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April 15, 1981 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1981-04-15

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I'

Ninety-One Years
of
Editorial Freedom

C I
tr

Singan

143ItiQ

WARMER
Mostly clear and mild
today with a high in the mid
50s.

,Vol. XCI, No. 159

Copyright 1981, The Michigan Daily

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, April 15, 1981

Ten Cents

Eight Pages

W-

R"-

F

The ax
'U'faculty winces
as budget blade falls

Forum looks
at student
involvement in
rtrenelunent

By NANCY BILYEAU
Faculty members from several of
the University's smaller departmen-
ts, uneasy over impending budget
cuts, are looking enviously at
professors who teach subjects which
appear less vulnerable.
However, almost all
professors-whether presiding over
a handful of students or a packed
auditorium-are now trying to cope
with problems brought on by budget
constraints that are not likely to go
away.
THEIR complaints, ranging from
the changing market value of a lear-
ning discipline to out-dated
laboratory equipment, are as diver-
se as the departments and colleges
in which they teach.
Engineering professors, envied by
some for their job security, are fin-
ding that the current popularity of
their field presents drawbacks in the
form of over-crowded classrooms.
"Our classes are bulging because
we don't have enough money to staff
the incoming enrollment," ex-
plained English Prof. Ralph Loomis

from the humanities department in
the School of Engineering.
"We're up, our classes are larger,
but the money is not following the
students," Loomis said, adding that
faculty members' workloads have
"shot up."
INDUSTRIAL Engineering Prof.
Richard Wilson said "We're running
into trouble," pointing to a 50 per-
cent hike in college enrollment coun-
tered by a decrease in faculty of ap-
proximately 15 percent.
Crowded classes are detrimental
to any kind of personal relationship
between faculty and students,' par-
ticularly in the humanities depar-
tment, Loomis said.
The atmospheric and oceanic
science department in the School of
Engineering, although a con-
paratively small department, is not
particularly threatened by budget
cuts, said Prof. William Kuhn.
KUHN, however, did cite a
See 'U', Page 2

I

Daily Photo by JOHN HAGEN
UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT Harold Shapiro responds to criticisms of
University budget management at last night's forum while David Pratt,
chairman of the mechanical engineering department, listens in the
foreground.

University implements its
'smaller but better' plan

By BARRY WITT
Arguing whether students should par-
ticipate in the budget cutting process,
students, faculty, and administrators
discussed strategies being used in the
University's efforts to head off its
financial crisis at a forum last night.
The former president of the Michigan
Student Assembly and a member of the
University's Budget Priorities Commit-
tee were among the more than 200 who
attended the Senate Assembly's mon-
thly meeting, which was designed
specifically as a forum for opinions on
the University's handling of the budget
situation.
FORMER MSA President Marc
Breakstone, who earlier last night
passed the gavel to newly elected MSA
President Jon Fieger, repeated his call
for a more direct student role in the
budget reduction process.
But University President Harold
Shapiro said although students do
deserve a voice in the decisions, there
must be*caution in allowing students to
react "in a faddish way."
Responding to criticism on the lack of
student participation in the review of
the Geography Department, Acting-
LSA Dean John Knott said the college
has followed the Regents guidelines for
program discontinuance, which calls
for a "peer review" by faculty mem-
bers only.
BREAKSTONE expressed his con-
cern that "the future of the University
is being determined in a highly ex-
clusionary way," citing the control of
two sets of decision-making bodies-the
Committee on Budget Administration
and the school and college executive

committees.
"We have not been asked what would
best meet our needs as students,"
Breakstone said.
Economics Prof. Thomas Weisskopf,
another critic of the administration's
proceedings and the smaller but better
philosophy, suggested ways in which
the University might generate new
revenues.
WEISSKOPF PROPOSED the
University examine possibilities such
as a sliding scale of tuition for students
from middle- and upper-income
families, and a small tax on income
earned by alumni after graduation.
Acknowledging that alternative
methods of raising funds are being used
and could be further looked into,
Shapiro expressed some doubt that
Weisskopf's proposals were feasible.
Law School Prof. John Jackson, a
recently-appointed member of the
Budget Priorities Committee, defended
the current committee system of
evaluating budget cuts.
Referring to the complexity involved
in making financial decisions for the
University's General Fund, Jackson
said, "It is hard for me to imagine a
more careful and appropriate
procedure for the difficult budget
decisions . . . without getting into
procedural costs themselves which
would rival the extent'of the budget cut-
ting."
Assessing the impact of cuts relative
to the entire University "would require
an overall knowledge of the University
budget . . . which only the full-time
budget officers can master," Jackson
added.

By BARRY WITT
To most students and faculty and staff members, the most
notable effect of the University's budget problems will be
reflected in higher tuition bills and less attractive paychecks.
According to the latest administration reports, tuition will
likely increase more than 16 percent next year. The faculty
and staff salary program has yet to be discussed.
NEXT YEAR'S ECONOMIC hardships on the University
community are primarily the result of almost a decade of
state appropriations which have failed to keep up with fhe
University's needs, according -to University President
Harold Shapiro.
In January, 1980, Governor William Milliken had hoped to
increase the'University's appropriation by 9 percent. But
Michigan's economy was hit hard as the year progressed;
consequently, the legislature allocated the University 5 per-

cent less than the year before..
THE GOVERNOR IS EXPECTED to sign legislation soon
that would increase the University's appropriation by more
than 12 percent over this year. However, officials in Lansing
and at the University fear the state's economy will not
recover well enough to allow the state to provide the money
necessary funds to increase the University appropriation by
the full 12 percent.
Administrators here are hoping the University will receive
at least a 7 percent increase.
Over the past year, the University has handled its
budgetary crunch in stages. Last July, the Regents announ-
ced a 13 percent tuition hike. A few months later, Vice
President for Academic Affairs Bill Frye asked every
See 'U' DEALS, Page 8

Frye
... holds the knife

It's the only
game in town

By JULIE ENGEBRECHT
A Daily News Analysis
Efforts by Michigan State University
and the University of Michigan to pare
their budgets have led to dramatically
different results.
MSU's problems have attracted
national attention, while, facing a
nearly identical budget shortfall, the
University of Michigan has kept the
debate primarily within its own com-
munity.
SAYS UNIVERSITY of Michigan
Vice President for Academic Affairs
Billy Frye; "The distinctions there and.
here may not be all that different;
they're just responding differently."
Both universities approached the
severe shortage of state funds by
Pbeginning to make selective program
reductions.
But, in making the necessary cuts,
University of Michigan administrators
were able to rely heavily on the in-
stitution's tradition of decentralization,
and a record of regular program
reviews.

Administrators asked all University
department units to make an ap-
propriate percentage reduction in their
budgets. When that wasn't enough, the
process of program reduction com-
menced, and a number of non-
academic units were targeted for
major budgetary reviews. One of those
programs, the Extension Service, was
recommended for discontinuance.
AT MSU, A single faculty committee
proposed wholesale elimination of
MSU's nursing school and of a number
of smaller residential colleges. Tenured
faculty have been threatened with
layoffs. Protests and demonstrations
prompted by the proposed cuts were
prevalent on the MSU campus.
So, from all appearances, the Univer-
sity of Michigan is in relatively good
shape, handling its budget problems in
a competent and reasonable fashion.
Finally, say state legislators and
budget officials, who hold ap-
propriation purse strings, someone un-
derstands what they have been talking
about all along: reducing educations'
See 'U' NEW, Page 8

Winning touchdown

The space shuttle Columbia lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California yesterday after its historic 54-hour maiden flight. Columbia is the first
aircraft to return from orbit for a wheeled landing on Earth. See story, Page 3.

ToDAY
Crime doesn't pay
F YOU WANT to "get rich quick" in Ann Arbor,
stealing a parking meter isn't the way to do it,
as Markley residents Ronald Scott and David Granoff
found out Monday. Scott and Granoff were arraigned
yesterday on charges of stealing a meter located on
Washington Heights near Markley. Although the head of the
meter was valued at $200 and the post was worth $20, there
was only $15 worth of change in the meter. Scott declined to

The party's over
For those of you who waited until the last minute to file
your income tax returns, time is almost up. Taxpayers can
avoid penalties-which can go as high as 12 percent per
year-if they get their federal, state, and local returns
postmarked by midnight tonight. Otherwise, Uncle Sam
will come looking for you.u
And speaking of deadlines.. .

in space, in an effort to discover the effects of zero gravity
on human reproduction. According to Fix, "Zero gravity, or
the negative vacuum of space, is the only thing we can't
duplicate on Earth as far as genetic research goes." The
flies will be divided until they are in space when they will be
allowed to mate. Q
,. ,while others make believe
While astronauts John Young and Robert Crippen were in
space aboard the shuttle Columbia, two Illinois State
Universitv students were with the~m. Or at least that's the

Persistence pays off
Frances Gaffney, after taking adult education classes
has finally received her diploma after 80 years as a high
school dropout. Gafney, 94, proved in an oral test that she
met the requirements of a high school diploma and was
given her sheepskin by the Dickinson County Community
Schools. Gaffney quit school in the 10th grade because, she
said, education wasn't considered too important for girls
then. "They said I was a good student," she recalled. An
Iron Mountain native, Gaffney and her husband lived in
t"!rn ., Unxi Wi . whrca.-f 1aciahrlako in. ,Airwyn.chip

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