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February 19, 1981 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1981-02-19

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Page 2-Thursday, February 19, 1981-The Michigan Daily

High-school drug abuse leveling

By KAREN HORN
Drug use among high school students is still
widespread, but the rate of abuse is either declining
or leveling, a nationwide survey by University
researchers concludes.
It would be erroneous to think, however, that the
drug use problem among teen-agers has gone away,
said Lloyd Johnston, the study's director.
INSTITUTE FOR Social Research social
psychologists Johnston, Jerald Bachman, and
Patrick O'Malley surveyed nearly 17,000 seniors in
the class of 1980 for the report, sponsored by the
National Institute on Drug Abuse. The authors have
conducted the survey each year since 1975.
The researchers found that nearly two-thirds of all
high school seniors in the country have used some
illegal drug and two of every five had used an illicit
drlig other than marijuana.
But the researchers also reported that actual use of

specific drugs either dropped or remained unchanged
from the 1979 survey.
BETWEEN 1975 and 1978, daily use of marijuana
jumped from 6 percent to 11 percent of the age group
surveyed. Since 1978, daily use has dropped to 9 per-
cent. According to Johnston, this is the first time in 20
years that marijuana use has declined.
The survey team attributes this drop to increased
student concern of health risks involved in drug use.
Half of all high school seniors surveyed believe a
"great risk" accompanies marijuana use, up from 35
percent in 1978.
"Overall," Johnston said, "I would say that we are
observing a gradually increasing conservatism
among young people in their attitudes toward drugs."
THE PERCENTAGE of high school seniors who
said they had used either marijuana or hashish in the
last 12 months was down 2 percent from the 1979 sur-
vey, to 48.8 percent.
Other drugs-notably cocaine and stimulan-

ts-have become more popular, the study reports.
Fewer people are using stimulants to "get high," and
more high school seniors say they are using the drugs
to lose weight or to get through the day.
Although cocaine use rose (from 15.4 percent to 15.7
percent), researchers said the increase was small
compared with past surveys.
THE USE OF Quaaludes has also been increasing
gradually over the last two years-up almost 2 per-
cent to 9.5 percent.
The sharpest drop was noted for the hallucinogen
PCP-or Angel Dust. Only 4.4 percent of the 17,00
surveyed said they had used PCP in the past year,
down 2.6 percent from the previous year's survey.
"Illicit substance use among young Americans of
high school age appears to be at or near its peak
level," the researchers concluded. But, they noted,
drug abuse among U.S. teen-agers "is probably
higher than in any other industrialized nation in the
world."

HOUSING REAPPLICATION
DRAWING

For students presently living in the residence
halls who wish to return to the residence
halls for the academic year 1981-82

TUES.,

March

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p.m.

Signing of leases
TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY
March 1 7-March 20

Pope asks
China to
return to
faith
From UPI and AP-
MANILA, Philippines - Pope John
Paul II yesterday urged China to
resume ties with the Roman Catholic
Church, bore a message of comfort to
Manila's poorest slum dwellers, and
watched panicked security guards sub-
due a young man who rushed up to him.
During the second hectic day of his
six-day visit to the Philippines, the pon-
tiff also honored the country's 42
million Roman Catholics by giving
them their first candidate for sainthood
in a moving ceremony police said was
attended by 3 million people.
JOHN PAUL ALSO alluded to the rif-
ts between the church and the
authoritarian Marcos regime, and star-
tled his aides by unexpectedly ap-
pealing to Roman Catholics in China to
return to the Vatican fold after 32
years.
In a series of appearances, the pope
told the country's professional elite to
serve the poor and not to worry about
money and power. He then advised
students at the University of Santo
Tomas that the "pent-up energy" of
youth doesn't frighten the church and
told them to observe self-discipline and
"aim high."
As the pope was leaving the stage, 19-
year-old university student Lou
Calugcug broke through a security cor-
don and dashed toward him. Security
agents grabbed him but Calugcug said
he got a papal embrace.
"I KISSED HIS hand and told him I
loved him very much," the engineering
student said. The incident, televised
nationally, appeard to some as an at-
tack on the pope and. many though the
young man had a knife. He said he was
carrying only a rosary and police
released him after seven hours of
questioning.
Like his predecessor Paul VI, John
Paul also went to Manila's infamous
Tondo slum, where he counselled the
poor to reject Marxism, captialism,
and ideologies advocating "violence,
class struggle and hatred."

IN BRIEF
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Polish student strikes
spread-despite agreement
WARSAW, Poland-Rebellious Polish students occupied university
buildings in at least five Polish cities yesterday to back demands for
education reforms, while Lodz students won government agreement to form
an independent student association.
Student leaders in Lodz signed an agreement with the Ministry of Higher
Education to end their 28-day protest. A Lodz student leader read an appeal
to thousands of students calling for an end to the sit-in and urged students
conducting support strikes around the nation to end their protests.
Despite the agreement in Lodz, students took over classrooms in Warsaw,
Torun, Krakow, Roclaw, and Szczecin, according to student and government
sources.
The outbreak of student strikes-over issues ranging from mandatory
courses in Russian to more money for books-meant new problems for the
government of Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, who took office as premier a week
ago with a plea for 90 days without strikes.
Soviet dissident released
TEL AVIV, Israel-Soviet Jewish dissident Yosef Mendelevich was unex-
pectedly freed from his Ural mountain labor camp yesterday in what was
seen as a possible human rights overture by the Kremlin to the Reagan ad-
ministration.
Mendelevich received a hero's welcome on arrival in Israel and was im-
mediately made a citizen of the Jewish state.
The 33-year-old computer engineer and devout Orthodox Jew had spent
nearly 11 years in the labor camp for his part in an abortive attempt to
hijack a plane from Leningrad to Sweden in 1970. His study of Hebrew while
in jail and refusal to eat non-kosher food or work on the Jewish Sabbath en-
deared him to Israelis. Hundreds of Soviet Jewish immigrants gave him an
exuberant welcome on his arrival at Ben Gurion International Airport.
The Western diplomats said Mendelevich's release might constitute an
overture to the new administration, which has said it will link its position on
strategic arms limitation talks to Soviet behavior around the world.
Gestures in the human rights field, some diplomats said, would be par-
ticularly effective.
Tainted pot found
LANSING-State health officials warned yesterday that 27 cases of a type
of food poisoning in Michigan have been linked to tainted marijuana. Of-
ficials say the cases may represent the first such outbreak in the nation.
The Michigan cases of Salmonellosis, a variety of food poisoning, were
concentrated in the southern portion of the Lower Peninsula, although there
were some in Northern lower Michigan as well.
Officials found cases in Ingham, Wayne, Oakland, Eaton, Gratiot, Benzie,
and Sanilac Counties. They said some of the bad pot may still be in cir-
culation.
Although most of those affected were adults, a significant number were
children living in homes where marijuana is smoked, officials said.
Experts studying the unique case were uncertain how the pot smokers and
their family members contracted the illness which is characterized by fever,
diarrhea and cramps lasting three to seven days.
Although generally benign, Salmonellosis can be serious in infants and the
elderly. None of the Michigan cases was reported to be serious.
Thatcher changes mind
on mine closings
LONDON-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's economy minded gover-
nment abandoned planned closures of marginal coal mines yesterday in the
face of a threatened nationwide strike.
It was a major about-face by the Conservative government which had said
earlier the shutdown of 23 unprofitable mines was"inevltable" despite the
threat of a strike.
Miners had vowed "an all out fight"to halt the closures and some 50,000
shut down their pits earlier in the day, ignoring their leaders' calls to await
the outcome of negotiations. Local mine leaders refused to commit their
men to a pledge to return to work until studying the government's latest an-
nouncement.
"The closure plan has been withdrawn in light of tonight's talks," a
National Coal Board official said after a hastily called meeting of union
leaders, Energy Secretary David Howell, and coal board officials including
Chairman Sir Derek Ezra.
"What the government has done is to recognize the very great difficulty
we have now got into with extremely rigid financial limits plus recession,"
Ezra said. "The government's rigid plan on financial controls has modified,
which enables us to withdraw the closure plan and reconsider the situation."
Reagan compliments Sinatra
LAS VEGAS-Nevada authorities, deliberating on whether to give singer
Frank Sinatra approval for a gambling license, have received word from
Ronald Reagan that the entertainer is an honorable man, it was learned
yesterday.
The Nevada Gaming Control Board had recommended unanimously last
week that Sinatra be issued a six-month conditional license as a key em-

ployee of Caesars Palace Hotel on the Las Vegas "strip."
The five-member Nevada Gaming Commission meets Thursday to make
the final decision.
Sinatra gave Reagan as a reference, and the then-candidate Reagan
responded through his attorney.
0 Mieic #a~n 1'aiIV
Vol. XC1, No. 120
Thursday, February 19, 1981
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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