Clinic warned to submit to audit
The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, January 7, 1981-Page 7
By ELAINE RIDEOUT
City Council Monday night issued an
ultimatum to the Model Cities Legal
Clinic, ordering the agency to release
financial records or lose federal fun-
The Council resolution, which was
approved 10-1, reinforced the city's
stance taken six months ago when the
legal clinic and Model Cities Health
Center refused to cooperate with a city-
OFFICIALSOF both agencies main-
tain that the city has no right to conduct
an audit of agency records because
such a clause does not exist in a city
But Mayor Louis Belcher, apparently
speaking for a majority on Council, in-
sisted such a clause exists in federal
regulations governing the agencies.
Under the council's mandate, the
legal clinic has until Feb. 1to surrender
all financial records dating back to
Sept. 1, 1979. If by that date no set-
tlement has been reached, the city will
solicit proposals from other legal ser-
vice agencies to take over operation of
the clinic, the resolution said.
IF THE CITY is unable to reach a
contract agreement with the legal
clinic, Belcher asked the council mem-
bers to bring the resolution back to the
table Feb. 19.
"People won't refuse an audit if they
have nothing to hide," Belcher com-
The agencies, established under the
now-defunct Model Cities program, are
geared to low and moderate income
families and are partially subsidized by
Community Development Block Grants
administered through the U.S. Depar-
tment of Housing and Urban Develop-
Ann Arbor Civic Theatre
4 B lks and yi c s by
Alan Jar Lerner
Adapted from George Ber
Gabrial Pascal's motion pi
en ng or g,..t
rnard Shaw's play and
cture 'PYGMA I.lON'
Fish repellent could spell
the death of 'Jaws'
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
January 7 - 10 andiJanuary 14 -17, 1981 8:00P. M.
Wednesday & Thursday Tickets $5.00 - Friday & Saturday Tickets $6.00
Box Office Hours: Mon. - Tues., 12-4; Wed. - Thurs. - Fri., 12-8, Box Office 763-1085
TORONTO (AP)-A fish that can turn
aside a hungry shark in mid-snap has
become the focus of the search for
naturally occurring shark repellents to
protect swimmers and divers, scien-
The fish's repellent is so potent that
sharks exposed to it in experiments can
go into convulsions or even roll over
belly-up on the bottom of a tank.
Marine biologists told a convention of
the American Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science on Monday that
natural biological substances may
replace chemical shark repellents
discontinued a decade ago when they,
were found to be ineffective.
THE SCIENTISTS, led by Bernard
Zahuranec of the Office of Naval
'Research, said so far no replacement
has been found.
But they said there was renewed hope
for a repellent made from potent
biological toxins discovered in simple
sea creatures over the last few
years-particularly a toxin secreted by
.a species of fish called the Moses sole.
The Moses sole, a foot-long flatfish,
inhabits the Red Sea and western In-
' dian Ocean.
ITS NAME comes from a legend that
the fish was flattened by being split
down the middle when Moses divided
the waters, said Eugenie Clark of the
University of Maryland. Clark, a shark
specialist, first reported in 1973 that the
Moses sole could repulse sharks.
In a series of tests, individual Moses
sole fishes survived up to 28 hours in a
tank with two captive reef white-tipped
sharks despite repeated attacks. In
some cases, she said, the sharks would
have the fish already in their mouths
before being driven away.
"At the end of the experiment, you,
take the fish out and it doesn't have a
scratch on it, even though it's been in
the jaws," she said.
WHEN EXPOSED to sharks in the
wild, Moses sole survived at least 10
hours before being eaten, although
other bait fish were eaten quickly, she
Scientists say the fish has a series of
poison glands near its back and rear
fins, which secrete a milky substance
that interferes. with the shark's gills.
The gill is the lung-like organ through
which fish breathe.
Clark said if a shark is exposed to the
repellent it will go into convulsions,
jerking its head from side to side,
banging around the tank, swimming
with its mouth open and, in some cases,
rolling over belly-up on the bottom.
WHEN THIS first came out, com-
panies that make sun tan lotions were
interested in supporting it because they
thought there was a possibility a salve
could be developed where you could in
one tube sell a product that wouldI
prevent sunburn and shark attack," she
Interest in this quick-and-easy
solution faded when it was learned that
Pardaxin, the fish toxin, degrades
rapidly when it is separated from the
fish and stored or frozen.
Eliahu Zlotkin, a biochemist at
Hebrew University in Jerusalem, said
it probably would be too expensive to
make shark repellent from the par-
daxin itself, but he said a chemical sub-
stitute for Pardaxin probably could be
Gerald Bakus at the University of
Southern California at Los Angeles said
a survey of the Great Barrier Reef off
Australia two years ago showed that
three-quarters of the soft-bodied bot-
tom-dwelling invertebtates secrete
toxins of some kind.
NIJ.VEkSIT YMWUSICA L 8CIEY
To begin the New Year; remarkable musicians in four first-time
Ann Arbor appearances, followed by the return engagement of one
ofAnn Arbor 's most popular chamber groups.
Ilo racto (urudfierrcz,
Gutidrrez' career is marked by a notable
re-engagement record with the world's
leading orchestras and by continuing col-
laboration with many eminent interna-
tional conductors. As a recitalist he has
appeared on the important concert stages
in the United States, Europe, South
America, Israel; and the Soviet Union.
For his first Ann Arbor performance
thirty-two- year- old Pinchas Zukerman will
perform an all Brahms program. "Abso-
lutely without peer among violinists" is
what the London Times said of him, and
"probably the best living viola player"
noted Gramaphone. Recently, he has also
distinguished himself as a brilliant conduc-
tor, as a chamber music performer, and as a
winning television personality. Tues., 8:30.
The fabulous Russian emigre pianist burst
on the American music scene with her
1979-1980 tour of our major cities and drew
attention to her "cyclonic virtuosity," her
"imposing presence and personality," her
"monumental power," and "depth of ex-
pression." Since she emigrated to the
United States from Soviet Russia, the
thirty-nine-year-old pianist has been
acclaimed as one of the most richly en-
dowed pianists to come out of Russia in
recent times. Sat., 8:30.
Five extraordinary young musicians will
perform chamber music by Beethoven,
Martinu and Brahms, for another Ann
Arbor debut, this time of musicians from
Marlboro- that remarkable molding force
for the performance of chamber music in
this country. Wrote Harold Schonberg in
The Neu, York Times last summer, "A
community of the nost expert musicians
anywhere, expanding their musical know-
ledge and producing an altogether superior
brand of chamber music." Thurs., 8:80.
~1 ( nsand olist
Sunday January 8
The Henrie Brothers
Mick Moloney and
Tickets are $8.00 for one show and
$13.00 for both shows and go on
sale TODAY at the Michigan Union
box office (11:30-5:30 M-F. Sorry, no
checks accepted.), Herb David's
Ji iij W a~esundxr; (Dag ConcerLn
Again the Musical Society commemorates
this significant month in our history with a
Founders Day Concert. Donald Bryant will
conduct the Festival Chorus in another
major choral work, with instrumentalists
from the University Symphoiny Orchestra,
and soloists (to be announced). Tickets are
$3.00, general admission; complimentary.
upon request, for subscribers to any of the
1980-1981 series. Sun., 2:30.
"The four men who are collectively known
as the Guarneri (after the eighteenth-
century Italian violin maker) have achieved
one of the most glittering, durable careers
in music by directing their individual
virtuosity to a common cause. To music
connoisseurs the Guarneri is the 'world
master of chamber music"' (Time). Known
well by Musical Society chamber music
lovers are: Arnold Steinhardt, violinist;
John Dalley, violinist and Ann Arbor na-
tive; Michael Tree, violist; and David Soyer,
cellist. Thurs.. -.30