SANTIAGO, Chile (AP)-President
Augusto Pinochet said yesterday he and
his military junta would have surren-
dered power to "certain" elected
people if the voters had turned down his
bid for eight more years of
Instead, Chileans approved
Pinochet's new constitution in Thur-
sday's referendum by a more than 2-1
The final vote total was given as
4,203,615, or 67 per cent, for the con-
stitution and 1,891,332, or 30 per cent,
opposed. Election officials said
6,268,652 of an eligible 6.75 million
voters cast their "yes" or "no" ballots,
but 173,705 were ruled invalid.
THE VICTORIOUS Pinochet told a
news conference that if the voters had
rejected the new constitution, "the
military government would have had to
continue on for a short time, elections of
centain persons would have been called
and we would have returned to the
barracks." He did not elaborate.
Pinochet was the army commander
who led the bloody coup that ousted the
elected government of the late Marxist
President Salvador Allende on Sept. 11,
The 64-year-old general had not said
before the balloting what his military
government planned to do if the voters
defeated the new constitution.
The Michigan Daily-Saturday, September 13, 1980-Page 7
Polish workers complain
From AP and UPI
WARSAW, Poland-The new Polish
government stepped up its criticism of
dissidents yesterday and sources said
more strikes have broken out at fac-
tories where workers charged they
were being harassed for joining the new
free trade unions.
At the same time, officials said
Communist Party boss Stanisla Kania
will meet soon with Soviet President
Leonid Brezhnev-another sign that
Moscow has given its stamp of approval
to the new Polish regime.
WORD OF THE impending summit
came a day after Moscow announced it
was stepping up economic aid to Poland
to help it pay for the crippling series of
summer strikes and the unprecedented
concessions the workers won to end
them-including the right to form in-
dependent labor unions and to strike in
Meanwhile, President Carter an-
nounced yesterday he has approved
$670 million in credit guarantees to help
Poland buy U.S. farm commodities in
the year ahead.
The guarantees, which insure U.S.
exporters against losses due to foreign
bank defaults, are the largest ever
awarded to a single country, the White
THE POLISH government is expec-
ted to buy about 4 million metric tons of
feed grains, wheat, and soybeans
during the 1980-81 marketing year.
A White House statement said a cold,
wet summer, climaxed by severe
flooding in July, caused Poland's crops
to fall short of expectations. The com-
modity Credit Corp.. guarantees will
help Poland continue to buy American
grains to make up its anticipated shor-
The Soviet Union will send food and
industrial supplies worth $132 million,
the government news agency PAP said
PAP SAID THE aid includes delivery
of 500,000 tons of wheat, fish, cotton,
cellulose, synthetic rubber, sunflower
oil, tomato paste, onions, honey, and
Dissident sources said strikes con-
tinued in a number of towns and cities
and they reported that workers at a ball
bearing plant in Kielece, south of War-
saw, walked out over management
threats against joining free trade
The sources said management posted
a notice on the plant bulletin board
saying those workers who joined 'the
new free trade unions would lose
various allowances such as loans, par-
tly financed vacations and extra finan-
THE ORGANIZERS of the new free
trade unions charged the authorities
were violating their agreement with the
workers because of the harrassment
and attacks on dissidents.
A free trade union organizer in Gdan-
sk-the seaport center of the, summer
labor revolt-said: "In many places,
even in Gdansk, people who want to join
the new trade unions come across
various difficulties. Some officials at
their jobs tell them not to join the
The newspaper Zycie Warszawy
called on the Communist Party to
beware attempts by "anti-socialist for-
ces" to align themselves with-and
take advantage of-the "legitimate'
protests by the workers.
It cited Jacek Kuron, leader of the
dissident committee for Social Self
Defense, by name as a leader of the
Kuron himself said he thought the a-
tacks on dissidents would increase in
All of this was seen as a warning that
the regime has decided it must live with
labor reform but will not tolerate a
political challenge to the authority of
the Communist Party.
"Volcano" is defined as both the
opening in the earth's crust that emits
hot rock, and the hill or mountain for-
mead by the ejected matter.
EDURADO FREI, former president of Chile, casts his vote Thursday in
Santiago on a constitution proposed by President Augusto Pinochet.
Pinochet's plan passed by a 2-1 margin. Fkei leads the political opposition.
University officials to begin
(continued from Page 1)
leers have documented.
ASSOCIATE ATHLETIC Director Don Lund said
his department's efforts to end passing up began last
year, before SPUN addressed the Regents about the
"Last year we had Howard King (the public ad-
dress announcer at Michigan Stadium) make an-
nouncements" urging spectators to stop passing up,
Lund said. "And we asked the Ann Arbor Police to
transfer seven officers from the south end of the,
9 stadium to the north end," he continued.
"There was no passing up of any significance at the
Last two games," Lund added.
LAW STUDENT Terry Calhoun, a SPUN member,
said he missed the last two games of last season, but
believed they were closer games than most. "Passing
up usually happens at slow games," he said. "At the
games I attended, I could hardly hear the P.A. an-
nouncements, and a policewoman came close to
being passed up herself."
Lund said, "We want to do this
The poster with Bo (Schembechl
effect, along with positive sta
problem. From the viewpoint
people it (passing up) is not fun,
we hope to stop it."
Mitchell-Yellin said she want
campaign. "There has been som
positive campaign has a bettere
WHILE THE STUDENT Servi
at the printers, flyers printed by
all over campus late last night.
help, though they won't have the
Student Services posters),"
education major and SPUN me
Vice President for Student Serv
said he thinks the responsibility f
formation campaign fell to his off
"student-initiated concern, and i
in a positive fashion. on student services."
er) on it will have an Lund said, "It's a student problem. If the students
tements about the don't cooperate, the problem won't go away."
we get from most Calhoun disagrees. "If someone sued, no court
it's dangerous, and would hold the students reponsible. The athletic
deparment would pay."
s to run a positive IN REACTION to a suggestion made by Calhoun to
e scare stuff done. A stopithe football game every time students begin to
effect, I think," she pass someone up, Lund said, "We couldn't do that.
The game is the game." He said the game on the field
ces posters are still has nothing to do with what occurs in the stands.
SPUN were posted SPUN members, Johnson, Lund, and Mitchell-
"The flyers should Yellin all said they hope passing up ends, citing the
same effect (as the danger to the victims, the illegality of the act, and the
senior physical negative image it gives the University.
ember Sheila Doran Calhoun and Doran said they would be at the Nor-
thwestern game today, observing the effects of the
vices Henry Johnson public information campaign they initiated at a
or the passing up in- Regents meeting in July. Calhoun said he is going to
fice because it was a have his camera,, with him, ready to take shots of in-
t had a direct effect stigators in the stands.
"The Omelette Shop"
Delicious Southern Fried
This Sunday only-4 p.m. -Close
1313 SOUTH UNIVERSITY
Open: 8-5 Mon.-Sat.; 9-10 Sun.
Passing up problem in midwest
(contnued from Page 1)
fraternities, and sororities.
HANSON SAID THERE was very lit-
tle body passing after the letter was
mailed last year, and the ad-
ministration sent similar notices this
year hoping to avoid passing up in-
"I was amazed," she said. "It worked
better than we had ever hoped. The
students responded in very adult and
Purdue University has not been so
fortunate in its efforts to stop passing
up. "It's awfully hard to take action
against a certain individual when there
are so many involved," said Tom
McHenry, assistant dean for students.
McHENRY CALLED PASSING up a
"frightening and degrading experien-
ce," and said "You'd think someone
would have the courage to stop and
,rescue the victim."
At Michigan State University,
President Cecil Mackey has coor-
dinated a committee of students and
administrators to look into the total
aspect of crowd behavior at sporting
"There is a growing resentment
toward body passing," said Captain
Andrew McEntee from Michigan,
State's public safety department.
"There are some males who will ac-
tively stop it." He said that in spite of
the growing resentment the practice
seems to be increasing in Spartan
Other Big Ten schools reported some
incidences of passing up. Spokesper-.
sons for Ohio State University,
however, said the practice was illegal
and very infrequent.
"IT HARDLY EVER happens here,
except when we play against
Michigan," snapped an OSU
BOW REHAIR SPECIAL
1/ /_ _
A Notre Dame spokesman had never
heard the phrase "passing up" before.
"It's not that big of a deal here that it
has acquired a nickname," he said.
At the University of Illinois, Sports
Information Assistant Dale Ratermann
called the practice "real neat." He said
passing up was a tradition at Illinois.
"SOME WOMEN GET a little upset,"
Ratermann continued, "but I'd take it
as a compliment." %
Passing up appears to be a rare oc-
currence outside of the Big Ten. A
spokeswoman for University of
Southern California and former
University of Michigan graduate said
she was surprised when she noticed
that nobody passed up spectators at
USC garhes. She suggested that USC's
strong crowd control force and "real"
seats (instead of bleachers) help
discourage would be grabbers.
Like To Travel, But
Don't Have The $$$?
Meet interesting students (foreign and American)
and sample great international cuisine with a
meal membership at Friends International
Co.op. 141 Hill St. 3 hrs. wor/wk., reasonable
Make A Little Magic
New Clear Days
- 9LP's & Tapes
Enter our drawing for
special vapors collec-
tor's item-a square,
white 45 of "Turning
Japanese"I \"Special Priced LP's &
Tapes on Sale Thru 9/27"
prices at the
Give the gift