The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, February 3, 1981-Page 7
Falwell fails to halt
THE REVEREND JERRY Falwell, after attempting to ban publication of the March issue of Penthouse Magazine,
speaks to the press outside the Federal Courthouse in Lynchburg, Virginia. The court ruled yesterday against Falwell's
efforts to cease distribution of the magazine.
Harvard study suggests Y
tax on industry pollution
CAMBRIDGE, Mass (AP)-Estimating that 53,000
Americans die each year from industrial air pollution, a
Harvard University study says the government should tax
industry for each pound of pollution it pumps into the air.
The report says that unless serious action is taken, the
death toll will only get worse as power plants and other
businesses begin to switch from using oil to high-sulfur coal.
THE PROPOSED TAX would make pollution expen-
sive-but not illegal. Instead, businesses would have a clear
economic incentive to purify the air that belches from
The tax, proposed yesterday by professors at the Harvard
Energy and Environmental Center, would be imposed on
each pound of sulfur that factories blow into the sky. The
money would be turned over to people who live near the plan-
ts and have to breathe the dirty air.
The fees would cost $53 billion a year if imposed on current
polluters-equivalent to $1 million for each life shortened by
"THAT'S WHAT WE think it's worth," said Richard
Wilson, a physicist who helped write the report. "No one
thinks that clean air will be cheap."
The report, entitled "Health Effects of Fossil Fuel Bur-
ning," is being published by Ballinger Publishing Co.
Wilson said political pressure is building in Washington to
relax the 1970 Clean Air Act to make it easier to burn high-
THE HARVARD researchers suggest a sulfur tax that
would range from 50 cents a pound in rural areas to $3 in
cities, with the money given to neighbors of the plants. Their
rebates would vary depending on how dirty their air is, but
the average at current pollution levels would be $244 a year
for everybody in the United States.
Monitors would be set up at the 1,200 biggest power plants,
steel mills, and factories to measure how much pollution they
give off. Smaller businesses would have to pay a tax based on
the sulfur content of the fuel they burn. They could escape the
tax only if they prove that they are not giving off sulfur.
The researchers suggested that the tax be phased in
gradually over five years to give businesses a chance to clean
Other authors of the report were Steven Colome, John
Spengler and David Gordon Wilson.
LYNCHBURG, Va. (UPI) - The
elevision preacher who founded Moral
dajority lost a bid yesterday to halt
ales of Penthouse magazine because
is March issue contains an interview
ith him he claims was obtained under
The ruling against the Rev. Jerry
'alwell was issued by U.S. District
udge James Turk, who said the con-
titutional right of free speech out-
veighed any potential damage to the
aptist minister that may result from
TURK REFUSED to grant a
reliminary injunction extending his
revious order temporarily banning
istribution of the man's magazine,
which features color photographs of
ude women and graphic accounts of
The order expired at 1:30 p.m.
esterday. The judge said the three-day
elay was designed to give both sides a
chance to be heard.
Falwell did not dispute the accuracy
is preserved on
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of the interview, which included
criticism of Jimmy Carter for granting
an interview to Playboy before he
became president in 1976.
RATHER, HE complained it was ob-
tained under false pretenses and then
billed by Penthouse as an exclusive.
Falwell said he would not appeal the
decision because distribution of the
magazine was apparently already out
of Penthouse's control. But he said he
would pursue a $10 million damage suit
against Penthouse and freelance
writers Andrew Duncan and Sashti
The broadcast evangelist founded
Moral Majority two years ago and the
religious-political action group was
credited with contributing to the large
conservative turnout that helped elect
Ronald Reagan president and gave
Republicans control of the Senate.
Falwell testified that Brata and Dun-
can told him the interviews would be
used in a book and a London newspaper
and would not be sold to "por-
Ray Grutman, Penthouse's New
York lawyer, said the writers
"categorically deny" making any such
promise to Falwell.
W UOM, Media cutbacks proposed
.(Continued from Page 1)
member, the possibility of a "reduction
in force," or lay~ffs, wa 15th In the ten-
tative list of 25 budget-cutting
The same list also noted that no ad-
ministrative staff could be spared.
Schumacher, describing the
budgetary situation as "complicating,"
said Michigan Media and WUOM would
lose a certain amount of federal funding
if University dollars are cut. In the case.
of WUOM, every $100 allotted from the
general fund, brings in $27 from the
He further noted that the 18 percent
fringe benefits granted to personnel
paid out of the general fund was absor-
bed by the University. "If these people
are paid off earned income," he ex-
plained, "we must also pay the fringe
benefits off earned income."
Schumacher hopes to further
automate WUOM, eliminating the need
for some operation personnel. "But,"
he added, "it's pretty difficult for
people when they're told they're
LSA faculty debates budget cut's
(Continued from Page 1)
sympathetic to problems of small
departments would be desirable as a
(Continued from Page 3)
(withdraw any later) because it doesn't
fit into our schedule. In essence, we're
wasting $10,000 (by holding an un-
He said Council will probably set up a
committee to investigate alternatives
that will enable candidates to withdraw
from an election at the last minute, if
the state will allow it.
In other business last night, City
Council amended the animal ordinance
section of the city code making it legal
to poison any animal or bird deemed a
public nuisance upon obtaining a per-
mit from both the city administrator
and the State Department of Natural
Council also approved the addition of
three or four levels ot a parking garage
located at E. William and S. Fourth
streets. The resolution was amended to
provide for a fourth level if builders can
prove it cost-effective. In addtion to ap-
proximately 375 more parking spaces,
the plan calls for other improvements
including a pedestrian cover, an ad-
ditional elevator, and possibly two-way
sound and closed-circuit television
committee member," Nystuen said.
After Nystuen's complaint, Knott told
the faculty that another member of the
review committee would be named
from the natural sciences, and he would
be consulting with Nystuen before
naming the fourth person.
SEVERAL FACULTY members
suggested alternatives to cutting an en-
tire department as an answer to the
University's budget problems. "All
departments have been asked to scale
back," said Economic Prof. Frank
Stafford. "I think programs do have
spillovers," he said, advocating a
strong effort to cut interdisciplinary
duplication of courses as well as make
A motion to suspend the January,
1981 actions of the executive committee
was made by Mathematics Prof.
Wilfred Caplan, who said the "gover-
ning faculty" would seek suspension of
the procedure (of program discon-
tinuance) until the deficiencies have
been corrected." However, because
parliamentary procedures did not allow
the faculty to vote on the suspension
motion, the matter has been slated for
next month's meeting unless faculty
members petition to call a special
meeting before that date.
The list price of all cloth and paperback titles in the store
(except textbooks and special orders)
FEBRUARY INVENTORY REDUCTION
313 S. State
Above Wild Men's Clothes