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April 15, 1981 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1981-04-15

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Page 8-Wednesday, April 15, 1981-The Michigan Daily

I oan bill

LANSING (UPI)-The Senate gave
final approval Tuesday to a bill which
makes middle and upper income paren-
ts eligible for federal loans to put their
children through college.
The tuition loan bill, sponsored by
Rep. Perry Bullard (D-Ann Arbor) was
approved 29-0 and sent to Gov. William
"WE'VE SEEN tuition and living
costs go right through the roof in recent
years," said Bullard. "It's kept many
kids from low- and middle-income
families from attending a university at

:;vE ii:^ i i ii:- L i i siii |Nii: ii : : vii~:}i$?~ :is l! lll iiliii:
Current law opens the program only
to low income families. If signed into
law, the bill will make federally finan-
ced loans of $3,000 per student available
for the summer and fall terms.
Although there are indications the
Reagan administration may eliminate
the college loan program, the bill
makes all parents eligible to receive
special low interest aid to puttheir
youngsters through school.
About 113,000 Michigan students now
receive the loans. Bullard said if the
loan cuts are finalized, about 65,000 of
them would be eligible for the program.

Tightening our belts

.... . { . ....t................... .. ... ......n ... .....r..... ........ f.. . .. r.... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
... ...r ......... . . F. . . r.. .........

(Continued from Page 1)
University department and program to
reduce its budget by 2 percent for the
1981-1982 academic year and to prepare
for a 6 percent reduction for 1981-1982.
AT THAT TIME, Frye also put a
freeze on all hiring in the University,
which has since been lifted for units
demonstrating an ability to come up
with funds for hiring.
Up to this time, no programs had
been designated for severe budget
reductions. However, the 1981-1982
state allocation shortfall of $11.1 million
forced the administration to select four
non-academic departments for exten-
sive budgetary reductions.
Subcommittees were formed by Frye
to study the impact of cuts in each of the
departments - Recreational Sports,
Michigan Media, the Extension Ser-
vice, and the Center for Research on
Learning and Teaching. Budget reduc-
tions in these four areas are expected to
make up the final $3 million necessary
to balance the books this year, Frye
found itself in a better position after the
committee reviews than had originally
been proposed. The Extension Service
found itself in a worse situation, as a
committee recommended the complete
elimination of the program, which
spends almost $2 million in general
fund money annually.
The Budget Priorities Committee ap-
proved and passed on to the executive
officers subcommittee reports calling
for significant reductions in the Rec
Sports, CRLT, and Michigan Media
budgets, and the elimination of the Ex-
tension Service.
A separate committee, consisting of
four LSA professors, conducted a

review of the college's geography
department, and filed its recommen-
dation last week. The committee repor-
ted it felt the geography department
could be discontinued, or cut back
IN ACCORDANCE with the Regents'
guidelines, the LSA faculty met on the
proposal Monday and voted to reject
the committee's recommendation.
However, the faculty's vote is not
binding, and the LSA Executive Com-
mittee may still choose to eliminate the
department. Such a decision would
have to be approved by Frye and, the
All budget cuts are being made to
stabilize the University's financial
situation, according to Frye.
WITH AN INCREASE in tuition and
at least a 7 percent hike in state fun-
ding, Frye said he hopes to be able to
avoid in the future huge budget cuts
similar to this year.
However, administrators admit fur-
ther retrenchments are inevitable. The
University will have to continue a
smaller but better program for some
time, Shapiro said.
Explaining his now much-repeated
phrase, coined last June, Shapiro said,
"We had to come up with some way to
maintain quality without increasing the
budget. Our aim is to make the Univer-
sity become something better than it is
today. We're saying even if we have to
become smaller, getting better is the
NOT EVERYONE in the University,
however, has expressed full support for
the smaller but better philosophy, and
the way in which it is being implemen-
Of those faculty members and
students who have spoken out on the

budget issues, many have said the
University is trying to divert as many
resources as possible into its research
program, sometimes at the expense of
The administration, however, denies
taking such actions, but emphasizes the
necessity of maintaining a strong
research program as a part of keeping
the University at its present level of
distinction among educational in-
A SECOND ISSUE raised by many
students has been the involvement of
students in the budget cutting process.
The geography review committee
had no student members. Each of the
subcommittees studying the four non-
academic units had one student mem-
ber, while two students participated on
the Budget Priorities Committee.
"So far, we've taken the view that in-
volvement of students is appropriate,".
Shapiro told a group of political science
undergraduates last week.
All the review committees met
primarily in closed session, adding to
the frustration of some students and
faculty in obtaining information on
exactly what was happening.
Another round of criticisms was
directed at the budget cuts themselves.
Many LSA faculty members fiercely
support maintaining the geography
department and faculty and staff
members support making fewer or no
cuts in the Extension Service, CRLT,
Recreational Sports, and Michigan
On the question of whether or not the
right adjustments are being made,
even Shapiro admits he does not know.
"The results aren't in on this. They
won't be in next year, or two years, or
maybe five years," he said.

Several years ago, the University began to
prepare itself for imminent financial trouble.
Harold Shapiro, who was selected as Univer-
sity president in July, 1979, said the in-
stitution's leaders would have to work hard in
the next several years to innovatively plan
budget cuts which would do the least damage.
But months, not years, passed before the
University found itself in serious financial
trouble. The following comments trace the
University's attempts to cope with its current
budget crisis:
' I expect in the next decade that 'we find some cut-
backs in our programs necessary. We'll have to do it
very selectively, and very discriminately-getting rid
of those things that aren't so relevant and don't
speak to the University as well as they ought to.
"So if we're going to have some growth and some
new things,'we're going to have to phase out some of
the old things. "
--Harold Shapiro, in an interview, July 27, 1979
* , # *
"A program may be eliminated because it fails to
meet the requirements of a particular School or
College.for academic excellence."
-From Regents Guidelines for Discontinuance of
Academic Programs, October, 1979
"'Quality is not judged by, the number of things we
do, but by the number of things we do well. "
-Harold Shapiro, to faculty members,
June 23, 1980
"Anything you cut (from our budget) is going to
-Michigan Media Director Hazen Schumacher,
in air interview, Jan. 7, 1981
* * * *
"It's tough. It's terrible, (Making these budget
cuts) ,is probably the toughest thing I've had to do
since I've been here."
- Vice President Michael Radock, in an interview,
Jan. 7, 1981

"The executive committee and I believe that the
best way to protect the overall strength of the College
in a period of retrenchment is to make hard decisions
about what activities we should attempt to sustain"
-Acting LSA Dean John Knott, Jan. 26, 1981
*. * * *
"We can'tget rid of chemistry or history; those are
central to the college ... but we will have a hard time
convincing our colleagues that we are central. "
--Geography Department Chairman John Nystuen,
in an interview, Jan.,'26, 1981
"The idea of reversing that tradition (of program
expansion) has shocked people out of their skins."
-LSA Executive Committee member and
Communications Prof. William Porter,
March 2, 1981
"Whereas I am quite convinced that further
modest, carefully planned and carefully paced
retrenchment will continue to be an important part of
our overall strategy, I am at the same time of the
opinion that the overall amount of reallocation
through retrenchment will be of relatively modest
proportion. "
-Bill Frye, to Regents, March 20, 1981
* * * *
"We are unanimously agreed that the Department
of Geography cannot be continued in its present
form. "
-From Report of the Geography
Review Committee, April, 1981
"Only once or twice in 36 years have I seen a
faculty meeting as angry as this one. It's bad
"I do not believe that any administration can carry
through a project that has so much opposition. I
think the action proposed needs at least 70 percent
r support so as not to rip the University in two."
-Mathematics Prof. M. S. Ramanujan,
at LSA faculty meeting, April 13, 1981



'U' new to serious budget cutting

(Continued from Page 1)
services, eliminating duplication of
programs, and spending state money
Opinions on campus are mixed about
the University's approach to meeting
its budget needs and, inevitably,
redirecting the University's
educational focus.
Many say the debate is healthy, and
no one ever expected everyone to agree
on everything.


So everyone can feel they have had a
fair hearing, opportunities to speak in
favor of, or against (most often it's
against), a specific budget cut are plen-
During recent hearings to gather
student views of the proposed
elimination of the geography depar-
tment, students paraded before com-
mittee members. All who spoke op-
posed the department's discontinuance.
The committee anxiously awaited a
student who could provide reasons why
geography should be kept as an LSA
department. The wait was futile.
Instead, the committee members
were told the process followed by the
college in recommending discontinuan-
ce was all wrong. Keep geography, the
students said: it's an integral part of a
liberal arts education. Yet, none of.

vacation. .
with the i I

those students had ever bothered to
take a geography course. Again and
again committee members heard:
Don't cut the geography department.4
Still, no reasons why.
But, for the students, it's a vicious
cycle. They are asked for quality
arguments, yet they'll never have ac-
cess to the information administrators,
who review departments and programs
on a regular basis, have.
And, it's only a tiny portion of the
student body who care to respond to
suggestions of budget cuts. So the
students are told there aren't enough of
them. Student government leaders get9
numbers of people to sign up for forum
speaking duty. They all say the same
Another scenario also occurs.
University budget administrators, at a
recent hearing on non-academic budget
cuts, tried to listen attentively to oft-
repeated arguments.
As the speakers finished, vice
presidents asked some appropriate
questions, the answers to which they've4
already heard. The administrators then
made appropriate notations on the
speakers' responses.
The process of making selective
budget reductions to bolster the
University's strengths when money is
tight is still in the experimental stage
and the philosophy is still being
debated. The geography department is
the first to come under review under
the Regents Guidelines for Discon-
tinuance of Academic Programs
established in 1979.
BUT THE sizable budget problems
won't end in'the next year or two. The
decade of serious financial problems
that loomed when Harold Shapiro
assumed the University presidency last
year is still ahead.
Already being suggested in some cir-
cles is a reorganization or recom-
bination of programs and curricula in
the health sciences, Which includes$
pharmacy, nursing, public health, and
It is also possible that entire schools
or colleges will be dropped from the
University offerings. One such oft-
mentioned possibility is the transfer of
the School of Education to a Depar-
tment of Education within LSA.
Other departments, such as
statistics, are especially vulnerable as
budget targets. A wide range of
statistics courses are offered in many
individual departments.


Congratulations, Graduates!
You're about to join the good
company of Pulitzer Prize-
winning playwright Arthur
Miller, CBS investigative re-
porter Mike Wallace, opera
singer Jessye Norman, actress
Gilda Radner and the 300,000
other University of Michigan
alumniliving around the

sociation can advertise, free
of charge, in our "Employ-
ment Wanted" column of the
Alumnus magazine.
Need insurance? You can
participate in our low-cost
term life insurance program.
Moving to a new city? Our
alumni clubs throughout the
country offer personal and

bership dues enable us to
provide services such as
student scholarships and
teaching awards.)
You see, we really would
like you to be a part of us.
You're one. You're in good
PS. Of course, we're in-
terested in als tudents ,



Sex and
Heredity or Socialization?
0. ii)


, -mm-


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