Page 18-A-Thursday, September 4, 1980-The Michigan Daily
Pentagon research up,
but not at 'U'
By KEVIN TOTTIS
Department of defense-sponsored
research has grown considerably on
campuses across the nation in recent
years, but the University has not been a
party to that increase.
The majority of military research
conducted at most universities is basic
or "pue "-research of a particular
subject. not directly related to weapons.
For example, the Navy may sponsor
basic research in underwater acoustics
to apply its results to submarine
PRACTICALLY NONE of the resear-
ch is classified or secret.
According to a recent article in The
New York Times, defense support for
academic science has increased
nationally by 70 per cent in three years,
yet figures supplied by the University
indicate' that Pentagon-sponsored
research here has remained fairly con-
stant, or has declined, since 1977.
According to Dennis Cebulski,
assistant to the director of the Univer-
sity's division of Research Develop-
ment and Administration, 4.9 per cent,
or approximately $3.7 million, of the
research conducted at the University in
1977 was sponsored by the Pentagon. In
1978, the Pentagon still sponsored 4.9
per cent, or $4.1 million. In 1979, the
figure fell to 3.7 per cent, or $3.7 million.
on campus was sponsored by the
military, the dollar value reached its
high water mark of $17.7 million.
Anti-war sentiment during the Viet-
nam era, however, drove Department
of Defense-sponsored research away
from college campuses. In 1974, only six
years later, a meager 5.9 per cent, or
$3.6 million, of the University total
research budget was subsidized by the
During the war years, the Univer-
sity's connections with the Willow Run
Laboratories came under fire because
the labs had a large Army contract to
work with battlefield surveilance. In
1973, the University divested in Willow
Run, University Vice-President for
Research Charles Overberger said.
THE MANSFIELD amendment,
which forabde the Defense Department
from sponsoring research not directly
related to military functions, also
detered the Pentagon from dealing with
universities. But according to Univer-
sity Director of Research Development
and Administration James Lesch, "the
Mansfield Amendment is now con-
During the past few years Pentagon-
supported research has found itself
back in college laboratories again.
University administrators are unable
to give concrete reasons why the
University has not felt this resurgence
as have its peer institutions, and only
cite the University's ."diversity" as a
"WE ARE MORE diversified than
some of our peer institutions in both
sponsors and programs," Cebulski
"They (other universities) don't
always have a choice of sponsors,"
Lesch said. If, for instance, a university
is very strong only in engineering, he
explained, it must rely on selected
sponsors for most of its research, such
as the Department of Defense.
The University, Lesch said, is strong
in many areas and has a larger selec-
tion of sponsors, ranging from the
National Science Foundation to the
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare. HEW is the University's
largest sponsor and funds .ap-
proximately $35 million.
ACCORDING TO spokespersons at
the Defense Department, although
research objectives are published, the
department does not actively recruit
researchers. "It could be that in-
dividual researachers have not submit-
ted proposals to us," said Acting
Director of Procurements for the Air
Force Office of Scientific Research
John Linter. If few proposals from the
University are submitted, he said, few
proposals can be accepted.
Very little of the research conducted
at the University is classified, and that
which is, must first pass a screening
committee. According to Laura
Nowosielski, a student who sat on the
University's Committee on Classified
Research, only five projects came un-
der the group's scrutiny in 1979
"because they (the military) know the
University has very stringent rules."
The rules are contained in the
University's Policy on Classified
Research. They state the University
will not accept any project which would
"destroy human life or ... incapacitate
A project must also involve graduate
students, otherwise "it defeats the pur-
pose of the University," Nowosielski
said. This would include, according to
the policy, a project "which limits open
publication of results."
Some faculty members say they feel
although classified research is limited,
the Pentagon should not sponsor any
projects at the University. "The reason
(the Pentagon sponsors pure research)
is to make them look more palatable,"
Mathematics Prof. Art Schwartz said,
"It isn't their function to sponsor basic
research (at universities)-they have
other places to do that."
Despite Schwartz's opposition to the.,
research, Lesch said increases in the
nation's defense budget cause him to
expect the University's dealings with
the Pentagon will increase in upcoming
A guide to Rackham
(Continued from Page 5)
Board. In addition, as a unit in contact
with all graduate. departments and
programs but tied to none, it works to
maintain fairness in the enforcement of
standards and policies.
" To inform: It serves as an infor-
mation clearinghouse for faculty, staff,
and students, concerning records-
related policies, procedures, and
" To record: As the repository for
graduate academic records, it main-
tains pertinent data on all Rackham
graduate students. These are: NCFD
Students (those Not a Candidate for a
Degree), master's level students, in-
termediate level students (those
working on professional degrees?
Specialist in Education, Certificate of
Gradaute Studies in Mathematics, and
the professional Engineer degrees),
pre-candidates (students admitted to a
doctoral program but not yet admitted
to Candidacy in that program), and
candidates (doctoral students who have
received a Certificate of Candidacy
from the Graduate School after
recommendation by their department).
Dissertations Office; all others are kept
by this office.
" Referral information about
University organizations and agencies:
" Communication links between
student, faculty and staff organizations
" General counseling; and
" Information about the Non-
Traditional Fellowship Program.
Academic Appeals. Academic ap-
peals procedures are available for
Rackham students who seek coun-
seling, mediation, or formal
proceedings to resolve grievances in
the areas of evaluation and grading,
discipline, University rules and
policies, or access to information about
the student. These appeal procedures
are described in the Graduate School
Bulletin (Regulations Handbook), and
copies of the procedures are available
in Room 166.
Graduate Academic Records Office.
This office has three primary fun-
" To maintain standards: In
cooperation with the several depart-
ment and programs it works to main-
tain the standards set by the Executive
Office of Non-Academic Career
Counseling and Placement. In Septei-
ber 1976, the U-M established the Office
of Non-Academic Career Counseling
and Placement for Graduate Students.
It is headed by James J. Krolik and is
part of the Office of Career Planning
and Placement. Supported by the
Rackham Graduate School, the
Rackham Student Government, the Of-
fice of the Vice President for Student
Services, the Office of Career Planning
and Placement, and an initial small','
grant from the Sloan Foundation, it is
designed to help students make the
transition from the academic environ-
ment to the worlds of business, in-
dustry, and government.
Graduate Career Counseling'&
typical clients are graduate students in
the humanities or social sciences who
have not yet become doctoral can-
didates. According to Mr. Krolik, these
are students who "are exploring career
options while completing their degree
or who have made a decision to cleave
their academic program." In addition,
undergraduates, Ph.D. candidates,
alumni, faculty, and staff use the ser-
, \ available
more to go ..
and you'll have all your books.
Just a little more fighting through
crowds, searching shelves, and
running around, and you'll be done.
a a A ara Fol."a"IlIl
Of course, the people who went to Ulrich's are home drinking coffee. An
Urlich's helper took their class lists, got their books, and handed them over,
It didn't cost them any more, either.
Maybe you should try Ulrich's, too.