Page 2-Wednesday, February 18, 1981-The Michigan Daily
CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS BLAST CUBA FOR ROLE IN CIVIL WAR
El Salvador to get more U.S. aid
WASHINGTON (AP)-The Reagan administration
enlisted congressional leaders yesterday in a U.S. ef-
fort to "do what is necessary" to help the ruling junta
of El Salvador hold off insurgents allegedly armed by
the Soviet-bloc nations of Cuba, Ethiopia and Viet-
The Reagan plan is likely to revolve around a boost
in mi:1itary aid, according to Democratic and
Republican congressional leaders briefed by
Secretary of State Alexander Haig.
The government of El Salvador is struggling for
survival in fighting that has cost thousands of lives
during the last year.
HAIG HAD NO comment on yesterday's meeting
and State Department officials said no decision has
been made to request more aid.
The congressional leaders predicted such a request
would have bipartisan support based on "hard
evidence" that leftist guerrillas seeking to overthrow
El Salvador's civilian-military junta are armed with
weapons smuggled in from Cuba, Ethiopia, and Viet-
Rep. Clement Zablocki (D-Wis.), chairman of the
House Foreign Affairs Committee, told reporters af-
ter the meeting that some of the arms now in the han-
ds of the guerrillas are American M-16 rifles cap-
tured during the Vietnam war.
"ALL EVENTS SEEM to point towards Cuba, to be
perfectly truthful," said House Speaker Thomas
"It is also clear to me that Cuba is directly involved
in the difficulties of the region," said Senate
Republican Leader Howard Baker of Tennessee.
Because Central America is of vital strategic im-
portance to the United States, said House Democratic
Leader Jim Wright of Texas, "our response to what is
'It is also clear to me that Cuba is
directly involved in the difficulties
(in El Salvador).'
-Ho ward Baker
Senate Republican Leader
happening there requires a bipartisan, unified ap-
"THE ADMINISTRATION is reaching out, seeking
congressional support," said Sen. Charles Percy (R-
Ill.). "They will have that support."
Percy, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, said the Soviet Union is indirectly
responsible for some of the weapons reaching El
Salvador because it places no restrictions on arms it
sends to third countries such as Cuba and Ethiopia.
Percy said Haig and the Reagan administration
are sending "a signal to leftist forces in this
hemisphere that we are prepared to draw the line,
right here and right now."
Asked about military aid to El Salvador, Percy
said, "it's in the cards."
State Department spokesman William Dyess said
although the UnitedStatesdstrongly supports the
Salvadoran government and wants to help it, "I
would not myself use the phrase 'it's in the cards.'"
Attempting, to build a body of support for its
developing policy toward El Salvador, the State
Department also held briefings for ambassadors
representing the member states of the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization and those representing all but
two Latin American countries.
The representatives of Cuba and Nicaragua were
not invited to be briefed by John Bushnell, acting
assistant secretary for inter-American affairs. The
Reagan administration has accused Cuba of
facilitating the flow of arms to Salvadoran guerrillas
by way of Nicaragua, but has not accused the
Nicaraguan government of complicity.
Reagan to unveil spending reductions
Reagan will propose budget, cuts of
about $6 billion for this year and
slightly over $41 billion in 1982 in ad-
dition to a cut in personal income taxes
when he addresses a joint session of
Congress tonight sources sasid yester-
These sources, who asked not to be
identified by name, said Reagan would
propose reducing federal spending
another $7.7 billion by recommending
user fees on waterway, Coast Guard,
and other activities, and by cutting cer-
tain "non-budget items."
IN ADDITION TO numerous social
programs already reported targeted
for cuts, sources said Reagan has
decided to propose slashing about $1
billion from the government's support
program for the dairy industry.
He also reportedly will recommend
applying cost-of-living adjustments to
the pay of federal workers once a year
instead of the current two times.
Meanwhile, Budget Director David
Stockman met with top Republican
members of the House and Senate to
discuss legislative strategy and provide
an up-to-date briefing.
"THE SPEECH IS completed, the
numbers are completed, the tax plans
are completed. Fairly substantial
progress for three weeks," Stockman
told reporters after the closed-door
Asked if there would be any surprises
in the president's speech beyond what
has been reported, he replied, "We may
have one or two."
Sen. Pete Domenici (R-N.M.),
chairman of the Senate Budget Com-
mittee, said there was a general
agreement in the meeting to start the
ball rolling on Reagan's spending
proposals in the Senate with a "quick
upfront reconciliation" measure.
"IT IS FAR more likely that we can
begin the process in this side, where
there is a Republican majority," said
GOP Leader Howard Baker (R-Tenn.),
who added that while no final decision
has been made, reconciliation is "the
most favored technique."
Reconciliation is a complex means of
short-circuiting the legislative process
and achieving budget cuts relatively
Meantime, Reagan moved to kill big
catch-up pay raises proposed last mon-
th by then-President Jimmy Carter for
.iembers of Congress, Cabinet officers
and high-ranking government
THE DECISION reversed the stand
Reagan took last month when Carter
proposed an immediate 16.8 percent
catch-up pay boost for some 35,000 top
officials, including Cabinet members,
members of Congress and top White
Carter also urged a 5.5 percent pay
increase for all government civilian
workers effective Oct. 1 including
federal judges. Reagan advised Congr-
ess yesterday he is now opposed to the
16.8 percent pay boost. But Reagan
didn't mention the 5.5 percent in-
' Congress theoretically still could put
the increases into effect according to a
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spokesman for a House committee con-
sidering the Carter plan. However, that
seems politically unlikely, particularly
in view of the president's opposition.
tie d to tree
in front of
By CHARLES THOMSON
A group of men tied a naked man to a
tree, sprayed him with water, and
dumped a black, soot-like substance on
him in front of the Psi Upsilon frater-
nity house last night, according to a
student who was walking by the Hill
Street fraternity house at the time of
Psi Upsilon President Douglas Manix
confirmed that a ritual had taken place
in front of the Psi Upsilon house last
night, but refused to release any details
of what happened or the names of those
involved. He did say that the ritualwas.
"voluntary" and that the person who
was the object of the ritual was an ac-
tive house member.
MANIX DECLINED to identify the
purpose of the ritual, but said it was
"fraternity tradition." He said "a good
portion" of the Psi Upsilon membership
goes through the ritual.
Eyewitness Michael Cole, a
sophomore engineering student who
was walking by the Psi Upsilon
residence when the ritual was taking
place, said the naked man "didn't look
like he was resisting a whole lot." Cole
speculated that the man may have par-
ticipated in the ritual to be "part of the
"I'm very saddened," said Chris
Carlsen, a consultant to the Office of
Student Organizations, Activities, and
Programs, when told of the incident
last night. Carlsen acts as a University
advisor to the Fraternity Coordinating
Council and the Panhellenic
THE UNIVERSITY considers such
rituals "private, non-University ac-
tivities," Carlsen said. A student com-
mittee composed of fraternity and
sorority members is currently working
on the possibility of formulating a
University position statement that, ac-
cording to Carlsen, would condemn
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Gran embargo still undecided
WASHINGTON-President Reagan told congressional leaders yesterday
he has made no decision on lifting the embargo of grain to the Soviet Union,
but legislators understood it will stay in place for the foreseeable future.
Reagan told 29 senators and representatives, including House and Senate
leaders and representatives of farm states, that he had made no decision on
carrying out his campaign promise to lift the embargo.
Sen. Bob Dole (R-Kan.) left the meeting with a literal interpretation of
what had happened, saying, "No decision has been reached." He said he
remained optimistic that Reagan eventually would lift it.
Atlanta examiner suggests
link between youth murders
ATLANTA-A medical examiner said yesterday he found evidence that
suggested a link between the death of 11-year-old Patricki Baltazar and
others among the 17 Atlanta children who have been slain in the last 19 mon-
Dr. Joe Burton, DeKalb County medical examiner, said that because of
the relatively good condition of the body, "a ton of evidence" was recovered
from the office park complex where Baltazar's body was found last Friday.
Burton declined to say what evidence was involved or how many cases it
might link, but explained, "It's the kind that if we find a suspect," Burton
said, "it might help us to connect him with the case."
IRS personnel cuts ordered
WASHINGTON-The administration has ordered the Internal Revenue
Service to cut its staff by 6,000 people, a reduction severe enough to hamper
efforts to collect as much as $1 billion in taxes, sources said yesterday.
The reduction is designed to save about $146 million a year.
But the IRS is appealing the order to the Office of Management and
Budget, saying the government stands to lose up to $1 billion in tax revenues
and the reduction could torpedo efforts to improve auditing and enforcement
efficiency, IRS sources said.
Because of the size of the IRS work force, 86,400, the 7 percent cutback in-
volved apparently would be the largest single personnel reduction disclosed
Gulf blames OPEC for
gasoline price hikes
HOUSTON-Gasoline price hikes totaling more than 12 cents a gallon so
far this year are not related to federal decontrol of crude oil, but an attempt
by the oil industry to recoup losses from December and January OPEC in-
creases, Gulf Oil Co. officials said yesterday.
"The effect of decontrol has yet to be felt," said Robert Baldwin, president
of Gulf Refining and Marketing Co. "Prices are bound to continue to go up
because of cost pressures throughout the industry."
Although the Reagan administration said the effect of decontrol of crude
oil prices would be an increase of about 3 to 5 cents at the pump, Baldwin
said it will be closer to 20 cents a gallon.
"The public was lead to believe less of an increase would be coming. But
we were not consulted on how they derivedthe number 3 to 5 cents that was
published," Baldwin said.
AFL-CIO rejects trade plan
BAL HARBOUR, Fla.-AFL-CIO leaders yesterday rejected a personal
argument by President Reagan's new trade representative that negotiation,
not quotas, be used to halt increasing Japanese imports in the U.S. auto
Shortly after hearing from Ambassador William Brock, the federation's
35-member Executive Council adopted a trade policy that called for
congressional passage of legislation that would place quotas on Japanese
Brock had told reporters before the closed-door meeting he hopes to have a
new trade policy within months that will provide short-term help for the auto
and textile industries, and long-term aid for all of the economy.
Polish government agrees
to recognize student union
WARSAW, Poland-The government agreed yesterday afternoon to
recognize an independent union for an estimated 5,000 to 6,000 striking
university students in Lodz, the official Polish news agency PAP reported.
- The students had called for a nationwide student strike last Wednesday to
press for sweeping academic reforms and dozens of student strikes were
reported across Poland yesterday. There was no announcement that the
Lodz students' union had been registered officially, and it was not known
immediately whether registration would end the strike in Lodz or at other
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Vol. XCI, No. 119
Wednesday, February 18,1981
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