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March 22, 1981 - Image 10

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1981-03-22

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Page 10-Sunday, March 22, 1981-The Michigan Daily
Nicaragua must change

image, 4
MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) -
Nicaragua's ambassador-designate to
Washington says his country must
change the image of the revolution here
if Nicaragua is to salvage its sinking
economy and avoid economic ruin.
Arturo Cruz, 58, who was named to
the post when he left the junta in late
February, said his government already
has contacted an American public
relations firm to try and dispel notions
that Nicaragua is headed for com-
munism and is a poor risk for foreign
investment.
"We need to tell people what our
revolution really is," he said, adding
that a series of exchange visits would
accomplish that goal as well as show
Nicaraguans how Americans live and

official warns

how the American system works.
CRUZ WAS PICKED for the job at a
time when relations are shaky, when
the United States is accusing
Nicaragua's leftist government of fun-
neling communist-supplied arms to
guerrillas fighting for power in El
Salvador.
, Those who know Cruz describe him as
the strongest moderating force within
the Nicaraguan leadership, and one
who gets along in world banking and
financial circles, where Nicaragua will
depend heavily for loans and credits to
keep the economy afloat.
Nicaragua was severely battered by
the war that ended in 1979 with a victory
for the insurgent Sandinista National
Revolutionary Front. High prices for

imports - especially oil - and low
world markets for its own agricultural
exports plus foreigners' reluctance to
invest in the country have left
Nicaragua with a critical shortage of
foreign currency needed for imports.
Specialists in Nicaragua say the
situation is deteriorating rapidly.
"WHEN I SING the Sandinista an-
them at public functions," Cruz said in
a recent interview, "I don't sing the
lines, 'We will fight against the Yankee,
the enemy of humanity,' because I can-
not sing things I don't believe are true."
He said Nicaragua wants a good
relationship with the United States but
will not tolerate infringements on its
sovreignty.

i

4

Surrogate mother seeks custody
of unborn child in court battle

4

PASADENA, Calif. (AP) - A woman
who agreed to be artificially in-
seminated and conceive a baby for.
mnother coupe says she has changed
her mind and is now fighting to keep the
unborn child in an unprecedented
paternity-custody court case.
The outcome could have a significant
impact on the future of baby-by-
contract firms that seek out surrogate
mothers for couples who cannot have a
child of their own.,
DENISE LUCY THRANE, who had
volunteered to be a surrogate mother,

was expected to give birth any day, her
lawyer said.
Thrane, a divorced mother of three
from Arcadia, Calif., was artificially
inseminated in June with sperm from
James Noyes of New York, court
documents said.
But, she later told Noyes she had
changed her mind about giving up
parental rightsmtodthe child that was
conceived, according to the Noyes'
lawyer, Noel Keane of Dearborn, Mich.
Keane, who has been matching couples
and surrogate mothers for five years,

had arranged the deal.
LAWYERS FOR THRANE and the
Noyes said she was not paid for her ser-
vices, although her medical expenses
were covered.
'This is not a paid surrogate case,"
Keane said. "She volunteered to do it.
She was inseminated. And she changed
her mind." But the Noyes feel they are
entitled to custody of the child and
asked the judge to give them the infant
or place it in a foster home until the
case is decided, Keane said.

AP Photo
PAUL KIMELMAN, a 33-year-old Pittsburgh taxi driver, flashes a victory smile after earning a spot in the famous
Guinness Book of World Records. Kimellman now holds the title as the world's fastest calorie-cutter, having shrunk
from a bloated 487 pounds to a featherweight 130 pounds within the course of a year in 1966. "I tell people not to do what I
did unless they're willing to pay the consequences. You could kill yourself," Kimelman said.
WILL DISCUSS SOVIET UNION, EL SALVADOR:

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BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP)-Government leaders of the 10
European Common Market nations meet this week to forge1
joint policies toward the United States and Soviet Union and
to try to patch the widening wounds in their own fragile1
economic union.1
President Valery Giscard d'Estaing of France, Prime;
Minister Margaret Thatcher of Britain, Chancellor Helmut
Schmidt of West Germany, and the seven other leaders will1
meet tomorrow and Tuesday at the 317-year-old baroque
town hall in Maastricht, Netherlands.
IN ADDITION TO France, Britain and West Germany, the
Common Market members are Belgium, Italy, Denmark,

Ireland, the Netherlands, Greece, and Luxembourg.
In their first meeting since President Reagan took office,
thelWest Europeans are expected to review their relations-
with the United States in light of events in El Salvador, calls
by the U.S. Pentagon for greater West European defense ef-
forts, and the severe economic problems of the Wester'
alliance.
"Naturally they will be comparing notes on their im-
pressions of Mr. Reagan and exchanging views on where
U.S.-European relations should go," an executive at Com-
mon Market headquarters here said. "The result of the
meeting should be a clearing of the air, not necessarily any
new proposals or initiatives."

Apathy: Fact or fietion?
(Continued from Page 1)

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student activities), and I think that's
great. I'd like to see more of it."
Longmate said the number of on-
campus, non-work study positions filled
by students has dropped about 10 per-
cent since last year. "But we don't have
the figures for off-campus hirings," she
added.
MANY MANAGERS OF area
bisinesses say the number of job ap-
plications has remained consistently
high.
"We always have a lot of people that
want to work here," said an employee
of Schoolkids Records.
Other businesses say job applications
have increased. "We don't take part-
time help," said a manager at Borders
Books. "But I'd say there's been an in-
crease (in applications) over the past
year. Exactly how dramatic is hard to
pinpoint."
Longmate said there has been an
overall increase in off-campus em-
ployment listings through her office.
"We can attribute.this to poor economic
conditions," she said. "In the last year .
. .more students have wanted to work,
but businesses are cutting back on their
budgets, and temporary employment is
the first thing to go." e
YET ANOTHER problem with
student participation is the fault of the

organizations themselves, according to
several of their leaders.
"There is a communication problem
between the LSA-SG and the studen-
ts," said Jamie Moeller, a represen-
tative of the LSA-Student. Gover-
nment. "We've made a concerted effort
to educate people that we exist, and
that we're here to help them, but there
has to be better communication." He
said he has been very successful in get-
ting people involved, "particularly in
acting against the budget cuts. We had
150 people show up at each of the first
two mass meetings, but there should be
more, since it affects everyone on cam-
pus."
Moeller added that better publicity in
the future would probably lead to in-
creased participation, and that he sees
an upswing ahead.
"THAT (PUBLICITY) was our main
problem in drawing two people until
two years ago," said Eugene Lisansky,
general manager of campus radio WC-
BN-FM. "Then we instituted a more
aggressive recruitment system that
really paid off.'
Students working at the station put in
a minimum of three hours per week,
Lisansky said, working on their own
shows, or in news, sports program-
ming, advertising or publicity depar-

tments.
"Student participation has the
possibility of being very strong," said
Rick Levick, the campus program
director for PIRGIM. He said the main
problems PIRGIM is having with
recruiting is the positive check-off su
port system at CRISP.'U
"IT'S DIFFICULT for an
organization to gain strength when its
members spend a lot of time just trying
to survive (financially)," he said. "But
education is more than just the passive
learning in the classroom. It's also
learning by doing."
Many of the area organizations off
practical learning experiences. "A
of people see Eclipse (Jazz) as a step
ping stone for something later in life,"
said coordinator Roger Cramer, adding
that participation has been "stable"
during the four years he has worked at
Eclipse.
"They get to see shows, and it's a fun
thing to do, but it's also more than
that." Cramer said although coor-
dinators put in 25-30 hours per week, the
work isn't as time-consuming for ot
members.
Tau Beta Pi, the Engineering Honor
Society, is experiencing more than
stability, according to its president,
Duncan Stuart. "We were named the
most outstanding chapter in the nation
last year," Stuart said.
"Some people just join in their seni
year because. . . all organizations a
good for resumes," Stuart said. "But
we also have many activities and
projects that people have to work on."
He said the society performs com-
munity service projects, and offers free
tutoring to University students.
"The most successful organizations
now are the larger ones, the ones that
tend to be more activist, and the ones in
engineering," MSA's Mandel said. "Of
course, the engineers all know they'
going to get jobs automatically w
they get out of here, anyway."

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