout the state
have received an eight-fold increase in
NDSL funds from last year."
GROTRIAN ALSO noted that the
state has reduced its competitive
scholarship program by $250 for every
student. "This means a loss of $600,000
in state scholarship funds to the
University," he said.
In addition, increased workloads
have made it necessary for office em-
ployees to work overtime, even though
the office has added five new full-time
staff members in the last six months.
"We're hoping for a modest increase in
staff this year," remarked Grotrian.
"We'll shortly have access to a com-
puter system to help make processing
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