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March 25, 1981 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1981-03-25

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Prison crowding law
to be invoked in April

The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, March 25, 1981-Page 3
Reagan extends
$75 million in
aid to-Zimbabwe

LANSING (UPI) - Inmates almost
certainly will win early release under a
*ew prison crowding law - probably
beginning next month - and it is hoped
the move will cure overpopulation
problems for now, officials said yester-
day.
Earlier reports indicated about 1,000
inmates will win parole this spring un-
der a law which requires reduction of
all prisoners' minimum sentences when
crowding persists.
THE STATE Corrections Depar-
tment has scheduled a news conference
today to discuss the ramifications of the
new law.
Michigan's aging prison system has
been chronically overcrowded in recent
years, resulting in a court order last fall
mandating efforts to ease the problem.
In November, voters rejected a
proposed .1 percentage point income
tax hike to fund new prisons, despite
warnings that extraordinary steps
would otherwise be needed to ease
crowding.
THE CROWDING measure, ap-
proved later in the year, requires the
governor to declare a state of emergen-
cy and reduce all minimum sentences
by 90 days when prisons remain over-
crowded for more than 30 consecutive
days. Inmates still must face parole
hearings before winning their freedom,
and officials insist dangerous criminals

will not be released on a wholesale
basis.
If that fails to correct the problem
within 90 days, a second 90 day sentence
reduction must be ordered.
Earlier this month, the state's prison
population stood at 12,932 - 58 over the
capacity of 12,874. The law will take ef-
fect if the problem is not corrected by
early April.
"THE POPULATION is still up above
the capacity figure and it's been pretty
steadily up so we're reasonably sure
we'll have to use" the law, said Gail
Light, a spokeswoman for the prison
system.
Light said prison officials will hold a
special census March 26 with results
expected by the 30th. At that time, the
governor and the state Corrections
Commission have 15 days after that in
which to declare the emergency and
begin chopping sentences. Releases
probably would begin in late April,
following parole hearings, she said.
The special count was scheduled in
hopes than an early start will assure an
adequate reduction within the first 90
days.
Preparations, including the drafting
of the declaration letter, already have
begun, she said.
Prison officials are hopeful, she said,
that one round of sentence reductions
will be enough - at least for now. Some
new prisons are in the works.

SALISBURY, Zimbabwe (AP) - The
Reagan administration, piecing together
what it calls a "realistic" policy in
Africa, pledged $75 million more in aid
yesterday to Zimbabwe, a nation led by
an avowed Marxist who has warned
President Reagan against embracing
white-governed South Africa.
A Zimbabwean official said the aid
announcement, made at a conference
on international aid for Zimbabwe, was
a new sign of U.S. concern for the needs
of black Africa.
"THIS FIGURE represents a tripling
in our commitment to Zimbabwe while
our government at home is undertaking
a severe austerity program," said
Peter McPherson, head of the U.S.
Agencyfor International Development.
The announcement came after two
weeks of statements and reports
signaling a possible U.S. "tilt" toward
South Africa.
U.S.-South African relations chilled
under the Carter administration
because of South Africa's policies of
racial segregation. In an interview two
weeks ago, Reagan indicated a possible
relaxation of the U.S. attitude toward

the mineral-rich, white minority-ruled
country.
THE U.S. STATE Department, in a
step that undoubtedly pleased South
African leaders, asked Congress to
repeal legislation barring aid to rebels
fighting the Soviet-backed government
in Angola.
And the Reagan administration's
U.N. ambassador, Jeane J. Kirk-
patrick, met secretly with South
Africa's chief of military intelligence
when he made a recent visit to
Washington.
In a blow against another Soviet-
supported black African government,
the United States suspended food aid to
Mozambique last week after it expelled
six U.S. diplomats.
Reagan's national security adviser,
Richard V. Allen, said last week that
future U.S. relations with Africa will be
"based on realism and a keen percep-
tion of our own needs."
Zimbabwe's prime minister, Robert
Mugabe, a Marxist who advocates a
gradual social transformation of his
country, was one of several African
leaders to decry what they saw as a pro-
South African trend in Washington.

-HAPPENINGS-
FILMS
CFT - THX 1138, 4, 7, 9 p.m., Michigan Theatre.
AAFC - Manhattan, 7, 8:40, 10:20 p.m., Aud. A Angell.
Cinema Guild - They Died With Their Boots On, 7, 9 p.m., Lorch Aud.
Alternative Action - Blue Country, 7, 9 p.m., Nat. Sci. Aud.
Eckankar - Eckankar: A-Way of Life, 7:30 p.m., 302 E. Liberty.
SPEAKERS
CHGD - Robert Moyers, "Using Computerized Biomathematical Models
in Facial Growth," noon, conference room, Victor Vaughn.
CREES - Olga Supek, "The Peasantry in Yugoslavia: Peasants No
.More?"noon, Lane Hall.
Communications - George Comstock, bag lunch, "Television Research:
New Horizons," noon, 2040 LSA.
Landscape Arch. - William Hohnson, "Farmscapes: A History of Rural
Design Forms," noon, B203 E. Engin.
Michigan Economic Society - Paul DeGrauwe, "Will the International
Financial System Collapse?" noon, Smith Seminar Room, Econ. Bldg.
Physiology - Horace Davenport, "A Hole in the Side," noon, Med. Sci. II.
Center for Afroamerican and African Stud. -Oscar Gish, "The Health
Problems of the Third World," 12:10 p.m., School of Ed.
IOE - John Birge, "Solution Methods for Stochastic, Dynamic Linear
Programs," 4 p.m., 229 W. Engin.
Hillel - Aryeh Motzkin, "Mainmonides and Spinoza on Good and Evil," 4
p.m., Rackham East Conference Room.
Business - Harold:Brown, "Managing the Defense Department: Why It
Can't be Done," 4 p.m., Hale Aud.
Engin. - James Duderstadt, "To Catch a Star.. ." 4 p.m., 170 Dennison.
Statistics - Bruce Hill, "On the Calibration Problem," 4 p.m., 429 Mason.
PIRGIM - Arienne Seko, "What You Should Know about Toxic Shock
Syndrome," 7:30 p.m., Mo-Jo lounge.
School of Music - Ellwood Derr, "Bach's Composer's Vade Mecum," 8
p.m., Rackham Assembly Hall.
El Salvador Alert Week - John Vandermeer, "Nicaragua: Agrarian
Reform and Technology for the People," 7:30 p.m., Aud. C Angell.
Hillel - Nodar Djindjihashvili, "New Options for Jewish Life in the
USSR," 8p.m., Aud D Angell.
MEETINGS
Commission for Women - Noon, 2549 LS & A.
Rackham Christian Forum - Noon, League studio.
Public Media Project - 9:30 p.m., Thano's, 514 E. Washington.
School of Ed. - Teacher certification info., 2 p.m., Whitney Aud., School of
Ed.
Sailing Team -3 p.m., 122 Tyler, E. Quad.
LSA Student Gov't - 6:15 p.m., 3909 Union.
College Republicans - 7:30 p.m., Henderson Room, League.
Stilyagi Air Corps -8p.m., Union conference room.
Residence Hall assoc. - 9 p.m., Markley.
Christian Outreach - 9:30 p.m., S. Quad dining room 2.
Ann Arbor Econ. Development --8 p.m.,. fire station conference.
PERFORMANCES
Ijich. Ensemble Theatre - "A Doll's House," 8 p.m., Mendelssohn.
Office of Major Events - Kansas, 8 p.m., Hill Aud.
UAC - Laugh Track, 9 p.m., U. Club.
MISCELLANEOUS
WCBN - "The Minority Show," 6 p.m., 88.3 FM.I
Yoga Center - new class on Yoga philosophy, 6:15 p.m., 207 E. Ann.
Drapman Theatre Co. - auditions for "Aria DaCapo and Edna St. Vincent
Millay," 7-11 p.m., 2508 Frieze.
Folk Dance - 8-11 p.m., Bell Pool Mezz.
To submit items for the Happenings Column, send them in care of;
Happenings, The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI., 48109.
A Masters Degree in
RADIATION PROTECTION
at the University of Michigan
Opportunities Available for:
-Financial support for qualified graduate students

Coke Bust AP Photo
Tennessee Bureau of Investigation Chief Arzo Carson, surrounded by 614
pounds of uncut cocaine, answers reporters' questions. The cocaine, with an
estimated street value of $200 million, was tailed by U.S. Customs agents
from its origination in South America.
New Iran-Iraq truce

BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - The fight-
ing is reported intensifying in the Iran-
Iraq war, and diplomatic observers
believe Tehran's political disunity has
been a major stumbling block to peace
efforts. But they see some hope that a
new political truce in Iran may lead to a
cease-fire on the battlefield.
A variety of face-saving peace for-
mulas have been devised by mediators
to try to end the 7-month-old war. Peace
missions have been mounted by the 42-
nation Islamic Conference, the 94-
nation Non-Aligned Movement, and the
United Nations. But none has found
favor in both Baghdad and Tehran.
LAST WEEK, however, Iranian
leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
intervened personally to contain the
power struggle between President
Aboihassan Bani-Sadr's liberal suppor-
ters and the conservative, fundamen-
talist Moselm clergymen backing
Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Rajai.
Khomeini slapped a gag order on top
politicians, ordering them to stop
giving speeches until the war ends. He
also ordered a halt to the war of words
in the newspapers and broadcast
media.
The Bani-Sadr faction had adopted a
more flexible stance toward a
negotiated settlement of the conflict, in
comparison with the uncompromising
position of the clergy-led hard-liners.
IF KHOMEINI'S crackdown is suc-
cessful, diplomatic observers here say,
it may allow mediators to get a straight
answer from Tehran on Iran's con-
ditions and pave the way for a peace
agreement.
"I think the army and Bani-Sadr
would like to find a way out but the
ideologues, the clerical fanatics, won't
have it," said one Western diplomat
who requested anonymity.
One factor that may eventually bring
Iran to the negotiating table is the cost
of the war.
BEHZAD NABAVI, Iran's minister of
state for executive affairs, last week
unveiled a defense budget for 1981 that
is almost three times higher than last
year's, up from $5 billion to $13.2 billion.
If Iran maintains oil production at
about one billion barrels a day, income
will be only $14.6billion.
Iran has demanded a withdrawal of
Iraqi forces from occupied Iranian land
before any talks, and insists the Iraqi
regime of President Saddam Hussean

cease-fire
be identified as the agressor in the war.
Iraq has demanded sovreignty over
the 12-mile Shatt al-Arab waterway, it
only outlet to the Persian Gulf. Before
the war, the two nations split jurisdic-
-tion.
THE IRAQIS ALSO demand con-
cession of disputed border territory to
Iraq, an Iranian pledge of non-
interference in Iraqi internal affairs,
and an Iranian withdrawal from three
Persian Gulf islands previously held by
the United Arab Emirates.
Iranian television recently quoted
Bani-Sadr as saying the suggestions of
the Islamic Conference mediators
"contained useful items" and met
Iran's demand for a withdrawal before
talks began.
BUT IRAN'S Parliament speaker,
Hashemi Rafsanjani, told the Arabic-
language publication Al Mawkef Al-
Arabi, "The only compensation we
would accept is the fall of Saddam (the
Iraqi president) regime and its
replacement by an Islamic revolu-
tion . ..
Even if a unified Iranian position can
be obtained, a settlement will most
likely depend on Iraq, which holds the
key card - by Iraqi estimates some
8,000 square miles of Iranian territory.
Iraq plans to use the territory as
leverage to force agreement to its
demand for full control of the Shatt al-
Arab.

GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY
SUMMER SESSIONS
HOME
Interpretation and Translation Institute
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Language courses
English as a Foreign Language
Writers Conference
Washington Laboratory
College Preparation -
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Sessions: Pre-May 18-June 12
First Session-June 8-July 10
Eight-week Cross Session-June 8-July 31
Six-week Cross Session-June 22-July 31
Second Session-July 13-August 14
ABROAD
Dijon, France - French
Leningrad, U.S.S.R. - Russian 'I
Oxford, England - Business Administration
Quito, Ecuador -Spanish
Fiesole, Italy,?Italian
Trier, West Germany - German
Italy, Christian Archeology Fieldtrip
Spain, Writers Conference
SEND MORE INFORMATION
Name
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Mail to: SSCE
Georgetown University
Washington, D.C. 20057 30
or call: (202) 625-3006
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