Page 8-Wednesday, February 18, 1981-The Michigan Daily
EFFORT TO REVISE CONSTITUTION BEGINS
Canada may break British ties
OTTAWA (AP)-The Canadian Parliament opened
an historic debate yesterday to cut Canada's an-
tiquated constitutional link to Britain-in effect, a
remodeling of the nation.
In American terms, what the Canadian lawmakers
will be doing in the next month or so is a combination
of the Constitutional Convention, two centuries of
U.S. Supreme Court decisions, and the arguments
over issues ranging from states' rights to the ERA.
PIERRE TRUDEAU, Canadian prime minister for
nearly all of the past 12 years, hopes to cap his
political career with the revised constitution. But it
may not be easy.
He and his Liberal Party majority in Parliament
will have little trouble overcoming the opposition of
the rival Progressive Conservatives in Ottawa. But
final approval rests with the British Parliament,
where some members have expressed uneasiness
because the Trudeau plan has the support of only two
of Canada's 10 provinces.
Six of the provinces are trying to stop Trudeau in
legal challenges that will end in Canada's Supreme
CANADA'S CURRENT constitution is the British
North America Act of 1867, which established the
Canadian confederation and remains under the con-
trol of the British Parliament. As it now stands,
Canadian constitutional amendments have to be
adopted by the British Parliament in London.
Canadians long have wanted to take control of the
document, but in periodic negotiations over 53 years
the federal and provincial governments have been
unable to agree on a formula defining how future
amendments would be adopted.
TRUDEAU HAS now decided to act unilaterally
without the provinces having the Canadian
Parliament ask Britain to surrender control-or
patriate the constitution.
But first he wants the British Parliament to insert
some final amendments.
One section includes provisions for an amending
formula. It would impose a specific formula if one is
not decided on in federal-provincial negotiations or in
a Canadian national referendum.
Under the imposed formula, a proposed amen-
dment would require the approval of Canada's
national House of Commons and Senate, and of the
legislatures of six provinces-Quebec, Ontario, two of
the four Atlantic provinces, and two of the four
Western provinces with a total of 50 percent of that
The most far-reaching part of Trudeau's con-
stitutional package is the charter of rights and
The Trudeau charter mirrors the U.S. Bill of
Rights but also goes beyond it. For example, it in-
cludes a ban on discrimination because of sex, in the
style of the much-debated U.S. Equal Rights Amen-
dment and a requirement that police immediately
advise arrested persons of their rights similar to the
U.S. Supreme Court's celebrated Miranda decision.
GM, Ford offer massive rebate programs
From UPI and AP
DETROIT - General Motors Corp.
and Ford Motor Co. moved to stimulate
depressed car sales yesterday with
massive cash rebate programs ranging
up to $700 at GM and 10 percent of the
sticker price at Ford.
In both cases, the paybacks cover
models that were among the industry's
best sellers last year.
THE ACTIONS AMOUNT to an ad-
mission that domestic car sales, which
have been depressed for two years,
aren't going to get better soon without
some kind of boost.
Meanwhile, the Canadian gover-
nment will guarantee $150 million in
loans to financially-troubled Chrysler
Corp. in exchange for investment
assurances over the next five years, In-
dustry Minister Herb Gray announced
GM resisted rebates until it began to
lose ground early this month to
A Special Seminar for You
WHO: WAYNE STATE MEDICAL SCHOOL Assistant Dean
DATE: Thursday, February 19, 1981
TIME: 7:00-9:00 p.m.
WHERE: UGLI Multi-Purpose Room
PURPOSE: Presentation and question-answer period regard-
ing Wayne State Medical School program
presented by Pre-Professional Area of Career Planning 8 Placement-a
a unit of the Office of Student Services
domestic competitors who had
parlayed temporary price cuts into
substantial sales gains.
FORD HAS BEEN offering $300 cach
incentive payments to dealers since
late January - a less drastic price-
cutting measure than direct customer
American Motors Corp. on Monday
extended its temporary 10 percent
sticker price cuts from Feb. 20 to Mar-
ch 15. Chrysler Corp. has been offering
rebates of 7 percent of the sticker price
in a program it started Dec. 4.
Unlike Chrysler, both GM and Ford
are requiring dealers to share part of
the cost. GM dealers have to kick in
$200 or $300. Ford dealers "a little less
than a third," according to Gordon
MacKenzie, head of Ford's Lincoln-
BOTH GM AND Ford said they ex-
pected a "high percentage" of dealers
to take part in the option.
Gray said Canada's government will
guarantee $100 million in loans for
Chrysler's proposed van-wagon project
and $50 million for production of the
front-wheel drive K-car. Both loans will
be guaranteed beginning in 1983 and
1984, a year later than originally
Another $50 million will be available
if "significant projects," such as the re-
opening of the engine plant in Windsor,
Ontario, were introduced, Gray said.
THE GOVERNMENT loan was $50
million less than the $200 million
promised Chrysler last May. The
government agreed then to provide the
ailing automaker with loan guarantees
starting in late 1982 in return for about
$1 billion in investment in Canada until
Ford is offering to rebate 10 percent
of the base vehicle price on 1981 models
of the Ford Fairmont, Granada,
Mustang, Thunderbird; Mercury
Zephyr, Capri, Cougar, XR-7; Lincoln
and Lincoln Continental.
Rebates of $600 on 1980 models of
Fairmont, Granada, Mustang, Thun-
derbird are being continued, as are $700
rebates on 1980 Zephyrs, Cougars,
Capris, and XR-7s and $1,000 rebates on
1980 Lincoln and Lincoln Continental.
Buyers of the compact X-
cars-Chevrolet Citation, Pontiac,
Phoenix, Oldsmobile Omega, and Buick
Skylark-and the subcompact
Chevrolet Chevette will get a $500
rebate. A Citation starts at $6,270.
Rebates of $700 are offered on the
Pontiac Firebird and Grand Prix,
Chevrolet Camaro and Monte Carlo,
Buick Regal, and Oldsmobile Cutlass
Supreme. The Grand Prix starts at
From AP and UPI
MEXICO CITY - Three young men
said' to be carrying automatic rifles
burst into the University of Mexico ad-
ministration building yesterday, seized
six hostages and told authorities they
would make their demands known
later, witnesses reported.
A campus police spokesman said the
invaders were "radical" students from
a Mexico City preparatory school. He
reported they were holding the
hostages on the sixth floor of the 12-
A Shell Oil Co. drilling rig rises out of Pigeon River Country state forest into
hazy skies yesterday. The Gaylord well is the first to be drilled in the area
under last year's agreement between Shell and environmentalists.
I I ,
to save Re(
(Continued from Page 1)
WILBERT McKEACHIE; Director of
the Center for Research on Learning
and Teaching - another University
department slated for substantial cuts
- told the committee he was worried
about budget reductions in many of the
University's cultural and ex-
"As we chip away these kinds of
elements, we reduce the kind of quality
of life that makes Michigan a great
place to be," he said.
McKeachie, who served on commit-
tees that oversaw completion of the
Central Campus and North Campus
Recreation Buildings, said it is not cost-
efficient to eliminate hours and
programs in these buildings so soon af-
ter the investment to construct them
SARAH BYRNE, a 50-year-old
registered nurse who uses Rec Sports
facilities at least three times a week,
said she was "impressed with the num-
ber of students who are getting
physical, mental and spiritual help"
through using the recreational
Through Rec Sports programs, Byrne
said she has learned the importance of
proper dieting and maintaining
One 60-year-old University staff
member said her use of the Rec Sports
facilities has become "an extremely
important part" of her life. Emily Gar-
dner, who works in the University's
personnel office, said, "(Exercise)
enabled me to do my job much better. It
has made me a much better staff mem-
A NUMBER OF speakers offered
their own plans for saving the program.
One Medical School professor
suggested the University eliminate the
Inteflex program to divert more funds
to Rec Sports. Prof. Paul Gikas said i
addition to cuts in Inteflex, the Residen-
tial College - which he said "costs 60
percent more to educate a student than
(LSA)"- is due for review.
Alan Fanger, former Daily sports
editor, said he would like to see an all-
campus referendum on charging user
fees for Rec Sports facilites, rather
than just let the budget be cut.
Many speakers expressed fears that
decreased hours of operation will resu
in overcrowding. Richard Keith,
student who said he was involved in a
brawl last year at the CCRB over
basketball court time, told the commit-
tee that he had his nose broken in the 15-
But that was not the worst of it, he
said. "If the hours are cut, I took a shot
in the nose for nothing," he said.
Greg Barton, a University stude
and member of the 1980 Olympic Kaya
team, said: "It took a lot of hard work
to get (on the team), and a lot of it was
done at the CCRB. But you don't have to
be an -Olympic athlete to use the
The subcommittee, which plans for
finish its research on Rec Sports by late
March, will report its findings to the full
Budget Priorities Committee. After
conducting its own review, the BPC will
report to Vice President for Academic
Affairs Bill Frye, who, with the rest
the Committee on Budget Ad-
ministration, will make a final decision
about the size of the cuts.
Saturday February 21, 1981 at 3 p.m.
The Rudolf Steiner Institute .1923 Geddes, Ann Arbor
A PUBLIC LECTURE on
Music and its Relation
by Elizabeth Lebret
music education consultant, the Toronto Waldorf
School and the Raphael Home for retarded children.
Sponsored by the Rudolf Steiner Institute of the Great Lakes Area.
The Public is invited
Donation $3 (students $1.50)
New, space-age alloy
that looks as good as gold,
wears as good as gold, costs about half as much.
SPECIAL INTRODUCTORY OFFER: Save $10
off the regular price. (Offer valid through February 27
Yellow Lustrium rings by Josten's available daily
at your bookstore.
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... / " w "err
Be an angel .
Read be li]g
The finest preparation
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