'Like all them guns?'
Survivalists prepare for collapse
By HOWARD WITT
JT'S THE KIND of day when you are
glad you're wearing your heavy
army-issue boots and your canvas
camouflage pants. The unpaved
parking lot is so muddy in this late
January thaw that any mere civilian
clothes would surely be ruined.
You grab your new German-made
machine gun, lock the door of your
Jeep, gather up your wife and young
on and daughter (also clad in brown
and green camouflage fatigues), and
head for the entrance to the Michigan
National Guard Armory Building in
Inside is the first-ever Michigan Sur-
vival Show. And you gladly pay the $8
admission fee for yourself and your
wife ("Children Under 14- Free") for
the chance to show off your gun, see the
latest in sophisticated weaponry, and
learn how to survive the inevitable in-
vasion and collapse of American
IT IS A gray Sunday morning. That
most American of all Sundays, in
fact-Super Bowl Sunday. And today,
for a few hours, you will enter the ob-
scure world of the Christian Sur-
vivalists, a fast-growing group of God-
fearing, rifle-toting, food-storing
patriots who know that America is
about to crumble and want to be around
when it's time to rebuild.
The collapse is coming-don't doubt
it for a minute. All those Mexicans
streaming across the Texas border?
Most of them are Communist-trained
revolutionaries, infiltrating our country
and preparing to overthrow our way of
life. The Cubans? They captured
Florida years ago.
It's gonna be every man for himself
when the race wars break out in the
cities. Food will run out, the dollar will
be worthless, the government will
dissolve, anarchy will 'rule.
NOW'S THE TIME to prepare. You'll
need at least a .22 caliber rifle and a 12-
gauge shotgun. And am-
munition-several thousand rounds to
be safe. And a year's supply of canned
and dried food.
All that, in brief, is the philosophy of
the survivalists. And it is what attrac-
ted many of the nearly 400 people to the
Survival Show today.
It's kind of like a neighborhood rum-
mage sale inside the gymnasium-size
Armory, but instead of old clothing and
furniture, there are handguns, dried
foods, and survival books. In one corner
an army recruiter from Pontiac has set
up a table (perhaps he doesn't know
that survivalists don't have much faith
in the U.S. military's ability to fend off
the Communist attack). In another,
natural food freaks sell peach-flavored
frozen yogurt (survivalists appear to
love peach-flavored frozen yogurt).
"YOU LIKE ALL them guns, don't
you?" a platinum blonde mother at one
table asks her little boy. "Yeah, I sure
do," the boy replies vacantly, lost in
reverie as he caresses a .44 magnum.
And in the back of the room, Jerry
Younkins is giving a seminar on "Sur-
vival Firearms" to about 60 gruff-
"Now take this 308 millimeter,"
Younkins smiles, waving an evil-
looking black machine gun at the
See SURVIVALISTS, Page 5
Daily Photo by DAVID HARRIS
A WOMAN CHECKS the feel of a machine gun at the Survival Show in Jackson. Most survivalists shun machine guns
because they require too much ammunition, which will be hard to get after the collapse and invasion.
Partly cloudy today with a
slight chance of snow
flurries and a high in the
Vol. XCI, No. 135 Copyright 1981, The Michigan Doiy Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, March 18, 1981 Ten Cents Eight Pages
By JANET RAE
James Duderstadt, professor of
Nuclear engineering, has been chosen
dean of the College of Engineering,
Vice President for Academic Affairs
Bill Frye announced yesterday.
The Regents will vote on the
nomination at their meeting later this
week, Frye said.
DUDERSTADT, WHO has been with
the University since 1969, will assume
office for a five-year term beginning
May 1 following the Regents' approval.
The nomination ends an eight-month
search for a successor to former Dean
David Ragone, who is currently
president of Case Western Reserve
University in Cleveland. Hansford
Farris has served as acting dean since
Ragone's departure last June.
Farris will continue as acting dean
until the end of June. This will allow a
two-month overlap "which ought to
contribute to a smooth transition,"
Duderstadt holds, degrees from Yale
and the California Institute of
Technology. He has received numerous
awards since joining the University and
has written six textbooks.
DUDERSTADT served as chairman
of the Academic Affairs Advisory
Committee and held positions on the
Budget Priorities Committee and the
Executive Board of Rackham School of
"Prof. Duderstadt is admirably
qualified to lead the College of
Engineering during the forthcoming
years," said Frye. "His brilliance, per-
ceptiveness, analytical powers, and
administrative skills, taken together
with his clear vision of the possibilities
of the college in instruction and resear-
ch... give us every confidence that the
school will be in outstanding hands."
In accepting the recommendation,
Duderstadt emphasized the "vital role"
engineering will play in the economic
revitalization of both the state and the
nation. "The great demand for
engineering graduates we have seen for
the past several years can only inten-
sify in the future," he said.
TO DEAL WITH the challenges of a
rapidly expanding enrollment coupled
with a shrinking budget, Duderstadt
said growth areas of the University,
such as business and engineering, need
"to clean their house internally." All
aspects of the College "will come under
continuing review to determine what
their relevance is. . . and to determine
See DUDERSTADT, Page 2
Daily Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
REGENT NELLIE VARNER (D-Detroit) believes she can use her ex-
perience in higher education to benefit the people of Michigan. Varner, a
former associate dean, was sworn in as Regent in January.
New Regn rie
Doily Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
A SMILING JAMES DUDERSTADT, professor of nuclear engineering, ac-
cepts congratulations following his nomination as dean of the College of
Engineering. The Regents are expected to act on Duderstadt's appointment
at tomorrow's meeting.
By BARRY WITT
Nellie Varner picked a h
time to become a University1
Sure, there are the usual
over the morality of Univer
vestments and the amount
next tuition increase. But
those skirmishes, the Unive
waging a full-scale war aga
most serious budget crisis in
VARNER, WHO will attf
third Regents meeting this v
ter winning last November
tion, hopes she can help.
"I am deeply interested
University and have had a ve
good career here. I felt I ca
my experience in higher ed
to benefit the people of the
Varner said in an intervi
That experience is consii
Between 1968 and 1978, Var
ved at the University as an assistant
ell of a professor of political science,*
Regent. special assistant to the LSA dean,
battles director of affirmative action
sity in- programs, and associate dean of the
of the Rackham Graduate School.
beyond "MY MAJOR concern is to
rsity is preserve the excellence of our
inst the academic programs and faculty,"
iits 164- the r45-year-old Detroit Democrat
end her But as the University pares its
week af- budget, she added,. "it must keep
's elec- people in mind. It is very important
what happens to people - not just
in the the faculty, but the students also.
ry long, They should have a chance to com-
Duld use plete their academic programs.. I
Jucation wouldn't want to see a program
state," disrupted without arrangements
ew last made for a student to complete it."
Varner sees her capacities as
derable. somewhat limited. "In the sense
ner ser- See NEW, Page 2
PRINCETON, N.J. (AP)-A Florida teen-ager's
innovative solution to a "pyramid mystery" test
question for the first time forced the educators who
make up college entrance exams to admit they had
asked a bad question.
The answer by Daniel Lowen, 17, a junior honors
student at Cocoa Beach High School, led the
prestigious Educational Testing Service-which
had not conceded any errors in its 33-year
history-to raise the grades for Lowen and 250,000
other students who had answered the question the
same way on last fall's Preliminary Scholastic Ap-
"IT'S KIND OF overwhelming," Lowen said. "I
didn't expect it to be such a big thing when I wrote
in. I was just worried about my own score."
Lowen was one of 1.3 million students who took
this year's PSAT, which high schools use to select
National Merit Scholars.
''You can imagine how many challenges we'll get
now," said Mary Churchill, a spokeswoman at the
ETS headquarters here.
LAST FALL'S PSAT was the first under a new
ETS policy of sending students a copy of their tests
and the answer key. Previously, students only
When Lowen received his results in late Decem-
ber, he was surprised that he had been marked
wrong on a geometry problem involving two
He and his father Douglas Lowen, a mechanical
engineer with the space shuttle program in Cape
Canaveral, Fla., called ETS and asked that his an-
swer be double-checked.
THE, TEST QUESTION asked how many sides
there would be in a figure formed when two
pyramids were attached: one with a three-sided
base and one with a four-sided base.
ETS said seven, but the Lowens argued that the
answer was five.
"It was just geometry," the elder Lowen said.
"When you put'them up to one another, two pairs of
other sides match up. When they made a problem,
they didn't think they would match up and become
James Bond in Ann Arbor?
NN ARBOR CITY Council hasn't experienced
international intrigue since they broke diplomatic
relations (via telegram) with the Kremlin in 1974.
But international affairs came into the picture at
Monday's council meeting when members debated a
resolution sponsored by Ken Latta (D-1st Ward) opposing
U.S. military intervention in El Salvador. Several council
members were concerned that the proposal was
reminiscent of past resolutions, on which such foreign
Ken Latta seemed pleased, commenting, "Half a
better than no loaf."
Women luck out in lottery
If you live in Mo-Jo or Markley, are female, and plan on
returning to Mo-Jo next year, yesterday was your lucky
day. With 87 leases available, and only 73 women signing up
for the lottery, all women who want to live in Mo-Jo next
year will be able to. The men in Mo-Jo didn't fare as well.
however. With 132 males and only 114 openings, some may
not get in. Mo-Jo Building Director Susan Harris said,
"Just because you put your card in doesn't mean you'll sign
back in.. "Q
'Wearin' o' the green' not so lucky
If you celebrated St. Patrick's Day by wearing something
green yesterday, you might not have known what you were
getting into. The green that revelers don on St. Patrick's
Day was for many years considered unlucky and was
avoided by Irish who believed wearing the color was
dangerous, says Maria Tymoczko, a University of
Massachusetts comparative literature professor who
specializes in Irish folklore. According to Tymoczko, an
Irish legend dating back more than 1,000 years indicated
the color green was "associated with the other world... a
Literature are long, but how would you like to read one
that's 33 feet in length? The book, Edwin Abbott's "Flat-
world," is being published by Andrew, Hoyem at Anion.
Press. It is about people who can't imagine the third dimen-
sion. "Since the book is about a two-dimensional world, we
made a book that opens flat," says Hoyem, who will soon of-
fer about 275 copies for sale at $400 each. Hoyem has
produced only two or three "projects" during each of his
two years in printing. The last great project was "Moby
Dick," printed on 18-by-15-inch sheets of "Barcham Green
Handmade" paper, each watermarked with the image of a
sperm whale. Those books sold for $1,000 each a year ago
and are worth about twice that much today. E