:43 atl u
Today should be a carbon
copy of yesterday: Cloudy
with a high in the mid 30s.
Vol. XCI, No. 95 Copyright 1981, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, January 21, 1981 Ten Cents TwelvePages
President Reagan's first act:
freeze on federal
WASHINGTON (UPI)-A confident and
relaxed President Reagan made good on his
foremost campaign promise yesterday by
freezing federal hiring within an hour after his
He took the presidential oath and made his
speech on the west side of the Capitol, facing the
White House, rather than the East Front used for
THEN HE WENT inside, where his first of-
ficial acts were signing an executive oirder im-
posing a freeze on government hiring and the of-
ficial nominations of his Cabinet.
The order puts a freeze on the hiring of civilian
employees by all executive departments and
agencies. The order is more symbolic of his
pledge to trim government spending than a
major change, since Carter had already imposed
a hiring freeze.
"Imposing a freeze now can eventually lead to
a significant reduction in the size of the federal
work force," Reagan said in a statement issued
at the White House. "This begins the process of
restoring our economic strength and returning
our nation to prosperity."
REAGAN SAID he would not allow
bureaucrats to evade the intent of the freeze by
hiring outside contractors to perform work that
might otherwise be done by federal employees.
Reagan also signed the nominations of all of
his cabinet officers.
See REAGAN, Page 9
PRESIDENT CARTER leaves office hoping for
a measure of the public gratitude that has often
eluded him. Page 2.
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WHO fear that
liberal causes may be in danger as a result of the
new Reagan administration hold a teach-in to
promote their concept of human rights. Page 3.
SOME OTHER UNIVERSITY students greeted
the inauguration with somewhat higher spirits.
They feel the Reagan administration is the
breath of fresh air that the federal government
needs. Page 9.
SEATED AT HIS desk in the White House Oval Office, Ronald Reagan
begins his term as president of the United States.
Wiesbaden third stop
for freedom flight
From UPI and AP
Laughing, crying, and hugging each
other, the 52 Americans who were held
hostage for 444 days landed at a U.S. Air
Force base in West Germany.early this
morning, their liberty bought with $8
billion in frozen Iranian assets in the
final hours of Jimmy Carter's presiden-
The Rhein-Main airbase at Frankfurt
near Wiesbaden was transformed into a
sea of yellow ribbons by military wives
and children. A banner stretched across
its entrance said it all: "Welcome to
The Iranian news agency, Pars said the
hostages were earlier transferred from a bus to
the Algerian plane in Iran as Revolutionary Guar-
ds chanted "Allah Akbar (God is great)," and
"Down with America," "Down with Reagan." The
chants were in English so the hostages would un-
derstand them, Pars said.
The moment their families and nation had been
waiting for came at 12:25 p.m. EST as three jets
carrying the hostages, Algerian officials and their
luggage departed for Athens, Greece, en route to
IRAN DELAYED the hostages' departure until
President Carter's term in office had expired.
The former president was informed of the
hostages' release half an hour after ne passed the
reins of the presidency to Ronald Reagan and flew
home to Plains, Ga., on his last flight aboard Air
"Just a few moments ago, I received
word . . . that every one of the 52 hostages was
alive, well and free," Carter said. "I doubt if at
any time in our history more prayers have
SWISS AMBASSADOR to Iran Erik Lang who
saw the hostages at Tehran airport told ABC News
that two of the hostages appeared to have dif-
ficulty walking but most appeared to be in good
He said many of the Americans were acting
almost like children - falling all over one another
while laughing, crying and hugging each other.
After a joyous welcome in Algiers, the hostages
boarded two U.S. medical evacuation jetliners for
the last leg of their "freedom flight" and the
planes left Algiers for a U.S. military base in
Wiesbaden, West Germany.
"GOD BLESS America," one of the hostages
shouted as he boarded one of the military 'planes
for the flight to Germany, which closed the final
chapter in a 14%-month hostage-holding without
See EX-HOSTAGES, Page 5
...... "AP Photo
KATHRYN KOOB (right), and Elizabeth Swift hold hands as they leave the Algerian aircraft which brought to Algiers from Iran yester-
day. The hostages arrived in West Germany early this morning.
Student reactions mixed'
I Profs: Iran relations dim
By LORENZO BENET
Members of the University community
were elated and relieved by the release
yesterday of the 52 American hostages
held captive in Iran for 444 days. Some
students said retaliation is now in order.
"All of us at the University are immen-
sely gratified and relieved by the release
of the American hostages," said Univer-
sity President Harold Shapiro in a press
release. "Their long and difficult ordeal
has finally come to an end, and we rejoice
in their homecoming along with their
families, particularly the families of the
three hostages-John Graves, Steven
Lauterbach, and Victor Tomseth-who are
A fourth University graduate, Richard
Queen, was released by the Iranians last
summer after he began suffering from an
unexplained, illness later diagnosed as
ANN ARBOR MAYOR Pro Tem Clifford
Sheldon, acting on behalf of Mayor Louis
Belcher who attended President Ronald
Reagan's inauguration in Washington,
requested yesterday that all churches in
the city toll their bells today at noon for
five minutes to celebrate the hostages'
return. Sheldon also asked all Ann Arbor
residents to offer a minute of silence at
noon as a sign of gratitude for the
See HOSTAGE, Page 7
By LORENZO BENET
Although the final chapter of the hostage
crisis has finally been reached, it will be a
long time before the United States and
Iran re-establish formal diplomatic and
economic relations, according to Univer-
sity authorities on Near Eastern studies.
"Iran still bears grievances against the
U.S. for its past association with the shah,
and views the U.S. as a country that ex-
ploits the Third World," explained K. Allin
Luther, a professor of Persian studies.
PRIOR TO THE hostage crisis, Iran's
primary export to the U.S. was oil. But
during the ordeal, Iran cut off its exports
and has all but ceased oil production as a
result of its war with Iraq. "They have lit-
tle to offer us now," said Political Science
Lecturer Jerrold Green.
Green said Washington has recently not
spoken at all about U.S. military equip-
ment that was purchased by Iran but
remains undelivered due to former
President Carter's order to freeze all
Iranian assets in the U.S. "No one knows if
it's part of the deal" to release the
American hostages or not, he added.
Luther said President Reagan may
choose not to offer military aid to Iran,
although the Persian Gulf nation might
purchase military goods from third parties
See PROFS, Page 7
LOCAL PSYCHOLOGY EXPERTS explain the
negative effects some of the hostages may be suf-
fering. Their planned stay at a U.S. Air Force hospital
in West Germany could help. Page 5.
UNIVERSITY FINANCIAL WIZARDS consider the
possible effects of the Iranian asset transfer on the in-
ternational monetary market. An imminent collapse is
hardly likely. Page 7.
YELLOW RIBBONS SPROUT around campus. Even
the Michigan Union has one. Page 7.
T HE CITIZENS OF the United States weren't the
only persons celebrating the inauguration of the
40th president yesterday. About 4,000 visitors to'
Ballyporeen, Ireland watched local bands and
villagers stage their own Reagan pageantry-and ended up
at the Ronald Reagan bar. The Stars and Stripes were
flying over John O'Farrell's pub and a 16-foot illuminated
sign in Gaelic lettering oroclaimed the new name over the
being inaugurated as the nation's 40th president. That was
the color of the wool suit and coat worn by Nancy Reagan
during the august ceremony in Washington yesterday. The
president and Jimmy Carter were attired in morning suits,
while Rosalynn Carter opted to wear a spice-colored
merino wool suit by New York designer Ilie Wacs and a
taupe shearling lamb coat by Sawyer of Napa. The new first
lady wore her new Adolfo suit for the inaugural parade as
well. In the evening, she changed into a one-shoulder
beaded gown and white satin coat by James Galanos. For
the pre-inaugural soiree on Monday night, Nancy Reagan
selected a black velvet and satin gown by Bill Blass. A con-
--rv:- ~.a Qrtimnofe s-~.t e of h irthrPPinonni n P
68 years and 23 days old. It will be of little comfort for
Reagan to know that Harrison managed to live only 32 days
after being inaugurated. Eisenhower was 70 years and 98
days old when he left office. Reagan will reach that age on
May 15, and a day later he will become the oldest man ever
to be president. Q
Fowl deed uncovered
When Idona and Blaine Christensen of Salt Lake City,
Utah walked into their home they thought they'd been rob-
bed. A lamp lay on the floor and ceramic figurines were
- ..__ - , I _ _a A t- _-.- 3 __.I _. ..... , . - ,..1 , m..
Wisconsin Gov. Lee Dreyfus has asked former Beatle
Paul McCartney to give the state the rights to the song "On
Wisconsin" in memory of McCartney's former song-writing,
collaborator, John Lennon. McCartney didn't pen the
University of Wisconsin fight song, but bought the rights to
it and hundreds of other ditties for investment purposes in
1979. "On Wisconsin" was written in 1909 by Carl Beck and
William Purdy as the Badger football tune, but it under-
went lyric changes and was later adopted as the official
state song. Dreyfus suggested in a letter to McCartney that
t.h.rif.s.-a n asi ft In Wicennsin "in the hnnor of vour