Page 12-Wednesday, September 10, 1980-The Michigan nilv
SURPRISE UPSET FOR LIBERAL INCUMBENT
avits upset in New
From AP and UPI
In a stunning upset, Jacob Javits, the
76-year-old liberal Republican who ser-
ved four terms as senator from New
York, was defeated in his bid for
renomination last night by a conser-
vative challenger who had hit hard at
his age and declining health.
It was among the most bitterly fought
in a series of primary elections in 13
states that nominated candidates for
-the Senate, Congress and governorship.
WITH 46 PERCENT of the New York
vote counted, Javits, had 45 percent to
55 percent for Alfonse D'Amato,
presiding supervisor of the Long Island
town of Helpstead.
Javits Was the target of repeated at-
tacks by D'Amato for his support of
social service spending and the SALT II
agreement. D'Amato also raised the
issue of Javits' age and health, a tactic
the senator denounced as "ghoulish."
D'Amato's own record came under
attack when a 1971 letter linking him to
a political kickback scheme surfaced.
JAVITS' CAMP hoped for a heavy
turnout. The senator, facing his first
primary challenge in 32 years in
Congress, said he was worried the bulk
of moderate Republicans likely to sup-
port him would pass up the election out
In the race for the Democratic
nomination for senator, with 50 per cent
of the vote in, Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman
,had 38 percent to 32 percent for her
nearest rival, Bess Myerson, a former
Miss America and consumer advocate.'
Former congressman and former New
York Mayor John Lindsay, and Queens
District Attorney John Santucci trailed
Local affiliates for both ABC News
and NBC News projected that both
D'Amato and Ms. Holtzman would win.
There were primary contests for both
governor and senator in New Ham-
pshire and Vermont and Senate races in
Connecticut, Colorado, Wisconsin,
Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. House con-
tests highlighted the ballot in Rhode
Island, Minnesota and Wyoming.
INCUMBENT SEN. Richard Stone
(D-Florida) faces similar problems
politically as did Javits.
Although there were some pockets of
moderate voting, turnout was light in
Florida where Stone had five
Democratic opponents. There were six
Republicans running for that party's
Stone's liberal voting record, and his
handling of the Cuban refugee issue,
has brought strong criticism during his
RICHARD KELLY, the only
Republican indicted in Abscam, had
two opponents in the Florida race.
It appeared likely that both Stone and
Kelly would be forced into an Oct. 7
Among the incumbents either unop-
posed or facing token opposition were
Sens. Gaylord Nelson, D-Wis., Paul
Laxalt, R-Nev., Jake Garn, R-Utah,
and Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz.
In other key primary races:
New Hampshire-Former Gov.
Meldrim Thomson, who advocated ar-
ming the National Guard with nuclear
weapons and went to the U.S. Supreme
Court over his right to lower the flag on
Good Friday, was favored to win the
Republican nomination and the right to
oppose the man who beat him two years
ago-Gov. Hugh Gallen.
Sen. John Durkin is unopposed, but 11
Republicans, saying he is too liberal for
the conservative state, are battling for
the nomination to oppose him.
Connecticut-Former Sen. James
Buckley, R-N.Y., was favored to win
the GOP nomination in Connecticu
Rep. Christopher Dodd already has the
Democratic nod in the race to pick a
successor to retiring Sen. Abraham
Read and Use
FCC considers allowing hundi
of new UHF television stations
WASHINGTON (AP)-The Federal
Communications Commission proposed
yesterday to allow hundreds, and
possibly thousands, of new television
stations on the air as a means of in-
creasing the diversity of programming
throughout the nation.,
Despite reservations by some com-
missioners over the effect on existing
broadcasters, the FCC voted
unanimously to propose a new type of
television service using so-called tran-
slators as mini-TV stations.
TH E COMMISSION ALSO discussed,
but postponed final action, on a more
controversial proposal to license new
VHF, or very high frequency, TV
stations in virtually every city in the
By a 4-3 vote, however, the FCC
authorized the assignment of new VHF
stations in four cities: Knoxville,
Tenn.; Johnstown, Pa.; Salt Lake City,
utah; and Charleston, W.Va. It was
able to do so because the possibility of
new VHF stations has been under
separate review in those four cities sin-
"Low-power TV broadcasting, the
first new broadcast service considered
by the FCC in 20 years, offers the same
intriguing possibilities as the advent of
commercial television broadcasting in
the late 1940s," chairman Charles
Ferris said after the first vote.
"IT POSES AN exciting challenge to
commercial and non-commercial en-
trepreneurs of creating programming
to make the new service attractive to
Americans," he added.
The change in translator rules could
open the door to hundreds and, if there
is sufficient demand, thousands-of
new TV outlets since most cities have
vacant UHF, or ultra high frequency,
"We're not proposing to create all
these stations," explained one top staff
official. "We're proposing to create a
potential for new stations and then we'll
try to accommodate whatever demand
THE PROPOSAL MUST undergo a
public comment period and another
vote by the FCC before it becomes final.
The commission will announce the
length of the public comment period i
two or three weeks when it releases th
written text of its decision.
UHF channels include 14 to 83. VHF
stations operate on channels two to 13.
A translator is an inexpensive, low-
power transmitter that usually
operates on a UHF channel and is used
to extend the coverage area of an
existing TV station.
The FCC proposed yesterday to allow
translators to present different types of
programming, instead of simply
rebroadcasting an existing signal. Suce
stations would be "secondary,
meaning they would have to give way to
anyone who proposed to open a full
service station on their channel.
LOW-POWER STATIONS would
have a limited range of less than 15
miles in one direction and thus would
not seriously threaten existing full-
service stations, the commission
reasoned, particularly since they would
be required to provide local news an
public affairs programming.
Minority and educational groups
would be given a preference when their
applications for these limited-range
stations were compared to those of
other groups, as would any group that
filed the very first application for a par-
ticular channel, the commission added.
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