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January 13, 1981 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1981-01-13

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The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, January 13, 1981- Page 5

Court OKs anti-nuclear group's
bid to block clean-up methods

From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON-The Supreme Court
yesterday sustained a lower court
ruling which permitted challenges in
court of the plans for clean-up activities
the Three Mile Island nuclear plant
i Pennsylvania. The decision was seen
a victory for the environmental
aups fighting action planned- by the
#4lear plant and the Nuclear
regulatory Commission.
Over three dissents, the court refused
hear arguments by the owners of the
pled power plant against a ruling
tallows anti-nuclear groups to block
h dumping of mildly radioactive
lute water into the Susquehanna
ter.
S1HE THIRD U.S Circuit Court of
eals had prevously found that plans
the utility and the Nuclear
ulatory Commission to dump
,000 gallons of treated water into the
tKer could be challenged in court under
p Constitution, the National En-
onmental Policy Act, and the Clean
dater Act.
IESTERDAY'S ACTION "gives us a
*bcedural mechanism for quickly
llenging dangerous actions," said
ith Dorsey, a lawyer for the group
tat went to court to stop dischasrge of
Y water contaminated in the March
1919 nuclear accident.
In other action yesterday, the
,preme Court refused to shield federal

judges, including the high court's nine
justices themselves, from a financial
disclosure law.
THE JUSTICES, without comment,
left intact rulings that all federal judges
are among those top-ranking gover-
nment officials who must comply with
the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.
Six federal judges in the South had
argued that they and other judges
should not have to publicly disclose in
annual statements how much money
they have and what they own.
The arguments did not win a single
Supreme Court vote, a surprising out-
come considering that the judges' ap-
peal had been pending before, the
justices for nearly a year.
THE SIX JUDGES who challenged
the law's application to themselves
argued that compliance "will subject
judges and their families to the threat
of unnecessary political and social
pressure."
They said compliance with the law,
"will increase the threat of direct
physical attack by disgruntled litigants
or convicted criminals."
A federal trial court and the Fifth
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled
against the judges. "It is evident that
there is a growing public demand for
accountability and integrity of public'
officials and the act is designed to carry
out that purpose," the appeals court
said.
THE SIX JUDGES had been allowed

to withhold their financial disclosure
statements for 1978 and 1979, but now
face having to release them.
Generating a flurry of paperwork at
the end of a four-week recess, the court
also took these actions:
* Left intact a $350,000 libel award
won by former San Francisco Mayor
Joseph Alioto for a 1969 article in Look
magazine linking him to the Mafia.
" Agreed to judge the validity of a
law allowing only the U.S. Postal Ser-
vice to put things in mail boxes at
private homes. A federal judge in New
York struck down the law as uncon-
Ui

stitutional when it is applied to civic
organizations.
* Turned away an attempt by
comedian Redd Foxx's wife to have the
site of the couple's pending divorce trial
moved from Las Vegas, Nev., to Los
Angeles.
" Left intact a ruling that gives
Delaware prison inmates who are
denied partitipation in work-release
programs the right to go into federal
court to challenge those denials.
Delaware prison officials told the
justices a lower court's ruling would
throw prison administration nationwide
into chaos.

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1r-

lot

Industry should take
over fusion energy,

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SNEW YORK
Lome to turn mu
Nengineering prog
says Leonard Re
vices vice-presid
Ebasco is thei
tor for the Tokor
tor at Princeton
the project mana
- He says in th
Fusion magazin
program now iss
center for Fusion
be created to co
the ultimate dev
cial electric powe
CONGRESSI
nation to spend a
between now and
to develop fusio
posite of nucle
splitting, fusioni
the ultimate n
unlimited amou
form of hydrogen
or electricity.
Reichle says it
next phase of th
brought increase
responsibility a
utilities, who wi
users of fusion en
play an ever big
ment.
The proposedc
government-ind
should be mana
contractor inter
commercial de
Reichle says.
THE PRIME'
,director and staf
select a site an
build and oper
fusion power pl
- operations.
It should not be
center, at least n
As evidence t
this, Reichle po
basis of the sci
achieved in they
will be possiblet

corporate head
(UPI)-The time has fusion plant by 1992 that could produce
ch of the fusion energy electricity at a fuel cost in the suc-
gram over to industry, ceeding decade of only 0.06 mill per
eichle, an Ebasco Ser- kilowatt hour against 25 mills for a light
ent. water nuclear reactor and 63 to 78 mills
industrial subcontrac- for coal and oil fired power plants.
nak Fusion Test Reac- These figures are based on today's
, N.J., and Reichle is money values and costs.
ger. REICHLE concedes that capital and
e February edition of other costs of the proposed commercial
ne that the scientific fusion plant might make it barely com-
so far advanced that a petitive with a light water nuclear
n Engineering ought to power plant. ,Still, the low operating
ordinate and expedite costs would make it feasible to spend
velopment of commer- about $800 per kilowatt hour more in in-
er by means of fusion. vestment costs on the fusion plant than-,
HAS committed the on the light water reactor plant and still
in estimated $20 billion be competitive in the costs of delivered
I the end of the century electricity, he says.
n. Essentially the op- And the fusion reactor plant would be
ar fission or atom- virtually free of environmental and
is acknowledged to be other perils of the ordinary nuclear
method of realizing power plant that have caused so much
nts of energy in the vigorous and clamorous opposition.
n extracted from water Reichle wants the federal Depar-
tment of Energy to take the initiative to
is imperative that the get the proposed Center for Fusion
he whole program be Engineering under way. Since his ar-
ingly under corporate ticle was written primarily for people in
nd that the electric the fusion program, in the electric
ll be the end-product power and electric power equipment
ngineering technology, industries and in government, he goes
ger role in its develop- into great detail in blueprintingjhow his
proposed center should be created and
center would be a joint function and how the people to operate
ustry venture but it it should be chosen.
aged by an industrial He puts heavy emphasis on choosing
ested primarily in the a strong kind of director with the right
velopment of power, blend of social, commercial and scien-
tific interests.

6 -Q'L Sf' ' :ap ,.- P a a
- I

...-----

LIZ

LID

an.
22

unction ofthe center's
f, he says, should be to
id a subcontractor to
ate an experimental
ant and to oversee its
e a scientific resedarch
ot primarily.
ait the time is ripe for
ints out that, on the
ientific breakthroughs
past two years, it now
to have a commercial

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