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December 07, 1980 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1980-12-07

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Page 2-Sunday, December 7, 1980-The Michigah Daily
Guns rule in El Salvador


Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press.International reports

An AP News Analysis
MEXICO CITY-El Salvador's ex-
treme right is mounting an increasingly
bloody campaign of outrages that ap-
pear intended to isolate the troubled
government from its backers. The right
is challenging the left as the main
threat to the ruling junta.
The assassinations of six Salvador
leftist leaders and three American nuns
and a lay social worker in the past 10
days focused world attention on the tiny
Central American republic, where
political killings are routine and where,
by the government's own admission,
"the law of the gun" rules.
THE UNITED States, which has

backed the civilian-military junta as
the best alternative to the extreme
right or left, announced suspension of
economic and military aid to El
Salvador Friday and sent a presidential
commission to investigate possible
military complicity in the killings of the
nuns and social worker.
Mexico, which has a rising role as a
Latin American leader, recalled its
ambassador after a Mexican newsman
was killed there earlier this year.
Relations have remained chilly.
Many other nations as well have
closed their embassies in San Salvador,
the Salvadoran capital, apparently
feeling that the safety of their

diplomats could not be guaranteed.
NO ONE HAS claimed responsibility
for killing the nuns.
But the murders follow the pattern of
rightist hit squads that work in El
Salvador at will. The freedom with
which they operate has long been a con-
cern of the United States.
At the funeral of the nuns Friday,.
U.S. Ambassador Robert White said
"Now the time has come to act and we
are going to act."
EL SALVADOR'S- left has shifted
away from being a movement of the
masses toward becoming a hard-line
but smaller guerrilla force. Despite its
efforts, leftists could muster only about
2,000 mourners when the leftist leaders
were buried last Wednesday.
Threats of leftist "final offensives"
have fizzled repeatedly, and the six lef-
tist assassinations by rightists on Nov.
27 virtually wiped out their leadership.
Rightists claimed responsibility for
the killing of the six and are generally.
believed to be behind the killing bf the
four American women.
CORRECTLY OR incorrectly, the
junta is still aligned with the right in the
eyes of many. Recently, there has been
talk of reorienting the government
toward, the center-left, which would
presumably require an alliance with

moderate-leftist opposition.
The furor caused by the recent mur-
ders likely will further isolate the left,
making such a change more difficult, if
not impossible.
Just who makes up and controls the
extreme right is less clear, although
junta member Jose Napoleon Duarte
says elements. of Salvador's military
are probably involved.
"BUT WHO ARE they? Where are
they?" he said in a recent interview.
Whoever they are and whoever gives
them orders, they threaten to knock out
the main support of the junta with the
killings, a threat not equaled so far by
the demonstrated strength of the leftist
guerrilla movement in El Salvador.
The left claims outright government
complicity in the killings, which the
government denies. However, the
military has been tightly allied with the
tiny but powerful upper class in El
Salvador since the 1930s.
That did not change when the junta
came to power after a military coup'
Oct. 15, 1979, ousting President Gen.
Carlos Humberto Romero.
The people who run the day-to-day
operations of the military are basically
the same as before the coup. While the
military government as such is gone,
its legacy remains.

University of Michigan Applicants
to the Physical Therapy Curriculum
for Fall Term 1981
This is a reminder that supplementary applications
for the Physical Therapy Curriculum must be com-
plete and filed by January 15, 1981.
Pre-Physical Therapy students who have attained Sophomore
status or above may pick up.applications at:
Undergraduate Admissions Office
1220 S.A.B. (Behind LSA Building)
8:30-12:00 and 1:00-4:30 After Dec. 1.51980

U.S. investigators
land in El Salvador


Sundays you can get a spe-
P cial spaghetti dinner in-
cluding a garden salad &
garlic bread for only
thlrg n f

(Continued from Page 1)
the magistrate said they believed gun-
men mistook him for another justice
who helped identify the women and
signed burial orders.
The U.S. group is headed by William
Rogers, a former assistant secretary of
state for inter-American affairs 'with
close ties to the incoming Republican
administration. Another member is
Assistant Secretary of State William
Bowdler, a former ambassador to El
THE STATE Department announced
the mission Friday night, saying it had
been approved by the Salvadoran
government and would report to
President Carter and aides to
President-elect Ronald.Reagan this
week. The announcement came hours
after the State Department said it was





Student Newspaper at The University of Michigan
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Please indicate
15-21 2.55 5.10 6.90 8.70 10.50 1.50 where this ad
is to run:
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for sale Y
29-35 4.25 8.50 11.50 14.50 17.50 2.50 help wanted
36-42 5.10 10.20 13.80 17.40 21.00 3.00 "r"oaes
43-49 6.80 11.90 16.10 20.30 24.50 3.50 et
7 words per line (Each line of space used counts as 7 words).
Hyphenated words over 5 characters counts as two words-This includes telephone numbers.

suspending U.S. economic and military
aid to the country until it could be lear-
ned if military forces committed the
The delegation's itinerary is being
kept secret by the U.S. Embassy here
as a security precaution, and it is not
known exactly what it will do.
Sporadic violence continued across
he capital Friday night. Bombings
were reported at the local headquarters
of the 3-M Corp., a bank, and a fried
chicken restaurant. Gunfire was heard
across the city. There were no im-
mediate reports of casualties.,
THE U.S. delegation is expected to
meet with at least some Salvadoran of-
ficials, and possibly with Roman
Catholic Church sources who say they
have indirect evidence that the'
Salvador military.was responsible for
the killings.
"Nor the time has come to act and we
are going to act," U.S. Ambassador
Robert White said at a funeral for the
nuns Friday. Local peasants found the
bullet-ridden bodies Wednesday
southeast of this capital city and
authorities said the women were mur-
dered the day before.
No one has claimed responsibility.
Town fathers
baid road
for Amish
BERNE, Ind. (AP) - The 1,500
Amish who shop in this small northeast
Indiana town no longer need worry
about driving their horse-drawn
buggies along busy U.S. 27. Local mer-
chants are building a road for them.
Most stores front U.S. 27 in this town
of 3,000 residents, and the Amish had to
compete with tractor-trailer rigs and
cars to do their shopping, as there was
no back street they could use to reach
the stores.
NOW, THE Amish - whose religious
beliefs call for them to shun modern
technology - have a half-mile section
of narrow, gravel roadway built
especially for carts and buggies.
"It was built to take the elderly
Amish with slow horses off the road,"
the Rev. Curtis Bedsworth, a retired
Mennonite minister, said Thursday.
"The horses used to go up in the air
when they met the intersection."
"SOME CAME to me and asked if we
could get some kind of road there,"
Bedsworth said.
The retired minister approached
brothers Sam and Charles Habegger,
ho have eight stores along the stretch
where the Amish shop. The idea had
benefits for the Habeggers, who
already owned the land where the road
was to be built. They volunteered to
handle the construction.

Portugal mourns
prime minister
LISBON, Portugal-Thousands mourned yesterday the death of Prime
Minister Francisco Sa Carneiro, whose death in a plane crash last week
thrust the country into political uncertainty. This week's presidential elec-
tions will go on as scheduled, despite five days of official mourning for Sa
Sa Carneiro died en route to a campaign rally for Gen. Antonio Soares
Carneiro, the candidate of the prime minister's party. The cause of the crash
has not yet been determined.
Minimum wage to be $3.35 -
WASHINGTON-Some 5.6 million American workers will get a pay in-
crease of 25 cents an hour Jan. 1. But future minimum wage increases are
clouded by the election of Ronald Reagan and a more consevative
The hourly minimum wage will rise from $3.10 to $3.35 New Year's Day,
marking the final installment in a series of increases enacted by Congress
and signed into law by President Carter in 1977.
Based on a 40-hour work week, the'raise means a worker's weekly salary
will rise from $124 to $134. The law requires that workers must be paid at
time-and-a-half rates for hours in excess of 40 a week.
During the election campaign, Reagan talked often of the nation's unem-
ployment prollem, arguing that the minimum wage was so high that it was
causing undue hardships for young people entering the labor market. He
even advocated elimination of the minimum wage at one point. Since then,-
Reagan has backed away from that position, advocating instead the enac-
tment of legislation that would provide a lower minimum wage for those 16-
Congress still working
WASHINGTON-Although most members of Congress had thought they
would be home on their Christmas recess by now, they are still busy lining up
support in preparation for a showdown on two civil rights issues early this
Senate Majority Leader Robert Byrd yesterday said "the time is now" for
passage of a 'housing bill, called by supporters the most important civil
i rights legislation in a decade.
Negotiators from both the House and Senate are trying, meanwhile, to
work out a q'mpromise on legislation containing language prohibiting the
Justice Department from seeking court-ordered school busing.
On the housing bill, Byrd said if he does not get the 60 votes needed
Tuesday to end debate on the issue he will withdraw the bill. Republican con-
servatives agreed to stop a five-day filibuster on the housing bill last week in
exchange for the test vote next Tuesday.
Meanwhile, Congress is still awaiting a promised veto by President Carter
of an appropriations measure that contains language prohibiting the Justice
Department from seeking court-ordered busing to desegregate public
The president reportedly was persuaded by some members of Congress to
hold off on the veto at least until Tuesday so that a compromise might be
worked out.
Leaders of both the House and Senate would prefer to avoid a vote on the
controversial busing issue.
Detroit officials ponder plans
of Ann Arbor developer
DETROIT-Detroit officials were considering a $75 million proposal from
an Ann Arbor developer to reopen the long-closed downtown Heritage Hotal
as a combination retail-hotel-condominuim complex.
Developer Richard Berger said his plan, submitted to city officials last
week, calls for conversion of the first three floor of the 20-story building into
a retail shopping area of cafes, boutiques and other speciality shops.
Floors four through 11 would be transformed into a 300-room deluxe hotel,
he said, while the remaining nine stories would be converted into con-
dominium units selling for $150,000 to $170,000.
Berger said most of the $75 million needed to finance the proposed "Inn of
the Park" would be raised from private investors.
Volume XCI, No. 78
Sunday, December 7, 1980
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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