'U' program directors, staffs
prepare for reduction reviews
(Continued from Page 1)
out fairly," McKeachie said yesterday.
Initially, the Extension Service and
CRLT will undergo the most complete
reviews. Because those programs have
teaching and research functions and
employ faculty members, ad-
ministrators want to be sure these'
programs are given "more careful at-
tention," according to Vice President.
for Academic Affairs Bill Frye.
The University's budget advisory
group, the Budget Priorities Commit-
tee, will sponsor two subcommittees
comprised of both BPC members and
other faculty members. One subcom-
mittee will look at CRLT and the other
will examine Extension Service ac-
tivities, according to Dentistry Prof.
Robert Craig, BPC chairman.
FRYE SAID these subcommittees
and BPC would not become "heavily
involved" in judgments about whether
to make reductions. Instead, he said,
the subcommittee will "lay out for me
arguments for and against making
reductions" and outlipe the consequen-
ces of any reductions.
Then Frye, the University's chief
budget administrator, and the other
executive officers will make any final
Frye said he fears a subcommittee
-would get "bogged down" without this
division of labor.
OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE units,
like University Publications, will be
reviewed by its director and the vice
president who oversees the program.
Director Duane Gifford said checking
with his constituents-faculty and staff
among them-and meeting with his
employees would be the first steps in a
review. He also said he was going over
"all kinds of records."
The directors of the programs and
their staff members are anxious about
the reviews' outcomes, said Vice
President for Student Services Henry
"But there's nothing to worry about,"G
he said. "I don't think it has to be a
"We can recommend restructuring,
redeploying, deleting, whatever,"
Johnson added. "There are a number of
outcomes that could result from the
"It's tough. It's terrible," said Vice
President foF University Relations and
Development Michael Radock. "It
(cutting programs) is probably the
toughest thing I've had to do since I've
University President Harold Shapiro
said this round of program reviews is
only a beginning.
Translation woes often
hinder hostage talks
Begin may resign next
week to allow new election
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP)-What's in a
word? When dipolmats ,
revolutionaries, and politicians are
discussing the future of 52 American
hostages in four languages on three
continents, a wrong word here or
misconstrued meaning there could
Take the word "ta'ahod." This
everyday Persian noun threw the
hostage crisis into still new confusion
ON TUESDAY, Iranian Prime
Minister Mohammad Ali Rajai
emerged from a meeting with
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in
Tehran and told reporters the Iranian
revolutionary leader had agreed to a
proposal discussed with Algerian in-
termediaries to resolve the hostage
Rajai used the word "ta'ahod,"
which Persian-English dictionaries say
can mean guarantee, commitment or
Some reporters translated Rajai's
comments as meaning the ayatollah
had accepted unspecified "guarantees"
by Algeria to help break the deadlock.
BUT OTHER IRANIAN journalists
translated Rajai's remarks as meaning
that the ayatollah had accepted an
The difference-between Algeria
becoming an active party in an
agreement ending the crisis, or simply
continuing its-role as a go-between-is
The translation often depends upon
the context in which a word is used, and
in the hostage crisis this is hindered by
the absence of official English tran-
slations of many of the day-to-day
statements by Iranian officials. Unof-
ficial translators, such as Iranian
reporters at news conferences, may be
reluctant to use the most precise or
strongest translations for fear of giving
meanings to words that were not inten-
ded by those who uttered them.
The ttranslation problems generally
do not occur in relatively straightfor-
ward statements, such as Iran's com-
muniques on the war with Iraq, but they
can crop up in more subjective matters.
When Egypt and Israel agreed to end
a three-decade state of war, the peace
treaty was written in Arabic, Hebrew
and English, with the provision that in
the event of any future dispute in-
volving translations the English ver-
sion would prevail.
Minister Menachem Begin,
challenged by his worst government
crisis, may resign next week to set
the stage for new elections as early
as this spring, government sources
After weeks of negotiations. Begin
said Sunday was the deadline for
resolving a split between two key
Cabinet ministers over teachers'
IF EITHER FINANCE Minister
Yigal Hurvitz or Education Minister
Zevulun Hammer quits, sources say
Begin will offer his own resignation
or act to dissolve Parliament and
Begin has not taken a public
position on either the teachers'
dispute or the Cabinet crisis. Begin's
spokesman said the prime minister
had not decided what to do if he
failed at Sunday's meeting to force a
compromise between 4Hurvitz and
"I see no way out," said an official
in Begin's office. "Neither of the
ministers is showing any signs of
BEGIN'S RULING LIKUD
coalition is now walking a thin wire
in the Knesset parliament, con-
trolling just half of the 120 seats and
relying on the support of indepen-
dents to remain in power.
The resignation of either minister
and the loss of his party to 'they
coalition would reduce Begin's sup-
port below the required 50 percent.
Hurvitz, who leads a three-man
faction, wants the government to
abrogate its promise to improve
teachers' pay, saying it is more im-
portant to fight inflation that is now
hitting a yearly rate of more than 130
State auto insurance law
to radically alter policies
(Continued from Pae 1)
"The former system ,was subjec-
tive," Carlson said. "Single males un-
der 25 (years of age) paid higher rates
than married males, and females in the
same age group paid even less than
"People were refused policies at
times because they were unemployed,
or because they lived in high-rish
neighborhoods," she explained.
"Under the act, people who are objec-
tively the same are treated equally,"
COMPANIES CAN STILL deny-
coverage under specific, objective con-
ditions. For instance, if a driver
receives six or more points for moving
violations in three years, or if there is a
violation for drunk or reckless driving,
a company may refuse to offer a policy.
Refusals may also be made if the car
is legally unsafe, if the driver's license
has been suspended, or if the driver has
a history of unpaid premiums.
An important part of the act requires
companies to tell drivers what their
rates are based on.
MOST COMPANIES DETERMINE'
their rates largely on the basis of miles
driven, according to Weiss. He said
studies show men drive more miles
than women on the average, and they
receive more moving violations. For
this reason, although they will be
charged. on the same criteria as
women, they may pay more overall for
their insurance, he said.
"Basically, with the new act rates
will go down for males under 25 (years
of age), and they'll go up for females in
the same age group," Carlson said.
"We're still trying to determine thO
effects of the law," said Paul Kadish of
Associated Group Underwriters, Inc.
on West Stadium. "It is giving a big
break to young single males with good
driving records, and to senior citizeni
living in high risk neighborhoods. [
think it's a move in the right direction,"
LOCATION may no longer be used to
determine whether a person is eligibly
for a policy, it may still be used ii
deciding rates, Weiss said. But the
companies may choose from only 20
rate variations to assign specific
geographic locations, while in the pant
they had limitless choices.
More importantly, Weiss said, rates
assigned to adjacent geographic
locatons may not vary more than 10
"Before, one man could be paying 8t
percent more than the man across the
street, all other factors remaining the
same," Weiss said. He added that rates
in the highest risk and lowest risk areas
in the state may not be greater than 220
the ann arbor
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Two hilarious comedies by MEL BROOKS
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